Chapter 7: Roots And Combining Forms Of The Muscular SySTEM

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Chapter 7: Roots And Combining Forms Of The Muscular System - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Agon/o

    • A.

      Fibro/o

    • B.

      Agony

    • C.

      Arm

    • D.

      A band

    Correct Answer
    B. Agony
    Explanation
    The word "agony" is derived from the combining form "agon/o," which refers to pain or suffering. This is evident in the word "agony" itself, as it represents intense physical or mental pain. The other options, "fibro/o" and "a band," do not relate to the concept of agony. Similarly, while "arm" is a body part, it does not directly connect to the meaning of agony. Therefore, "agony" is the correct answer based on its association with the combining form "agon/o."

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  • 2. 

    Amputat/o

    • A.

      To repair

    • B.

      To remove

    • C.

      To replace

    • D.

      To cut through

    Correct Answer
    D. To cut through
    Explanation
    The term "amputat/o" refers to the surgical removal of a body part, typically a limb. Therefore, the correct answer "to cut through" accurately describes the action of amputation, where a body part is severed or cut through in order to remove it. This term does not imply repair, replacement, or any other action besides cutting through the body part.

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  • 3. 

    Brach/i

    • A.

      Foot

    • B.

      Neck

    • C.

      Leg

    • D.

      Arm

    Correct Answer
    D. Arm
    Explanation
    The given answer "arm" is correct because the question is asking for a body part that is related to "brach/i". The term "brach/i" refers to the arm, specifically the upper arm or the part of the limb between the shoulder and the elbow. Therefore, "arm" is the most appropriate answer among the given options.

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  • 4. 

    Cleid/o

    • A.

      Nerve

    • B.

      Muscle

    • C.

      Clavicle

    • D.

      Sternum

    Correct Answer
    C. Clavicle
    Explanation
    The term "cleid/o" is a combining form that refers to the clavicle, which is a bone located in the shoulder area. The other options, "nerve," "muscle," and "sternum," do not relate to the clavicle. Therefore, the correct answer is "clavicle."

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  • 5. 

    Clon/o

    • A.

      A band

    • B.

      Turmoil

    • C.

      Conflict

    • D.

      Tendon

    Correct Answer
    B. Turmoil
    Explanation
    The term "clon/o" does not have a clear meaning on its own. However, when combined with the other options provided, "turmoil" is the only term that relates to a state of confusion or disorder. "Conflict" refers to a disagreement or struggle, "tendon" is a fibrous tissue that connects muscles to bones, and "band" typically refers to a group of musicians or a strip of material. Therefore, "turmoil" is the most appropriate term that can be associated with "clon/o" from the given options.

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  • 6. 

    Duct/o

    • A.

      To lead

    • B.

      Finger

    • C.

      Rod

    • D.

      Flesh

    Correct Answer
    A. To lead
  • 7. 

    Dactyl/o

    • A.

      Wrist or forearm

    • B.

      Finger or toe

    • C.

      Arm or leg

    • D.

      Neck or chest

    Correct Answer
    B. Finger or toe
    Explanation
    The term "dactyl/o" refers to the fingers or toes. This can be inferred from the word "dactyl" itself, which is derived from the Greek word "daktylos" meaning finger or toe. Therefore, "dactyl/o" is related to the fingers or toes rather than the wrist or forearm, arm or leg, or neck or chest.

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  • 8. 

    Dermat/o

    • A.

      Skin

    • B.

      Fiber

    • C.

      Muscle

    • D.

      Cells

    Correct Answer
    A. Skin
    Explanation
    The term "dermat/o" refers to the study or medical specialty related to the skin. It is derived from the Greek word "derma" which means skin. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "skin".

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  • 9. 

    Fasci/o

    • A.

      Tendon

    • B.

      To turn

    • C.

      Fiber

    • D.

      A band

    Correct Answer
    D. A band
    Explanation
    The term "fasci/o" refers to a band, which is the correct answer. The other options, such as tendon, to turn, and fiber, do not accurately represent the meaning of "fasci/o".

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  • 10. 

    Fibr/o

    • A.

      Tendon

    • B.

      Muscle

    • C.

      Fiber

    • D.

