Civil War History Knowledge Test! Trivia Quiz

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| By Catherine Halcomb
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Catherine Halcomb
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Civil War History Knowledge Test! Trivia Quiz - Quiz

This trivia quiz test is designed for you to test out your civil war history knowledge test! The civil war was one of the worst to take place on American soil and the reason behind it is that two groups did not agree on their stand on whether slavery should end or not. Do take up the quiz below and get to see just how much you know about it.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    General who is given credit for winning the Battle of Bull Run/Battle of Manassas.

    • A.

      Robert E Lee

    • B.

      Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson

    • C.

      Jefferson Davis

    • D.

      Ulysses S Grant

    Correct Answer
    B. Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
    Explanation
    Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson is given credit for winning the Battle of Bull Run/Battle of Manassas. Jackson was a Confederate general during the American Civil War and his tactical brilliance and leadership played a crucial role in the Confederate victory at Bull Run. He earned the nickname "Stonewall" for his steadfastness and determination in battle. Jackson's strategic maneuvers and ability to rally his troops were instrumental in securing the Confederate victory, making him the correct answer for the question.

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  • 2. 

    At this battle, General Thomas Stonewall Jackson stops a Union advance forcing them to retreat in shame.

    • A.

      First Battle of Bull Run

    • B.

      Battle of Gettysburg

    • C.

      Battle of Fredericksburg

    • D.

      Battle of Appomattox

    Correct Answer
    A. First Battle of Bull Run
    Explanation
    At the First Battle of Bull Run, General Thomas Stonewall Jackson successfully halted the Union advance, causing them to retreat in shame. This battle, which took place during the American Civil War, was a major Confederate victory and demonstrated the effectiveness of Jackson's military tactics. The Union forces were caught off guard by the Confederate resistance and were forced to retreat, leading to a significant morale boost for the Confederacy.

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  • 3. 

    The formation of the all-black _________ occurred in the Union when the military began recruiting African American soldiers.

    • A.

      54th Massachussetts

    • B.

      Army of the Cumberland

    • C.

      Army of the Patomac

    • D.

      Tomlin's Battalion

    Correct Answer
    A. 54th Massachussetts
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the 54th Massachusetts. During the Civil War, the Union military started recruiting African American soldiers, leading to the formation of the all-black 54th Massachusetts Regiment. This regiment played a significant role in the war and is particularly known for its bravery and valor in the Battle of Fort Wagner.

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  • 4. 

    The bloodiest single day of fighting in the Civil War occurred at ______.

    • A.

      Antietam

    • B.

      Bunker Hill

    • C.

      Fredericksburg

    • D.

      Breed's Hill

    Correct Answer
    A. Antietam
    Explanation
    The bloodiest single day of fighting in the Civil War occurred at Antietam. The Battle of Antietam took place on September 17, 1862, near Sharpsburg, Maryland. It was a pivotal battle in the war and resulted in over 23,000 casualties. The Union and Confederate forces clashed fiercely throughout the day, with heavy casualties on both sides. The battle ended in a tactical draw but had strategic significance as it halted the Confederate advance into Maryland and gave President Lincoln the opportunity to issue the Emancipation Proclamation.

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  • 5. 

    _____________ helped the Union cause by working Southern Plantations and producing food for the Northern Troops. 

    • A.

      African Americans

    • B.

      Native Americans

    • C.

      White and Beige Shaded Americans

    • D.

      Southern Americans

    Correct Answer
    A. African Americans
    Explanation
    African Americans helped the Union cause by working Southern Plantations and producing food for the Northern Troops. They played a crucial role in supporting the Union Army during the Civil War by working as laborers and farmers, ensuring a steady supply of food for the troops. Their contribution helped sustain the Northern forces and contributed to the ultimate victory of the Union.

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  • 6. 

    Tennessee battle that resulted in 25,000 Union and Confederate casualties.

    • A.

      Shiloh

    • B.

      Fredericksburg

    • C.

      Chancelorsville

    • D.

      Gettysburg

    Correct Answer
    A. Shiloh
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Shiloh. The Battle of Shiloh took place in Tennessee and resulted in a high number of casualties for both the Union and Confederate forces, with approximately 25,000 soldiers killed, wounded, or missing. It was a significant battle during the American Civil War and marked a turning point in the conflict.

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  • 7. 

    Leader of the Confederacy during the Civil War.

    • A.

      Jefferson Davis

    • B.

      Robert E Lee

    • C.

      Abraham Lincoln

    • D.

      Thomas Jackson

    Correct Answer
    A. Jefferson Davis
    Explanation
    Jefferson Davis is the correct answer because he was the leader of the Confederacy during the Civil War. He served as the President of the Confederate States of America from 1861 to 1865. Davis played a crucial role in leading the southern states in their fight for secession and independence from the Union. He was responsible for making important decisions and strategies during the war, including the appointment of generals like Robert E. Lee.

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  • 8. 

    Part of Winfield Scott's Anaconda plan included a ____________ or isolation of southern ports by Union forces.

    • A.

      Blockade

    • B.

      Infantry Charge

    • C.

      Impressment

    • D.

