Canadian Grade Nine Geography Practice Exam

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9th Grade Geography Quizzes & Trivia

The physical geography of Canada is widely varied. Boreal forests prevail throughout the country, ice is prominent in northerly Arctic regions and through the Rocky Mountains, and the relatively flat Canadian Prairies in the southwest facilitate productive agriculture. Test how much you understood about in class by taking the Canadian grade nine-geography practice exam below.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    List the eras in correct order:

    • A.

      Cenozoic, Paleozoic, Mesozoic, Precambrian

    • B.

      Cenozoic, Mesozoic, Paleozoic, Precambrian

    • C.

      Mesozoic, Paleozoic, Precambrian, Cenozoic

    Correct Answer
    B. Cenozoic, Mesozoic, Paleozoic, Precambrian
    Explanation
    The correct order of the eras is Cenozoic, Mesozoic, Paleozoic, Precambrian. The Cenozoic era is the most recent era, followed by the Mesozoic era, which includes the age of dinosaurs. The Paleozoic era comes next, known for the development of complex life forms. The Precambrian era is the oldest and encompasses the majority of Earth's history.

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  • 2. 

    What major geological/biological events occured in the Mesozoic era?

    • A.

      Innuitian Mountains formed, Dinosaurs & Birds & Mammals appeared

    • B.

      Canadian Shield formed, first single celled and multi celled organisms

    • C.

      Formation of Rocky Mountains is complete, human beings develop

    Correct Answer
    A. Innuitian Mountains formed, Dinosaurs & Birds & Mammals appeared
    Explanation
    During the Mesozoic era, the Innuitian Mountains formed, and this geological event is supported by scientific evidence. Additionally, this era witnessed the appearance of dinosaurs, birds, and mammals, which is also well-documented in the fossil record. These major biological events marked significant evolutionary developments and shaped the biodiversity of the era.

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  • 3. 

    What era do we live in?

    • A.

      Cenozoic

    • B.

      Precambrian

    • C.

      Mesozoic

    Correct Answer
    A. Cenozoic
    Explanation
    The Cenozoic era is the correct answer because it is the current geological era that began around 66 million years ago and continues to the present day. It is characterized by the diversification of mammals, including the appearance of humans. This era is also known as the "Age of Mammals" and is marked by significant climate changes, the formation of modern continents, and the evolution of numerous species.

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  • 4. 

    If it is 7:00 AM in Manitoba, What time is it in Quebec?

    • A.

      It is 4:00 AM in Quebec.

    • B.

      It is 8:00 AM in Quebec.

    • C.

      It is 9:00 AM in Quebec.

    Correct Answer
    C. It is 9:00 AM in Quebec.
    Explanation
    Manitoba is in the Central Time Zone, which is 2 hours behind the Eastern Time Zone where Quebec is located. Therefore, if it is 7:00 AM in Manitoba, it would be 9:00 AM in Quebec.

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  • 5. 

    How many hours ahead of British Columbia is Newfoundland?                                                                                               

    • A.

      4 hours, 30 minutes

    • B.

      3 hours

    • C.

      2 hours. 30 minutes

    Correct Answer
    A. 4 hours, 30 minutes
    Explanation
    Newfoundland is located in the Atlantic Time Zone, which is 4 hours ahead of the Pacific Time Zone where British Columbia is located. Additionally, Newfoundland follows Daylight Saving Time, which adds an additional 30 minutes to the time difference during that period. Therefore, the correct answer is 4 hours, 30 minutes.

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  • 6. 

    How many time zones are there in Canada?

    • A.

      Seven

    • B.

      Six

    • C.

      Five

    Correct Answer
    B. Six
    Explanation
    Canada has six time zones. The country spans a large geographic area, from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, and includes various regions. The time zones in Canada are Newfoundland Time Zone, Atlantic Time Zone, Eastern Time Zone, Central Time Zone, Mountain Time Zone, and Pacific Time Zone. Each time zone represents a specific region within the country, allowing for standardized timekeeping across the vast territory.

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  • 7. 

    How many time zones are there in the world?

    • A.

      24

    • B.

      12

    • C.

      45

    Correct Answer
    A. 24
    Explanation
    There are 24 time zones in the world. Each time zone represents a specific region where the local time is the same. This division allows for standardized timekeeping across different parts of the globe. The 24 time zones are based on the Earth's rotation and are approximately 15 degrees of longitude apart. As the Earth rotates, different regions enter and exit different time zones, ensuring that the time remains consistent within each zone.

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  • 8. 

    An ecological footprint is measured in hectares.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    An ecological footprint is a measure of the impact of human activities on the environment, specifically in terms of the amount of land and resources required to sustain those activities. It takes into account factors such as energy consumption, waste production, and carbon emissions. The measurement unit for ecological footprint is hectares, which represents the amount of biologically productive land and water area needed to support those activities. Therefore, the statement that an ecological footprint is measured in hectares is correct.

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  • 9. 

    Eastings are vertical lines.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Eastings are not vertical lines. In cartography, eastings are actually horizontal lines that run from west to east, parallel to the equator. They are used to determine the east-west position or coordinates of a location on a map or grid system. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 10. 

