# Chap. 15-waves (30)

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 106  Settings  Reference: Prentice Hall. Use for educational purposes only.

• 1.
Which waves arrive at a seismograph first?
• A.

Transverse waves

• B.

S waves

• C.

Surface waves

• D.

P waves

• 2.
Longitudinal seimic waves are known as
• A.

Transverse waves

• B.

Surface wave

• C.

Primary waves

• D.

Secondary waves

• 3.
The bending of waves due to a change in speed is called
• A.

Refraction

• B.

Reflection

• C.

Interference

• D.

Diffraction

• 4.
The material through which a wave travels is called a
• A.

Crest

• B.

Vibration

• C.

Trough

• D.

Medium

• 5.
What is another use of a seismograph aside from detecting earthquakes?
• A.

Locating pockets of valuable resources underground

• B.

Locating gold dust in rivers

• C.

Predicting accurately when and where volcanoes will erupt

• D.

Measuring tsunamis

• 6.
Waves combine to make a wave with larger amplitude in a process called
• A.

Constructive interference

• B.

Destructive interference

• C.

Reflection

• D.

Refraction

• 7.
The highest parts of a transverse wave are called
• A.

Nodes

• B.

Crests

• C.

Wavelengths

• D.

Troughs

• 8.
The interaction between two waves that meet is called
• A.

Interference

• B.

Reflection

• C.

Refraction

• D.

Diffraction

• 9.
The maximum distance that the particles of a medium move from the rest position is the
• A.

Speed of the wave

• B.

Frequency of the wave

• C.

Amplitude of the wave

• D.

Wavelength of the wave

• 10.
Which of the following affects the speed of sound waves traveling through the air?
• A.

How loud the sound is

• B.

The amplitude of the waves

• C.

How often the sound is repeated

• D.

The air temperature

• 11.
Scientists on the side of Earth opposite the epicenter of an earthquake detect mainly
• A.

Surface waves

• B.

S waves

• C.

P waves

• D.

Transverse waves

• 12.
Waves on the top of a pond or lake are
• A.

Surface waves

• B.

Tranverse waves

• C.

Standing waves

• D.

Longitudinal waves

• 13.
Waves are created when a source through which CANNOT pass and bounces back, it undergoes
• A.

Destructive interference

• B.

Constructive interference

• C.

Reflection

• D.

Refraction

• 14.
Waves are created when a source of energy causes a medium to
• A.

Vibrate

• B.

Compress

• C.

Expand

• D.

Move

• 15.
In which direction(s) do seismic waves travel from their point of origin?
• A.

Inward toward the Earth's core

• B.

In all directions

• C.

North to south only

• D.

Toward the equator only

• 16.
The speed of a wave is its wavelength multiplied by its
• A.

Vibration

• B.

Reflection

• C.

Amplitude

• D.

Frequency

• 17.
Waves combine to produce a smaller or zero-amplitude wave in a process called  (look a A+B for the example of the type of wave)
• A.

Constructive interference

• B.

Destructive interference

• C.

Reflection

• D.

Refraction

• 18.
What are the highest and lowest points on a standing wave called?
• A.

Nodes

• B.

Antinodes

• C.

Rarefactions

• D.

Compressions

• 19.
Waves are classified according to
• A.

Their size

• B.

How they move

• C.

Their shape

• D.

Their source

• 20.
The bending of waves around the edge of a barrier is known as
• A.

Diffraction

• B.

Reflection

• C.

Resonance

• D.

Refraction

• 21.
What occurs when vibrations traveling through an object match the object's natural frquency?
• A.

Refraction

• B.

Reflection

• C.

Resonance

• D.

Diffraction

• 22.
The distance between two corresponding parts of  a wave is the wave's
• A.

Amplitude

• B.

Wavelength

• C.

Frequency

• D.

Speed

• 23.
Which type of wave caused by an earthquake does the most above-ground damage?
• A.

P waves

• B.

Longitudinal waves

• C.

S waves

• D.

Surface waves

• 24.
When an incoming wave combines with a reflected wave in such a way that the combined wave appears to be standing still, the result is a
• A.

Longitudinal wave

• B.

Transverse wave

• C.

Standing wave

• D.

Surface wave

• 25.
An earthquake that occurs underwater can cause huge surface waves on the ocean called
• A.

Transverse wave

• B.

S waves

• C.

Tsunami

• D.

P waves

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