Take The G.K Quiz Questions On Southern Europe!

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Take The G.K Quiz Questions On Southern Europe! - Quiz


What can be said about Southern Europe? Southern Europe is the Southern sub-region of Europe. Southern Europe is focused on three peninsulas located in the South of the European continent. The average climate is the Mediterranean, and it is influenced by high atmospheric pressure. It covers Portugal, Spain, and Italy. This quiz is the general knowledge of Southern Europe. Give this terrific quiz a shot.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Southern Europe is also known as?

    • A.

      Mesoamerica

    • B.

      Mediterranean Europe

    • C.

      The Strait of Gibraltar

    • D.

      The Cantabrian

    Correct Answer
    B. Mediterranean Europe
    Explanation
    Southern Europe is known as Mediterranean Europe because it is located around the Mediterranean Sea. This region includes countries such as Italy, Spain, Greece, and Portugal, which have a Mediterranean climate and share cultural, historical, and geographical similarities. The term "Mediterranean Europe" is used to describe this region due to its close association with the Mediterranean Sea and the characteristics that define it.

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  • 2. 

    What links the Mediterranean to the Atlantic Ocean?

    • A.

      Pacific Ocean

    • B.

      Gulf of Mexico

    • C.

      Strait of Gibraltar

    • D.

      Suez Canal

    Correct Answer
    C. Strait of Gibraltar
    Explanation
    The Strait of Gibraltar is the correct answer because it is the narrow waterway that connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. It separates Europe from Africa and is an important shipping route between the two bodies of water. The Pacific Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, and Suez Canal are not relevant to the connection between the Mediterranean and Atlantic.

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  • 3. 

    How many peninsulas make up soutern Europe?

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      5

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      6

    Correct Answer
    C. 3
    Explanation
    Southern Europe is made up of three peninsulas: the Iberian Peninsula (which includes Spain and Portugal), the Italian Peninsula (which includes Italy), and the Balkan Peninsula (which includes Greece and the Balkan countries). These peninsulas are surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea and are geographically distinct from the rest of Europe.

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  • 4. 

    Which countries are found on the Iberian Peninsula

    • A.

      Spain and Portugal

    • B.

      Greece

    • C.

      Italy

    • D.

      Sweden, Norway

    Correct Answer
    A. Spain and Portugal
    Explanation
    The Iberian Peninsula is home to Spain and Portugal. Greece, Italy, Sweden, and Norway are not located on the Iberian Peninsula.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following is the largest river in Italy

    • A.

      Ebro

    • B.

      Po

    • C.

      Tiber

    • D.

      Douro

    Correct Answer
    B. Po
    Explanation
    The Po is the largest river in Italy. It is located in the northern part of the country and flows eastward into the Adriatic Sea. The Po River is approximately 652 kilometers long and has a drainage basin of about 71,000 square kilometers. It is an important waterway for transportation and irrigation in the region, and it also supports a diverse ecosystem. The river is known for its fertile valley, which is home to agriculture and vineyards. Additionally, the Po River has played a significant role in the history and culture of Italy.

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  • 6. 

    The largest island in Greece is

    • A.

      Crete

    • B.

      Sardinia

    • C.

      Gibraltar

    • D.

      Peloponnesus

    Correct Answer
    A. Crete
    Explanation
    Crete is the largest island in Greece. It is located in the eastern Mediterranean and is known for its rich history, beautiful beaches, and stunning landscapes. With an area of approximately 8,336 square kilometers, Crete surpasses all other islands in Greece in terms of size. It is home to various ancient ruins, including the Palace of Knossos, which is considered Europe's oldest city. Crete also boasts a diverse and vibrant culture, with its own unique cuisine, traditional music, and folklore. Overall, Crete's size, historical significance, and natural beauty make it the largest and most prominent island in Greece.

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  • 7. 

    Most Rain in Southern Europe Falls during

    • A.

      Fall

    • B.

      Spring

    • C.

      Winter

    • D.

      Summer

    Correct Answer
    C. Winter
    Explanation
    In Southern Europe, the most rain falls during winter. This is because during winter, the region experiences cooler temperatures and higher levels of precipitation due to the movement of low-pressure systems and the presence of moist air masses. These weather patterns result in more frequent and intense rainfall during this season.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following describes the climate of much of southern Europe

    • A.

      Cold and snowy

    • B.

      Cool and rainy

    • C.

      Hot and arid

    • D.

