Chapter 31 Overview Of Vertebrates

22 Questions | Total Attempts: 148

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Biology Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz includes chapters 31-1 story of vertebrate evolution, 31-2 Challenge of Obtaining Oxygen, 31-3 Evolution of a Better Heart, 31-4 Challenge of Retaining Water, and 31-5 Reproduction and Development


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is cartilage?
  • 2. 
    What is a swim bladder?
  • 3. 
    What do endothermic animlas have to do?
  • 4. 
    What is the placenta?
  • 5. 
    Amphibians evolved from:
    • A. 

      Fish

    • B. 

      Reptiles

    • C. 

      Echinoderms

    • D. 

      Protostomes

  • 6. 
    Amphibians gave rise to:
    • A. 

      Fish

    • B. 

      Reptiles

    • C. 

      Birds

    • D. 

      Plankton

  • 7. 
    Reptiles are ---blank--- (type of habitat)
  • 8. 
    ---blank--- were the first vertebrates
    • A. 

      Birds

    • B. 

      Reptiles

    • C. 

      Amphibians

    • D. 

      Jawless fishes

  • 9. 
    Acanthodians
    • A. 

      Had strong biting jaws

    • B. 

      Had jaws with jagged bony edges that serves as teeth

    • C. 

      Had jaws

    • D. 

      Bodies were streamlined and flattened sideways

    • E. 

      Small bodies covered with protective spines

    • F. 

      Small bodies covered with protective aveoli

    • G. 

      Paired fins

    • H. 

      One fin

  • 10. 
    Placoderms:
    • A. 

      Massive heads armored with bony plates

    • B. 

      Extinct

    • C. 

      Still living

    • D. 

      Small heads armored with bony plates

  • 11. 
    In Hybodus, the skeleton is composed of ---blank---.
  • 12. 
    Bony fishes compensate for their heavier skeletons with a ---blank---.
  • 13. 
    The first verterbrates able to live on land were ---blank---
  • 14. 
    Amphibians evolved from:
    • A. 

      Ventral-finned fishes

    • B. 

      Hybodus

    • C. 

      Lobe-finned fishes

    • D. 

      Cartela-finned fishes

  • 15. 
    Name some of the things that made the invasion of land by vertebrates successful
    • A. 

      Lungs

    • B. 

      Watertight eggs

    • C. 

      Bladder

    • D. 

      Eggs don't need to be fertilized

    • E. 

      Better heart

    • F. 

      Legs

  • 16. 
    Reptiles' legs were positioned to support the body more effectively.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    ---blank--- made reptiles the first completely terrestrial vertebrates.
  • 18. 
    Living reptiles are
    • A. 

      Endothermic

    • B. 

      Both

    • C. 

      Ectothermic

  • 19. 
    When dinosaurs disappeared, their ecological roles as the large land vertebrates were taken over by ---blank---
  • 20. 
    Dinosaurs evolved from birds
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Monotremes lay shelled eggs and have a shoulder structure similar to that of early reptiles.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    All very large land animals are:
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