Chapter 3 Test: Earth And Its Place In The Solar System

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Questions: 11 | Attempts: 178

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Earth Quizzes & Trivia

Know The Following Words and Definitions


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Movement Of one object around another

    • A.

      Revolution

    • B.

      Orbit

    • C.

      Asteroid

    • D.

      Phases

    Correct Answer
    A. Revolution
    Explanation
    The term "revolution" refers to the movement of one object around another. This can be seen in celestial bodies such as planets orbiting around the sun or moons orbiting around a planet. It is a repetitive and continuous motion that follows a specific path or orbit. The other options, such as "orbit," "asteroid," and "phases," are related to the concept of revolution but do not directly represent the movement itself.

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  • 2. 

    Path an object takes around another object

    • A.

      Revolution

    • B.

      Orbit

    • C.

      Phases

    • D.

      Lunar eclipse

    Correct Answer
    B. Orbit
    Explanation
    An orbit refers to the path that an object takes around another object, typically due to the gravitational pull between the two objects. This path is often elliptical in shape and is followed by celestial bodies such as planets, moons, and satellites. Therefore, the correct answer is "orbit" because it accurately describes the path an object takes around another object.

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  • 3. 

    Chunk of rock or metal that orbits the sun

    • A.

      Lunar eclipse

    • B.

      Phases

    • C.

      Solar system

    • D.

      Asteroid

    Correct Answer
    D. Asteroid
    Explanation
    An asteroid is a chunk of rock or metal that orbits the sun. Unlike planets, asteroids are much smaller in size and do not have a regular shape. They are remnants from the early formation of the solar system and can be found in the asteroid belt, located between Mars and Jupiter. Lunar eclipses and phases are unrelated to asteroids, making the asteroid the correct answer in this context.

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  • 4. 

    Result of Earth's shadow falling on the moon

    • A.

      Orbit

    • B.

      Phases

    • C.

      Planet

    • D.

      Lunar eclipse

    Correct Answer
    D. Lunar eclipse
    Explanation
    A lunar eclipse occurs when the Earth's shadow falls on the moon. During this celestial event, the Earth is positioned between the sun and the moon, causing the moon to pass through the Earth's shadow. As a result, the moon temporarily darkens and takes on a reddish or coppery hue. This phenomenon can only happen during a full moon and is a captivating display of celestial alignment.

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  • 5. 

    Different shapes the moon seems to have

    • A.

      Solar system

    • B.

      Phases

    • C.

      Axis

    • D.

      Planet

    Correct Answer
    B. Phases
    Explanation
    The moon appears to have different shapes, known as phases, as it orbits around the Earth. These phases are caused by the changing positions of the moon, Earth, and the sun. As the moon orbits, different amounts of sunlight are reflected off its surface, resulting in different visible shapes from Earth. This phenomenon of the moon's changing appearance is known as its phases.

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  • 6. 

    Sun and objects that orbit around the sun

    • A.

      Axis

    • B.

      Solar system

    • C.

      Planet

    • D.

      Rotation

    Correct Answer
    B. Solar system
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "solar system" because the term "solar system" refers to the sun and all the objects that orbit around it. It includes planets, moons, asteroids, comets, and other celestial bodies. The sun is at the center of the solar system, and its gravitational pull keeps all the objects in orbit around it. Therefore, the term "solar system" accurately describes the relationship between the sun and the objects that orbit around it.

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  • 7. 

    Imaginary line that goes through the North Pole and South Pole

    • A.

      Planet

    • B.

      Axis

    • C.

      Rotation

    • D.

      Comet

    Correct Answer
    B. Axis
    Explanation
    The axis is an imaginary line that goes through the North Pole and South Pole of a planet. It is an important concept in understanding the rotation of a planet. The rotation of a planet occurs around this axis, causing day and night as different parts of the planet are exposed to sunlight. The axis also determines the tilt of the planet, which affects the seasons. In the context of the given options, the axis is the most appropriate term that describes the imaginary line through the North Pole and South Pole.

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  • 8. 

    Large body of rock or gas that orbits the sun

    • A.

      Planet

    • B.

      Rotation

    • C.

      Comet

    • D.

      Solar eclipse

    Correct Answer
    A. Planet
    Explanation
    A planet is a large body of rock or gas that orbits the sun. Planets are celestial objects that are part of our solar system and are characterized by their ability to orbit a star, in this case, the sun. Unlike comets or solar eclipses, which are temporary events or phenomena, planets have a more permanent presence in the solar system. Rotation is a characteristic of planets, but it is not exclusive to them, as other celestial bodies can also rotate.

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  • 9. 

    Spinning of an object on its axis

    • A.

      Comet

    • B.

      Solar system

    • C.

      Rotation

    • D.

      Phases

    Correct Answer
    C. Rotation
    Explanation
    Rotation refers to the spinning of an object on its axis. In the context of the given options, rotation is the most relevant term that describes the spinning motion of celestial bodies such as comets and planets in the solar system. It is a fundamental concept in astronomy and physics, and understanding the rotation of objects helps explain various phenomena, including the phases of the moon and the formation of day and night on Earth.

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  • 10. 

    Result of the moon's shadow falling on Earth

    • A.

      Rotation

    • B.

      Comet

    • C.

      Solar eclipse

    • D.

      Phases

    Correct Answer
    C. Solar eclipse
    Explanation
    A solar eclipse occurs when the moon passes between the sun and the Earth, blocking the sunlight and casting a shadow on the Earth's surface. This phenomenon happens during a new moon phase when the moon is perfectly aligned with the sun and Earth. The moon's shadow falling on Earth during a solar eclipse is the result of this alignment, causing a temporary darkening of the sky as the moon blocks the sun's rays.

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  • 11. 

    Large ball of ice and dust that orbits the sun

    • A.

      Phases

    • B.

      Comet

    • C.

      Earth

    • D.

      Axis

    Correct Answer
    B. Comet
    Explanation
    A comet is a large ball of ice and dust that orbits the sun. Comets are known for their distinctive tails, which are formed when the sun's heat causes the ice to vaporize and release gas and dust particles. These tails can be seen from Earth during certain phases of a comet's orbit. The Earth does not have a tail like a comet, and the term "axis" does not relate to the definition of a comet. Therefore, the correct answer is comet.

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