Chapter 2: States Of Consciousness (Grivas)

15 Questions | Total Attempts: 54

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States Quizzes & Trivia

Unit 3 exam prep.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A basketball player is given a penalty shot at the goal from the free-throw line. The brain wave pattern associated with this activity would have ______ frequency and a ______ amplitude.
    • A. 

      High; low

    • B. 

      High; high

    • C. 

      Low; high

    • D. 

      Low; low

  • 2. 
    Normal waking consciousness is best described as
    • A. 

      A state of wakefulness.

    • B. 

      Awareness of internal states and the external world.

    • C. 

      A state of full alertness and focused attention.

    • D. 

      A mixture of automatic and controlled processes.

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is not an altered state of consciousness?
    • A. 

      Daydreaming

    • B. 

      Meditative state

    • C. 

      Alertness

    • D. 

      Alcohol-induced

  • 4. 
    Activities requiring automatic processes usually involve
    • A. 

      Focused attention.

    • B. 

      Minimum attention.

    • C. 

      A shift in attention from internal to external stimuli.

    • D. 

      A shift in attention from external to internal stimuli.

  • 5. 
    Normal waking consciousness differs from an altered state of consciousness because in normal waking consciousness
    • A. 

      Level of awareness is at a consistent predictable level.

    • B. 

      Perception of time is distorted.

    • C. 

      It is difficult to store and retrieve information from memory because of distractions throughout the day.

    • D. 

      The content of our consciousness is usually organised and logical.

  • 6. 
    The term state of consciousness is best described as
    • A. 

      A continuum.

    • B. 

      A person’s level of awareness of their internal state and external events.

    • C. 

      A person’s level of awareness of their internal state without awareness of the external environment.

    • D. 

      A person’s physiological responses to external stimuli.

  • 7. 
    A researcher wanted to test whether a particular drug induced a state of relaxation. Which of the following would most reliably indicate a state of relaxation?
    • A. 

      Galvanic skin response

    • B. 

      Body temperature

    • C. 

      Amount of sleep

    • D. 

      EEG records

  • 8. 
    In an experiment to find out the effects on driving performance of using a hands-free mobile phone while driving, researchers advertised for 100 research participants in the daily newspaper. They accepted the first 20 responses in each of the following age groups: 18–20, 21–25, 26–30, 31–35 and 41–45. Within each age group, participants were randomly allocated to either the control group or the experimental group. The control group drove in a driving simulator without using a hands-free mobile phone. The experimental group drove in the driving simulator using a hands-free mobile phone. Researchers measured the number of driving errors each participant made. What type of experimental design was used by the researchers?
    • A. 

      Repeated-measures

    • B. 

      Independent-groups

    • C. 

      Mixed-participants

    • D. 

      Matched-participants

  • 9. 
    In an experiment to find out the effects on driving performance of using a hands-free mobile phone while driving, researchers advertised for 100 research participants in the daily newspaper. They accepted the first 20 responses in each of the following age groups: 18–20, 21–25, 26–30, 31–35 and 41–45. Within each age group, participants were randomly allocated to either the control group or the experimental group. The control group drove in a driving simulator without using a hands-free mobile phone. The experimental group drove in the driving simulator using a hands-free mobile phone. Researchers measured the number of driving errors each participant made. The sample used is best described as a ______ sample.
    • A. 

      Random

    • B. 

      Convenience

    • C. 

      Random-stratified

    • D. 

      Convenience-random

  • 10. 
    Simon has a very high fever after contracting a virus. While lying awake in bed, he begins to feel as though ants are crawling all over his body, and says he can see them, despite there being no ants. Simon is most likely experiencing ______ with ______.
    • A. 

      Normal waking consciousness; selfcontrol

    • B. 

      Normal waking consciousness; a psychological construct

    • C. 

      An altered state of consciousness; perceptual distortions

    • D. 

      Normal waking consciousness; perceptual distortions

  • 11. 
    One reason there are content limitations in normal waking consciousness is that, during normal waking consciousness,
    • A. 

      We can usually consciously control the information coming into consciousness

    • B. 

      Information is continually flowing in and out of consciousness

    • C. 

      There is a limit to the amount of time we are awake

    • D. 

      Controlled processes dominate automatic processes

  • 12. 
    High-frequency brain waves are ______ and therefore have ______ brain waves per unit of time.
    • A. 

      Faster; more

    • B. 

      Slower; less

    • C. 

      Faster; less

    • D. 

      Slower; more

  • 13. 
    High-amplitude brain waves have ______ peaks and troughs, whereas low amplitude brain waves have ______ peaks and troughs.
    • A. 

      Bigger; smaller

    • B. 

      Smaller; faster

    • C. 

      Bigger; faster

    • D. 

      Smaller; bigger

  • 14. 
    A loss of self-control is most likely to be associated with which state of consciousness?
    • A. 

      Daydreaming

    • B. 

      Alcohol-induced

    • C. 

      Relaxed–meditative

    • D. 

      Tense–meditative

  • 15. 
    Which of the following stimuli is least likely to attract or maintain someone’s attention?
    • A. 

      An important stimulus

    • B. 

      A novel stimulus

    • C. 

      An unchanging stimulus

    • D. 

      A changing stimulus

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