Chapter 2: Native Americans Test

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Native American Quizzes & Trivia

This test is designed to cover Chapter 2 Native Americans of North America.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is another word for small plateau?

    • A.

      Mesa

    • B.

      Adobe

    • C.

      Dugout

    • D.

      Pueblo

    Correct Answer
    A. Mesa
    Explanation
    A small plateau is commonly referred to as a mesa. Mesas are flat-topped landforms with steep sides that are smaller in size compared to larger plateaus. This term is often used to describe elevated areas that have a relatively flat surface and are surrounded by cliffs or steep slopes. The other options provided, such as adobe, dugout, and pueblo, do not specifically refer to small plateaus and are unrelated to the given question.

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  • 2. 

    What is another word for a canoe made from half a tree trunk?

    • A.

      Mesa

    • B.

      Adobe

    • C.

      Dugout

    • D.

      Pueblo

    Correct Answer
    C. Dugout
    Explanation
    A dugout is a type of canoe that is made by hollowing out a single log or half of a tree trunk. This traditional method of constructing canoes has been used by indigenous cultures for centuries. The term "dugout" accurately describes the process of digging or hollowing out the log to create a vessel for transportation on water. Therefore, the correct answer for another word for a canoe made from half a tree trunk is "dugout".

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  • 3. 

    What was the main problem farmers faced in Southwest America?

    • A.

      Lack of seeds

    • B.

      Lack of sunlight

    • C.

      Lack of space

    • D.

      Lack of water

    Correct Answer
    D. Lack of water
    Explanation
    The main problem farmers faced in Southwest America was the lack of water. This region is known for its arid climate and limited water resources, making it difficult for farmers to irrigate their crops and sustain agricultural activities. Without sufficient water, crops cannot grow properly, leading to decreased yields and economic losses for farmers. The scarcity of water also affects livestock and other agricultural practices, making it a significant challenge for farmers in this area.

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  • 4. 

    The Plains Indians were _______________ because they moved to follow their prey.

    • A.

      Nomads

    • B.

      Warriors

    • C.

      Friendly

    • D.

      Farmers

    Correct Answer
    A. Nomads
    Explanation
    The Plains Indians were nomads because they moved to follow their prey. Nomadic lifestyle was essential for their survival as it allowed them to track and hunt animals for food and resources. They did not settle in one place but instead constantly moved to areas where they could find game to sustain their communities. This mobile way of life also allowed them to adapt to different environments and utilize the available resources efficiently.

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  • 5. 

    The Desert Southwest tribes used which of the following types of housing?

    • A.

      Igloos

    • B.

      Longhouses

    • C.

      Pueblos

    • D.

      Tepees

    Correct Answer
    C. Pueblos
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Pueblos. Pueblos were the type of housing used by the Desert Southwest tribes. Pueblos are multi-story adobe structures that were made of clay and straw. They were durable and provided protection from the harsh desert environment. Pueblos were typically built in clusters and had multiple rooms, often with ladders or stairways leading to the upper levels. They were an important part of the tribes' culture and way of life, serving as both homes and communal gathering spaces.

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  • 6. 

    The Iroquois League was

    • A.

      A famous baseball team

    • B.

      A council that met to settle disputes

    • C.

      A fictional story passed down from one generation to another

    • D.

      A traditional ceremony

    Correct Answer
    B. A council that met to settle disputes
    Explanation
    The Iroquois League was a council that met to settle disputes. This is evident from the fact that the term "league" refers to an association or alliance of people with a common purpose. Additionally, the Iroquois people were known for their system of government, which involved a council made up of representatives from different tribes. This council would meet to discuss and resolve conflicts between tribes, making it a fitting explanation for the Iroquois League.

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  • 7. 

    A travois was used to ________

    • A.

      Trade

    • B.

      Decorate

    • C.

      Fight

    • D.

      Move

    Correct Answer
    D. Move
    Explanation
    A travois was a type of sled-like device that was used to transport goods or people. It was often pulled by animals, such as horses or dogs, and was commonly used by indigenous peoples in North America. The travois allowed for the efficient movement of items over various terrains, making it a practical tool for transportation. Therefore, the correct answer is "move".

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  • 8. 

    Which two inventions allowed some Native American tribes to be nomads?

    • A.

      Tepees and travois

    • B.

      Spears and arrowheads

    • C.

      Horses and lodges

    • D.

      Travois and dogs

    Correct Answer
    A. Tepees and travois
    Explanation
    The correct answer is tepees and travois. Tepees were portable dwellings made of animal skins that could be easily assembled and disassembled, allowing Native American tribes to move frequently. Travois were a type of sled-like device that could be pulled by dogs or horses, used to transport belongings and supplies while on the move. Together, tepees and travois provided the necessary tools for tribes to live a nomadic lifestyle.

