IED Unit 1: Engineering Quiz

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IED Unit 1: Engineering Quiz - Quiz

Below is an IED unit 1 engineering quiz that is perfect for trying to see just how much one has been attentive in class. Do give it a shot and see if you have what it takes to tackle the upcoming engineering exam finals. This first one tackles you on the basics, so keep an eye out for others on the next units.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Target Consumer

    • A.

      A person using the services of a professional person or organization.

    • B.

      A person or group for wich a product or service design effeorts are intented

    • C.

      A person who designs any of a variety or things.

    • D.

      A person who is trained in and uses technological and scientific knowledge to solve practical problems.

    Correct Answer
    B. A person or group for wich a product or service design effeorts are intented
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A person or group for which a product or service design efforts are intended." This answer accurately describes the concept of a target consumer, which refers to the specific individuals or groups that a product or service is designed for. The target consumer is the intended audience or market segment that the product or service is tailored to meet their needs and preferences.

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  • 2. 

    Design Process

    • A.

      A systematic problem -solving strategy, with criteria and constraints, used to develop many possible solutions to solve a problem or satisfy human needs and wants.

    • B.

      A part of design brief that challenges the designer and describes what a design solution should do.

    • C.

      A written summary that provides an overview of the purpose and contents of a report.

    • D.

      A written summary that provides an overview of the purpose and contents of a report.

    Correct Answer
    A. A systematic problem -solving strategy, with criteria and constraints, used to develop many possible solutions to solve a problem or satisfy human needs and wants.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a systematic problem-solving strategy, with criteria and constraints, used to develop many possible solutions to solve a problem or satisfy human needs and wants. This explanation accurately describes the design process as a methodical approach to finding solutions, considering various criteria and limitations, and addressing the needs and desires of users. It highlights the iterative nature of the design process, where multiple solutions are developed and refined to achieve the desired outcome.

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  • 3. 

    An Evolution

    • A.

      Stages a product goes through from concept and use to eventual withdrawal from the market place.

    • B.

      A repeated decorative design.

    • C.

      The activity of gathering information about consumers’ needs and preferences.

    • D.

      A gradual development.

    Correct Answer
    D. A gradual development.
    Explanation
    The given correct answer "A gradual development" is the most appropriate explanation for the term "An Evolution". An evolution refers to a process of gradual development or change over time. In the context of the question, it can be inferred that the term "An Evolution" is used to describe the stages a product goes through from concept and use to eventual withdrawal from the market place. This implies that the product undergoes a gradual development or transformation throughout its lifecycle.

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  • 4. 

    Time Line Chart

    • A.

      A one-axis chart used to display past and/or future events, activities, requirements, etc.

    • B.

      A document that conveys the results of scientific and technical research, and provides recommendations for action.

    • C.

      The process of taking something apart and analyzing its workings in detail.

    • D.

      Stages a product goes through from concept and use to eventual withdrawal from the market place.

    Correct Answer
    A. A one-axis chart used to display past and/or future events, activities, requirements, etc.
    Explanation
    The given answer accurately describes a time line chart. A time line chart is a visual representation of events or activities arranged chronologically along a single axis. It can be used to display past events, future plans, project schedules, or any other time-based information. The chart helps to visualize the sequence and duration of events, making it easier to understand the timeline and identify patterns or trends.

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  • 5. 

    Engineer

    • A.

      The assembled spectators or listeners at an event.

    • B.

      A person using the services of a professional person or organization.

    • C.

      A person who is trained in and uses technological and scientific knowledge to solve practical problems.

    • D.

      A person who designs any of a variety of things.

    Correct Answer
    C. A person who is trained in and uses technological and scientific knowledge to solve practical problems.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A person who is trained in and uses technological and scientific knowledge to solve practical problems." This answer accurately describes the role and responsibilities of an engineer. Engineers are professionals who apply their specialized knowledge and skills in science and technology to design, develop, and solve practical problems in various fields. They use their expertise to create innovative solutions and improve existing systems, products, or processes.

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  • 6. 

    TInnovation

    • A.

      Something put into a system, such as resources, in order to achieve a result.

    • B.

      An improvement of an existing technological product, system, or method of doing something.

    • C.

      The method of formation, operation, or procedure exhibited in a given instance.

    • D.

