Business Law And Ethics Test Quiz Part- I

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Business Law And Ethics Test Quiz Part- I - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is a type of larceny?

    • A.

      Robbery

    • B.

      Murder

    • C.

      Conspiracy

    • D.

      Extortion

    Correct Answer
    A. Robbery
    Explanation
    Robbery is a type of larceny because it involves the unlawful taking of someone else's property through force or threat of force. Unlike other crimes listed, such as murder, conspiracy, or extortion, robbery specifically pertains to the act of stealing someone's belongings directly from their person or immediate presence. This distinction makes robbery a clear example of larceny, which refers to the illegal taking and carrying away of someone's personal property without their consent.

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  • 2. 

    What are the four factors of production that cause business ethics to be impugned?

    • A.

      Land, Trade, Ideas, Honesty

    • B.

      Land, Labor, Capital and Technology

    • C.

      Labor, Entrepreneurship, Monetary Engagement, Ethical Decision Making

    • D.

      Capitol, Ideas, Honesty, Righteousness

    Correct Answer
    B. Land, Labor, Capital and Technology
    Explanation
    The four factors of production that cause business ethics to be impugned are land, labor, capital, and technology. These factors play a significant role in shaping business practices and can be sources of ethical concerns. Land can be associated with issues such as environmental degradation or unfair land acquisition. Labor can involve unethical practices like exploitation or poor working conditions. Capital can lead to unethical behavior such as fraud or corruption. Technology can raise ethical concerns related to privacy, data security, or automation displacing workers.

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  • 3. 

    Which government agency is responsible for handling systemic issues related to business ethics?

    • A.

      President of the United States

    • B.

      Exxon Mobil Incorporate

    • C.

      Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

    • D.

      Federal Depository

    Correct Answer
    C. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
    Explanation
    The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is responsible for handling systemic issues related to business ethics. The SEC is a government agency that regulates the securities industry, including the stock market. It ensures that companies follow ethical practices and comply with laws and regulations to protect investors and maintain fair and transparent markets. The President of the United States, Exxon Mobil Incorporate, and the Federal Depository are not specifically responsible for handling systemic issues related to business ethics.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is best considered the first example of globalization?

    • A.

      McDonald's Corporation

    • B.

      Walmart

    • C.

      The Silk Road

    • D.

      Europeans Sailing Across the Atlantic Ocean

    Correct Answer
    C. The Silk Road
    Explanation
    The Silk Road is considered the first example of globalization because it was a network of trade routes that connected the East and West, facilitating the exchange of goods, ideas, and cultures between different regions. It played a crucial role in the spread of goods such as silk, spices, and precious metals, as well as the transmission of knowledge and technologies. The Silk Road promoted economic growth, cultural exchange, and political interactions between civilizations, making it a significant milestone in the history of globalization.

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  • 5. 

    What is the age where children are considered beyond the age of reason?

    • A.

      Seven (7)

    • B.

      Twenty-One (21)

    • C.

      Eighteen (18)

    • D.

      Fifteen (15)

    Correct Answer
    A. Seven (7)
    Explanation
    The age of seven is considered the age of reason because it is around this time that children start to develop the ability to think logically and understand cause and effect. At this age, children are typically able to make more rational decisions and understand the consequences of their actions. This is an important milestone in their cognitive development and marks the beginning of their ability to think and reason like adults.

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  • 6. 

    Globalization is best defined as the...

    • A.

      Restriction of goods and services in production

    • B.

      Free flowing of goods and services through international borders

    • C.

      The violation international treaties and patents

    • D.

      The ability to enslave the American worker

    Correct Answer
    B. Free flowing of goods and services through international borders
    Explanation
    Globalization refers to the process of increasing interconnectedness and integration of economies, cultures, and societies across the world. The free flowing of goods and services through international borders is a key aspect of globalization. This involves the removal or reduction of barriers such as tariffs and trade restrictions, allowing for the exchange of goods and services between countries. This enables businesses to expand their markets globally, promotes economic growth, and fosters cultural exchange and cooperation among nations.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following companies engaged in a criminal conspiracy to defraud the public?

