Catholic Religion Quiz (For School)

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| By Bbycbas
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Catholic Religion Quiz (For School) - Quiz

I made this quiz for my religion final to help me study. Its not actually a quiz i made for others, but all are welcome for whoever wants to take it! And whoever wants to enrich their brains with Catholic knowledge!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the theme of the first three Sundays?

    • A.

      Repentance

    • B.

      The Holy Spirit

    • C.

      God

    • D.

      The Cross

    • E.

      Faith

    Correct Answer
    A. Repentance
    Explanation
    The theme of the first three Sundays is repentance. This suggests that during these Sundays, the focus is on acknowledging and turning away from one's sins, seeking forgiveness, and making a conscious effort to change one's behavior. Repentance is often seen as an essential step in spiritual growth and renewal, allowing individuals to reconcile with God and others.

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  • 2. 

    After Mary found out she was pregnant who did she go see?

    • A.

      John the Baptist

    • B.

      Moses

    • C.

      Noah

    • D.

      Her cousin, Elizabeth

    • E.

      Jesus

    Correct Answer
    D. Her cousin, Elizabeth
    Explanation
    Mary went to see her cousin, Elizabeth, after finding out she was pregnant. This is because Elizabeth was also pregnant with John the Baptist at the time, and Mary wanted to share the news and seek guidance from her.

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  • 3. 

    What does a circle symbolize in the Catholic faith?

    • A.

      Faith

    • B.

      Forever

    • C.

      The Trinity

    • D.

      God

    • E.

      Eternal Nature

    Correct Answer
    E. Eternal Nature
    Explanation
    A circle symbolizes eternal nature in the Catholic faith. A circle has no beginning or end, representing the timeless and everlasting nature of God. It signifies God's infinite existence, His eternal love, and His unchanging nature. The circle also represents the concept of eternity and the belief in life after death. It is a powerful symbol that reminds Catholics of God's eternal presence and His everlasting promises.

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  • 4. 

    During Advent, what do people use at home as a symbol?

    • A.

      Manorah

    • B.

      Advent Wreath

    • C.

      Christmas tree

    • D.

      The Cross

    • E.

      Flowers

    Correct Answer
    B. Advent Wreath
    Explanation
    During Advent, people use an Advent Wreath at home as a symbol. The Advent Wreath is a circular wreath made of evergreen branches, with four candles placed on it. Each candle represents one week of Advent, and it is lit on each Sunday leading up to Christmas. The Advent Wreath serves as a visual reminder of the anticipation and preparation for the birth of Jesus Christ.

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  • 5. 

    Which prophet is read the most during Advent?

    • A.

      Jesus

    • B.

      Mark

    • C.

      Isaiah

    • D.

      Paul

    • E.

      Peter

    Correct Answer
    C. Isaiah
    Explanation
    During Advent, the period of preparation and anticipation leading up to Christmas, the prophet Isaiah is read the most. This is because Isaiah's prophecies in the Old Testament are often associated with the coming of the Messiah, and many of his passages are traditionally read and studied during this time. Isaiah's words foretold the birth, life, and mission of Jesus, making his book particularly relevant and significant during the Advent season.

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  • 6. 

    What is an antiphon?

    • A.

      A prayer for the sick

    • B.

      A verse played before/after a psalm

    • C.

      A song sung at Christmas

    • D.

      A scripture reading

    • E.

      Money for the poor

    Correct Answer
    B. A verse played before/after a psalm
    Explanation
    An antiphon is a verse that is played before or after a psalm. It is a musical or spoken response that is often used in religious ceremonies or services. Antiphons are typically used in liturgical traditions and serve to enhance the worship experience by providing a musical or textual contrast to the psalm that is being recited or sung. They can be found in various religious traditions and are an important part of the musical and liturgical heritage of many cultures.

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  • 7. 

    The bread of life is _________?

    Correct Answer
    Jesus
    Explanation
    The phrase "bread of life" is a metaphor used by Jesus in the Bible to describe himself. In John 6:35, Jesus says, "I am the bread of life. Whoever comes to me will never go hungry, and whoever believes in me will never be thirsty." This statement emphasizes that Jesus is the source of spiritual nourishment and eternal life. By referring to himself as the "bread of life," Jesus is conveying the idea that he is essential for sustaining and satisfying the deepest needs of humanity.