      The recognition of an unwelcome or harmful matter needing to be dealt with.

    Correct Answer
    B. An improvement of an existing technological product, system, or method of doing something.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "An improvement of an existing technological product, system, or method of doing something." This definition aligns with the concept of innovation, which refers to the development and implementation of new ideas, processes, or products that bring about positive change or improvement. It implies the enhancement or advancement of an existing technology or method, rather than the introduction of something entirely new.

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  • 7. 

    What term best describes the list of items below? • Must have a minimum of seven different parts once assembled. • Must be the same scale as the engine car. • Must be able to attach to the engine car.

    • A.

      Design Constraints

    • B.

      Deliverables

    • C.

      Design Statement

    • D.

      Indicators

    Correct Answer
    A. Design Constraints
    Explanation
    The term "Design Constraints" best describes the list of items below because they outline specific requirements and limitations that must be considered in the design process. These constraints include the minimum number of parts, scale compatibility, and the ability to attach to the engine car.

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  • 8. 

    The image to the right is an example of a(n) ______________________.

    • A.

      Project Portfolio

    • B.

      Design Brief

    • C.

      Technical Report

    • D.

      Engineer’s Notebook

    Correct Answer
    D. Engineer’s Notebook
    Explanation
    The image to the right is an example of an Engineer's Notebook. This type of notebook is commonly used by engineers to document their ideas, calculations, designs, and observations throughout the engineering process. It serves as a record of their work and can be used for reference or to communicate their findings to others.

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  • 9. 

    The gradual improvement of an automobile over a period of time is called ____________.

    • A.

      Iterative

    • B.

      Synergy

    • C.

      Product Evolution

    • D.

      Target Engineering

    Correct Answer
    C. Product Evolution
    Explanation
    Product Evolution refers to the gradual improvement and development of a product, in this case, an automobile, over a period of time. It involves making incremental changes and enhancements to the design, features, and performance of the product to meet the changing needs and preferences of customers. This process allows the product to adapt and evolve to stay competitive in the market and meet the demands of consumers.

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  • 10. 

    An addition or improvement to a product that already exists is called a(n) ___________________.

    • A.

      Serendipitous event

    • B.

      Innovation

    • C.

      Invention

    • D.

      Design brief

    Correct Answer
    B. Innovation
    Explanation
    An addition or improvement to a product that already exists is called an innovation. This term refers to the development of new ideas, processes, or products that bring about positive change and enhance existing products or services. It involves finding creative and novel solutions to meet customer needs and improve efficiency or effectiveness. Innovation can involve incremental improvements or disruptive breakthroughs that transform industries and markets.

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  • 11. 

    Step 2 of problem solving process

    • A.

      Brain storm

    • B.

      Create or Make Solution

    • C.

      Research and Generate Ideas

    • D.

      Develop a design proposal

    • E.

      Brain Storming

    Correct Answer
    E. Brain Storming
    Explanation
    Brainstorming is the correct answer because it is the second step in the problem-solving process. It involves generating a large number of ideas and solutions to a problem without any judgment or evaluation. During brainstorming, individuals or a group can freely express their thoughts and ideas, encouraging creativity and innovation. This step helps in exploring various possibilities and alternatives before moving on to the next stages of problem-solving.

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  • 12. 

    Step 4 of the Brain Storming Process

    • A.

      Problem statement

    • B.

      Make a model or prototype

    • C.

      Select an approach

    • D.

      Explore possiblities

    • E.

      Identify Criteria and specify constraints

    Correct Answer
    E. Identify Criteria and specify constraints
    Explanation
    In the Brain Storming Process, Step 4 involves identifying criteria and specifying constraints. This step is important because it helps to define the specific requirements and limitations that need to be considered when developing a model or prototype. By clearly identifying the criteria and constraints, it becomes easier to make decisions and prioritize ideas during the brainstorming process. This step ensures that the final solution meets the necessary criteria and is feasible within the given constraints.

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  • 13. 

    Step 6 of the problem solving process.

    • A.

      Make a model or prototype

    • B.

      Brainstorm

    • C.

      Select an approach

    • D.

      Create or make solution

    • E.

