Chapter 6 Physiology Quiz

85 Questions | Total Attempts: 84

SettingsSettingsSettings
Physiology Quizzes & Trivia

The central nervous system in the human body is made up of the brain and spinal cord. The mind is the center of our thoughts, the interpreter of our external environment. Below is a quiz on physiology. It is perfectly centered on the central nervous system and its functions. Take it up and see if you should review chapter 6.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The CNS has a number of functions including_____________
    • A. 

      Sensory and motor integration

    • B. 

      Higher mental functions

    • C. 

      Lower mental functions

    • D. 

      Sleep-wake cycles

  • 2. 
    Higher mental functions include:
    • A. 

      Somatic responses

    • B. 

      Consciousness and memory

    • C. 

      Language and creativity

    • D. 

      Abstract reasoning

  • 3. 
    Also known as tracts:
    • A. 

      Gray matter

    • B. 

      White matter

  • 4. 
    Gray, wrinkled, globular organ that has the consistency of jello. It weighs about 3.5 pounds and is found to be larger in the male than in the female
  • 5. 
    The brain in clinical situations is divided into four regions. These include:
    • A. 

      Cerebral hemispheres

    • B. 

      Diencephalon

    • C. 

      Brain Stem

    • D. 

      Midbrain

    • E. 

      Cerebellum

  • 6. 
    The Diencephalon includes:
    • A. 

      Pons

    • B. 

      Hypothalamus

    • C. 

      Thalamus

    • D. 

      Medulla

    • E. 

      Epithalamus

  • 7. 
    The cerebral hemispheres and cerebellum are organized into and outer cortex of ________ which is nerve bodies and an inner layer of ____________ in which are deeply embedded basal nuclei of gray matter
    • A. 

      White matter; gray matter

    • B. 

      Gray matter; white matter

    • C. 

      Gray matter; gray matter

    • D. 

      White matter; white matter

  • 8. 
    The brain is protected by the ____________ from harmful blood substances by the blood brain barrier
    • A. 

      Cerebrospinal fluid

    • B. 

      Meninges

    • C. 

      Skull

    • D. 

      Dura Mater

  • 9. 
    Protective connective tissue membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord
    • A. 

      Blood-brain barrier

    • B. 

      Cerebrospinal fluid

    • C. 

      Meninges

    • D. 

      Skull

  • 10. 
    The outer membrane; attaches the brain to the skull and prevents the brain from moving around in the skull
    • A. 

      Arachnoid

    • B. 

      Pia Mater

    • C. 

      Dura Mater

    • D. 

      Lateral Ventricles

  • 11. 
    The middle membrane which is a thin, vascular, web-like membrane. Under this is the space which contains cerebrospinal fluid and blood vessels
    • A. 

      Dura Mater

    • B. 

      Pia Mater

    • C. 

      Lateral Ventricles

    • D. 

      Arachnoid

  • 12. 
    The arachnoid has _______ which are specialized arachnoid projections that protrude into the dura mater and into the dural sinuses where the CSF is absorbed into the venous blood
  • 13. 
    The inner most membrane that covers the brain which is composed of delicate connective tissue; tears easily; transparent
    • A. 

      Dura Mater

    • B. 

      Pia Mater

    • C. 

      Arachnoid

    • D. 

      Lateral Ventricles

  • 14. 
    The fluid that forms a liquid cushion inside and outside of the brain; helps the brain to float so that it doesn't crush itself. Also, cushions the brain and spinal cord from trauma.
  • 15. 
    Helps to supply the brain with oxygen and removes neuron metabolic waste like carbon dioxide
  • 16. 
    CSF has a similar composition to ____________, but it has less proteins and a different ion concentration than ____________
    • A. 

      Blood glucose

    • B. 

      Blood pressure

    • C. 

      Blood protein

    • D. 

      Blood plasma

  • 17. 
    CSF is formed by the ________________ cells of the choroid plexuses (a cluster of capillaries) from blood plasma
  • 18. 
    CSF flows by the action of the ependymal cells' ________
    • A. 

      Pressure

    • B. 

      Flagella

    • C. 

      Cilia

    • D. 

      Blood flow

  • 19. 
    ________ (sometimes call the first and second ventricles) are C-shaped chambers that are found deep within each cerebral hemisphere. They are connected to each other medially and connected with the third ventricle
    • A. 

      Third ventricle

    • B. 

      Fourth ventricle

    • C. 

      Lateral ventricle

    • D. 

      Posterior ventricle

  • 20. 
    Located in the diencephalon
    • A. 

      Third ventricle

    • B. 

      Fourth ventricle

    • C. 

      Lateral ventricle

    • D. 

      Posterior ventricle

  • 21. 
    Connected to the cerebral aqueduct which runs through the midbrain
  • 22. 
    Located anteriorly to the cerebellum
    • A. 

      Third ventricle

    • B. 

      Fourth ventricle

    • C. 

      Lateral ventricle

    • D. 

      Posterior ventricle

  • 23. 
    It is continuous with the third ventricle and central canal of the spinal cord, and it has openings with the subarachnoid space which is a fluid-filled space surrounding the brain (CSF)
  • 24. 
    Protects the brain from harmful substances in the blood ( amino acids and hormones that act as neurotransmitters) and helps the brain to maintain a stable brain environment
  • 25. 
    Seperates the barin's extracellular space and neurons from the blood
Back to Top Back to top