Ch 4 Unit 1 Honors Quiz

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Ch 4 Unit 1 Honors Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is an example of a renewable resource?

    • A.

      Copper

    • B.

      Cotton

    • C.

      Natural gas

    • D.

      Coal

    Correct Answer
    B. Cotton
    Explanation
    Cotton is an example of a renewable resource because it is derived from plants that can be grown and harvested repeatedly. Unlike copper, natural gas, and coal, which are non-renewable resources that are finite in supply and take millions of years to form, cotton can be replanted and grown again after it has been harvested. This makes cotton a sustainable option for various industries such as textiles and clothing production.

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  • 2. 

    Renewable resources ____.

    • A.

      Can be replenished over months, years, or decades

    • B.

      Are all living resources

    • C.

      Have finite supplies that will one day be used up

    • D.

      Include iron, natural gas, and copper

    Correct Answer
    A. Can be replenished over months, years, or decades
    Explanation
    Renewable resources can be replenished over months, years, or decades. This means that they have the ability to naturally regenerate or be replaced within a reasonable timeframe. Unlike non-renewable resources, such as fossil fuels, renewable resources are sustainable and can be used without depleting their supply. Examples of renewable resources include solar energy, wind power, and biomass. These resources play a crucial role in reducing dependence on finite resources and promoting a more environmentally friendly and sustainable future.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is a drawback to the use of oil shale to produce energy?

    • A.

      Most of the world’s oil shale occurs in politically unstable countries.

    • B.

      Processing, mining, and waste disposal are expensive.

    • C.

      Oil shale occurs only in areas with plentiful water resources for processing.

    • D.

      Oil shale can be mined ONLY in arid regions.

    Correct Answer
    B. Processing, mining, and waste disposal are expensive.
    Explanation
    Processing, mining, and waste disposal being expensive is a drawback to the use of oil shale to produce energy because it increases the overall cost of extracting and utilizing oil shale as an energy source. This can make oil shale less economically viable compared to other energy sources.

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  • 4. 

    Vein deposits are usually produced by ____.

    • A.

      Cementation and compaction

    • B.

      Weathering

    • C.

      Hydrothermal solutions

    • D.

      Density sorting

    Correct Answer
    C. Hydrothermal solutions
    Explanation
    Vein deposits are usually produced by hydrothermal solutions. This is because hydrothermal solutions, which are hot, mineral-rich fluids, have the ability to dissolve minerals from rocks and transport them through fractures and faults. As the hydrothermal solution cools and reacts with the surrounding rocks, it deposits the dissolved minerals in the form of veins. These veins can contain valuable minerals such as gold, silver, and copper, making them important targets for mining activities.

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  • 5. 

    What are nonmetallic resources commonly used for?

    • A.

      Manufacturing steel

    • B.

      Producing energy

    • C.

      The nonmetallic elements they contain or their physical and chemimcal properties

    • D.

      The metallic elements they contain or their physical or chemical properties

    Correct Answer
    C. The nonmetallic elements they contain or their physical and chemimcal properties
    Explanation
    Nonmetallic resources are commonly used for their nonmetallic elements or their physical and chemical properties. These resources may include minerals, rocks, and other substances that do not have metallic properties. Nonmetallic elements such as carbon, sulfur, nitrogen, and phosphorus are essential for various industrial processes and the production of materials like plastics, ceramics, and fertilizers. Additionally, the physical and chemical properties of nonmetallic resources, such as their hardness, conductivity, or refractive index, make them useful in a wide range of applications, including construction, electronics, and healthcare.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following nonmetallic mineral resources is used both as a building material and as an industrial mineral?

    • A.

      Sulfur

    • B.

      Graphite

    • C.

      Limestone

    • D.

      Corundum

    Correct Answer
    C. Limestone
    Explanation
    Limestone is a nonmetallic mineral resource that is used both as a building material and as an industrial mineral. It is commonly used in the construction industry for building and paving materials, as well as in the production of cement and lime. Additionally, limestone is used as a raw material in various industrial processes, such as in the manufacturing of glass, steel, and chemicals. Due to its versatility and abundance, limestone is a valuable resource that serves multiple purposes in both construction and industry.

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  • 7. 

    The advantages of solar energy include the fact that it is ____.

    • A.