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  • 8. 

    We get _________ after we receive communion?

    Correct Answer
    grace
    Explanation
    After receiving communion, we experience grace. Grace is a divine gift or favor bestowed upon us by God, often associated with forgiveness, mercy, and spiritual strength. It is believed that through the act of communion, we are spiritually nourished and receive the grace of God, which helps us grow in our faith and live a righteous life. The sacrament of communion is seen as a means of receiving God's grace and participating in the divine life.

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  • 9. 

    What is the Easter duty?

    Correct Answer
    to receive communion during the easter season
    Explanation
    The Easter duty refers to the obligation for Catholics to receive communion during the Easter season. This duty is based on the belief that receiving the Eucharist is a fundamental part of the Catholic faith and a way to strengthen one's relationship with God. The Easter season, which begins on Easter Sunday and lasts for 50 days until Pentecost, is seen as a particularly important time for Catholics to participate in the sacrament of communion. By fulfilling this duty, Catholics are able to fully participate in the spiritual significance of Easter and deepen their faith.

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  • 10. 

    The sheperd is the sign of _______?

    Correct Answer
    protection and caring.
    Explanation
    The shepherd is often seen as a symbol of protection and caring because they are responsible for guiding and watching over their flock of sheep. They ensure the safety and well-being of the sheep, protecting them from harm and providing for their needs. The shepherd's role involves being vigilant and attentive to the needs of the flock, demonstrating a nurturing and caring nature. This symbolizes the qualities of protection and caring, making the shepherd an appropriate representation of these attributes.

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  • 11. 

    What are the color(s) of Christmas, Lent, Easter, Advent  and Ordinary Time?

    • A.

      Chr.- white and gold Len.- purple Eas.- white and gold Ord.- green Adv.- purple

    • B.

      Chr.- red and green Len.- blue Eas.- yellow and orange Ord.- green Adv.- yellow

    • C.

      Chr.- red and green Len.- pink Eas.- white and pink Ord. blue Adv. Pin and purple

    Correct Answer
    A. Chr.- white and gold Len.- purple Eas.- white and gold Ord.- green Adv.- purple
  • 12. 

    When does Lent start?

    • A.

      April 23

    • B.

      Sunday closest to Jan. 18

    • C.

      Sunday closest to Nov. 30

    • D.

      May 34

    • E.

      Tuesday closest to August 30

    Correct Answer
    C. Sunday closest to Nov. 30
    Explanation
    Lent is a religious observance that begins on Ash Wednesday and lasts for 40 days, leading up to Easter Sunday. The answer "Sunday closest to Nov. 30" is correct because it refers to the date of the start of Lent, which is determined by counting back 40 days from Easter Sunday, excluding Sundays. This calculation brings us to the Sunday closest to Nov. 30 as the starting point for Lent.

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  • 13. 

    What does Epiphany celebrate?

    • A.

      The forgiveness of our sins

    • B.

      God's revelation through himself

    • C.

      Our faith

    • D.

      Love

    • E.

      Breaking of the bread

    Correct Answer
    B. God's revelation through himself
    Explanation
    Epiphany celebrates God's revelation through himself. It is a Christian feast day that commemorates the visit of the Magi to the baby Jesus, symbolizing the revelation of God's presence and salvation to the world. This event is seen as a manifestation of God's divine nature and purpose, and it signifies the inclusion of all nations and people in God's plan of redemption. Epiphany is a reminder of God's self-revelation and the significance of Jesus as the Son of God.

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  • 14. 

    Besides the birth of Christ, what else do we celebrate on Christmas?

    • A.

      Transubstantiation

    • B.

      Creation

    • C.

      Retaliation

    • D.

      Stations of the Cross

    • E.

      The Incarnation

    Correct Answer
    E. The Incarnation
    Explanation
    On Christmas, besides the birth of Christ, we also celebrate the Incarnation. The Incarnation refers to the belief that Jesus, the Son of God, took on human form and became flesh. It is a central doctrine in Christianity and is celebrated on Christmas as a reminder of God's love and presence in the world through Jesus.

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  • 15. 

    The symbol of new life is?