      Nerve

    Correct Answer
    C. Fiber
    Explanation
    The term "fibr/o" refers to fibers. In the context of the given options, "fiber" is the correct answer because it directly relates to the term "fibr/o". The other options, such as tendon, muscle, and nerve, do not specifically correspond to the term "fibr/o". Therefore, "fiber" is the most appropriate choice.

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  • 11. 

    Is/o

    • A.

      Alone

    • B.

      Seperate

    • C.

      Equal

    • D.

      Apart

    Correct Answer
    C. Equal
    Explanation
    The word "equal" is the correct answer because it is the only option that accurately represents the meaning of the given word "is/o". The other options "alone," "separate," and "apart" do not convey the same idea of being the same or identical. Therefore, "equal" is the most appropriate choice.

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  • 12. 

    Metr/o

    • A.

      To measure

    • B.

      To seperate

    • C.

      An addition

    • D.

      A turning

    Correct Answer
    A. To measure
    Explanation
    The word "metro" is derived from the Greek word "metron" which means "to measure". This is evident in the context of the question where the word "metro" is listed along with other possible meanings such as "to separate", "an addition", and "a turning". However, in the given options, "to measure" is the most appropriate and accurate meaning of the word "metro".

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  • 13. 

    Muscul/o

    • A.

      Arm

    • B.

      Clavical

    • C.

      Tendon

    • D.

      Muscle

    Correct Answer
    D. Muscle
    Explanation
    The term "muscul/o" is a combining form that refers to muscles. It is derived from the Latin word "musculus" which means "muscle". Therefore, "muscul/o" is the correct answer as it relates to the topic of muscles.

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  • 14. 

    Myo/o (s)

    • A.

      Tricep

    • B.

      Muscle

    • C.

      Bicep

    • D.

      Calf

    Correct Answer
    B. Muscle
    Explanation
    The term "myo/o" refers to muscle. In this context, it indicates that the word or phrase that follows is related to muscles. Therefore, the correct answer is "muscle," as it is the only option that fits this pattern.

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  • 15. 

    Neur/o

    • A.

      Flesh

    • B.

      Muscle

    • C.

      Nerve

    • D.

      Cell

    Correct Answer
    C. Nerve
    Explanation
    The term "neur/o" is derived from the Greek word "neuron" which means nerve. Therefore, "neur/o" refers to anything related to nerves or the nervous system. It does not refer to flesh or muscle, but specifically to nerve cells.

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  • 16. 

    Path/o

    • A.

      Twisted

    • B.

      Disease

    • C.

      Rod

    • D.

      Flesh

    Correct Answer
    B. Disease
    Explanation
    The given words "path", "twisted", "rod", and "flesh" are all related to the concept of disease. "Path" refers to a pathway or route, which can be associated with the spread or progression of a disease. "Twisted" could represent the twisted or distorted nature of certain diseases. "Rod" may refer to bacteria or viruses that cause diseases. "Flesh" is often used to describe the physical body, which can be affected by various diseases. Therefore, the correct answer is "disease".

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  • 17. 

    Prosth/e

    • A.

      Tendon

    • B.

      Will

    • C.

      An addition

    • D.

      Tone

    Correct Answer
    C. An addition
    Explanation
    The word "prosth/e" suggests the topic of prosthetics or artificial body parts. The word "tendon" refers to a tough band of tissue that connects muscle to bone. The phrase "an addition" implies that something is being added or attached to the tendon, possibly in the context of a prosthetic limb or device. Therefore, the correct answer is "an addition."

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  • 18. 

    Rhabd/o

    • A.

      Flesh

    • B.

      Hardening

    • C.

      Sternum

    • D.

      Rod

    Correct Answer
    D. Rod
    Explanation
    The term "rhabd/o" refers to a rod-like structure. It is often used in medical terminologies to describe a rod-shaped object or formation. In this context, "rod" is the correct answer as it aligns with the meaning of "rhabd/o". The other options, such as "flesh", "hardening", and "sternum", do not accurately represent the term "rhabd/o" and are therefore incorrect.

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  • 19. 

    Rotat/o

    • A.

      Motion

    • B.

      To turn

    • C.

      To shift

    • D.

      Circulate

    Correct Answer
    B. To turn
    Explanation
    The word "rotation" refers to the act of turning or spinning something. The root "rotat/o" indicates this turning motion. Therefore, "to turn" is the correct answer as it directly aligns with the meaning of the root word.

