CCNA 3 Chapter 3, Discovery 4.0

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By E2d34christ
E
E2d34christ
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 484
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 299

SettingsSettingsSettings
CCNA 3 Chapter 3, Discovery 4.0 - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Refer to the exhibit. What two statements can be concluded from the information that is shown in the exhibit? (Choose two.)

    • A.

      All ports that are listed in the exhibit are access ports.

    • B.

      ARP requests from Host1 will be forwarded to Host2

    • C.

      Attaching Host1 to port 3 will automatically allow communication between both hosts

    • D.

      The default gateway for each host must be changed to 192.168.3.250/28 to allow communication between both hosts

    • E.

      A router connected to the switch is needed to forward traffic between the hosts

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. All ports that are listed in the exhibit are access ports.
    E. A router connected to the switch is needed to forward traffic between the hosts
    Explanation
    From the information shown in the exhibit, we can conclude that all ports listed are access ports because they are assigned to VLANs. Additionally, a router connected to the switch is needed to forward traffic between the hosts because they are in different VLANs and require routing for communication.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    A router is configured to connect to a trunked uplink as shown in the exhibit. A packet is received on the FastEthernet 0/1 physical interface from VLAN 10. The packet destination address is 192.168.1.120. What will the router do with this packet?

    • A.

      The router will forward the packet out of interface FastEthernet 0/1.1 tagged for VLAN 10

    • B.

      The router will forward the packet out of interface FastEthernet 0/1.2 tagged for VLAN 60

    • C.

      The router will forward the packet out of interface FastEthernet 0/1.3 tagged for VLAN 60

    • D.

      The router will forward the packet out interface FastEthernet 0/1.3 tagged for VLAN 120

    • E.

      The router will not process the packet since the source and destination are on the same subnet

    • F.

      The router will drop the packet since no network that includes that source address is attached to the router.

    Correct Answer
    B. The router will forward the packet out of interface FastEthernet 0/1.2 tagged for VLAN 60
    Explanation
    The router will forward the packet out of interface FastEthernet 0/1.2 tagged for VLAN 60 because the packet's destination address matches the VLAN 60 subnet.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    The information contained in a BPDU is used for which two purposes? (Choose two.)

    • A.

      To prevent loops by sharing bridging tables between connected switches

    • B.

      To set the duplex mode of a redundant link

    • C.

      To determine the shortest path to the root bridge

    • D.

      To determine which ports will forward frames as part of the spanning tree

    • E.

      To activate looped paths throughout the network

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. To determine the shortest path to the root bridge
    D. To determine which ports will forward frames as part of the spanning tree
    Explanation
    BPDU (Bridge Protocol Data Unit) is used in spanning tree protocol (STP) to exchange information between switches and prevent loops in a network. The information contained in a BPDU is used to determine the shortest path to the root bridge, which helps in building a loop-free topology. Additionally, the BPDU helps switches determine which ports will forward frames as part of the spanning tree, ensuring that only necessary ports are used for forwarding and preventing unnecessary flooding of frames throughout the network.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    A router has two serial interfaces and two Fast Ethernet interfaces. This router must be connected to a WAN link and to a switch that supports four VLANs. How can this be accomplished in the most efficient and cost-effective manner to support inter-VLAN routing between the four VLANs?

    • A.

      Connect a smaller router to the serial interface to handle the inter-VLAN traffic

    • B.

      Add two additional FastEthernet interfaces to the router to allow one VLAN per interface

    • C.

      Connect a trunked uplink from the switch to one FastEthernet interface on the router and create logical subinterfaces for each VLAN

    • D.

      Use serial-to-FastEthernet tranceivers to connect two of the VLANs to the serial ports on the router. Support the other two VLANs directly to the available FastEthernet ports

    Correct Answer
    C. Connect a trunked uplink from the switch to one FastEthernet interface on the router and create logical subinterfaces for each VLAN
    Explanation
    Connecting a trunked uplink from the switch to one FastEthernet interface on the router and creating logical subinterfaces for each VLAN is the most efficient and cost-effective way to support inter-VLAN routing between the four VLANs. This allows multiple VLANs to be carried over a single physical interface, reducing the need for additional interfaces and cables. Logical subinterfaces can be created to separate and route traffic between the VLANs, providing connectivity and communication between them.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    When are MAC addresses removed from the CAM table?

    • A.

      At regular 30 second intervals

    • B.

      When a broadcast packet is received

    • C.

      When the IP address of a host is changed

    • D.