      Explore possibilities

    Correct Answer
    C. Select an approach
    Explanation
    Step 6 of the problem-solving process is to select an approach. This step involves evaluating the different options and strategies that have been brainstormed in the previous step. It requires analyzing the pros and cons of each approach and determining which one is the most feasible and likely to solve the problem effectively. Once an approach is selected, it can then be further developed and implemented to create a solution to the problem at hand.

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  • 14. 

    Step 10 of the problem solving process

    • A.

      Create or make solution

    • B.

      Brain storm

    • C.

      Communicate Results

    • D.

      Test and evaluate

    • E.

      Refine or redesign

    Correct Answer
    E. Refine or redesign
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Refine or redesign." In the problem solving process, after creating or making a solution, brainstorming, communicating results, and testing and evaluating the solution, the next step is to refine or redesign. This step involves analyzing the results of the testing and evaluation phase and making any necessary adjustments or improvements to the solution. It may involve revisiting previous steps in the process to ensure that the solution is effective and efficient.

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  • 15. 

    Using an engineers book is required to insure that or ideas and research is protected.  Listed below a number of requirements.  Which one is not.

    • A.

      Written in pen

    • B.

      Written entries must be be dated at the time they are written in.

    • C.

      All pages must be numbered in lower left corner

    • D.

      Items maybe taped or glued into log book

    • E.

      Log book pages must be signed by wittness

    Correct Answer
    C. All pages must be numbered in lower left corner
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All pages must be numbered in lower left corner." This requirement is not listed among the given requirements.

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  • 16. 

    What best describes the following* Go for quantity* Pile on* No criticism allowed    

    • A.

      Problem solving

    • B.

      Brain storming

    • C.

      Product evolution

    • D.

      Research

    Correct Answer
    B. Brain storming
    Explanation
    Brainstorming is a process where individuals generate a large quantity of ideas without any criticism or judgment. The phrase "Go for quantity" suggests that the focus is on generating a large number of ideas. "Pile on" further emphasizes the idea of generating as many ideas as possible. The phrase "No criticism allowed" indicates that during brainstorming, all ideas are accepted and encouraged, regardless of their feasibility or quality. Therefore, brainstorming is the best fit for the given description.

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  • 17. 

    An engineer's notebook is recognized as a legal document that is used in patent activities

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    An engineer's notebook is considered a legal document in patent activities because it serves as a detailed record of the engineer's ideas, designs, and experiments. It provides evidence of the engineer's work and can be used to support patent applications or defend against patent disputes. The notebook is often used to establish the timeline of the engineer's work and to prove that the invention is original and not already patented. Therefore, it is crucial for engineers to maintain accurate and thorough records in their notebooks to protect their intellectual property rights.

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  • 18. 

    Removing pages from an engineers note book is acceptable as long as the remaining pages remained bound.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Removing pages from an engineer's notebook is not acceptable, even if the remaining pages remain bound. The purpose of a notebook is to maintain a chronological record of a engineer's work, ideas, and calculations. Removing pages can disrupt the sequence and integrity of the information, making it difficult to refer back to previous entries. Additionally, removing pages may raise concerns about the authenticity and completeness of the notebook, which is essential for legal and professional purposes. Therefore, removing pages from an engineer's notebook is not acceptable.

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  • 19. 

    Secondary research is done by interviewing potential consumers directly to determin their opinion about a product.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Secondary research refers to the process of gathering information from existing sources such as books, articles, reports, or databases, rather than collecting data directly from individuals. It involves analyzing and interpreting data that has already been collected by someone else. In this case, interviewing potential consumers directly to determine their opinion about a product would be considered primary research, not secondary research. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 20. 

    What is NOT an advantage of primary research.

    • A.

      Is directly applicable to the need

    • B.

      Can result in extremely detailed, accurate and relevant information or data

    • C.

      Requires less time and lttle to no cost in comparison to primary research

    • D.

      Results in expert knowledge

    Correct Answer
    C. Requires less time and lttle to no cost in comparison to primary research
    Explanation
    Primary research refers to the collection of firsthand data specifically for a particular purpose. It involves conducting surveys, interviews, observations, or experiments to gather information. The given answer, "Requires less time and little to no cost in comparison to primary research," is not an advantage of primary research. In fact, primary research is often time-consuming and can be costly, as it requires resources for data collection, participant recruitment, and analysis. Therefore, this answer is incorrect as it contradicts the nature of primary research.

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