    • A.

      NBC

    • B.

      Disney Corporation

    • C.

      Enron

    • D.

      Patent Mac Incorporated

    Correct Answer
    C. Enron
    Explanation
    Enron engaged in a criminal conspiracy to defraud the public. Enron was an American energy company that manipulated its financial statements and concealed its debts to deceive investors and the public. This fraudulent activity eventually led to the company's bankruptcy in 2001 and the exposure of one of the biggest corporate scandals in history. The executives at Enron were involved in various illegal activities, such as inflating profits, hiding losses, and engaging in accounting fraud, which ultimately caused significant financial harm to shareholders and employees.

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  • 8. 

    Which court would the Bernie Madoff Ponzi Scheme case have gone to in the state of Colorado?

    • A.

      Small Claims Court

    • B.

      Trial Court

    • C.

      Appellate Court

    • D.

      Tribunal Court

    Correct Answer
    B. Trial Court
    Explanation
    The Bernie Madoff Ponzi Scheme case would have gone to the Trial Court in the state of Colorado. The Trial Court is the initial court where legal disputes are heard and evidence is presented. It is responsible for determining the facts of the case and applying the relevant laws. In this case, the Trial Court would have been responsible for hearing the evidence and deciding on the guilt or innocence of Bernie Madoff in relation to the Ponzi Scheme.

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  • 9. 

    Which crime is commonly referred to as blackmail?

    • A.

      Conspiracy

    • B.

      Identify Theft

    • C.

      Extortion

    • D.

      Murder

    Correct Answer
    C. Extortion
    Explanation
    Extortion is commonly referred to as blackmail because it involves the act of obtaining something, such as money or property, through coercion and threats. In extortion, the perpetrator threatens to reveal embarrassing, damaging, or incriminating information about the victim unless they comply with their demands. This crime is often associated with demanding money in exchange for silence or not disclosing sensitive information. Unlike conspiracy, identity theft, or murder, which involve different criminal activities, extortion specifically involves the act of blackmailing someone for personal gain.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following is an argument in support of globalization for businesses?

    • A.

      Cheaper prices = More prosperity for consumers

    • B.

      The highest cost is being passed on to consumers

    • C.

      Free Trade = Lower costs of production

    • D.

      More government intervention

    Correct Answer
    C. Free Trade = Lower costs of production
    Explanation
    The argument in support of globalization for businesses is that free trade leads to lower costs of production. This is because when businesses are able to trade freely with other countries, they can access cheaper resources and labor, which reduces their production costs. As a result, businesses can offer their products at lower prices, making them more competitive in the global market. This can lead to increased profitability and growth for businesses, as well as potentially benefiting consumers through cheaper prices.

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  • 11. 

    What is the maximum amount of money a civil claims court is allowed to render to a plaintiff?

    • A.

      $1,000

    • B.

      $4,000

    • C.

      $1,000,000

    • D.

      $500,000

    Correct Answer
    B. $4,000
    Explanation
    A civil claims court is allowed to render a maximum amount of $4,000 to a plaintiff. This means that if a plaintiff wins their case in a civil claims court, they can receive a maximum of $4,000 in monetary compensation. The court cannot award more than this amount to the plaintiff.

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  • 12. 

    What is the name of the organization that is responsible for handling trade disputes between countries?

    • A.

      Globalization

    • B.

      NAFTA

    • C.

      WTO

    • D.

      KFAP

    Correct Answer
    C. WTO
    Explanation
    The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the organization responsible for handling trade disputes between countries. It is an international body that promotes and enforces global trade rules, resolves trade disputes, and facilitates negotiations among member countries. The WTO ensures that trade flows smoothly, predictably, and without discrimination, thereby fostering economic growth and development.

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  • 13. 

    How are felonies different from misdemeanors?

    • A.

      Misdemeanors have limited jail time and a fine

    • B.

      Serious crime punishable either by confinement for more than one year in a state prison, federal prison, or by execution

    • C.

      Felonies have little to no jail time

    • D.