      After they have been idle for a certain period of time

    Correct Answer
    D. After they have been idle for a certain period of time
    Explanation
    MAC addresses are removed from the CAM table after they have been idle for a certain period of time. The CAM table is responsible for mapping MAC addresses to their corresponding ports on a network switch. When a device sends a frame with its MAC address, the switch updates the CAM table with the MAC address and the port it was received on. If a device does not send any frames for a certain period of time, it is considered idle, and its MAC address is removed from the CAM table to free up space for other devices.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Refer to the exhibit. Switch1 is not participating in the VTP management process with the other switches. Which two are possible reasons for this? (Choose two.)

    • A.

      Switch2 is in transparent mode

    • B.

      Switch1 is in client mode

    • C.

      Switch1 is using VTP version 1 and Switch2 is using VTP version 2

    • D.

      Switch2 is in server mode

    • E.

      Switch1 is in a different management domain

    • F.

      Switch1 has no VLANs

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Switch1 is using VTP version 1 and Switch2 is using VTP version 2
    E. Switch1 is in a different management domain
    Explanation
    Switch1 is not participating in the VTP management process with the other switches because it is using VTP version 1 while Switch2 is using VTP version 2. VTP version 1 and version 2 are not compatible with each other, so they cannot communicate and share VLAN information. Additionally, Switch1 is in a different management domain, which means it is not part of the same VTP domain as the other switches. Therefore, it cannot participate in the VTP management process.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Which three must be used when a router interface is configured for VLAN trunking? (Choose three.)

    • A.

      One subinterface per VLAN

    • B.

      One physical interface for each subinterface

    • C.

      One IP network or subnetwork for each subinterface

    • D.

      One trunked link per VLAN

    • E.

      A management domain for each subinterface

    • F.

      A compatible trunking protocol encapsulation for each subinterface

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. One subinterface per VLAN
    C. One IP network or subnetwork for each subinterface
    F. A compatible trunking protocol encapsulation for each subinterface
    Explanation
    When a router interface is configured for VLAN trunking, three things must be used: one subinterface per VLAN, one IP network or subnetwork for each subinterface, and a compatible trunking protocol encapsulation for each subinterface. These are necessary to ensure that the router can properly communicate with and route traffic between the different VLANs.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Refer to the exhibit. The switches are connected with trunks within the same VTP management domain. Each switch is labeled with its VTP mode. A new VLAN is added to Switch3. This VLAN does not show up on the other switches. What is the reason for this? VLANs cannot be created on transparent mode switches.

    • A.

      Server mode switches neither listen to nor forward VTP messages from transparent mode switches

    • B.

      VLANs created on transparent mode switches are not included in VTP advertisements

    • C.

      There are no ports assigned to the new VLAN on the other switches

    • D.

      Transparent mode switches do not forward VTP advertisements

    Correct Answer
    B. VLANs created on transparent mode switches are not included in VTP advertisements
    Explanation
    In VTP, transparent mode switches do not participate in VTP advertisements, which means they do not send or receive VTP updates. Therefore, any VLANs created on transparent mode switches will not be included in the VTP advertisements and will not be propagated to other switches in the VTP domain. As a result, the new VLAN added to Switch3 will not show up on the other switches.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Which two criteria are used by STP to select a root bridge? (Choose two.)

    • A.

      Memory size

    • B.

      Bridge priority

    • C.

      Switching speed

    • D.

      Number of ports

    • E.

      Best MAC address

    • F.

      Switch location

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Bridge priority
    E. Best MAC address
    Explanation
    STP (Spanning Tree Protocol) uses two criteria to select a root bridge: bridge priority and best MAC address. The bridge priority is a numerical value assigned to each bridge, and the bridge with the lowest priority becomes the root bridge. The best MAC address is used as a tiebreaker when multiple bridges have the same priority. The bridge with the lowest MAC address is selected as the root bridge. These criteria help determine the root bridge in a network and ensure proper spanning tree topology.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Which three steps should be taken before moving a Catalyst switch to a new VTP management domain? (Choose three.)

    • A.

      Reboot the switch

    • B.

      Reset the VTP counters to allow the switch to synchronize with the other switches in the domain

    • C.

      Download the VTP server in the new domain

    • D.

      Configure the VTP server in the domain to recognize the BID of the new switch

    • E.

      Select the correct VTP mode and version

    • F.

      Configure the switch with the name of the new management domain

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Reset the VTP counters to allow the switch to synchronize with the other switches in the domain
    E. Select the correct VTP mode and version
    F. Configure the switch with the name of the new management domain
    Explanation
    Before moving a Catalyst switch to a new VTP management domain, three steps should be taken. First, the VTP counters should be reset to allow the switch to synchronize with the other switches in the domain. This ensures that the switch receives the latest VTP information from the domain. Second, the correct VTP mode and version should be selected to ensure compatibility with the new domain. Finally, the switch should be configured with the name of the new management domain to identify itself as part of that domain. These steps ensure a smooth transition and proper functioning within the new VTP management domain.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Which two items will prevent broadcasts from being sent throughout the network? (Choose two.)

