Chapter 6 Life In 13 Colonies

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

     Who was sued for libel for protesting a colonial governor?

    • A.

      Nathaniel Bacon

    • B.

      John Peter Zenger

    • C.

      Sir Edmond Andros

    • D.

      Edward Braddock

    Correct Answer
    B. John Peter Zenger
    Explanation
    John Peter Zenger was sued for libel for protesting a colonial governor. Libel refers to the act of making false and damaging statements about someone in written or printed form. Zenger, a journalist, published articles criticizing the colonial governor of New York, William Cosby. These articles accused Cosby of corruption and abuse of power. Zenger's trial became a landmark case for freedom of the press in America, as his lawyer argued that the truth should be a defense against libel charges. Although Zenger was initially found guilty, the case helped establish the principle of freedom of the press and paved the way for the First Amendment in the United States.

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  • 2. 

    Another name for a New England church?

    • A.

      Meetinghouse

    • B.

      Frontier

    • C.

      Church

    • D.

      Urban

    Correct Answer
    A. Meetinghouse
    Explanation
    A meetinghouse is another name for a New England church. It was a common term used to refer to the religious buildings in the New England region during colonial times. The term "meetinghouse" reflects the Puritan tradition of holding both religious services and town meetings in the same building. This multipurpose building served as a place of worship, as well as a gathering place for community meetings and events. The term "meetinghouse" emphasizes the communal nature of these religious spaces, highlighting their role as a center of community life in early New England settlements.

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  • 3. 

    What do we call an area that contains few towns and cities?

    • A.

      Urban

    • B.

      Town

    • C.

      Rural

    • D.

      Large

    Correct Answer
    C. Rural
    Explanation
    An area that contains few towns and cities is called rural.

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  • 4. 

    What do we call an area that contains large cities and towns?

    • A.

      Rural

    • B.

      Town

    • C.

      Urban

    • D.

      Small

    Correct Answer
    C. Urban
    Explanation
    An area that contains large cities and towns is called urban. This term refers to densely populated areas with a high concentration of infrastructure, businesses, and residential areas. Urban areas are characterized by their bustling atmosphere, advanced amenities, and diverse cultural opportunities.

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  • 5. 

    Where were community decisions made in New England?

    • A.

      Town meetings

    • B.

      Frontier

    • C.

      In congress

    • D.

      At the white house

    Correct Answer
    A. Town meetings
    Explanation
    In New England, community decisions were made in town meetings. These meetings were held to discuss and decide on various matters that affected the town and its residents. It was a democratic process where all eligible members of the community could participate and have a say in the decision-making process. Town meetings played a crucial role in shaping the local governance and policies of New England towns.

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  • 6. 

    What was the first crop grown in Virginia to bring a profit?

    • A.

      Rice

    • B.

      Indigo

    • C.

      Grain

    • D.

      Tabacco

    Correct Answer
    D. Tabacco
    Explanation
    Tobacco was the first crop grown in Virginia to bring a profit. Tobacco cultivation was introduced by John Rolfe in Jamestown, Virginia in the early 17th century. It quickly became a cash crop and a major source of income for the Virginia colony. The demand for tobacco grew rapidly in Europe, leading to increased production and economic prosperity in Virginia. The success of tobacco cultivation in Virginia played a significant role in the development of the colony and the establishment of the tobacco industry in America.

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  • 7. 

    Who led a raid against the Native Americans in 1676?

    • A.

      Nathaniel Bacon

    • B.

      John Peter Zenger

    • C.

      King William

    • D.

      Martha

    Correct Answer
    A. Nathaniel Bacon
    Explanation
    Nathaniel Bacon led a raid against the Native Americans in 1676. This raid, known as Bacon's Rebellion, was a conflict between Bacon and the Native American tribes in Virginia. Bacon and his followers were frustrated with the government's inability to protect the settlers from Native American attacks. In response, Bacon organized a series of raids against the Native American villages. This rebellion ultimately led to increased tensions between the colonists and Native Americans and had a lasting impact on the relationship between the two groups.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is not an example of a cash crop from the Southern Colonies?

    • A.

      Indigo

    • B.

      Timber

    • C.

      Rice

    • D.

      Tabacco

    Correct Answer
    B. Timber
    Explanation
    Timber is not an example of a cash crop from the Southern Colonies because cash crops are agricultural products that are grown specifically for sale and profit. While indigo, rice, and tobacco were all cash crops grown in the Southern Colonies for their economic value, timber refers to the wood harvested from trees and is not typically considered a cash crop.

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  • 9. 

    The triangular trade routes connected New England, the West Indies, and?

    • A.

      West Africa

    • B.

      Southern Europe

    • C.

      Asia

    • D.

      France

    Correct Answer
    A. West Africa
    Explanation
    The triangular trade routes connected New England, the West Indies, and West Africa. This trade network involved the exchange of goods, including slaves, between these regions. New England would export rum and other manufactured goods to West Africa, where they would be traded for enslaved Africans. These enslaved individuals would then be transported to the West Indies and sold for sugar and other commodities. Finally, these goods would be brought back to New England to complete the triangular trade route.