    Correct Answer
    the cross
    Explanation
    The cross is a symbol of new life because it represents the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus Christ in Christianity. It symbolizes the sacrifice and redemption that brings new life to believers. Additionally, the cross is often associated with the concept of rebirth and renewal, as it represents the transformation from death to life. Therefore, the cross is widely recognized as a symbol of new beginnings and the hope of eternal life.

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  • 16. 

    Why did Jesus wash his apostles feet?

    • A.

      Because they were dirty

    • B.

      Because He wanted something to do

    • C.

      He wanted to show they were there to serve each other

    • D.

      God told him to

    • E.

      Because they told him to

    Correct Answer
    C. He wanted to show they were there to serve each other
    Explanation
    Jesus washed his apostles' feet to demonstrate the importance of humility and service. By performing this act of washing their feet, Jesus taught his disciples that they should serve one another and put others' needs before their own. This act also symbolized the cleansing of sins and the need for spiritual purification. Overall, Jesus wanted to show his apostles the true meaning of discipleship and the selfless love they should have for one another.

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  • 17. 

    What is the magnificant?

    • A.

      A type of red wine

    • B.

      A special symbol

    • C.

      What Mary said when she saw her cousin Elizabeth

    • D.

      A gift one of the wise men gave to Jesus when he was born

    • E.

      A type of food Mary ate when she was pregnant with Jesus

    Correct Answer
    C. What Mary said when she saw her cousin Elizabeth
  • 18. 

    What is a sacred sign in the Catholic church/faith?

    Correct Answer
    a sacramental, sacramental
    Explanation
    A sacramental is a sacred sign in the Catholic church/faith. It is a visible symbol or action that represents and conveys God's grace to the believers. Sacramentals include objects like holy water, crucifixes, rosaries, and actions like blessings and processions. They are not considered as essential as the seven sacraments but are believed to bring spiritual blessings and protection to the faithful. The repetition of the word "sacramental" in the answer reinforces the idea that it is the correct term for a sacred sign in the Catholic church/faith.

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  • 19. 

    What is liturgy of the hours?

    Correct Answer
    prayers to the church that priests pray, prayer to the church
    Explanation
    The liturgy of the hours refers to the set of prayers that priests and other members of the church pray at specific times throughout the day. It is a structured form of prayer that follows a specific order and includes psalms, readings, and intercessions. This practice is an important part of the Catholic Church's daily worship and is meant to sanctify and consecrate each part of the day to God.

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  • 20. 

    Who was simeon?

    Correct Answer
  • 21. 

    What are the seasons of the year in order?

    Correct Answer
    Advent, Christmas, Ordinary time, Lent, Easter, Ordinary Time
    Explanation
    The given answer lists the seasons of the year in the correct order. The seasons are Advent, Christmas, Ordinary Time, Lent, Easter, and again Ordinary Time. This order follows the liturgical calendar in Christianity, where Advent marks the beginning of the liturgical year, followed by Christmas to celebrate the birth of Jesus. Ordinary Time refers to the periods between major liturgical seasons. Lent is a time of penance and preparation for Easter, which commemorates the resurrection of Jesus. After Easter, there is another period of Ordinary Time before the cycle repeats.

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  • 22. 

    The whole liturgical year revolves around?

    Correct Answer
    The Resurrection
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The Resurrection." The liturgical year in Christianity is centered around the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The Resurrection is the most important event in Christianity, as it signifies Jesus' victory over sin and death. It is celebrated on Easter Sunday and serves as the foundation for the entire liturgical calendar. The liturgical year includes various seasons and feast days that commemorate different aspects of Jesus' life and teachings, but all of them ultimately point back to the Resurrection as the central event.

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  • 23. 

    What did the wise men give to Jesus when he was born? What did they symbolize?

    Correct Answer
    Gold- Jesus' kingship Frankincence-Jesus' holiness Murr- Jesus' suffering and death
    Explanation
    The wise men gave Jesus gold, frankincense, and myrrh when he was born. Gold symbolized Jesus' kingship, representing his royal status as the King of Kings. Frankincense symbolized Jesus' holiness, signifying his divine nature and his role as the High Priest. Myrrh symbolized Jesus' suffering and death, foreshadowing the sacrifice he would make for humanity's sins. These gifts were significant in acknowledging and honoring Jesus' identity and purpose.

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  • 24. 

    Who is emphasized on the fourth Sunday of Advent?