    • A.

      Bridges

    • B.

      Routers

    • C.

      Switches

    • D.

      VLANs

    • E.

      Hubs

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Routers
    D. VLANs
    Explanation
    Routers and VLANs are the two items that can prevent broadcasts from being sent throughout the network. Routers are used to connect different networks and can control the flow of traffic between them, including preventing broadcasts from being forwarded. VLANs, or Virtual Local Area Networks, are used to divide a physical network into multiple virtual networks, and broadcasts are contained within each VLAN, preventing them from being sent to other VLANs.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Which two characteristics describe a port in the STP blocking state? (Choose two.)

    • A.

      Provides port security

    • B.

      Displays a steady green light

    • C.

      Learns MAC addresses as BPDUs are processed

    • D.

      Discards data frames received from the attached segment

    • E.

      Receives BPDUs and directs them to the system module

    Correct Answer(s)
    D. Discards data frames received from the attached segment
    E. Receives BPDUs and directs them to the system module
    Explanation
    A port in the STP blocking state discards data frames received from the attached segment to prevent loops in the network. It also receives Bridge Protocol Data Units (BPDUs) and directs them to the system module for processing and maintaining the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) topology.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    What is the first step in the process of convergence in a spanning tree topology?

    • A.

      Election of the root bridge

    • B.

      Determination of the designated port for each segment

    • C.

      Blocking of the non-designated ports

    • D.

      Selection of the designated trunk port

    • E.

      Activation of the root port for each segment

    Correct Answer
    A. Election of the root bridge
    Explanation
    The first step in the process of convergence in a spanning tree topology is the election of the root bridge. The root bridge is the central point in the network and all other switches in the topology will determine their roles and paths based on the root bridge. By electing the root bridge, the spanning tree protocol establishes a single point of reference for all switches, ensuring a loop-free topology and allowing for efficient communication within the network.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    In which STP state does a switch port transmit user data and learn MAC addresses?

    • A.

      Blocking

    • B.

      Learning

    • C.

      Disabled

    • D.

      Listening

    • E.

      Forwarding

    Correct Answer
    E. Forwarding
    Explanation
    In the Forwarding state, a switch port is actively transmitting user data and learning MAC addresses. This means that the switch is actively forwarding network traffic and updating its MAC address table by learning the source MAC addresses of incoming frames. The switch is fully operational in this state and is actively participating in network communication.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    What is the main purpose of VTP?

    • A.

      Maintaining consistency in VLAN configuration across the network

    • B.

      Routing frames from one VLAN to another

    • C.

      Routing the frames along the best path between switches

    • D.

      Tagging user data frames with VLAN membership information

    • E.

      Distributing BPDUs to maintain loop-free switched ports

    Correct Answer
    A. Maintaining consistency in VLAN configuration across the network
    Explanation
    The main purpose of VTP is to maintain consistency in VLAN configuration across the network. VTP allows for easy management and configuration of VLANs by automatically propagating VLAN information to all switches in the network. This ensures that all switches have the same VLAN database, reducing the chances of misconfigurations and inconsistencies.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Which statement best describes adaptive cut-through switching?

    • A.

      The switch initially forwards all traffic using cut-through switching and then changes to store-and-forward switching if errors exceed a threshold value.

    • B.

      The switch initially forwards all traffic using cut-through switching and then temporarily disables the port if errors exceed a threshold value.

    • C.

      The switch initially forwards all traffic using store-and-forward switching and then changes to cut-through switching if errors exceed a threshold value.

    Correct Answer
    A. The switch initially forwards all traffic using cut-through switching and then changes to store-and-forward switching if errors exceed a threshold value.
    Explanation
    Adaptive cut-through switching is a switching technique where the switch initially forwards all traffic using cut-through switching, which means it starts transmitting the frame before the entire frame has been received. However, if errors exceed a certain threshold value, the switch changes its switching method to store-and-forward switching. Store-and-forward switching involves receiving the entire frame, checking it for errors, and then forwarding it. This adaptive approach allows for faster transmission under normal conditions, but switches to a more reliable method when errors are detected.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Using STP, how long does it take for a switch port to go from the blocking state to the forwarding state?

    • A.

      2 seconds

    • B.

      15 seconds

    • C.

      20 seconds

    • D.

