Chap. 15-waves (30)

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 104

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Wave Quizzes & Trivia

Reference: Prentice Hall. Use for educational purposes only.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which waves arrive at a seismograph first?
    • A. 

      Transverse waves

    • B. 

      S waves

    • C. 

      Surface waves

    • D. 

      P waves

  • 2. 
    Longitudinal seimic waves are known as 
    • A. 

      Transverse waves

    • B. 

      Surface wave

    • C. 

      Primary waves

    • D. 

      Secondary waves

  • 3. 
    The bending of waves due to a change in speed is called
    • A. 

      Refraction

    • B. 

      Reflection

    • C. 

      Interference

    • D. 

      Diffraction

  • 4. 
    The material through which a wave travels is called a
    • A. 

      Crest

    • B. 

      Vibration

    • C. 

      Trough

    • D. 

      Medium

  • 5. 
    What is another use of a seismograph aside from detecting earthquakes?
    • A. 

      Locating pockets of valuable resources underground

    • B. 

      Locating gold dust in rivers

    • C. 

      Predicting accurately when and where volcanoes will erupt

    • D. 

      Measuring tsunamis

  • 6. 
    Waves combine to make a wave with larger amplitude in a process called
    • A. 

      Constructive interference

    • B. 

      Destructive interference

    • C. 

      Reflection

    • D. 

      Refraction

  • 7. 
    The highest parts of a transverse wave are called
    • A. 

      Nodes

    • B. 

      Crests

    • C. 

      Wavelengths

    • D. 

      Troughs

  • 8. 
    The interaction between two waves that meet is called
    • A. 

      Interference

    • B. 

      Reflection

    • C. 

      Refraction

    • D. 

      Diffraction

  • 9. 
    The maximum distance that the particles of a medium move from the rest position is the
    • A. 

      Speed of the wave

    • B. 

      Frequency of the wave

    • C. 

      Amplitude of the wave

    • D. 

      Wavelength of the wave

  • 10. 
    Which of the following affects the speed of sound waves traveling through the air?
    • A. 

      How loud the sound is

    • B. 

      The amplitude of the waves

    • C. 

      How often the sound is repeated

    • D. 

      The air temperature

  • 11. 
    Scientists on the side of Earth opposite the epicenter of an earthquake detect mainly
    • A. 

      Surface waves

    • B. 

      S waves

    • C. 

      P waves

    • D. 

      Transverse waves

  • 12. 
    Waves on the top of a pond or lake are
    • A. 

      Surface waves

    • B. 

      Tranverse waves

    • C. 

      Standing waves

    • D. 

      Longitudinal waves

  • 13. 
    Waves are created when a source through which CANNOT pass and bounces back, it undergoes 
    • A. 

      Destructive interference

    • B. 

      Constructive interference

    • C. 

      Reflection

    • D. 

      Refraction

  • 14. 
    Waves are created when a source of energy causes a medium to
    • A. 

      Vibrate

    • B. 

      Compress

    • C. 

      Expand

    • D. 

      Move

  • 15. 
    In which direction(s) do seismic waves travel from their point of origin?
    • A. 

      Inward toward the Earth's core

    • B. 

      In all directions

    • C. 

      North to south only

    • D. 

      Toward the equator only

  • 16. 
    The speed of a wave is its wavelength multiplied by its
    • A. 

      Vibration

    • B. 

      Reflection

    • C. 

      Amplitude

    • D. 

      Frequency

  • 17. 
    Waves combine to produce a smaller or zero-amplitude wave in a process called  (look a A+B for the example of the type of wave)
    • A. 

      Constructive interference

    • B. 

      Destructive interference

    • C. 

      Reflection

    • D. 

      Refraction

  • 18. 
    What are the highest and lowest points on a standing wave called?
    • A. 

      Nodes

    • B. 

      Antinodes

    • C. 

      Rarefactions

    • D. 

      Compressions

  • 19. 
    Waves are classified according to
    • A. 

      Their size

    • B. 

      How they move

    • C. 

      Their shape

    • D. 

      Their source

  • 20. 
    The bending of waves around the edge of a barrier is known as
    • A. 

      Diffraction

    • B. 

      Reflection

    • C. 

      Resonance

    • D. 

      Refraction

  • 21. 
    What occurs when vibrations traveling through an object match the object's natural frquency?              
    • A. 

      Refraction

    • B. 

      Reflection

    • C. 

      Resonance

    • D. 

      Diffraction

  • 22. 
    The distance between two corresponding parts of  a wave is the wave's                       
    • A. 

      Amplitude

    • B. 

      Wavelength

    • C. 

      Frequency

    • D. 

      Speed

  • 23. 
    Which type of wave caused by an earthquake does the most above-ground damage?
    • A. 

      P waves

    • B. 

      Longitudinal waves

    • C. 

      S waves

    • D. 

      Surface waves

  • 24. 
    When an incoming wave combines with a reflected wave in such a way that the combined wave appears to be standing still, the result is a  
    • A. 

      Longitudinal wave

    • B. 

      Transverse wave

    • C. 

      Standing wave

    • D. 

      Surface wave

  • 25. 
    An earthquake that occurs underwater can cause huge surface waves on the ocean called                   
    • A. 

      Transverse wave

    • B. 

      S waves

    • C. 

      Tsunami

    • D. 

      P waves

  • 26. 
    Waves produced by earthquakes are called
    • A. 

      Seismic waves

    • B. 

      Standing waves

    • C. 

      Transverse waves

    • D. 

      Longitudinal waves

  • 27. 
    A disturbance that transfers energy from place to place is called a
    • A. 

      Wave

    • B. 

      Medium

    • C. 

      Compression

    • D. 

      Vibration

  • 28. 
    Frequency is measured in units called
    • A. 

      Antinodes

    • B. 

      Nodes

    • C. 

      Hertz

    • D. 

      Amps

  • 29. 
    Secondary waves CANNOT travel through
    • A. 

      Earth's crust

    • B. 

      Rock

    • C. 

      Earth's mantle

    • D. 

      Liquids

  • 30. 
    Waves that the particles of the medium parallel to the direction in which the waves are traveling are called
    • A. 

      Surface waves

    • B. 

      Longitudinal waves

    • C. 

      Combination waves

    • D. 

      Transverse waves