    Correct Answer
    Mary
    Explanation
    Mary is emphasized on the fourth Sunday of Advent because it is a time of preparation and anticipation for the birth of Jesus. Mary plays a central role in the Christmas story as the mother of Jesus, and the fourth Sunday of Advent is often dedicated to her. This day is an opportunity to reflect on Mary's faith, obedience, and willingness to be the vessel through which God brought his son into the world. It is a time to honor and remember her role in the story of salvation.

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  • 25. 

    What is the root of Jesse?

    Correct Answer
    Jesus' ancestors going back to David
    Explanation
    The root of Jesse refers to the lineage of Jesus, tracing back to David. Jesse was the father of King David, and Jesus is believed to be a descendant of David through Jesse. This answer suggests that the root of Jesse is Jesus' ancestors, indicating the connection between Jesus and his lineage leading back to David.

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  • 26. 

    When does Advent end?

    • A.

      May 22

    • B.

      January 8

    • C.

      Sundown Haloween

    • D.

      Sundown Christmas eve

    • E.

      Sunrise Easter

    Correct Answer
    D. Sundown Christmas eve
    Explanation
    Advent is a Christian season that begins on the fourth Sunday before Christmas and ends on Christmas Eve. During Advent, Christians prepare for the celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ. Therefore, the correct answer is "Sundown Christmas eve" because Advent concludes at the end of Christmas Eve.

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  • 27. 

    How long is Advent?

    • A.

      4 weeks

    • B.

      100 days

    • C.

      40 days

    • D.

      6 weeks

    • E.

      3 years

    Correct Answer
    A. 4 weeks
    Explanation
    Advent is a period of preparation and anticipation for the celebration of Christmas in Christian traditions. It typically begins on the fourth Sunday before Christmas and lasts for four weeks. During this time, believers engage in prayer, reflection, and acts of kindness to prepare their hearts and minds for the birth of Jesus. Therefore, the correct answer is 4 weeks.

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  • 28. 

    What is a creche? 

    Correct Answer
    nativity scene
    Explanation
    A creche is a term commonly used to refer to a nativity scene. A nativity scene is a depiction of the birth of Jesus Christ, usually displayed during the Christmas season. It typically includes figurines representing Mary, Joseph, the baby Jesus, the shepherds, and the wise men, along with animals and other elements. The term "creche" is often used to describe the physical setting or display of the nativity scene, such as a small structure or stable-like setting where the figurines are arranged.

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  • 29. 

    How long is the Christmas season?

    • A.

      Three years

    • B.

      Christmas eve to sunrise at Lent?

    • C.

      Christmas Eve at sundown to Jan. 9

    • D.

      Sunrise Christmas day to Jan. 7 sundown

    Correct Answer
    C. Christmas Eve at sundown to Jan. 9
    Explanation
    The Christmas season lasts from Christmas Eve at sundown to January 9th. This period is traditionally observed as the Twelve Days of Christmas, which begins on Christmas Day and ends on the Feast of the Epiphany. The Epiphany, also known as Three Kings' Day, is celebrated on January 6th and marks the visit of the Magi to the baby Jesus. Therefore, the correct answer is Christmas Eve at sundown to January 9th.

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  • 30. 

    Lent is ____?

    Correct Answer
    Explanation
    Lent is a period of fasting, reflection, and preparation observed by many Christian denominations in the forty days leading up to Easter. It is a time for believers to repent, pray, and engage in acts of self-discipline and self-reflection as they prepare to commemorate the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ.

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  • 31. 

    Lent begins _______?

    • A.

      Ash wednesday

    • B.

      Easter

    • C.

      Holy Thursday

    • D.

      Good Friday

    • E.

      January 29

    Correct Answer
    A. Ash wednesday
    Explanation
    Lent begins on Ash Wednesday. This day marks the start of the Lenten season, a period of forty days of fasting, prayer, and penance in preparation for Easter. Ash Wednesday gets its name from the practice of placing ashes on the foreheads of believers as a sign of repentance and mortality. It is a significant day in the Christian calendar and sets the tone for the observance of Lent.

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  • 32. 

    When does Lent end?