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  • 9. 

    What is a potlatch?

    • A.

      A hunting weapon

    • B.

      A utensil used for cooking

    • C.

      A handle for holding hot pots

    • D.

      A celebration given by the wealthy

    Correct Answer
    D. A celebration given by the wealthy
    Explanation
    A potlatch is a celebration given by the wealthy. In some indigenous cultures, particularly those of the Pacific Northwest, a potlatch is a ceremonial event where a host displays their wealth and social status by giving away gifts and hosting feasts for their community. It is a significant event that involves dancing, singing, storytelling, and the exchange of valuable items. The purpose of a potlatch is to demonstrate generosity, establish social connections, and reinforce the status of the host within the community.

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  • 10. 

    Wampums were made out of ____________

    • A.

      Animal bones and rocks

    • B.

      Beads made from wood

    • C.

      Beads made from shells

    • D.

      Adobe clay

    Correct Answer
    C. Beads made from shells
    Explanation
    Wampums were traditional Native American belts or strings made by weaving together small cylindrical beads made from shells. These beads were crafted from seashells such as quahog or whelk, and were highly valued for their beauty and significance in Native American culture. The shells were carefully shaped and polished to create these intricate beads, which were then strung together to create wampum belts or used for various decorative purposes.

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  • 11. 

    Which feature of their environment most affected the lives of all the Pueblo and Navajo peoples?

    • A.

      A dry climate

    • B.

      Forested land

    • C.

      A cold climate

    • D.

      Mountains

    Correct Answer
    A. A dry climate
    Explanation
    The dry climate in the region most affected the lives of the Pueblo and Navajo peoples. This type of environment limited the availability of water and resources, making it challenging for agriculture and settlement. It influenced their agricultural practices, forcing them to rely on drought-resistant crops and irrigation systems. Additionally, the dry climate affected their daily lives, as they had to adapt to scarcity of water and develop strategies for water conservation.

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  • 12. 

    How did a person become a chief of a Plains Indian group?

    • A.

      They had to be the tribe's greatest warrior

    • B.

      They had to be chosen by the people

    • C.

      They were born to be a ruler

    • D.

      They had to marry the prior chief's daughter

    Correct Answer
    B. They had to be chosen by the people
    Explanation
    In Plains Indian culture, the chief of a group was not determined by birthright or martial prowess alone. Instead, the chief was selected by the people of the tribe. This process involved the members of the tribe coming together to discuss and assess the leadership qualities of potential candidates. The individual who demonstrated wisdom, courage, and the ability to make decisions for the betterment of the tribe was chosen as the chief. Therefore, being chosen by the people was the determining factor in becoming a chief of a Plains Indian group.

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  • 13. 

    How were the leaders chosen to represent the Iroquois Tribes at the Grand Council?

    • A.

      They were the greatest warriors

    • B.

      They were chosen by the clan mothers

    • C.

      They won a contest

    • D.

      They were the oldest men

    Correct Answer
    B. They were chosen by the clan mothers
    Explanation
    The leaders were chosen by the clan mothers. This implies that the selection process was based on the decision of the women within the tribe who held the authority to determine the representatives for the Iroquois Tribes at the Grand Council. The answer suggests that the clan mothers played a significant role in the leadership selection process, possibly considering factors such as wisdom, experience, and capability rather than solely relying on physical strength or age.

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  • 14. 

    The Central Plains Indians' most important natural resource was _______

    • A.

      Redwood

    • B.

      Corn

    • C.

      Buffalo

    • D.

      Salmon

    Correct Answer
    C. Buffalo
    Explanation
    The Central Plains Indians relied heavily on the buffalo as their most important natural resource. The buffalo provided them with food, clothing, shelter, and tools. They used every part of the buffalo, from its meat for sustenance, its hide for clothing and shelter, and its bones and horns for tools and weapons. The buffalo was essential to their way of life, and its abundance allowed them to thrive in the harsh environment of the Great Plains.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following was NOT a natural resource for the Pacific Northwest tribes?

    • A.

      Redwood

    • B.

      Whales

    • C.

      Buffalo

    • D.

      Salmon

    Correct Answer
    C. Buffalo
    Explanation
    Buffalo was not a natural resource for the Pacific Northwest tribes. The Pacific Northwest tribes, such as the Chinook, Makah, and Tlingit, primarily relied on the resources available in their region, which included redwood trees for building materials, whales for food and materials, and salmon for sustenance. However, buffalo were not native to the Pacific Northwest and were typically found in the Great Plains region. Therefore, buffalo did not serve as a natural resource for the tribes in the Pacific Northwest.