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  • 10. 

    The Massachusetts School Law of 1647?

    • A.

      Established the first public school system in the colonies

    • B.

      Established the first college

    • C.

      Required special training for teachers

    • D.

      Required all children to go to school

    Correct Answer
    A. Established the first public school system in the colonies
    Explanation
    The Massachusetts School Law of 1647 is significant because it established the first public school system in the colonies. This law mandated that towns with a certain population must establish a public school to educate their children. It laid the foundation for public education in the United States and set a precedent for other colonies to follow. This law was a crucial step in ensuring that education was accessible to all children, regardless of their social or economic background.

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  • 11. 

    The first colonial colleges taught?

    • A.

      Men and women

    • B.

      Men

    • C.

      Teachers

    • D.

      Only white men

    Correct Answer
    D. Only white men
    Explanation
    The first colonial colleges taught only white men. This implies that during the colonial period, the educational institutions were exclusive to men of European descent. Women and people of other races were not given the opportunity to attend these colleges. This reflects the discriminatory practices and limited access to education that existed during that time.

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  • 12. 

    Puritan life was centered around?

    • A.

      Politics

    • B.

      Religion

    • C.

      Sports

    • D.

      Business

    Correct Answer
    B. Religion
    Explanation
    The Puritans were a religious group who believed in strict adherence to their interpretation of Christianity. Their entire way of life revolved around their religious beliefs, including their daily activities, social interactions, and moral values. They sought to establish a society based on their religious principles and were deeply committed to worship, prayer, and religious study. Religion was the core of their existence, shaping every aspect of their lives, making it the most fitting answer.

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  • 13. 

    Rich soil, mild climate and long growing season were characteristic of?

    • A.

      New England

    • B.

      The Southeast

    • C.

      The Middle Colonies

    • D.

      The South

    Correct Answer
    C. The Middle Colonies
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Middle Colonies. The Middle Colonies were known for having rich soil, a mild climate, and a long growing season. These favorable conditions allowed for successful agriculture and the cultivation of crops such as wheat, corn, and oats. The combination of fertile soil, moderate weather, and a longer growing period made the Middle Colonies ideal for farming and contributed to their economic prosperity.

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  • 14. 

    The institution of slavery became most popular among?

    • A.

      New England merchants

    • B.

      Southern farmers

    • C.

      Farmers from the Middle Colonies

    • D.

      Southern plantation owners

    Correct Answer
    D. Southern plantation owners
    Explanation
    Southern plantation owners became the most popular group to practice slavery because the plantation system was heavily reliant on large-scale agriculture, particularly the cultivation of cash crops such as tobacco, rice, and later cotton. These plantation owners needed a large labor force to work on their plantations, and slavery provided a cheap and abundant source of labor. The Southern states had a climate and soil conditions suitable for these crops, which further fueled the demand for enslaved people. Additionally, the social and economic structure of the South was built around the institution of slavery, making it deeply ingrained in the region.

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  • 15. 

    The Navigation Acts?

    • A.

      Kept English sailors from deserting

    • B.

      Controlled colonial trade

    • C.

      Monitored trade with Native Americans

    • D.

      Suppressed riots in the colonies

    Correct Answer
    B. Controlled colonial trade
    Explanation
    The Navigation Acts were a series of laws implemented by the British government in the 17th and 18th centuries. These acts aimed to control colonial trade and ensure that it primarily benefited England. They imposed restrictions on colonial commerce, requiring that certain goods be transported only on English ships and sold exclusively in English markets. The acts also established regulations for colonial imports and exports, aiming to maintain England's economic dominance over its colonies. Therefore, the correct answer is that the Navigation Acts controlled colonial trade.

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  • 16. 

    Since they all faced the same dangers and hardships, families in which area developed a spirit of equality?

    • A.

      New England Colonies

    • B.

      Middle Colonies

    • C.

      The frontier

    • D.

      Southern Colonies

    Correct Answer
    C. The frontier
    Explanation
    Families on the frontier developed a spirit of equality because they were all exposed to the same dangers and hardships. Living in a rugged and isolated environment, they had to rely on each other for survival and support. The harsh conditions forced them to work together and treat each other as equals, regardless of social status or background. This sense of equality was necessary for their collective well-being and created a strong sense of community among frontier families.

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  • 17. 

    Most colonies had an appointed governor and a legislature with two houses-the?

    • A.

      Senate and the house of representatives

    • B.

      Council and assembly

    • C.

      Senate and assembly

    • D.

      High house and low house

    Correct Answer
    A. Senate and the house of representatives
    Explanation
    Most colonies had an appointed governor and a legislature with two houses. The senate and the house of representatives were the two houses in the legislature. The senate was typically the upper house, consisting of representatives who were appointed or chosen by the governor, while the house of representatives was the lower house, consisting of representatives who were elected by the people. This system allowed for a balance of power and representation within the colonial government.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following was not an industry in New England?

    • A.

      Fishing

    • B.

      Shipbuilding

    • C.