      Nonrenewable

    • B.

      Expensive

    • C.

      Non-polluting

    • D.

      Absent at night

    Correct Answer
    C. Non-polluting
    Explanation
    Solar energy is considered non-polluting because it does not release harmful emissions or pollutants into the environment when it is generated or used. Unlike fossil fuels, which contribute to air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, solar energy is a clean and renewable source of power. It harnesses the energy from the sun and converts it into electricity without causing any harm to the atmosphere or contributing to climate change. Therefore, the use of solar energy helps to reduce pollution and promote a healthier and more sustainable environment.

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  • 8. 

    What is one of the drawbacks to the extensive use of solar energy?

    • A.

      It is nonrenewable.

    • B.

      Necessary equipment and installation are expensive.

    • C.

      It is available only at night.

    • D.

      It produces toxic pollution.

    Correct Answer
    B. Necessary equipment and installation are expensive.
    Explanation
    One of the drawbacks to the extensive use of solar energy is that the necessary equipment and installation are expensive. This means that the initial cost of setting up solar energy systems can be high, making it less accessible for some individuals or communities. However, once the system is installed, solar energy is a renewable and clean source of power, which helps to offset the high upfront costs in the long run.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is a problem associated with the increased use of nuclear energy?

    • A.

      Cost of building safe nuclear facilities

    • B.

      Major hazards involved in nuclear waste disposal

    • C.

      Concern over the possibility of a serious nuclear accident

    • D.

      All of the answers are correc.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the answers are correc.
    Explanation
    The increased use of nuclear energy poses several problems. Firstly, the cost of building safe nuclear facilities is a significant concern. Constructing and maintaining these facilities requires substantial financial resources. Secondly, there are major hazards involved in nuclear waste disposal. Proper disposal methods are crucial to prevent environmental contamination and health risks. Lastly, there is a legitimate concern over the possibility of a serious nuclear accident, which could have catastrophic consequences. Therefore, all of the answers provided are correct as they highlight different problems associated with the increased use of nuclear energy.

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  • 10. 

    True or False: Gasoline that we use to power our cars could be classified as a renewable resource.

    Correct Answer
    False
    false
    Explanation
    Gasoline is derived from fossil fuels, which are formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals that took millions of years to form. Since the formation process is extremely slow, fossil fuels are considered non-renewable resources. Therefore, gasoline cannot be classified as a renewable resource.

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  • 11. 

    True or False: Soil is a natural resource.

    Correct Answer
    true
    True
    Explanation
    Soil is considered a natural resource because it is a vital component of the Earth's ecosystem. It is a complex mixture of organic matter, minerals, water, and air that supports plant growth and provides habitat for various organisms. Soil plays a crucial role in agriculture, providing nutrients and moisture to crops. It also helps in water filtration and purification, acts as a carbon sink, and supports biodiversity. Therefore, soil is an essential natural resource that sustains life on Earth.

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  • 12. 

    Taking a bike ride instead of a car ride is practicing energy ________________________, which helps save fuel for the future.

    Correct Answer
    conservation
    Explanation
    Choosing to take a bike ride instead of a car ride is an example of energy conservation. By opting for a bike, less fuel is consumed, leading to a reduction in energy usage and the preservation of fuel for future use. This practice contributes to the overall goal of conserving energy resources and promoting sustainability.

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  • 13. 

    True or False: A fuel is a substance that provides energy as a result of a chemical change.

    Correct Answer
    true
    True
    Explanation
    A fuel is indeed a substance that provides energy as a result of a chemical change. When fuels undergo combustion, they react with oxygen in the air to release energy in the form of heat and light. This chemical reaction breaks down the fuel molecules and forms new compounds, releasing energy in the process. Therefore, fuels are essential for various energy-producing processes, such as powering vehicles, generating electricity, and heating homes.

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  • 14. 

    In a nuclear power plant, what is used to change water into steam?

    • A.

      The burning of natural gas

    • B.

      Geothermal energy

    • C.

      Captured solar energy

    • D.