      Misdemeanors are a part of felonies

    Correct Answer
    B. Serious crime punishable either by confinement for more than one year in a state prison, federal prison, or by execution
    Explanation
    Felonies are different from misdemeanors because they are serious crimes that can result in punishment such as confinement for more than one year in a state prison, federal prison, or even execution. Misdemeanors, on the other hand, have limited jail time and a fine. Therefore, the correct answer accurately explains the distinction between felonies and misdemeanors based on the severity of the crime and the potential punishment.

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  • 14. 

    Which one of the following is considered a crime against a property?

    • A.

      Murder

    • B.

      Extortion

    • C.

      Manslaughter

    • D.

      Embezzlement

    Correct Answer
    D. Embezzlement
    Explanation
    Embezzlement is considered a crime against property because it involves the fraudulent appropriation of someone else's funds or property by a person entrusted with its care, typically an employee or a public official. This act involves the illegal conversion of the property for personal gain, which directly violates the rights of the property owner. Unlike murder, extortion, and manslaughter, which involve harm to individuals, embezzlement specifically targets property and financial assets.

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  • 15. 

    To litigate is to....

    • A.

      To arrest a person

    • B.

      To take a person to court

    • C.

      To steal from a person

    • D.

      To exact revenge from another person who has wronged you previously

    Correct Answer
    B. To take a person to court
    Explanation
    To litigate means to take a person to court. Litigation is the process of resolving disputes or legal matters through the judicial system. It involves presenting arguments and evidence before a judge or jury to seek a legal remedy or resolution. This can include filing a lawsuit, attending court hearings, and engaging in legal proceedings to resolve the issue at hand.

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  • 16. 

    Which court is the first court a person will face if accused of a crime?

    • A.

      Trial Court

    • B.

      Civil Claims Court

    • C.

      Supreme Court

    • D.

      Appeals Court

    Correct Answer
    A. Trial Court
    Explanation
    The trial court is the first court a person will face if accused of a crime. This is because the trial court is responsible for conducting the initial proceedings and determining the guilt or innocence of the accused. It is where evidence is presented, witnesses are called, and arguments are made by both the prosecution and defense. The trial court's decision can be appealed to higher courts if necessary.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following is considered a multinational corporation?

    • A.

      McDonald's

    • B.

      King Soopers

    • C.

      Safeway Market

    • D.

      Denver Nuggets

    Correct Answer
    A. McDonald's
    Explanation
    McDonald's is considered a multinational corporation because it operates in multiple countries around the world. It has a global presence with thousands of restaurants in various countries, making it a prime example of a multinational corporation.

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  • 18. 

    What does the word alleged means in relation to court proceedings?

    • A.

      The guilt of a defendant

    • B.

      The innocence of a defendant

    • C.

      The supposed or accused of directed at the defendant

    • D.

      The health of a defendant

    Correct Answer
    C. The supposed or accused of directed at the defendant
    Explanation
    The word "alleged" in relation to court proceedings means that someone is being supposed or accused of something. It suggests that there are claims or accusations against the defendant, but it does not imply their guilt or innocence. The term is used to indicate that there are allegations made against the defendant, which will be further examined and proven or disproven during the court proceedings.

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  • 19. 

    What is the term for the pre-trial questioning of opposing parties and witnesses?

    • A.

      Appellate Review

    • B.

      Deposition

    • C.

      Argumentative Review

    • D.

      Opposition Research Review

    Correct Answer
    B. Deposition
    Explanation
    Deposition is the correct answer because it refers to the pre-trial questioning of opposing parties and witnesses. During a deposition, attorneys have the opportunity to ask questions and gather information from individuals involved in the case. This process helps to gather evidence, assess the credibility of witnesses, and prepare for trial. Appellate review, argumentative review, and opposition research review do not accurately describe the pre-trial questioning process.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following terms means to appear before a judge to provide testimony to a court of law?

    • A.

      Deposition

    • B.

      Discovery

    • C.

      Witness Statement

    • D.