      Whaling

    • D.

      Large-scale agriculture

    Correct Answer
    D. Large-scale agriculture
    Explanation
    Large-scale agriculture was not an industry in New England. New England's rocky soil and harsh climate made it difficult to engage in large-scale farming. Instead, the region focused on industries such as fishing, shipbuilding, and whaling, which were better suited to its natural resources and geographic conditions.

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  • 19. 

    Children in the Middle Colonies were taught by tutors or in?

    • A.

      Missions

    • B.

      Public schools

    • C.

      Plantation schools

    • D.

      Private schools

    Correct Answer
    D. Private schools
    Explanation
    During colonial times, children in the Middle Colonies were often taught in private schools. These schools were typically run by individual tutors or small groups of teachers, and they were usually attended by children from wealthier families who could afford the tuition fees. Public schools were not as common during this period, and plantation schools were more prevalent in the Southern Colonies where large plantations existed. Therefore, private schools were the primary educational institutions for children in the Middle Colonies.

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  • 20. 

    In New England, town meetings were an early form of?

    • A.

      The separation of church and state

    • B.

      Democracy

    • C.

      Protest

    • D.

      Militias

    Correct Answer
    B. Democracy
    Explanation
    Town meetings in New England were an early form of democracy. These meetings allowed the local residents to gather and discuss and make decisions on matters that affected the community. It provided a platform for citizens to have a voice in the decision-making process and participate in the governance of their town. This system of direct democracy allowed for the active involvement of the people in shaping their local government and was a precursor to the democratic principles that would later be established in the United States.

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  • 21. 

    The Southern Colonies were considered rural because they had?

    • A.

      High industrialization

    • B.

      Few towns and only one large city

    • C.

      Many towns and cities

    • D.

      Many ports and controlled trade

    Correct Answer
    B. Few towns and only one large city
    Explanation
    The Southern Colonies were considered rural because they had few towns and only one large city. This means that the majority of the population lived in smaller, more spread-out communities rather than concentrated urban areas. The lack of urban development and the presence of only one major city suggest a less developed and more agrarian society, with a focus on agriculture rather than industrialization or urbanization. Additionally, the presence of many ports and controlled trade would suggest a more urban and developed region, which contradicts the rural nature of the Southern Colonies.

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  • 22. 

    Bacon's rebellion was?

    • A.

      a rebellion against King Charles ll

    • B.

      A civil war between colonists and the governor's troops

    • C.

      A colonial raid against the Native Americans

    • D.

      A revolt against high taxes

    Correct Answer
    C. A colonial raid against the Native Americans
    Explanation
    Bacon's Rebellion was a colonial raid against the Native Americans. It was led by Nathaniel Bacon, a Virginia colonist, in 1676. The rebellion was a result of conflicts between the colonists and Native American tribes, particularly the Powhatan Confederacy. Bacon and his followers attacked and killed Native Americans, burned their villages, and seized their lands. The rebellion was fueled by the colonists' desire for more land and their frustration with the colonial government's perceived failure to protect them from Native American attacks. The rebellion ultimately ended when Bacon died of dysentery and the colonial government regained control.

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  • 23. 

    The Southern Colonies had few major port cities because many planters?

    • A.

      Built extensive roads

    • B.

      Lived on the ocean

    • C.

      Did not need trade

    • D.

      Had their own docks

    Correct Answer
    D. Had their own docks
    Explanation
    The Southern Colonies had few major port cities because many planters had their own docks. This suggests that the wealthy plantation owners in the Southern Colonies had the resources to build and maintain their own docks for trade and transportation purposes. This allowed them to bypass the need for major port cities and have direct access to the ocean for their trade activities.

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  • 24. 

    Nathaniel Bacon led 300 farmers in a raid against who?

    • A.

      The church

    • B.

      Native Americans

    • C.

      The king

    • D.

      The queen

    Correct Answer
    B. Native Americans
    Explanation
    Nathaniel Bacon led 300 farmers in a raid against Native Americans. This was part of Bacon's Rebellion, which took place in 1676 in colonial Virginia. Bacon and his followers were unhappy with the colonial government's policies towards Native Americans, particularly the lack of protection provided to settlers against Native American attacks. They believed that the government was too lenient towards the Native Americans and sought to take matters into their own hands by launching raids against them. This rebellion was a significant event in colonial history and highlighted the tensions between settlers and Native Americans.

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  • 25. 

    The route between Africa and America became known as?

    • A.

      Middle Passage

    • B.

      The yellow brick road

    • C.

      The West Indies stop

    • D.

      The Slave road

    Correct Answer
    A. Middle Passage
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Middle Passage. The Middle Passage refers to the route taken by slave ships from Africa to America during the transatlantic slave trade. It was called the Middle Passage because it was the middle leg of the triangular trade route, with the first leg being from Europe to Africa, and the final leg being from America back to Europe. This journey was infamous for its horrific conditions, as enslaved Africans were packed tightly into ships and subjected to inhumane treatment and high mortality rates.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 02, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Ecurtis
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