      Warm and sunny

    Correct Answer
    D. Warm and sunny
    Explanation
    The climate of much of southern Europe is described as warm and sunny. This region typically experiences high temperatures and abundant sunshine throughout the year. The warm and sunny climate is conducive to outdoor activities and tourism, making it a popular destination for travelers seeking pleasant weather. The Mediterranean climate in southern Europe is characterized by mild winters and hot, dry summers, with little rainfall. This climate is ideal for the cultivation of crops such as olives, grapes, and citrus fruits.

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  • 9. 

    The siroccos that blow over Italy originate from

    • A.

      North America

    • B.

      Asia

    • C.

      North Africa

    • D.

      South America

    Correct Answer
    C. North Africa
    Explanation
    Siroccos are hot, dry winds that blow over Italy. These winds are known for their origin in North Africa, specifically the Sahara Desert. The Sahara Desert is the largest hot desert in the world and its high temperatures and arid conditions contribute to the formation of siroccos. As the wind travels across the Mediterranean Sea, it gains heat and dryness, resulting in the characteristic hot and dusty nature of siroccos. Therefore, North Africa is the correct answer for the origin of siroccos that blow over Italy.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following countries mines bauxite, chromium, lead, and zinc?

    • A.

      Portugal

    • B.

      Spain

    • C.

      Greece

    • D.

      Italy

    Correct Answer
    C. Greece
    Explanation
    Greece mines bauxite, chromium, lead, and zinc.

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  • 11. 

    By about 2000B.C. Crete had large towns and a complex civilization.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that by 2000 B.C., Crete had developed large towns and a complex civilization. This implies that Crete had progressed significantly in terms of urbanization and social organization during this time period. Therefore, the answer "True" is correct as it aligns with the information provided in the statement.

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  • 12. 

    Each Greek city-state was made up of a city and the land around it.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because each Greek city-state, also known as a polis, consisted of a central city and the surrounding territory. The city served as the political, economic, and cultural center, while the land surrounding it provided resources and agricultural support. This structure allowed for self-governance and autonomy within each city-state, fostering a sense of identity and independence among the Greek city-states.

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  • 13. 

    The government of Macedonia was the first known democracy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement that the government of Macedonia was the first known democracy is false. While Macedonia did have a form of government in ancient times, it was not a democracy. The first known democracy is believed to have been established in ancient Athens, Greece, around the 5th century BCE. This system of government allowed citizens to participate in decision-making through voting and other democratic processes.

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  • 14. 

    98% of Greeks are Eastern Orthodox Christians, commonly known as Greek Orthodox.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the majority of Greeks identify as Eastern Orthodox Christians, specifically Greek Orthodox. This religious affiliation is deeply rooted in Greek history and culture, with the Greek Orthodox Church playing a significant role in the country's traditions and customs. Therefore, it can be concluded that around 98% of Greeks are indeed Eastern Orthodox Christians.

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  • 15. 

    In Greece today, more people work in agriculture than in any other industry.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that in Greece, the agriculture sector employs more people compared to any other industry. This means that a larger portion of the population is engaged in agricultural activities, such as farming or animal husbandry, than in sectors like manufacturing, services, or construction. This indicates the significance of agriculture as a source of employment and livelihood in Greece.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following events came last in Portugal's history?

    • A.

      A revolution overthrew a dictator

    • B.

      An armada to England

    • C.

      The monarchy was rejected

    • D.

      The army overthrew the government

    Correct Answer
    A. A revolution overthrew a dictator
    Explanation
    The event of a revolution overthrowing a dictator came last in Portugal's history. This implies that the monarchy being rejected and the army overthrowing the government happened before the revolution. Additionally, the armada to England does not provide any chronological information, so it cannot be determined where it falls in the sequence of events.

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  • 17. 

    The ancient romans accomplished all of the following except

    • A.

      Widespread use of Latin

    • B.

      Domes and arches

    • C.

      Invention of telescope

    • D.

      Law, order, and safety

    Correct Answer
    C. Invention of telescope
    Explanation
    The ancient Romans accomplished widespread use of Latin, domes and arches, and law, order, and safety. However, they did not invent the telescope. The telescope was actually invented in the 17th century by Dutch mathematician and astronomer, Hans Lippershey. The ancient Romans made significant contributions to architecture, language, and governance, but they did not have the technology or knowledge to invent the telescope.

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  • 18. 

    The climate of southern Europe is generally

    • A.

      Cloudy and cool

    • B.

      Rainy and cold

    • C.

      Sunny and warm

    • D.

      Foggy and hot

    Correct Answer
    C. Sunny and warm
    Explanation
    The climate of southern Europe is generally sunny and warm. This region experiences a Mediterranean climate, characterized by long, hot, and dry summers, with plenty of sunshine. The winters are mild and relatively wet. The warm and sunny weather is ideal for agriculture and tourism, making southern Europe a popular destination for travelers seeking pleasant weather and outdoor activities.

