IT's All About Nineteenth Century

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Yancy
Y
Yancy
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 513
Questions: 24 | Attempts: 513

SettingsSettingsSettings
ITs All About Nineteenth Century - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In the late nineteenth century, social thinkers such as Edward Bellamy, Henry George, and Lawrence Gronlund offered numerous plans for change primarily because they were alarmed by a fear of:

    • A.

      Class warfare and the growing power of concentrated capital.

    • B.

      The momentum gained by women in their efforts to win suffrage and other rights in the public realm.

    • C.

      The rapid migration of African-Americans from the South to the industrial North and their increased voting power.

    • D.

      Increasing power of the executive branch of government and lack of checks and balances.

    • E.

      Increasing power of the executive branch of government and lack of checks and balances.

    Correct Answer
    A. Class warfare and the growing power of concentrated capital.
    Explanation
    In the late nineteenth century, social thinkers such as Edward Bellamy, Henry George, and Lawrence Gronlund were alarmed by a fear of class warfare and the growing power of concentrated capital. They saw the rise of industrialization and the accumulation of wealth in the hands of a few as a threat to social stability and equality. They believed that these economic disparities would lead to conflicts between the working class and the capitalist class, and sought to propose plans for change to address these concerns.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    After the Civil War, which became symbols of a life of freedom on the open range?

    • A.

      Buffalo

    • B.

      Pioneers

    • C.

      Pony express riders

    • D.

      Cowboys

    • E.

      Indians

    Correct Answer
    D. Cowboys
    Explanation
    After the Civil War, cowboys became symbols of a life of freedom on the open range. Cowboys were known for their independent and adventurous lifestyle, herding cattle across vast open spaces. They represented the spirit of the American West and embodied the ideals of individualism, self-reliance, and ruggedness. Cowboys became iconic figures in popular culture, symbolizing the untamed frontier and the pursuit of freedom and opportunity.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Republican economic policies strongly favored:

    • A.

      Southern sharecroppers.

    • B.

      National consumers.

    • C.

      Midwestern farmers.

    • D.

      Eastern industrialists and bankers.

    • E.

      Western silver mine owners.

    Correct Answer
    D. Eastern industrialists and bankers.
    Explanation
    Republican economic policies during this time period favored the interests of eastern industrialists and bankers. These policies were characterized by a push for industrialization and economic growth, which aligned with the goals and interests of the industrialists and bankers in the eastern part of the country. This support included protective tariffs, subsidies, and other measures that benefited these groups and helped them to expand their businesses and accumulate wealth. The policies were less focused on the needs and concerns of other groups such as southern sharecroppers, national consumers, midwestern farmers, and western silver mine owners.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    The Social Gospel:

    • A.

      Was part of the Catholic Church.

    • B.

      Was financed by corporate donations.

    • C.

      Called for an equalization of wealth and power.

    • D.

      Was another term for Social Darwinism.

    • E.

      Did not support aid to the poor.

    Correct Answer
    C. Called for an equalization of wealth and power.
    Explanation
    The Social Gospel movement emerged in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in the United States. It was a Protestant movement that aimed to apply Christian principles to social issues, particularly addressing the problems caused by industrialization and urbanization. The movement called for an equalization of wealth and power, advocating for social justice, labor rights, and the improvement of living conditions for the poor and marginalized. It emphasized the importance of helping the less fortunate and working towards a more equitable society.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Which statement about labor and the law is false?

    • A.

      Lochner v. New York voided a state law that established maximum working hours for bakers citing that it infringed on individual freedom.

    • B.

      The courts viewed state regulation of business as an insult to free labor.

    • C.

      Liberals thought that the workers’ demands that the government help them was an example of how the misuse of political power posed a threat to liberty.

    • D.

      Workers generally welcomed the Court’s decisions on industry.

    • E.

      The courts generally sided with business enterprises that complained of a loss of economic freedom.

    Correct Answer
    D. Workers generally welcomed the Court’s decisions on industry.
    Explanation
    Workers generally did not welcome the Court's decisions on industry. The Court's decisions, such as in the case of Lochner v. New York, often favored businesses and limited the rights and protections of workers. Workers, particularly those in labor unions, often fought against these decisions and advocated for better working conditions and protections.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The Dawes Act:

    • A.

      Outlawed the killing of the buffalo.

    • B.

      Ended the Indian wars in the West.

    • C.

      Placed Indians on reservations.

    • D.

      Divided tribal lands into parcels of land for Indian families.

    • E.