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  • 16. 

    In which two regions did American Indians live in longhouses?

    • A.

      Desert Southwest and Arctic

    • B.

      Eastern Woodlands and Pacific Northwest

    • C.

      Pacific Northwest and Desert Southwest

    • D.

      Eastern Woodlands and Central Plains

    Correct Answer
    B. Eastern Woodlands and Pacific Northwest
    Explanation
    American Indians lived in longhouses in the Eastern Woodlands and Pacific Northwest regions. Longhouses were traditional dwellings that were commonly found in these areas. In the Eastern Woodlands, tribes such as the Iroquois and Algonquian lived in longhouses, which were large communal structures made of wood and bark. In the Pacific Northwest, tribes like the Chinook and Tlingit also built longhouses, which were often constructed with cedar planks. These longhouses served as homes for extended families and provided shelter from the harsh weather conditions in these regions.

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  • 17. 

    What was one major purpose of the Iroquois League?

    • A.

      To trade goods

    • B.

      To establish a common language for communication

    • C.

      To resolve conflicts

    • D.

      To lead religious groups

    Correct Answer
    C. To resolve conflicts
    Explanation
    The major purpose of the Iroquois League was to resolve conflicts. The Iroquois League, also known as the Haudenosaunee Confederacy, was a political and diplomatic alliance formed by several Native American tribes in present-day northeastern United States. One of its main objectives was to maintain peace and prevent intertribal warfare. The League established a system of governance and a council where representatives from each tribe could come together to discuss and resolve disputes. This collective decision-making process helped to maintain harmony and prevent conflicts among the member tribes.

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  • 18. 

    A series of actions performed during a special event.

    • A.

      Ceremony

    • B.

      Adapt

    • C.

      Surplus

    • D.

      Council

    Correct Answer
    A. Ceremony
    Explanation
    A ceremony is a series of actions performed during a special event. It is a formal and often traditional occasion that typically involves rituals, speeches, and other symbolic gestures. Ceremonies are commonly held to commemorate important milestones, celebrate achievements, or honor individuals or groups. They can be religious, cultural, or social in nature, and are often characterized by their solemnity and significance.

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  • 19. 

    The most important natural resource for the Eastern Woodland tribes was ______

    • A.

      Fish

    • B.

      Soil

    • C.

      Buffalo

    • D.

      Trees

    Correct Answer
    D. Trees
    Explanation
    The Eastern Woodland tribes heavily relied on trees as their most important natural resource. Trees provided them with various essential materials such as wood for building shelters, making tools, and crafting canoes. They also used trees for firewood, which was crucial for cooking and keeping warm during colder seasons. Additionally, trees supplied them with nuts, fruits, and sap for food and medicine. The tribes' close relationship with trees demonstrates their dependence on this resource for their survival and daily needs.

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  • 20. 

    The Central Plains Indians lived in houses called _________

    • A.

      Travois

    • B.

      Longhouses

    • C.

      Pueblos

    • D.

      Tepees and lodges

    Correct Answer
    D. Tepees and lodges
    Explanation
    The correct answer is tepees and lodges. The Central Plains Indians lived in these types of houses. Tepees were cone-shaped tents made of animal hides stretched over wooden poles, which were easy to assemble and disassemble, allowing them to be easily transported as the nomadic Plains Indians followed the buffalo herds. Lodges, on the other hand, were more permanent structures made of wood and covered with earth or grass. They were used by tribes that practiced agriculture and settled in one place for longer periods of time.

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  • 21. 

    The Hopi and Zuni tribes lived in __________

    • A.

      Northwest Coast

    • B.

      Southwest Desert

    • C.

      Central Plains

    • D.

      Eastern Woodlands

    Correct Answer
    B. Southwest Desert
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Southwest Desert. The Hopi and Zuni tribes are indigenous peoples who historically inhabited the Southwest Desert region of the United States. This region includes parts of present-day Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah. The climate and geography of the Southwest Desert influenced the tribes' way of life, including their agriculture, architecture, and cultural practices. The Hopi and Zuni tribes are known for their rich cultural traditions, including pottery-making, weaving, and religious ceremonies.

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  • 22. 

    Who made the decisions in the Iroquois League?

    • A.

      Great Council

    • B.

      Older Men

    • C.

      Women

    • D.

      Oldest Tribe

    Correct Answer
    A. Great Council
    Explanation
    The Great Council made the decisions in the Iroquois League. This council was composed of representatives from each of the member tribes, and they were responsible for discussing and deciding on important matters that affected the league as a whole. The Great Council played a crucial role in maintaining the unity and functioning of the Iroquois League, making it the correct answer.

