Chapter 7 Test: Chemical Equations

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Chapter 7 Test: Chemical Equations - Quiz

You are going to take a quiz on chemical equations. Answer the following questions by selecting the correct choice.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The products and the reactants in the reaction have the same ___.

    • A.

      Atoms

    • B.

      Molecules

    • C.

      Subscripts

    • D.

      Bond energies

    Correct Answer
    A. Atoms
    Explanation
    In a chemical reaction, the atoms present in the reactants rearrange to form the products. The number and type of atoms in the reactants must be equal to the number and type of atoms in the products, according to the law of conservation of mass. Therefore, the correct answer is "atoms" as both the reactants and products have the same number of atoms.

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  • 2. 

    A balanced equation represents the law of mass conservation, and as a result all of the following are true except ___.

    • A.

      The number of moles of products equals the number of moles of reactants

    • B.

      The total mass of the product equals the total mass of the reactants

    • C.

      The number of atoms in the products equals the number of atoms in the reactants

    • D.

      The states of matter of the products are independent of the states of reactants

    Correct Answer
    A. The number of moles of products equals the number of moles of reactants
    Explanation
    The balanced equation represents the law of mass conservation, which means that the total mass of the products is equal to the total mass of the reactants. It also ensures that the number of atoms in the products is equal to the number of atoms in the reactants. Additionally, the states of matter of the products can be different from the states of matter of the reactants. However, the number of moles of products does not necessarily have to be equal to the number of moles of reactants.

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  • 3. 

    A chemical reaction has not occurred if the products have ___.

    • A.

      The same mass as the reactants

    • B.

      Less total bond energy than the reactants

    • C.

      More total bond energy than the reactants

    • D.

      The same chemical properties as the reactants

    Correct Answer
    D. The same chemical properties as the reactants
    Explanation
    If the products of a chemical reaction have the same chemical properties as the reactants, it indicates that no new substances with different properties have been formed. This suggests that no chemical reaction has occurred.

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  • 4. 

    The chemical reaction is exothermic if ___.

    • A.

      ∆H is a negative value

    • B.

      ∆H is a positive value

    • C.

      Energy is absorbed during the reaction

    • D.

      Energy is conserved during reaction

    Correct Answer
    A. ∆H is a negative value
    Explanation
    An exothermic reaction is characterized by the release of energy in the form of heat. When the enthalpy change (∆H) is negative, it indicates that the reactants have a higher energy level than the products. This means that energy is being released during the reaction, making it exothermic.

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  • 5. 

    The only single-displacement reaction among the following chemical equations is ___.

    • A.

      2H2O2(l) → 2H2O(l) + O2(g)

    • B.

      Pb(s) + Hg2SO4(s) → PbSO4(s) + 2Hg(l)

    • C.

      2NH3(g) → N2(g) + 3H2(g)

    • D.

      NaCl(aq) + AgNO3(aq) → AgCl(s) + NaNO→3(aq)

    Correct Answer
    A. 2H2O2(l) → 2H2O(l) + O2(g)
    Explanation
    The given equation 2H2O2(l) → 2H2O(l) + O2(g) is the only single-displacement reaction among the options. In this reaction, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) decomposes to form water (H2O) and oxygen gas (O2). A single-displacement reaction involves the replacement of one element in a compound by another element. In this case, the oxygen atoms in H2O2 are being displaced by the formation of O2 gas. The other equations do not involve the displacement of one element by another, making them different types of reactions.

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  • 6. 

    C(s) + O2(g) → CO2(g)+ energy is a chemical reaction because ____.

    • A.

      It releases energy

    • B.

      The chemical properties of CO2 are different from the individual properties of carbon and oxygen

    • C.

      It absorbs energy

    • D.

      CO2 is a gas and carbon is a crystal

    Correct Answer
    B. The chemical properties of CO2 are different from the individual properties of carbon and oxygen
    Explanation
    This answer is correct because a chemical reaction involves the rearrangement of atoms to form new substances with different chemical properties. In this reaction, carbon and oxygen combine to form carbon dioxide, which has different properties compared to the individual elements.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2022
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 08, 2007
    Quiz Created by
    Rhussain
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