      Heat released from nuclear fission reactions

    Correct Answer
    D. Heat released from nuclear fission reactions
    Explanation
    In a nuclear power plant, water is changed into steam through the heat released from nuclear fission reactions. Nuclear fission involves the splitting of atomic nuclei, which releases a large amount of energy in the form of heat. This heat is then used to generate steam, which in turn drives turbines to produce electricity. Unlike the other options mentioned, such as burning natural gas, geothermal energy, or captured solar energy, the heat released from nuclear fission reactions is specifically used in nuclear power plants to convert water into steam.

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  • 15. 

    Most of the pollution in the atmosphere (air) comes from

    • A.

      Pollen

    • B.

      Forest fires

    • C.

      Volcanic eruptions

    • D.

      Burning fossil fuels

    Correct Answer
    D. Burning fossil fuels
    Explanation
    Burning fossil fuels is the correct answer because it is a major source of pollution in the atmosphere. When fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas are burned for energy, they release harmful pollutants such as carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides. These pollutants contribute to air pollution and can have negative effects on human health and the environment. While pollen, forest fires, and volcanic eruptions can also contribute to air pollution, they are not as significant or widespread as the pollution caused by burning fossil fuels.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following statements are true?   Check all that apply.

    • A.

      Oil lies under a shale seal

    • B.

      Water and sandstone always lie underneath oil

    • C.

      It is expensive to drill for oil...

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Oil lies under a shale seal
    C. It is expensive to drill for oil...
    Explanation
    The statement "oil lies under a shale seal" is true because shale is a type of rock that can act as a seal, preventing the oil from migrating upwards. This is why oil is often found trapped beneath layers of shale.

    The statement "it is expensive to drill for oil" is also true. Drilling for oil requires advanced technology, equipment, and expertise, which can be very costly. Additionally, oil exploration and extraction often involve complex processes such as seismic surveys and drilling deep into the earth, further adding to the expenses involved in the oil drilling industry.

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  • 17. 

    Explain an OIL SEEP

  • 18. 

    The amount of energy poured onto the Earth by the Sun every 15 minutes equivalent to what?

    • A.

      World’s energy for 30min

    • B.

      World’s energy for an hour

    • C.

      World’s energy for a day

    • D.

      World’s energy for a month

    • E.

      World’s energy for a year

    Correct Answer
    E. World’s energy for a year
    Explanation
    The amount of energy poured onto the Earth by the Sun every 15 minutes is equivalent to the world's energy consumption for a year. This implies that the Sun provides an enormous amount of energy to the Earth in a short period of time, which is equivalent to the total energy consumed by the entire world over the course of a year.

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  • 19. 

    The burning of fossil fuels produces_________.

    • A.

      Sulphur and nitrates in atmosphere.

    • B.

      CO2

    • C.

      Acid Rain

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The burning of fossil fuels releases various pollutants into the atmosphere. Sulphur and nitrates are emitted as byproducts of the combustion process. CO2, a greenhouse gas, is also released, contributing to climate change. Additionally, the release of sulphur and nitrogen compounds can lead to the formation of acid rain, which can have harmful effects on ecosystems and infrastructure. Therefore, all of the options mentioned in the question are correct.

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  • 20. 

    How much energy will a DVD player use while on standby?

    • A.

      None

    • B.

      Up to 15%

    • C.

      Up to 40%

    • D.

      Up to 65%

    • E.

      Up to 85%

    Correct Answer
    E. Up to 85%
  • 21. 

    The energy saved by recycling one aluminium drink can is enough to run a TV for how long?

    • A.

      30min

    • B.

      1.5hours

    • C.

      3hours

    • D.

      6hours

    Correct Answer
    C. 3hours
    Explanation
    Recycling one aluminium drink can saves enough energy to run a TV for 3 hours. Aluminium is a highly recyclable material, and recycling it requires significantly less energy compared to producing new aluminium from raw materials. By recycling one can, the energy that would have been used to extract, refine, and process new aluminium is saved. This energy saving is equivalent to powering a TV for 3 hours, making recycling an effective way to conserve energy and reduce environmental impact.

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  • 22. 

    Reports on renewable energy have led to doubts on the efficiency of our current renewable energy sources.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Some reports on renewable energy sources, such as wind turbine, have shown that current systems are not sufficient to replace traditional energy sources. Reports are often giving mixed results and more research need to be done to
    1) Access the efficiency of current renewable energies
    2) Develop these to make them more efficient
    3) Continue to develop and create more renewable energy sources

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  • 23. 

