Canadian History Quiz

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Canadian History Quiz - Quiz

The physical geography of Canada is widely varied. Boreal forests prevail throughout the country, ice is prominent in northerly Arctic regions and through the Rocky Mountains, and the relatively flat Canadian Prairies in the southwest facilitate productive agriculture. Test how much you understood about in class by taking the Canadian grade nine-geography practice exam below.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

     Who is Canada's Prime Minister?

    • A.

      Stephen Harper

    • B.

      Dalton McGuinty

    • C.

      Michelle Jean

    Correct Answer
    A. Stephen Harper
    Explanation
    Stephen Harper is the correct answer because he served as the Prime Minister of Canada from 2006 to 2015. He was the leader of the Conservative Party of Canada and held the position for three consecutive terms. Harper implemented various policies during his tenure, including economic reforms and changes to immigration and foreign policy.

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  • 2. 

     What is the captial of Canada?

    • A.

      Toronto

    • B.

      Vancouver

    • C.

      Ottawa

    Correct Answer
    C. Ottawa
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Ottawa because it is the capital city of Canada.

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  • 3. 

    Canada entered into Confederation in.... 

    • A.

      1667

    • B.

      1967

    • C.

      1867

    Correct Answer
    C. 1867
    Explanation
    Canada entered into Confederation in 1867. This is the correct answer because 1867 marks the year when Canada became a federal Dominion, with the joining of the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, and Quebec. This event is known as Confederation and it laid the foundation for the creation of the modern-day Canada.

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  • 4. 

    Which country took control of Quebec away from France, by winning the battle of the Plains of Abraham?  

    • A.

      Britain

    • B.

      Germany

    • C.

      Russia

    Correct Answer
    A. Britain
    Explanation
    Britain took control of Quebec away from France by winning the battle of the Plains of Abraham. This battle took place during the Seven Years' War in 1759, when British forces led by General James Wolfe defeated the French forces led by General Louis-Joseph de Montcalm. As a result of this victory, the British gained control of Quebec and eventually all of New France, leading to the end of French colonial rule in North America.

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  • 5. 

    What was the name of the route to Canada taken by blacks escaping slavery in the US? 

    • A.

      TransCanada Highway

    • B.

      Underground Railway

    • C.

      St. Lawrence Seaway

    Correct Answer
    B. Underground Railway
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Underground Railway. The Underground Railway was a network of secret routes and safe houses that were used by African-American slaves to escape to Canada and other free states in the 19th century. It was called "underground" because its activities were conducted in secret and its routes were hidden from authorities. The Underground Railway played a crucial role in helping thousands of slaves find freedom and was a significant part of the abolitionist movement.

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  • 6. 

    Which province was the last to join Confederation? 

    • A.

      Newfoundland

    • B.

      Ontario

    • C.

      Manitoba

    Correct Answer
    A. Newfoundland
    Explanation
    Newfoundland was the last province to join Confederation because it did not become a part of Canada until 1949. Prior to that, Newfoundland was a separate British colony. It held two referendums in 1948, with the second one resulting in a majority vote in favor of joining Canada. As a result, Newfoundland became the tenth province of Canada on March 31, 1949.

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  • 7. 

    Remembrance Day in Canada falls on November 11. November 11 was the last day of which war?  

    • A.

      Korean War

    • B.

      WWI

    • C.

      Vietnam War

    Correct Answer
    B. WWI
    Explanation
    Remembrance Day in Canada falls on November 11 because it commemorates the end of World War I. On this day in 1918, an armistice was signed, ending the hostilities of the war. Therefore, November 11 is significant as it marks the end of WWI and is observed as a day to remember and honor the sacrifices of Canadian soldiers who fought in the war.

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  • 8. 

     The members of which ethnic group were once forced to pay a head tax to immigrate to Canada? 

    • A.

      Chinese

    • B.

      Blacks

    • C.

      Aboriginals

    Correct Answer
    A. Chinese
    Explanation
    Chinese immigrants were once forced to pay a head tax to immigrate to Canada. This policy was implemented from 1885 to 1923 and aimed to discourage Chinese immigration. The head tax was a fee imposed solely on Chinese immigrants, making it more difficult for them to enter Canada. This discriminatory practice was a result of the prevailing anti-Chinese sentiment and racism during that time period. The head tax was eventually repealed in 1923, but it had a significant impact on the Chinese community in Canada.

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  • 9. 

      What is the name of the Metis leader who was hanged by the federal government in 1885? 

    • A.

      Jame Cabot

    • B.

      Christopher Colombus

    • C.

      Louis Riel

    Correct Answer
    C. Louis Riel
    Explanation
    Louis Riel was a Metis leader who was hanged by the federal government in 1885. He led the Red River Rebellion in 1869-1870 and the Northwest Rebellion in 1885, both of which were aimed at protecting the rights and interests of the Metis people. Riel's actions were seen as a threat to the Canadian government, leading to his arrest and subsequent execution. His death sparked controversy and debate, with many viewing him as a martyr for the Metis cause and others condemning him as a traitor.

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  • 10. 

    What term is commonly used to refer to early French fur traders in Canada?  

    • A.

      Loyalists

    • B.

      Voyageurs

    • C.

      Entrepeneur

    Correct Answer
    B. Voyageurs
    Explanation
    Voyageurs is the correct answer because it is a commonly used term to refer to early French fur traders in Canada. The term "voyageur" originated from the French word "voyager," meaning to travel. These individuals were known for their extensive journeys across the Canadian wilderness in search of fur and trade opportunities. They played a crucial role in the fur trade industry and were instrumental in establishing French influence in Canada during the 17th and 18th centuries.

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  • 11. 

    Canada's head of government is the Governor General.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Governor General is the representative of the monarch in Canada and serves as the head of state. While the Prime Minister is the head of government, the Governor General holds significant constitutional powers and responsibilities, including appointing the Prime Minister and giving royal assent to legislation. Therefore, Canada's head of government is indeed the Governor General.

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  • 12. 

     The first Prime MInister of Canada was Lester B Pearson.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. The first Prime Minister of Canada was Sir John A. Macdonald, not Lester B. Pearson. Pearson served as the Prime Minister of Canada from 1963 to 1968, but he was not the first.

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  • 13. 

     Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories. Nunavut being the latest territory created in 1999.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Canada does indeed have 10 provinces and 3 territories. Nunavut is the most recent territory, having been created in 1999. This information is correct and therefore the answer is true.

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  • 14. 

    Canada has 1 official language and that is English. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Canada actually has two official languages, English and French. The Official Languages Act, passed in 1969, recognized both languages as having equal status and rights in government institutions and federal services. This was done to acknowledge and protect the linguistic duality of the country, as a significant portion of the population speaks French as their first language.

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  • 15. 

    At the beginning of the 20th century the Dominion of Canada was a part of the British Empire, with the status of a colony 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    At the beginning of the 20th century, the Dominion of Canada was indeed a part of the British Empire and had the status of a colony. This means that Canada was under the control and governance of the British government, and its policies and decisions were influenced by the British Empire. However, Canada did have some degree of autonomy and self-governance within the empire, with its own government and institutions.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 08, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Uzoruo
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