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  • 23. 

    In addition to meat, what did animals provide to the people of the Eastern Woodlands?

    • A.

      Successful hunting methods

    • B.

      Friendship and skills for hunting

    • C.

      Oil and grains for warmth

    • D.

      Skins and furs for clothing

    Correct Answer
    D. Skins and furs for clothing
    Explanation
    Animals in the Eastern Woodlands provided skins and furs for clothing. This means that the people of the Eastern Woodlands used the animal hides and fur to make clothing to protect themselves from the elements. The animals were hunted for their skins and furs, which were then used to create warm and protective clothing. This was an important resource for the people of the Eastern Woodlands, as it allowed them to stay warm and protected in the often harsh and cold environment.

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  • 24. 

    What was one way that horses affected the lifestyle of the Cheyenne?

    • A.

      Travois were no longer needed

    • B.

      Hunting buffalo was easier

    • C.

      Dogs had to do more work

    • D.

      Horses wandered north to Canada

    Correct Answer
    B. Hunting buffalo was easier
    Explanation
    The introduction of horses to the Cheyenne culture made hunting buffalo easier. Horses provided the Cheyenne with increased mobility and speed, allowing them to chase and hunt buffalo more effectively. This led to a more efficient and successful hunting process, which had a significant impact on their lifestyle and food resources.

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  • 25. 

    What was a shaman's main role in Kwakiutl society?

    • A.

      To teach farming

    • B.

      To cure sick people

    • C.

      To teach dancing

    • D.

      To wear special masks

    Correct Answer
    B. To cure sick people
    Explanation
    A shaman's main role in Kwakiutl society was to cure sick people. Shamans were believed to have special powers and abilities to communicate with the spirit world. They would perform rituals, use herbal medicines, and engage in spiritual practices to heal the sick and restore balance to the community. The role of a shaman was highly respected and they were seen as important figures in maintaining the well-being of the society.

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  • 26. 

    What dolls were used to educate young Hopi about their religion?

    • A.

      Kachina

    • B.

      Navajo

    • C.

      Snake Dance

    • D.

      Oraibi

    Correct Answer
    A. Kachina
    Explanation
    Kachina dolls were used to educate young Hopi about their religion. These dolls represent spiritual beings in the Hopi culture and are believed to have the power to bring blessings and good fortune. They are used in ceremonies and rituals to teach the Hopi children about their religious beliefs, traditions, and the different spirits in their mythology. The dolls are intricately carved and painted to depict specific Kachina spirits, allowing the children to learn and familiarize themselves with the important aspects of their religion.

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  • 27. 

    What is a powwow?

    • A.

      Native American gathering to keep traditions alive.

    • B.

      Native American party where everyone gets a gift.

    • C.

      Native American home.

    • D.

      Native American land set aside by the US Government.

    Correct Answer
    A. Native American gathering to keep traditions alive.
    Explanation
    A powwow is a Native American gathering where people come together to celebrate and preserve their traditions. It is an event that showcases Native American culture through music, dance, storytelling, and various other activities. Powwows provide an opportunity for different tribes to come together, share their customs, and pass them on to future generations. It is a significant event that promotes cultural identity and unity among Native American communities.

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  • 28. 

    Which was NOT a way Central Plains Indians used to hunt buffalo?

    • A.

      Dressed in an animal disguise.

    • B.

      Scared them off the nearest cliff.

    • C.

      Snuck close by crawling in stream beds until they could shoot them with arrows.

    • D.

      Poisoned them with toxic berries.

    Correct Answer
    D. Poisoned them with toxic berries.
    Explanation
    The Central Plains Indians did not use toxic berries to hunt buffalo. Instead, they used various other methods such as dressing in animal disguises, scaring them off cliffs, and sneaking close by crawling in stream beds to shoot them with arrows.

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  • 29. 

    What effect did dry land have on the Plains Indians?

    • A.

      They settled wherever they wanted.

    • B.

      They settled along rivers so they could have water for crops.

    • C.

      They settled where they could dig wells.

    • D.

      They settled where they could grow fruits.

    Correct Answer
    B. They settled along rivers so they could have water for crops.
    Explanation
    The Plains Indians settled along rivers so they could have water for crops. This is because dry land lacked sufficient water sources for agriculture. Rivers provided a reliable water supply for irrigation, allowing them to grow crops and sustain their communities. Additionally, settling along rivers also facilitated transportation and trade, as rivers served as important transportation routes.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 03, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Jsawyer5078
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