Chapter 3 Test - Chemistry

24 Questions | Total Attempts: 199

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Chemistry Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Describe solids, liquids, and gases in terms of density, shape, and volume.
  • 2. 
    Compare and contrast a pure substance with a mixture.
  • 3. 
    Suggest a procedure to separate the following mixture: iron filings, table salt, marbles, and sawdust. Explain why this procedure works.
  • 4. 
    Which of the following best describes the particles of a liquid?
    • A. 

      The particles are far apart and moving fast.

    • B. 

      The particles are close together but moving past each other.

    • C. 

      The particles are far apart and moving slowly.

    • D. 

      The particles are closely packed and vibrate in place.

  • 5. 
    Boiling points and freezing points are examples of
    • A. 

      Chemical properties.

    • B. 

      Physical properties.

    • C. 

      Energy.

    • D. 

      Matter.

  • 6. 
    Which of the following describes what happens as the temperature of a gas in a balloon increases?
    • A. 

      The speed of the particles decreases.

    • B. 

      The volume of the gas increases and the speed of the particles increases.

    • C. 

      The volume decreases.

    • D. 

      The pressure decreases.

  • 7. 
    The atoms and molecules in matter
    • A. 

      Are attracted to one another.

    • B. 

      Are constantly moving.

    • C. 

      Move faster at higher temperatures.

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 8. 
    Which of the following occurs when a liquid becomes a gas?
    • A. 

      The particles give off energy.

    • B. 

      The particles break away from one another.

    • C. 

      The particles move closer together.

    • D. 

      The particles slow down.

  • 9. 
    The four most familiar states of matter are
    • A. 

      Solid, liquid, gas, and sublimation.

    • B. 

      Melting, freezing, vaporization, and condensation.

    • C. 

      Solid, liquid, gas, and plasma.

    • D. 

      Crystalline, amorphous, endothermic, and exothermic.

  • 10. 
    In a gaseous state, particles
    • A. 

      Move independently of one another.

    • B. 

      Move fast enough to break away completely from one another.

    • C. 

      Have empty space between them.

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 11. 
    ____ do NOT change shape in different containers.
    • A. 

      Solids

    • B. 

      Liquids

    • C. 

      Gases

    • D. 

      Plasmas

  • 12. 
    You can cause water to change state by removing or adding
    • A. 

      Matter.

    • B. 

      Particles.

    • C. 

      Energy.

    • D. 

      Surface tension.

  • 13. 
    The temperature at which a substance changes from a solid to a liquid is its
    • A. 

      Boiling point.

    • B. 

      Sublimation point.

    • C. 

      Melting point.

    • D. 

      Evaporation point.

  • 14. 
    The melting point of a substance is a characteristic property because it
    • A. 

      Does not change with different amounts of the substance.

    • B. 

      Is unique to every substance.

    • C. 

      Can be used with other data to identify a substance.

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 15. 
    When a substance loses or absorbs energy,
    • A. 

      Its temperature can change.

    • B. 

      Its state can change.

    • C. 

      The speed of its particles can change.

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 16. 
    Which of the following describes a liquid?
    • A. 

      Becomes a vapor at the boiling point

    • B. 

      Changes volume when placed in a different container

    • C. 

      Can be compressed

    • D. 

      Has particles that are far apart

  • 17. 
    Which of the following does NOT describe elements?
    • A. 

      All the particles are alike

    • B. 

      Can be broken down into simpler substances

    • C. 

      Have unique sets of properties

    • D. 

      Can join together to form compounds

  • 18. 
    In which classification of matter are the components chemically combined?
    • A. 

      Alloy

    • B. 

      Colloid

    • C. 

      Compound

    • D. 

      Suspension

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is a chemical property?
    • A. 

      Flammability

    • B. 

      Density

    • C. 

      Melting point

    • D. 

      Ductility

  • 20. 
    How is a mixture different from a compound?
    • A. 

      Mixtures have two or more components.

    • B. 

      Each substance in a mixture keeps most of its characteristic properties.

    • C. 

      Mixtures are commonly found in nature.

    • D. 

      Solids, liquids, and gases can form mixtures.

  • 21. 
    When elements form compounds, the elements
    • A. 

      Keep their original properties.

    • B. 

      React to form a new substance with new properties.

    • C. 

      Combine in a random fashion.

    • D. 

      Always change their physical state.

  • 22. 
    Which of the following does NOT describe elements?
    • A. 

      They can join together to form compounds.

    • B. 

      They have unique sets of properties.

    • C. 

      They can be broken down into simpler substances.

    • D. 

      All the particles are alike.

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is NOT a compound?
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Ammonia

    • C. 

      Gold

    • D. 

      Salt

  • 24. 
    Which of the following describes compounds?
    • A. 

      Have the same characteristic properties as the elements that form them

    • B. 

      Are composed of elements that join in a specific ratio according to their masses

    • C. 

      Are composed of two or more elements that are physically combined

    • D. 

      Are random combinations of elements

  • 25. 
    Which of the following describes a mixture?
    • A. 

      Formed from two or more substances chemically combined

    • B. 

      Made up of two or more substances joined in a specific ratio

    • C. 

      Made up of two or more substances that keep their identities

    • D. 

      Can be separated only by chemical means

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