      Major Advance

    Correct Answer
    A. Blockade
    Explanation
    The correct answer is blockade. Winfield Scott's Anaconda plan included a blockade or isolation of southern ports by Union forces. This strategy aimed to cut off the Confederacy's access to international trade and resources, weakening their economy and ability to sustain the war effort. By preventing the import and export of goods through southern ports, the Union hoped to suffocate the Confederate states and force them to surrender. This blockade was a crucial component of the Union's overall strategy to defeat the Confederacy during the American Civil War.

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  • 9. 

    The term gave to describe Missouri, Kentucky, Delaware, and Maryland because they were all Union states that allowed slavery.

    • A.

      Border State

    • B.

      Slave State

    • C.

      Confederate State

    • D.

      Union State

    Correct Answer
    A. Border State
    Explanation
    Missouri, Kentucky, Delaware, and Maryland were referred to as "Border States" because they were located on the border between the Union and the Confederacy during the American Civil War. These states did not secede from the Union to join the Confederacy but still allowed slavery. They were crucial in maintaining a delicate balance between the North and the South, as they could have potentially joined the Confederacy. Their strategic location and divided loyalties made them significant in the outcome of the war.

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  • 10. 

    Although this famous Virginia resident opposed secession and slavery, this former United States Army general led the Confederate troops.

    • A.

      Robert E Lee

    • B.

      Thomas Jackson

    • C.

      Ulysses S Grant

    • D.

      George McClellan

    Correct Answer
    A. Robert E Lee
    Explanation
    Robert E. Lee is the correct answer because he was a famous resident of Virginia who opposed secession and slavery, but still led the Confederate troops during the American Civil War. Despite his personal beliefs, Lee felt a strong loyalty to his home state and chose to fight for the Confederacy. His military leadership and strategic abilities made him a prominent figure in the war, even though he ultimately surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House in 1865.

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  • 11. 

    Union strategy to gain control of Confederate ports and the Mississippi River.

    • A.

      Anaconda Plan

    • B.

      Winfield Scott Strategy

    • C.

      Lincoln's Civil War Plan

    • D.

      The Plan

    Correct Answer
    A. Anaconda Plan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Anaconda Plan. The Anaconda Plan was a strategy devised by Union General Winfield Scott during the American Civil War. It aimed to gain control of Confederate ports and the Mississippi River, effectively strangling the South and cutting off its resources and supply routes. The plan involved a naval blockade of Confederate ports, as well as a push down the Mississippi River to divide the Confederacy in two. The goal was to slowly squeeze the Confederacy, much like an anaconda constricts its prey, until it surrendered.

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  • 12. 

    Leader of the North or Union during the Civil War.

    • A.

      Abraham Lincoln

    • B.

      Jefferson Davis

    • C.

      Ronald McDonald

    • D.

      Stephen Douglas

    Correct Answer
    A. Abraham Lincoln
    Explanation
    Abraham Lincoln is the correct answer because he was the leader of the North or Union during the Civil War. He served as the 16th President of the United States from 1861 until his assassination in 1865. Lincoln was known for his leadership during the Civil War and his efforts to preserve the Union and abolish slavery. His presidency was marked by the Emancipation Proclamation and the Gettysburg Address, both of which had a significant impact on the outcome of the war.

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  • 13. 

    Union General Benjamin Butler had gathered hundreds of black refugees into his camps and set them to manual labor and declared that the fugitives under his protection were to be considered _____________

    • A.

      Contraband

    • B.

      Free

    • C.

      American Citizens

    • D.

      Confederates

    Correct Answer
    A. Contraband
    Explanation
    During the American Civil War, Union General Benjamin Butler gathered black refugees into his camps and put them to work. He declared that these fugitives were to be considered "contraband," meaning that they were property that could be confiscated by the Union army. This decision was based on the Union's interpretation of the Confiscation Acts, which allowed them to seize the property of the Confederacy. By considering the black refugees as contraband, General Butler provided them with a measure of protection and prevented their return to slavery.

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  • 14. 

    The ___________ freed all people enslaved in states still in rebellion against the Union after January 1, 1863.

    • A.

      Emancipation Proclamation

    • B.

      13th Amendment to the Constitution

    • C.

      War Powers Act

    • D.

      Harry Potter Supremacy Pact For Wizards

    Correct Answer
    A. Emancipation Proclamation
    Explanation
    The Emancipation Proclamation was a document issued by President Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War. It declared that all slaves in Confederate territory were to be set free, effectively freeing all people enslaved in states still in rebellion against the Union after January 1, 1863. The Emancipation Proclamation was a significant step towards ending slavery in the United States and was a crucial moment in the fight for civil rights.

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  • 15. 

    Congress passed the _________ to ensure that black soldiers were accepted for military service.

    • A.

      Militia Act

    • B.

      Emancipation Proclamation

    • C.

      Negro Army Officer Act

    • D.

      The Morgan Freeman Acting Law

    Correct Answer
    A. Militia Act
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Militia Act. The Militia Act was passed by Congress to ensure that black soldiers were accepted for military service. This act allowed African Americans to serve in the Union Army during the American Civil War. It was an important step towards the inclusion and recognition of black soldiers in the military.

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  • Current Version
  • Jan 03, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 03, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Catherine Halcomb
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