Ch. 27 Athens And Sparta Quiz

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Floydj
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Quizzes Created: 26 | Total Attempts: 44,345
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Athens Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which form of government in a greek city-state usually came first?

    • A.

      Monarchy

    • B.

      Tyranny

    • C.

      Oligarchy

    • D.

      Democracy

    Correct Answer
    A. Monarchy
    Explanation
    Monarchy is the form of government that usually came first in a Greek city-state. In ancient Greece, monarchy was the earliest form of government where a single ruler, usually a king, held all the power. This system allowed for a centralized authority and a clear line of succession. Over time, other forms of government such as tyranny, oligarchy, and democracy emerged, but monarchy was generally the initial form of governance in Greek city-states.

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  • 2. 

    What physical feature made Sparta somewhat isolated?

    • A.

      Poor soil

    • B.

      Broad rivers

    • C.

      Major highways

    • D.

      Surrounding mountains

    Correct Answer
    D. Surrounding mountains
    Explanation
    The surrounding mountains made Sparta somewhat isolated. These mountains acted as a natural barrier, making it difficult for outsiders to access the city-state. This isolation allowed Sparta to develop its own unique culture and society, separate from the influence of other city-states in ancient Greece. It also provided a level of protection and defense against potential invaders, as the mountains created a natural fortress around Sparta.

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  • 3. 

    How did the citizens of Athens get enough grain to eat?

    • A.

      They conquered neighboring farm villages.

    • B.

      They shipped local products to Egypt to trade.

    • C.

      Grasses good for making breat grew wild nearby.

    • D.

      Every family raised its own food behind the house.

    Correct Answer
    B. They shipped local products to Egypt to trade.
    Explanation
    The citizens of Athens got enough grain to eat by shipping local products to Egypt to trade. This suggests that Athens relied on trade with Egypt to obtain grain for their sustenance.

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  • 4. 

    Which of these events most likely happened in the agora of Athens?

    • A.

      People bought leather sandals.

    • B.

      People voted for their leaders.

    • C.

      Boys held a wrestling contest.

    • D.

      Girls played music.

    Correct Answer
    A. People bought leather sandals.
    Explanation
    In the agora of Athens, which was a marketplace and gathering place, it is most likely that people bought leather sandals. The agora was known for its bustling commercial activity, with various merchants selling their goods. Leather sandals were a common item in ancient Greece, and people would often purchase them for everyday use. While voting for leaders, holding wrestling contests, and playing music were all activities that could have taken place in Athens, the context of the agora suggests that buying goods like sandals was a more common occurrence in that specific location.

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  • 5. 

    Why did Athenian schoolboys have to memorize everything?

    • A.

      There were not enough books.

    • B.

      Public speaking was important.

    • C.

      They wanted to become citizens.

    • D.

      Examinations were very difficult.

    Correct Answer
    A. There were not enough books.
    Explanation
    Athenian schoolboys had to memorize everything because there were not enough books available. This suggests that books were scarce or limited in quantity during that time, making it necessary for students to rely on memorization as the primary method of learning and retaining information.

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  • 6. 

    Which sentence best describes education in Sparta?

    • A.

      Children did not learn to read.

    • B.

      Children studied sculpture and painting.

    • C.

      Both boys and girls got military training.

    Correct Answer
    C. Both boys and girls got military training.
    Explanation
    The best description of education in Sparta is that both boys and girls received military training. In Sparta, the primary focus of education was to produce strong and disciplined warriors. From a young age, children were taught physical fitness, combat skills, and military strategy. This training was not limited to boys only, as girls were also expected to be physically fit and capable of defending themselves and their city. Reading and other academic subjects were not given as much importance in Spartan education compared to military training.

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  • 7. 

    Why is Sparta said to have been an oligarchy?

    • A.

      It was an organized city-state.

    • B.

      The government had two kings.

    • C.

      A small group held the most power.

    Correct Answer
    C. A small group held the most power.
    Explanation
    Sparta is considered an oligarchy because a small group held the most power in its government. Despite having two kings, the real authority lay with a select few individuals who belonged to the elite class. These individuals, known as the Spartiates, held significant influence and control over the political, military, and social affairs of the city-state. The majority of the population, including the helots (slaves) and perioikoi (non-citizen inhabitants), had limited political rights. Therefore, the concentration of power in the hands of a small group is the primary reason why Sparta is referred to as an oligarchy.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 08, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Floydj
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