      Was considered a success by the Indians.

    Correct Answer
    D. Divided tribal lands into parcels of land for Indian families.
    Explanation
    The Dawes Act was a law passed in 1887 that aimed to assimilate Native Americans into mainstream American society. It divided tribal lands into smaller parcels of land, which were then allocated to individual Native American families. The intention behind this division was to encourage private land ownership and farming among Native Americans, with the hope that they would adopt the Western agricultural lifestyle. However, this act ultimately resulted in the loss of a significant amount of tribal land and further marginalized Native American communities.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Henry George argued in Progress and Poverty that poverty sprang from:

    • A.

      All of the above

    • B.

      Poor character.

    • C.

      A denial of justice.

    • D.

      A lack of money.

    • E.

      The corruption of the political machine.

    Correct Answer
    C. A denial of justice.
    Explanation
    Henry George argued in Progress and Poverty that poverty sprang from a denial of justice. According to George, the unequal distribution of land and resources resulted in economic injustice, leading to poverty. He believed that the root cause of poverty was not a lack of money or poor character, but rather the systemic denial of justice in society. Additionally, George also criticized the corruption of the political machine, which further exacerbated poverty.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Social Darwinism in America:

    • A.

      Argued that failure to advance in society indicated a lack of character.

    • B.

      Argued that evolution was as natural a process in human society as in nature, and government must not interfere.

    • C.

      Argued that freedom required frank acceptance of inequality.

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      Evolved from the British philosopher Herbert Spencer.

    Correct Answer
    E. Evolved from the British philosopher Herbert Spencer.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "evolved from the British philosopher Herbert Spencer." This is because Social Darwinism, which argues that evolution is a natural process in human society and that government should not interfere, was indeed influenced by Herbert Spencer's ideas. Spencer's concept of "survival of the fittest" and his belief in individualism and laissez-faire economics were key components of Social Darwinism in America.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    An example of what the economist and social historian Thorstein Veblen meant by conspicuous consumption is:

    • A.

      John Rockefeller’s purchase of one of his competitors.

    • B.

      The free services handed out by social reformers.

    • C.

      The social welfare services of European nations like Germany.

    • D.

      An immigrant’s purchase of bread.

    • E.

      Mrs. Bradley Martin’s costume ball.

    Correct Answer
    E. Mrs. Bradley Martin’s costume ball.
    Explanation
    Thorstein Veblen coined the term "conspicuous consumption" to describe the act of wealthy individuals spending money on extravagant and unnecessary goods or experiences in order to display their wealth and social status. Mrs. Bradley Martin's costume ball exemplifies this concept as it involves a lavish and extravagant event where attendees spend a significant amount of money on elaborate costumes and decorations purely for the purpose of showing off their wealth and social standing.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller:

    • A.

      Faced no criticism for their business practices.

    • B.

      Advocated government regulation of business.

    • C.

      Were both immigrants.

    • D.

      Led the way in social reform.

    • E.

      Built up giant corporations that dominated their respective markets.

    Correct Answer
    E. Built up giant corporations that dominated their respective markets.
    Explanation
    Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller built up giant corporations that dominated their respective markets. This means that they were successful in establishing and expanding their businesses to the point where they had significant control and influence over their industries. They were able to achieve this through their strategic business practices, innovation, and often aggressive tactics. Their companies became dominant players in their fields, allowing them to amass great wealth and power.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    The theory of Social Darwinism argued that:

    • A.

      Excessive personal wealth was a sign of weakness.

    • B.

      The theory of evolution applied to humans, thus explaining why some were rich and some were poor.

    • C.

      Public assistance should be available for the poor.

    • D.

      The poor were in no way responsible for their poverty.

    • E.

      Giant corporations were inherently evil.

    Correct Answer
    B. The theory of evolution applied to humans, thus explaining why some were rich and some were poor.
    Explanation
    Social Darwinism was a theory that applied the principles of evolution to human society. It argued that just as in nature, where only the fittest survive, in society, some individuals were naturally more fit and successful than others. It suggested that the rich were rich because they were more evolved and adapted, while the poor were poor because they were less evolved and less adapted. This explanation justified the social and economic inequalities that existed and opposed the idea of public assistance for the poor.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Who ran for mayor of New York in 1886 on a Labor ticket?

    • A.

      George Plunkitt

    • B.

      Walter Rauschenbusch

    • C.

      Henry George

    • D.

      Edward Bellamy

    • E.