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  • 20. 

    Sarc/o

    • A.

      Hardening

    • B.

      Flesh

    • C.

      Vessel

    • D.

      Cells

    Correct Answer
    B. Flesh
    Explanation
    The term "sarc/o" refers to flesh, so when combined with the suffix "-hardening," it indicates the process of hardening or thickening of the flesh. The other options, such as vessel and cells, do not directly relate to the term "sarc/o" and are therefore not the correct answer.

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  • 21. 

    Scler/o

    • A.

      Tendon

    • B.

      Curving

    • C.

      Softening

    • D.

      Hardening

    Correct Answer
    D. Hardening
    Explanation
    The term "scler/o" refers to hardening. In medical terminology, it is commonly used to describe conditions where tissues or organs become hardened or thickened. Therefore, when combined with "tendon", it suggests that the answer is "hardening".

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  • 22. 

    Stern/o

    • A.

      Twisted

    • B.

      Sternum

    • C.

      Skin

    • D.

      Synovial

    Correct Answer
    B. Sternum
    Explanation
    The given answer "sternum" is the correct answer because it is the only term that is related to the root word "stern/o." The other options, such as "twisted," "skin," and "synovial," do not have any connection to the root word. The sternum is a long flat bone located in the center of the chest, and it plays a crucial role in protecting the vital organs in the thoracic cavity.

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  • 23. 

    Ten/o

    • A.

      Tendon

    • B.

      Connective tissue

    • C.

      Fascia

    • D.

      Neural

    Correct Answer
    A. Tendon
    Explanation
    A tendon is a type of connective tissue that connects muscle to bone. It is responsible for transmitting the force generated by the muscle to the bone, allowing movement to occur. Tendons are composed of dense fibrous tissue and are extremely strong and flexible. They play a crucial role in the functioning of the musculoskeletal system by providing stability and support to joints.

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  • 24. 

    Therm/o

    • A.

      Heat

    • B.

      Flesh

    • C.

      Insulation

    • D.

      Warmth

    Correct Answer
    A. Heat
    Explanation
    The term "therm/o" refers to heat. This is evident from the given options, where "heat" is the only word that directly relates to the term "therm/o." The other options, such as "flesh," "insulation," and "warmth," do not specifically pertain to heat. Therefore, the correct answer is "heat."

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  • 25. 

    Ton/o

    • A.

      Tone, tension

    • B.

      Twisted

    • C.

      A turning

    • D.

      Weight

    Correct Answer
    A. Tone, tension
    Explanation
    The word "ton/o" refers to tension or tone. This can be seen in the given examples, where "tone" and "tension" are both related to the concept of stress or pressure. The other options, such as "twisted" and "a turning", do not have the same meaning as "ton/o" and are therefore not correct.

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  • 26. 

    Tors/o

    • A.

      Middle

    • B.

      Inter

    • C.

      Center

    • D.

      Twisted

    Correct Answer
    D. Twisted
  • 27. 

    Tort/i

    • A.

      A turning

    • B.

      Twisted

    • C.

      Equal

    • D.

      To turn

    Correct Answer
    B. Twisted
    Explanation
    The word "tort" means twisted. This can be inferred from the given options where "twisted" is the only word that matches the meaning of "tort".

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  • 28. 

    Troph/o

    • A.

      Twisted

    • B.

      A turning

    • C.

      Middle

    • D.

      Center

    Correct Answer
    B. A turning
    Explanation
    The term "troph/o" refers to a turning or a change in direction. This could be understood as a twisting or a bending movement. The other options, such as twisted, middle, and center, do not accurately convey the meaning of "troph/o" as a turning. Therefore, the correct answer is "a turning."

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  • 29. 

    Volunt/o

    • A.

      Will

    • B.

      Turning

    • C.

      Twisted

    • D.

      Sternum

    Correct Answer
    A. Will
    Explanation
    The term "volunt/o" is derived from the Latin word "voluntas" which means "will". In medical terminology, it is commonly used to refer to voluntary or intentional actions. It is not related to the other options provided such as "turning", "twisted", or "sternum". Hence, the correct answer is "will".

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  • Current Version
  • Feb 15, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 21, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Phliproc
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