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  • 19. 

    The ancient Greeks invented

    • A.

      Music and science

    • B.

      Art and literature

    • C.

      Democracy and theater

    • D.

      Philosophy and politics

    Correct Answer
    C. Democracy and theater
    Explanation
    The ancient Greeks are known for their contributions to democracy and theater. Democracy is a system of government in which power is vested in the people, and the Greeks were the first to develop this concept. Theater, on the other hand, was a significant cultural and artistic form in ancient Greece, with the invention of tragedy and comedy. Both democracy and theater played crucial roles in shaping Greek society and continue to have a lasting impact on the world today.

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  • 20. 

    The Italian renaissance made important contributions to

    • A.

      Languages, physics, and food

    • B.

      Science, exploration, and art

    • C.

      Politics, festivals, and holidays

    • D.

      Socialism, math, and biology

    Correct Answer
    B. Science, exploration, and art
    Explanation
    The Italian Renaissance was a period of great cultural and intellectual growth in Italy during the 14th to 17th centuries. It was characterized by advancements in various fields such as science, exploration, and art. During this time, Italian scholars made significant contributions to the field of science, conducting groundbreaking experiments and observations. Italian explorers also embarked on voyages of discovery, expanding geographical knowledge and paving the way for future explorations. Additionally, the Renaissance saw a flourishing of artistic achievements, with renowned artists like Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo creating masterpieces that still captivate the world today.

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  • 21. 

    During the 1400's and 1500's spain and portugal gained wealth from

    • A.

      Folk music

    • B.

      Chemistry

    • C.

      Greek orthodox religion

    • D.

      Mosaics

    Correct Answer
    B. Chemistry
    Explanation
    During the 1400's and 1500's, Spain and Portugal gained wealth from chemistry. This refers to the period of time known as the Age of Exploration, when both countries were heavily involved in maritime exploration and trade. Chemistry played a crucial role in this era as it enabled advancements in navigation, shipbuilding, and the development of new trade routes. Spanish and Portuguese explorers used their knowledge of chemistry to create more efficient navigation tools, improve ship construction techniques, and develop new methods for preserving food and water during long voyages. These advancements in chemistry ultimately contributed to their accumulation of wealth through increased trade and colonization.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following events came first in the history of spain?

    • A.

      A civil war was fought

    • B.

      Armies conquered Granada

    • C.

      Columbus explored the Americas

    • D.

      Iberia joined the Roman Empire

    Correct Answer
    D. Iberia joined the Roman Empire
    Explanation
    Iberia joining the Roman Empire came first in the history of Spain. This event occurred in 206 BC when the Romans conquered the Iberian Peninsula and incorporated it into their empire. The other events mentioned in the options happened at later periods. The civil war in Spain took place from 1936 to 1939, the conquest of Granada by the Christian armies happened in 1492, and Columbus explored the Americas in 1492 as well.

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  • 23. 

    Which of the following is not an important economic resource for Greece?

    • A.

      Coal mining

    • B.

      Agriculture

    • C.

      Tourism

    • D.

      Shipping

    Correct Answer
    A. Coal mining
    Explanation
    Coal mining is not an important economic resource for Greece because the country has very limited coal reserves. Greece primarily relies on other resources such as tourism, agriculture, and shipping for its economic growth. Tourism is a major source of revenue for Greece, with millions of tourists visiting the country each year. Agriculture also plays a significant role in the Greek economy, particularly in the production of olive oil, wine, and dairy products. Additionally, Greece has a strong shipping industry, benefiting from its strategic location and numerous ports.

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  • 24. 

    The Capital of Portugal and major seaport on the Atlantic Ocean?

    • A.

      Paris

    • B.

      Lisbon

    • C.

      Crete

    • D.

      Madrid

    Correct Answer
    B. Lisbon
    Explanation
    Lisbon is the correct answer because it is the capital of Portugal and a major seaport on the Atlantic Ocean. Paris is the capital of France, Crete is an island in Greece, and Madrid is the capital of Spain.

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  • 25. 

    What are the TWO major mountain ranges in Italy?

    • A.

      Alps

    • B.

      Mt. Killimanjario

    • C.

      Pindus Mts

    • D.

      Apennines

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Alps
    D. Apennines
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Alps and Apennines. The Alps are a major mountain range in Italy, stretching across the northern part of the country. The Apennines, on the other hand, run down the length of the Italian peninsula. These two mountain ranges are significant geographical features in Italy, shaping the landscape and providing opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking and skiing.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 14, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Bkeim
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