Chapter 2 - Psy 101

28 Questions | Total Attempts: 237

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Chapter 2 - Psy 101

Psychology 101 quiz on chapter 2.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Who developed the theory of psychoanalysis- A theory of personality and a method of psychotherapy; it emphasizes unconscious motives and conflicts.
    • A. 

      Carl Jung

    • B. 

      Sigmund Freud

    • C. 

      Gordon Allport

    • D. 

      Raymond B. Cattell

    • E. 

      Abraham Maslow

  • 2. 
    For Freud the most crucial stage was the ____ stage, which lasts roughly from age 3 to 5 or 6. During the stage the child unconsciously wishes to possess the parent of the other sex and to get rid of the parent of the same sex
    • A. 

      Phallic

    • B. 

      Anal

    • C. 

      Oral

  • 3. 
    What occurs when a person refuses to admit that something unpleasant is happening to protect self-image and preserve the illusion off invulnerability?
    • A. 

      Repression

    • B. 

      Introversion

    • C. 

      Denial

    • D. 

      Antagonism

    • E. 

      Latency

  • 4. 
    What occurs when a threatening idea, memory, or emotion is blocked from consciousness?
    • A. 

      Denial

    • B. 

      Repression

    • C. 

      Displacement

    • D. 

      Neuroticism

    • E. 

      Extroversion

  • 5. 
    Carl Jung believed all human beings share a vast collective unconscious, containing universal memories, symbols, images, and themes, which he called _____.
    • A. 

      Temperaments

    • B. 

      Archetypes

    • C. 

      Culture

    • D. 

      Genes

  • 6. 
    _______ occurs when a feeling that produces unconscious anxiety is transformed into its opposite in consciousness.
  • 7. 
    The ___ is the part of the personality containing inherited psychic energy, particularly sexual and aggressive instincts.
  • 8. 
    What occurs when a person’s own unacceptable or threatening feelings are repressed and then attributed to someone else?
    • A. 

      Extroversion

    • B. 

      Existentialism

    • C. 

      Conscientiousness

    • D. 

      Projection

    • E. 

      Introversion

  • 9. 
    The ___________ is a psychodynamic approach that emphasizes the importance of the infant’s first two years of life and the baby’s formative relationships, especially with the mother.
    • A. 

      Oedipus Complex

    • B. 

      Collective Unconscious

    • C. 

      Object-Relations School

    • D. 

      Social-Cognitive Learning Theory

  • 10. 
    What is the part of personality that represents reason, good sense, and rational self control?
    • A. 

      Ego

    • B. 

      Id

    • C. 

      Superego

    • D. 

      Uberego

    • E. 

      Self-actualization

  • 11. 
    The functional units of heredity; they are composed of DNA and specify the structure of proteins
    • A. 

      Archetypes

    • B. 

      Temperaments

    • C. 

      Traits

    • D. 

      Genes

    • E. 

      Libido

  • 12. 
    A conflict occurring in the phallic stage, in which a child desires the parent of the other sex and views the same-sex parents as a rival.
    • A. 

      Oedipus Complex

    • B. 

      Peak Experience

    • C. 

      Penis Envy

    • D. 

      Existentialism

  • 13. 
    ________ is the part of personality that represents conscience, morality, and social standards.
    • A. 

      UltraEgo

    • B. 

      Ego

    • C. 

      Superego

    • D. 

      Archetype

    • E. 

      Id

  • 14. 
    Accounts for similarities in traits across situations and also for the inconsistencies that often occur.
    • A. 

      Social-Cognitive Learning Theory

    • B. 

      Object Relations School

    • C. 

      Existentialism

    • D. 

      Behavioral Genetics

  • 15. 
    A program of shared rules that govern the behavior of members of a community or society and a set of values, beliefs, and attitudes shared by most members of that community.
    • A. 

      Culture

    • B. 

      Social-Cognitive Learning Theory

    • C. 

      Non Shared Environment

    • D. 

      Superego

  • 16. 
    What occurs when people direct their emotions toward things, animals, or other people that are not the real object of their feelings?
    • A. 

      Repression

    • B. 

      Displacement

    • C. 

      Extroversion

    • D. 

      Oedipus Complex

    • E. 

      Reciprocal Determinism

  • 17. 
    Physiological dispositions to respond to the environment in certain ways; they are present in infancy and are assumed to be innate.
    • A. 

      Temperaments

    • B. 

      Archetypes

    • C. 

      Genes

    • D. 

      Heritability

  • 18. 
    ______ occurs when a person reverts to a previous phase of psychological development.
  • 19. 
    _______ analyzed the common assumption that male violence is an inevitable result of testosterone and believed that such violence came from poverty or racial tension.
  • 20. 
    In social-cognitive theories, the two-way interaction between aspects of the environment and aspects of the individual in the shaping of personality traits.
    • A. 

      Behavioral Genetics

    • B. 

      Object Relations School

    • C. 

      Extroversion

    • D. 

      Reciprocal Determinism

  • 21. 
    Standardized questionnaires requiring written responses; they typically include scales on which people are asked to rate themselves.
    • A. 

      Popular Personality Tests

    • B. 

      Objective Tests(Inventories)

    • C. 

      Factor Analysis

    • D. 

      Object Relations School

  • 22. 
    A philosophical approach that emphasizes the inevitable dilemmas and challenges of human existence.
    • A. 

      Extroversion

    • B. 

      Humanist Psychology

    • C. 

      Existentialism

    • D. 

      Self-actualization

  • 23. 
    A psychological approach that emphasizes personal growth, resilience, and the achievement of human potential.
    • A. 

      Social-Cognitive Learning Theory

    • B. 

      Humanist Psychology

    • C. 

      Reciprocal Determinism

    • D. 

      Existentialism

  • 24. 
    Unique aspects of a person’s experience that are not shared with family members.
    • A. 

      Introversion

    • B. 

      Self-actualization

    • C. 

      Ego

    • D. 

      Non Shared Environment

  • 25. 
    Freud argued that personality develops in a series of ______ stages, in which sexual energy takes different forms as the child matures.
    • A. 

      Archetype

    • B. 

      Factor Analysis

    • C. 

      Psychosexual

    • D. 

      Self-actualization

    • E. 

      Repression

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