    Latitude uses degrees, minutes and seconds.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Latitude is a geographical coordinate that specifies the north-south position of a point on the Earth's surface. It is measured in degrees, minutes, and seconds. Therefore, the given statement is true as latitude indeed uses degrees, minutes, and seconds to determine the exact location of a place on the Earth.

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  • 11. 

    A GPS can tell other people where you are.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A GPS device is designed to determine and provide the user with their own location coordinates, but it does not have the capability to transmit or share this information with other people. Therefore, it cannot tell other people where you are.

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  • 12. 

    To turn Sedimentary rock to sediments you would add heat.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Sedimentary rocks are formed through the process of weathering, erosion, deposition, and lithification. Heat is not required to turn sedimentary rock into sediments. Sediments are actually the small particles and fragments of rocks that are eroded and transported by wind, water, or ice. These sediments then undergo compaction and cementation to form sedimentary rocks. Heat is not involved in this process. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 13. 

    Most sediments settle in water.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Sediments are small particles of solid material that are transported and deposited by water, wind, or ice. When sediments are carried by water, they eventually settle down due to gravity and form layers at the bottom of bodies of water such as rivers, lakes, and oceans. This process is known as sedimentation. Therefore, it is true that most sediments settle in water.

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  • 14. 

    The Prairies is mainly deciduous forests.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Prairies are not mainly deciduous forests. The Prairies, also known as the Great Plains, are characterized by vast grasslands and are primarily composed of grasses and other herbaceous plants. Deciduous forests, on the other hand, are dominated by trees that shed their leaves seasonally. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 15. 

    Describe the rain shadow effect.

  • 16. 

    The Great Lakes are in the _____ Climate region

    • A.

      Prairies

    • B.

      South-Eastern

    • C.

      Boreal

    • D.

      Atlantic Maritime

    Correct Answer
    B. South-Eastern
    Explanation
    The Great Lakes are in the South-Eastern climate region because this region experiences a humid continental climate. The South-Eastern region is characterized by hot summers and cold winters, with moderate precipitation throughout the year. This climate is suitable for the formation and maintenance of the Great Lakes, as they receive ample precipitation and experience seasonal temperature variations.

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  • 17. 

    The Canadian Shield is located in the ____ climate region.

    • A.

      Boreal

    • B.

      Prairies

    • C.

      Taiga

    Correct Answer
    A. Boreal
    Explanation
    The Canadian Shield is located in the Boreal climate region. The Boreal climate region is characterized by long, cold winters and short, cool summers. It is dominated by coniferous forests and is found in northern regions, including parts of Canada. The Canadian Shield, also known as the Laurentian Plateau, is a large area of exposed Precambrian rock that covers much of eastern and central Canada. It is known for its rugged terrain, numerous lakes, and extensive forests, all of which are typical of the Boreal climate region.

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  • 18. 

    Contour lines show:

    • A.

      Ocean Currents

    • B.

      Wind Patterns

    • C.

      Elevation

    Correct Answer
    C. Elevation
    Explanation
    Contour lines are used to represent elevation on a map. They connect points of equal elevation, allowing us to visualize the shape and steepness of the land. By closely spaced lines, we can identify steep slopes, while widely spaced lines indicate flat areas. Therefore, contour lines are a helpful tool for understanding the topography of an area and are not related to ocean currents or wind patterns.

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  • 19. 

    Three types of precipitation are:

    • A.

      Relief, Cyclonic, Snow

    • B.

      Cyclonic, Relief, Convectional

    • C.

      Water, Cyclones, Relief

    Correct Answer
    B. Cyclonic, Relief, Convectional
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Cyclonic, Relief, Convectional. These are the three types of precipitation. Cyclonic precipitation occurs when warm air rises and cools, creating clouds and precipitation in low-pressure systems. Relief precipitation happens when moist air is forced to rise over mountains, leading to cooling, cloud formation, and precipitation. Convectional precipitation occurs when the sun heats the ground, causing warm air to rise and cool, forming clouds and precipitation.

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  • 20. 

    4 main parts of soil are:

    • A.

      Moisture, Air, Molecules, Bacteria

    • B.

      Moisture, Air, Minerals, Bacteria

    • C.

      Minerals, Dirt, Rocks, Air

    Correct Answer
    B. Moisture, Air, Minerals, Bacteria
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Moisture, Air, Minerals, Bacteria." Soil consists of these four main components. Moisture is important for the growth of plants and the survival of organisms in the soil. Air is necessary for the respiration of plant roots and soil organisms. Minerals provide essential nutrients for plants. Bacteria play a crucial role in the decomposition of organic matter and nutrient cycling in the soil.

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  • 21. 

    An ecozone is determined by physical, biological, and human factors.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    An ecozone is a geographic region characterized by its unique combination of physical, biological, and human factors. These factors include climate, landforms, soil types, vegetation, wildlife, and human activities. The presence and interaction of these factors determine the distinct ecological characteristics of an ecozone. Therefore, it is true that an ecozone is determined by physical, biological, and human factors.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 26, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Smartie000
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