      Horace Greeley

    Correct Answer
    C. Henry George
    Explanation
    Henry George ran for mayor of New York in 1886 on a Labor ticket. This can be inferred from the question which asks specifically about the candidate who ran for mayor in that year. The other options are not relevant to the question or the given time period.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    What was the merit system for federal employees called?

    • A.

      The spoils system

    • B.

      The fair standards policy

    • C.

      The Equal Opportunity Act

    • D.

      The Hepburn Act

    • E.

      The Civil Service Act

    Correct Answer
    E. The Civil Service Act
    Explanation
    The Civil Service Act was a merit system for federal employees. This act was passed in 1883 and aimed to reform the spoils system, which allowed political appointments based on loyalty rather than qualifications. The Civil Service Act established a system where federal employees were selected based on their skills and abilities, rather than political connections. This act helped to professionalize the federal workforce and ensure that positions were filled by qualified individuals.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Thomas Edison:

    • A.

      Was a governor of New Jersey.

    • B.

      Invented the typewriter.

    • C.

      Was a railroad owner.

    • D.

      Pioneered the use of the telephone.

    • E.

      Invented, among other things, a system for generating and distributing electricity.

    Correct Answer
    E. Invented, among other things, a system for generating and distributing electricity.
    Explanation
    Thomas Edison is most famously known for inventing a system for generating and distributing electricity. This invention, known as the electric power distribution system, revolutionized the way electricity was produced and made it accessible to a wider population. Edison's system included the development of the first practical incandescent light bulb, which further contributed to the widespread use of electricity. His contributions in this field greatly impacted industries, homes, and everyday life, making him one of the most influential inventors in history.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    The Indian victory at Little Bighorn:

    • A.

      Was typical at the time.

    • B.

      Resulted in no U.S. Army casualties.

    • C.

      Only temporarily delayed the advance of white settlement.

    • D.

      Came after an unprovoked attack by Indians.

    • E.

      Brought an end to the hostilities.

    Correct Answer
    C. Only temporarily delayed the advance of white settlement.
    Explanation
    The Indian victory at Little Bighorn only temporarily delayed the advance of white settlement. This means that while the Indians were successful in their battle at Little Bighorn, it did not completely stop or prevent the ongoing westward expansion of white settlers. The victory may have slowed down the settlement temporarily, but it did not bring an end to it.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Elections during the Gilded Age:

    • A.

      Were closely contested affairs.

    • B.

      Suffered from low voter turnout.

    • C.

      Were generally quiet affairs with few rallies or speeches.

    • D.

      Brought an end to Democratic control of the South.

    • E.

      Suffered from a lack of party loyalty among voters.

    Correct Answer
    A. Were closely contested affairs.
    Explanation
    During the Gilded Age, elections were closely contested affairs. This means that the competition between candidates was intense and the outcomes of elections were often uncertain. This can be attributed to several factors, including the rise of political machines and the influence of money in politics. Additionally, the Gilded Age was marked by significant social and economic changes, which led to a diversity of opinions and interests among voters. As a result, elections were highly competitive and closely fought, with candidates and parties vying for the support of voters.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Bonanza farms:

    • A.

      Typically had 3,000 or more acres.

    • B.

      Were free homesteads in California.

    • C.

      Were settled along the railroad lines of the Union-Pacific.

    • D.

      Were the sharecropping farms found in the South.

    • E.

      Were small, self-sufficient farms.

    Correct Answer
    A. Typically had 3,000 or more acres.
    Explanation
    Bonanza farms were large-scale agricultural operations that typically covered 3,000 or more acres of land. These farms emerged in the late 19th century in the Great Plains region of the United States. They were characterized by their extensive size and the use of modern machinery and technology. Bonanza farms aimed to maximize productivity and profit by taking advantage of economies of scale. They often specialized in growing cash crops such as wheat or corn. The large size of these farms allowed for efficient production and the ability to take advantage of transportation infrastructure, such as railroad lines, for distribution.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Henry George rejected the traditional equation of liberty with:

    • A.

      Race.

    • B.

      Ownership of land.

    • C.

      The right to vote.

    • D.

      Equal access to wealth.

    • E.

      The right to work.

    Correct Answer
    B. Ownership of land.
    Explanation
    Henry George rejected the traditional equation of liberty with ownership of land. He argued that the concentration of land ownership in the hands of a few individuals resulted in social and economic inequality. According to George, true liberty could only be achieved through the equal distribution of land and the elimination of private ownership. He believed that this would lead to greater economic opportunities and social justice for all individuals, rather than just a privileged few.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    In How the Other Half Lives, Jacob Riis:

    • A.