    Correct Answer
    Washing of the feet, Sundown Holy Thursday
    Explanation
    Lent ends with the washing of the feet on Holy Thursday at sundown. This is a significant event in the Christian tradition, symbolizing humility and service. It is part of the Holy Thursday Mass, which commemorates the Last Supper of Jesus Christ with his disciples. The washing of the feet is a ritual where the priest washes the feet of selected individuals, imitating Jesus washing the feet of his disciples. This event marks the conclusion of the Lenten season, which is a period of fasting, prayer, and reflection leading up to Easter.

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  • 33. 

    Stations of the Cross are _____________?

    Correct Answer
    A prayer that shows Jesus' suffering
    Explanation
    The Stations of the Cross are a prayer that depicts the suffering of Jesus during his crucifixion. It is a series of fourteen images or stations that guide believers through Jesus' journey from his condemnation to his burial. Each station represents a specific event during Jesus' Passion, allowing individuals to reflect on his suffering and sacrifice. This prayer is commonly practiced during the season of Lent and is a way for believers to deepen their understanding and connection to Jesus' crucifixion.

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  • 34. 

    What did John (the Baptist) preach?

    Correct Answer
    Repentance, and he is not the savior the savior is on his way. He wasn't good enough to undo his sandals.
    Explanation
    John the Baptist preached repentance and emphasized that he was not the savior, but that the savior was coming soon. This is indicated by the statement that he was not good enough to undo the sandals of the savior. This suggests that John recognized his own unworthiness and humbly acknowledged the superiority of the one who was to come after him.

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  • 35. 

    What is the Pascal Mystery?

    Correct Answer
  • 36. 

    Why is there no mass on Good Friday?

    Correct Answer
    Because its the day Jesus died and we need to reflect on that.
    Explanation
    Good Friday is a solemn day observed by Christians to commemorate the crucifixion and death of Jesus Christ. It is a time for reflection and mourning, rather than a day of celebration. Therefore, there is no mass held on Good Friday as it is a time for believers to focus on the sacrifice Jesus made for humanity and reflect on the significance of his death.

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  • 37. 

    What is the veneration of the Cross?

    Correct Answer
    kissing the cross
    Explanation
    The veneration of the Cross refers to the act of kissing the cross. This practice is commonly observed in Christian traditions, particularly during Good Friday or other religious ceremonies. Kissing the cross is a symbolic gesture of reverence and devotion towards the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. It is a way for believers to express their faith, gratitude, and respect for the sacrifice made by Jesus on the cross.

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  • 38. 

    Who is responsible for Jesus death?

    • A.

      We are

    • B.

      Adam and Eve

    • C.

      John

    • D.

      The Jews

    • E.

      Paul

    Correct Answer
    A. We are
    Explanation
    This answer suggests that all of humanity is responsible for Jesus' death. It implies that the actions of Adam and Eve, John, the Jews, and Paul collectively led to Jesus' crucifixion. This explanation implies a belief in the concept of original sin, where the disobedience of Adam and Eve affected all of humanity, leading to the need for Jesus' sacrifice.

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  • 39. 

    When does the Tridium end?

    Correct Answer
    sundown easter sunday
    Explanation
    The Tridium ends at sundown on Easter Sunday. This is the specific time when the Tridium, which is a period of three days leading up to Easter, concludes. Sundown on Easter Sunday marks the end of this important religious observance.

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  • 40. 

    What are the reproaches on Good Friday?

    Correct Answer
    prayers that tell of God's saving actions through history
    Explanation
    On Good Friday, the reproaches are prayers that recount and reflect on God's saving actions throughout history. These prayers serve as a reminder of God's love, mercy, and sacrifice for humanity. They highlight the various ways in which God has intervened and redeemed his people in the past, leading up to the ultimate act of salvation through the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. By reciting these prayers, believers express their gratitude and seek forgiveness for their sins, acknowledging the immense gift of salvation offered by God.

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  • 41. 

    Easter starts ________?

    Correct Answer
    sundown saturday- easter sunday
    Explanation
    Easter starts at sundown on Saturday and continues until Easter Sunday. This is because in Christian tradition, Easter Sunday marks the resurrection of Jesus Christ, which is believed to have occurred early in the morning. Therefore, the period from sundown on Saturday to Sunday morning is considered the start of Easter.

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  • 42. 

    Easter Vigil is when?