    What is Geothermal Energy?

    • A.

      Geothermal Energy is heat from the sun which can be stored and used as an efficient energy source.

    • B.

      Geothermal Energy is heat from within the earth which can be used to heat buildings or generate electricity

    • C.

      Geothermal Energy is concerned with extracting more fuels from the earth to provide heat and energy.

    Correct Answer
    B. Geothermal Energy is heat from within the earth which can be used to heat buildings or generate electricity
    Explanation
    Geothermal Energy refers to the heat that is present within the earth's core and can be harnessed to heat buildings or produce electricity. This energy is obtained by tapping into the natural heat reservoirs beneath the earth's surface, typically through the use of geothermal power plants or geothermal heat pumps. It is a sustainable and renewable energy source that offers a reliable and efficient alternative to traditional fossil fuels.

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  • 24. 

    Coal, oil, natural gas, and propane are fossil fuels. They are called fossil fuels because:

    • A.

      They are nonrenewable and will run out

    • B.

      They are burned to release energy and they cause air pollution

    • C.

      They were formed from the buried remains of plants and tiny animals that lived hundred of millions of years ago

    • D.

      They are mixed with fossils so they will burn better

    Correct Answer
    C. They were formed from the buried remains of plants and tiny animals that lived hundred of millions of years ago
    Explanation
    Coal, oil, natural gas, and propane are considered fossil fuels because they were formed from the buried remains of plants and tiny animals that lived hundreds of millions of years ago. Over time, the organic matter was subjected to high pressure and heat, resulting in the formation of these fuels. This process took place over an extended period, making them nonrenewable resources. Burning fossil fuels releases energy, but it also contributes to air pollution. Therefore, the correct answer is that fossil fuels were formed from the buried remains of ancient plants and animals.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following is not considered as a renewable energy source?

    • A.

      Coal

    • B.

      Wood

    • C.

      The Ocean

    • D.

      Oil

    • E.

      The Sun

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Coal
    D. Oil
    Explanation
    A non-renewable energy source is something that once used up it is gone and cannot be reproduced. Fossil fuels such as Oil, coal, turf are all non renewable as they take millions of years to form

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  • 26. 

    Considering our energy usages which of the following are true. (You may tick more than one)

    • A.

      New more reliable energy sources must be developed to meet our energy needs.

    • B.

      Fossil fuels are sufficient to power the planet for a long time.

    • C.

      New energy sources must consider more than just how much power or energy can be produced.

    • D.

      The use of fossil fuels is damaging to the environment.

    • E.

      We can continue to consume resources at our current rate without any effect on society

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. New more reliable energy sources must be developed to meet our energy needs.
    C. New energy sources must consider more than just how much power or energy can be produced.
    D. The use of fossil fuels is damaging to the environment.
    Explanation
    The current consumption of energy is depleting the earth of its natural resources, this accompanied by the fact that we are damaging the environment in a way that could potential change life as we know it means that we must create and use more energy sources that will not only meet our energy need but also consider other implication such as the environment.

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  • 27. 

    Ireland accounts for 0.007% of the global population yet produces ___ of all CO2 emission released into the atmosphere (global emissions).

    • A.

      0.7%

    • B.

      1.2%

    • C.

      0.001%

    • D.

      0.03%

    • E.

      0.15%

    Correct Answer
    E. 0.15%
    Explanation
    Ireland accounts for a very small portion of the global population, only 0.007%. However, it produces a significant amount of CO2 emissions, specifically 0.15% of all global emissions. This suggests that Ireland's CO2 emissions are disproportionately high compared to its population size.

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  • 28. 

    Which sector produces the most CO2?

    • A.

      Transportation

    • B.

      Manufacturing and Construction

    • C.

      Electricity and Heat Production

    • D.

      Residences

    Correct Answer
    C. Electricity and Heat Production
    Explanation
    Electricity and Heat Production is the sector that produces the most CO2. This is because the generation of electricity and heat often relies on the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas, which release large amounts of CO2 into the atmosphere. The transportation sector also contributes significantly to CO2 emissions, but it is surpassed by the emissions from electricity and heat production. Manufacturing and construction, as well as residences, also contribute to CO2 emissions, but to a lesser extent compared to the other sectors mentioned.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 17, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 15, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Rdteague
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