      Wrote about captains of industry.

    • B.

      Discussed the lives of wealthy Americans.

    • C.

      Highlighted the benefits of the second industrial revolution.

    • D.

      Provided a fictional account of life in 1890.

    • E.

      Focused on the wretched conditions of New York City slums.

    Correct Answer
    E. Focused on the wretched conditions of New York City slums.
    Explanation
    In "How the Other Half Lives," Jacob Riis focused on the wretched conditions of New York City slums. This can be inferred from the fact that the book discusses the lives of the less fortunate rather than the wealthy. Riis aimed to shed light on the harsh living conditions, poverty, and overcrowding in the slums, in order to bring attention to the social issues and advocate for reform.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    Who insisted that freedom and spiritual self-development required an equalization of wealth and power and that unbridled competition mocked the Christian ideal of brotherhood?

    • A.

      Andrew Carnegie

    • B.

      Herbert Spencer

    • C.

      William Graham Sumner

    • D.

      Walter Rauschenbusch

    • E.

      William Tweed

    Correct Answer
    D. Walter Rauschenbusch
    Explanation
    Walter Rauschenbusch insisted that freedom and spiritual self-development required an equalization of wealth and power and that unbridled competition mocked the Christian ideal of brotherhood.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    Who did not deal, in some literary way, with the subject of America’s poor?

    • A.

      Edward Bellamy

    • B.

      Jacob Riis

    • C.

      Mathew Smith

    • D.

      Henry George

    • E.

      Charles Darwin

    Correct Answer
    E. Charles Darwin
    Explanation
    Charles Darwin did not deal with the subject of America's poor in a literary way. Darwin was a naturalist and biologist known for his theory of evolution and his work on the origin of species. While his work had significant implications for understanding human society, he did not specifically focus on the subject of poverty in America. On the other hand, Edward Bellamy, Jacob Riis, Mathew Smith, and Henry George were all authors who wrote about or addressed the issue of America's poor in their literary works.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    In the nineteenth century, pools, trusts, and mergers were:

    • A.

      Ways manufacturers sought to control the marketplace.

    • B.

      Seen as beneficial by consumers.

    • C.

      Against the law.

    • D.

      Used only rarely.

    • E.

      Unheard of.

    Correct Answer
    A. Ways manufacturers sought to control the marketplace.
    Explanation
    In the nineteenth century, pools, trusts, and mergers were ways manufacturers sought to control the marketplace. During this time, manufacturers realized that by collaborating and forming agreements, they could eliminate competition and gain more control over prices and production. These practices allowed manufacturers to consolidate their power and dominate the market, ultimately giving them the ability to dictate terms and maximize their profits.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    Crédit Mobiler and the Whiskey Ring:

    • A.

      Were owned by Andrew Carnegie.

    • B.

      Were international corporations.

    • C.

      Donated money to the poor.

    • D.

      Were indicative of the corruption in the Grant administration.

    • E.

      Were involved in steel production.

    Correct Answer
    D. Were indicative of the corruption in the Grant administration.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "were indicative of the corruption in the Grant administration." The Crédit Mobiler and the Whiskey Ring were both involved in corrupt activities during the Grant administration. Crédit Mobiler was a construction company involved in a scandal where they overcharged the Union Pacific Railroad for construction costs. The Whiskey Ring was a group of distillers and government officials who conspired to evade taxes on whiskey. Both of these scandals highlighted the corruption and cronyism that plagued President Grant's administration.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    One of the reasons that the Great Strike of 1877 was important is that

    • A.

      Not since the Civil War had so many people been killed.

    • B.

      It proved the theory of Social Darwinism

    • C.

      It demonstrated how effective the Knights of Labor could be in organizing workers.

    • D.

      The victory won by labor was the greatest for the labor movement in American history.

    • E.

      It underscored the tensions produced by the rapid industrialization of the time.

    Correct Answer
    E. It underscored the tensions produced by the rapid industrialization of the time.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "it underscored the tensions produced by the rapid industrialization of the time." The Great Strike of 1877 was a significant event because it highlighted the social and economic tensions arising from the rapid industrialization during that period. The strike was sparked by wage cuts in the railroad industry and quickly spread across the country, involving thousands of workers. This unrest exposed the growing divide between labor and management, as well as the harsh working conditions and inequality faced by workers. It served as a wake-up call for the need to address these issues and improve working conditions during a time of rapid industrial growth.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.