    Correct Answer
    sundown saturday to sundown Easter sunday
    Explanation
    The Easter Vigil is observed from sundown on Holy Saturday to sundown on Easter Sunday. This is a significant time in the Christian faith as it commemorates the resurrection of Jesus Christ. The vigil typically includes the lighting of the Paschal candle, readings from the Bible, and the celebration of the Eucharist. By observing the vigil from sundown to sundown, it allows for a continuous period of reflection and worship that spans the anticipation of Christ's resurrection to the joyous celebration of his triumph over death.

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  • 43. 

    The Council decided  the Pope was what?

    • A.

      The King

    • B.

      The leader of the Church

    • C.

      God

    • D.

      The King of the world

    Correct Answer
    B. The leader of the Church
    Explanation
    The Council decided that the Pope was the leader of the Church. This means that the Council recognized the Pope as the highest authority within the Church, responsible for leading and guiding its members. The decision implies that the Pope holds significant power and influence over the Church and its followers.

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  • 44. 

    Who developed the Niceean Creed?

    Correct Answer
    Nicean Council
    Explanation
    The Nicean Creed was developed by the Nicean Council. The Nicean Council was a gathering of bishops and church leaders that took place in the city of Nicea in 325 AD. The purpose of the council was to address theological controversies and establish a unified doctrine for the Christian Church. One of the key outcomes of the council was the formulation of the Nicean Creed, which outlined the core beliefs of Christianity, including the divinity of Jesus Christ.

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  • 45. 

    What is Transubstantiation? 

    • A.

      Giving the body and blood

    • B.

      Receiving communion

    • C.

      When Jesus became man

    • D.

      Changing the bread and wine to the body and blood

    • E.

      Going to church

    Correct Answer
    D. Changing the bread and wine to the body and blood
    Explanation
    Transubstantiation refers to the belief in the Catholic Church that during the Eucharist, the bread and wine used in the sacrament are transformed into the actual body and blood of Jesus Christ. This transformation is seen as a mystical change in substance while the physical properties of the bread and wine remain the same. Therefore, the correct answer is "changing the bread and wine to the body and blood."

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  • 46. 

    Trinitarian =

    Correct Answer
    comes from trinity, father son holy spirit
    Explanation
    The term "Trinitarian" is derived from the concept of the Trinity, which refers to the Christian belief in the threefold nature of God as the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The word "Trinitarian" is used to describe individuals or groups who adhere to this belief and recognize the importance of the Trinity in their faith.

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  • 47. 

    What does it mean when somebody is pious?

    • A.

      Special

    • B.

      Very cool

    • C.

      Very religious

    • D.

      A priest

    • E.

      They are going to become a saint

    Correct Answer
    C. Very religious
    Explanation
    When someone is described as "pious," it means that they are very religious. This implies that they have a strong devotion to their religious beliefs, regularly participate in religious practices, and strive to live according to the principles and teachings of their faith. Being pious often involves demonstrating reverence, piety, and dedication towards religious rituals, traditions, and moral values.

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  • 48. 

    What is free will?

    Correct Answer
    the ability to choose from right and wrong
    Explanation
    Free will refers to the capacity of individuals to make choices and decisions based on their own volition, without being coerced or influenced by external factors. It encompasses the freedom to choose between different options, including distinguishing between right and wrong. This implies that individuals have the autonomy to exercise their moral judgment and select the course of action they believe is ethically correct, rather than being compelled by external forces. In essence, free will grants individuals the power to act according to their own principles and values, shaping their own destiny through conscious decision-making.

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  • 49. 

    Who was Pope John Paul II?

    Correct Answer
    The pope before Benedict for 26 years
    Explanation
    Pope John Paul II was the pope before Benedict and served for 26 years. This suggests that he had a long and significant tenure as the leader of the Catholic Church.

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  • 50. 

    Which pope brought together Vatican II?

    • A.

      Pope Benidict

    • B.

      Pope John Paul

    • C.

      Peter

    • D.

      Pope John the 23rd

    • E.

      Pope John the 26th

    Correct Answer
    D. Pope John the 23rd
    Explanation
    Pope John the 23rd brought together Vatican II. Vatican II was a historic council held by the Catholic Church from 1962 to 1965, during which significant reforms and changes were made. Pope John the 23rd was the one who called for the council in order to address the modern challenges faced by the Church and to promote unity and dialogue with other Christian denominations. His leadership and vision played a crucial role in convening Vatican II and initiating the important changes that followed.

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