Cycle Of The Cell - The Science Quiz

Reviewed by Stephen Reinbold
Stephen Reinbold, PhD, Biological Sciences |
Biology Expert
Review Board Member
Stephen Reinbold has a Ph.D. in Biological Sciences with a particular interest in teaching. He taught General Biology, Environmental Science, Zoology, Genetics, and Anatomy & Physiology for almost thirty years at Metropolitan Community College in Kansas City, Missouri. He particularly enjoyed emphasizing scientific methodology and student research projects. Now, enjoying retirement, he works part-time as an editor while also engaging in online activities.
, PhD, Biological Sciences
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Questions: 10 | Attempts: 327

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Cell Cycle Quizzes & Trivia

Welcome to the Cycle of the Cell Quiz! This quiz is designed to test your understanding of the essential stages and processes involved in the cell cycle. Whether you're a student, a biology enthusiast, or just curious about how cells grow and divide, this quiz offers a fun and educational challenge. You'll explore key phases such as interphase, mitosis, and cytokinesis, and learn about the regulation mechanisms that ensure proper cell division. Dive into questions that will enhance your knowledge of this fundamental biological process. Test your skills and discover new insights into the fascinating world of cell biology. Good Read moreluck!


Cycle of the Cell Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    The first stage of the cell cycle is

    • A.

      Interpahse

    • B.

      Mitosis

    • C.

      Meiosis

    • D.

      Anaphase

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Interpahse
    Explanation
    The correct answer is interphase. Interphase is the first stage of the cell cycle, where the cell prepares for division by growing in size, replicating its DNA, and performing normal cellular functions. It is a period of intense activity and is divided into three sub-phases: G1 phase, S phase, and G2 phase. During interphase, the cell is not actively dividing but is getting ready for the next stages of the cell cycle, such as mitosis or meiosis.

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  • 2. 

    DNA is found in the nucleus on

    • A.

      The centromere

    • B.

      The nucleus

    • C.

      The chromatin

    • D.

      Vacuole

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. The chromatin
    Explanation
    DNA is found in the nucleus, specifically in the form of chromatin. Chromatin is a complex of DNA, proteins, and RNA that makes up the chromosomes. The centromere is a specific region on the chromosome where the sister chromatids are attached, but it does not contain DNA itself. The nucleus is the organelle that houses the DNA and controls the cell's activities. The vacuole is a storage organelle in plant cells and does not contain DNA. Therefore, the correct answer is the chromatin, as it is the form in which DNA is found in the nucleus.

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  • 3. 

    The genetic material doubles in

    • A.

      Interphase

    • B.

      Metaphase

    • C.

      Anaphase

    • D.

      Telophase

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Interphase
    Explanation
    During interphase, the genetic material in a cell doubles through a process called DNA replication. This is necessary for cell division to occur. Interphase is the longest phase of the cell cycle and is divided into three stages: G1, S, and G2. In the S phase, DNA replication takes place, resulting in the formation of two identical copies of the genetic material. Therefore, interphase is the correct answer as it is the only phase where the genetic material doubles.

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  • 4. 

    The "get ready" stage is

    • A.

      Interphase

    • B.

      Cytokinesis

    • C.

      DNA

    • D.

      Telophase

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Interphase
    Explanation
    The "get ready" stage refers to the phase in the cell cycle where the cell prepares for cell division. This stage is known as interphase. Interphase is the longest stage of the cell cycle and consists of three phases: G1 phase, S phase, and G2 phase. During interphase, the cell grows, replicates its DNA, and prepares for cell division. Therefore, interphase is the correct answer as it accurately describes the stage where the cell gets ready for division.

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  • 5. 

    The end result of mitosis is ________ new cells

    • A.

      One

    • B.

      Two

    • C.

      Three

    • D.

      Four

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Two
    Explanation
    Mitosis is a type of cell division that results in the formation of two identical daughter cells from a single parent cell. Therefore, the correct answer is "two" new cells.

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  • 6. 

    The major purpose of mitosis is for growth and to replace worn out cells.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Mitosis is a type of cell division that occurs in eukaryotic cells. Its major purpose is to ensure growth and replace worn out or damaged cells in the body. During mitosis, a single cell divides into two identical daughter cells, each containing the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell. This process allows for the growth and development of organisms, as well as the replenishment of cells that have been damaged or have reached the end of their lifespan. Therefore, the statement "The major purpose of mitosis is for growth and to replace worn out cells" is true.

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  • 7. 

    _________ is a process where a single cell divides into two identical daughter cells (cell division). 

    Correct Answer
    Mitosis
    Explanation
    Mitosis is the correct answer because it is a type of cell division in which a single cell divides into two identical daughter cells. During mitosis, the genetic material of the cell is replicated and then evenly distributed between the two daughter cells. This process is crucial for growth, development, and repair in multicellular organisms.

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  • 8. 

    _______ is when the DNA in the cell is copied in preparation for cell division, this results in two identical full sets of chromosomes?.

    Correct Answer
    Interphase
    Explanation
    Interphase is the phase in the cell cycle where the DNA is replicated in preparation for cell division. During this phase, the cell undergoes growth and carries out normal cellular functions. The DNA is duplicated so that each resulting cell will have a complete set of chromosomes. Therefore, interphase is the correct answer as it accurately describes the process of DNA replication and the formation of two identical full sets of chromosomes.

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  • 9. 

    Each chromosome is composed of two sister chromatids, containing identical genetic information.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Each chromosome is composed of two sister chromatids, which are replicated copies of the original chromosome. During cell division, the sister chromatids separate and each is distributed to a daughter cell. Therefore, the sister chromatids contain identical genetic information. This is a fundamental process in cell division called chromosome segregation.

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  • 10. 

    At each pole of the cell a full set of chromosomes gather together at the stage of

    • A.

      Anaphase

    • B.

      Telophase

    • C.

      Metaphase

    Correct Answer
    A. Anaphase
    Explanation
    During anaphase, the sister chromatids of each chromosome separate and move towards opposite poles of the cell. This is facilitated by the shortening of microtubules attached to the chromosomes, which pull them apart. Therefore, at each pole of the cell, a full set of chromosomes gather together in anaphase.

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Stephen Reinbold |PhD, Biological Sciences |
Biology Expert
Stephen Reinbold has a Ph.D. in Biological Sciences with a particular interest in teaching. He taught General Biology, Environmental Science, Zoology, Genetics, and Anatomy & Physiology for almost thirty years at Metropolitan Community College in Kansas City, Missouri. He particularly enjoyed emphasizing scientific methodology and student research projects. Now, enjoying retirement, he works part-time as an editor while also engaging in online activities.

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  • Current Version
  • Jun 10, 2024
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    Stephen Reinbold
  • Apr 13, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Lmcpeck
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