      50 seconds

    Correct Answer
    D. 50 seconds
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 50 seconds. This is because the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) uses a series of timers to determine the state of switch ports. When a switch port initially comes up, it goes through the blocking state for a period of time to allow the STP to calculate the best path for forwarding. This blocking state typically lasts for 20 seconds. After the blocking state, the port transitions to the listening state for an additional 15 seconds. Finally, it enters the forwarding state, where it actively forwards network traffic. Therefore, the total time for a switch port to go from the blocking state to the forwarding state is 20 seconds + 15 seconds + 15 seconds = 50 seconds.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Refer to the exhibit. The switches are interconnected by trunked links and are configured for VTP as shown. A new VLAN is added to Switch1. Which three actions will occur? (Choose three.)

    • A.

      Switch1 will not add the VLAN to its database and will pass the update to Switch2

    • B.

      Switch2 will add the VLAN to its database and pass the update to Switch3

    • C.

      Switch3 will pass the VTP update to Switch4

    • D.

      Switch3 will add the VLAN to its database

    • E.

      Swtich4 will add the VLAN to its database

    • F.

      Switch4 will not receive the update

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Switch2 will add the VLAN to its database and pass the update to Switch3
    C. Switch3 will pass the VTP update to Switch4
    F. Switch4 will not receive the update
    Explanation
    When a new VLAN is added to Switch1, it will update its VTP database with the new VLAN information. Switch1 will then send a VTP update to Switch2. Switch2 will receive the update and add the new VLAN to its database. It will also pass the update to Switch3. Switch3 will receive the update from Switch2 and add the new VLAN to its database. Switch3 will then pass the VTP update to Switch4. However, Switch4 will not receive the update, so it will not add the new VLAN to its database.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Which Catalyst feature causes a switch port to enter the spanning-tree forwarding state immediately?

    • A.

      Backbone fast

    • B.

      Uplink fast

    • C.

      Portfast

    • D.

      Rapid spanning tree

    Correct Answer
    C. Portfast
    Explanation
    Portfast is a Catalyst feature that allows a switch port to bypass the usual spanning-tree listening and learning states and enter the forwarding state immediately. This feature is useful for ports that are connected to end devices, such as computers or printers, as it reduces the time it takes for the port to become operational and avoids unnecessary delays. By enabling portfast, the switch port can quickly start forwarding traffic, improving network efficiency.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    Refer to the exhibit. Which set of commands would be used on the router to provide communication between the two hosts connected to the switch?

    • A.

      Router(config)# interface vlan 2 Router(config-if)# ip address 192.168.2.1 255.255.255.0 Router(config-if)# no shutdown Router(config)# interface vlan 3 Router(config-if)# ip address 192.168.3.1 255.255.255.0 Router(config-if)# no shutdown

    • B.

      Router(config)# interface fastethernet 0/0 Router(config-if)# no shutdown Router(config-if)# interface fastethernet 0/0.2 Router(config-subif)# encapsulation dot1q 2 Router(config-subif)# ip address 192.168.2.1 255.255.255.0 Router(config-if)# interface fastethernet 0/0.3 Router(config-subif)# encapsulation dot1q 3 Router(config-subif)# ip address 192.168.3.1 255.255.255.0

    • C.

      Router(config)# interface vlan 2 Router(config-if)# switchport mode trunk dot1q Router(config)# interface vlan 3 Router(config-if)# switchport mode trunk dot1q

    • D.

      Router(config)# interface fastethernet 0/0 Router(config-if)# mode trunk dot1q 2 3 Router(config-if)# ip address 192.168.2.1 255.255.255.0

    Correct Answer
    B. Router(config)# interface fastethernet 0/0 Router(config-if)# no shutdown Router(config-if)# interface fastethernet 0/0.2 Router(config-subif)# encapsulation dot1q 2 Router(config-subif)# ip address 192.168.2.1 255.255.255.0 Router(config-if)# interface fastethernet 0/0.3 Router(config-subif)# encapsulation dot1q 3 Router(config-subif)# ip address 192.168.3.1 255.255.255.0
    Explanation
    The given set of commands configures the subinterfaces on the router's FastEthernet 0/0 interface with VLAN tagging. The subinterface FastEthernet 0/0.2 is configured with encapsulation dot1q 2 and an IP address of 192.168.2.1, while the subinterface FastEthernet 0/0.3 is configured with encapsulation dot1q 3 and an IP address of 192.168.3.1. This allows communication between the two hosts connected to the switch by assigning them to separate VLANs and providing them with unique IP addresses within their respective VLANs. The "no shutdown" command ensures that the interfaces are enabled.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.