      Subpeona

    Correct Answer
    D. Subpeona
    Explanation
    A subpoena is a legal document that requires a person to appear in court and provide testimony. It is issued by a judge and serves as a formal request for a person's presence in court. This term specifically refers to the act of appearing before a judge to provide testimony to a court of law.

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  • 21. 

    When a defendant does not pay or adhere to the verdict of the court, the defendant will receive a...?

    • A.

      Writ of Execution

    • B.

      Penalty Sentence

    • C.

      Final Judgment

    • D.

      Deposition

    Correct Answer
    A. Writ of Execution
    Explanation
    When a defendant does not pay or adhere to the verdict of the court, the court may issue a Writ of Execution. This legal document authorizes the enforcement of a judgment by allowing the plaintiff to seize the defendant's assets or property in order to satisfy the debt or obligation. It is a means of compelling the defendant to comply with the court's decision and fulfill their financial obligations as determined by the verdict.

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  • 22. 

    Which two things are interminably linked according to modern scholars?

    • A.

      Morality and Religion

    • B.

      Theology and Religion

    • C.

      Accounting and Religion

    • D.

      Morality and Economics

    Correct Answer
    A. Morality and Religion
    Explanation
    Morality and religion are interminably linked according to modern scholars. This is because religion often provides the foundation for moral values and ethical principles. Many religious doctrines and teachings guide individuals on how to behave morally and make ethical decisions. Religion often shapes people's moral beliefs, influences their actions, and provides a framework for understanding right and wrong. Therefore, morality and religion are seen as interconnected and mutually reinforcing concepts in many scholarly discussions.

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  • 23. 

    Who wrote the first official code of laws used by a human civilization?

    • A.

      Benjamin Franklin and the Founding Fathers of the USA

    • B.

      Hammurabi

    • C.

      Louis XIV

    • D.

      King Adams IV

    Correct Answer
    B. Hammurabi
    Explanation
    Hammurabi is the correct answer because he is known for creating the first official code of laws used by a human civilization. Hammurabi was the sixth king of the Babylonian dynasty and his code of laws, known as the Code of Hammurabi, consisted of 282 laws that covered various aspects of life such as commerce, property, and family. This code was significant as it established a system of justice and set standards for behavior in ancient Babylon. Benjamin Franklin and the Founding Fathers of the USA, Louis XIV, and King Adams IV are not associated with the creation of the first official code of laws.

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  • 24. 

    Who are the two great Chinese philosopohers that proposed moral and ethical theories in early Chinese civilization?

    • A.

      Lao-Tzu and Confucius

    • B.

      Confucius and Sun-Tzu

    • C.

      Lao-Tzu and Sun-Tzu

    • D.

      Emperor Nagasaki

    Correct Answer
    A. Lao-Tzu and Confucius
    Explanation
    Lao-Tzu and Confucius were two great Chinese philosophers who proposed moral and ethical theories in early Chinese civilization. Lao-Tzu was the founder of Taoism and emphasized living in harmony with nature and the importance of simplicity. Confucius, on the other hand, focused on the importance of social relationships, filial piety, and moral conduct. Both philosophers had a significant impact on Chinese culture and their teachings continue to influence Chinese society to this day.

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  • 25. 

    Who expressed the moral theory that "God is Dead?"

    • A.

      Immanuel Kant

    • B.

      Lao-Tzu

    • C.

      Confucius

    • D.

      Nietzsche

    Correct Answer
    D. Nietzsche
    Explanation
    Nietzsche expressed the moral theory that "God is Dead." This concept is a central theme in Nietzsche's philosophy, particularly in his work "Thus Spoke Zarathustra." Nietzsche argued that the decline of traditional religious beliefs and values in modern society had led to the death of God as a moral authority. He believed that this loss of belief in God's existence had significant implications for human morality and the need for individuals to create their own values and meaning in life.

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  • 26. 

    What does Meta-Ethics or Normative Ethics deal with primarily?

    • A.

      How one person chooses a mate

    • B.

      How one person makes a decision over another

    • C.

      The opportunity cost of decision making

    • D.

      What is right and what is wrong

    Correct Answer
    D. What is right and what is wrong
    Explanation
    Meta-Ethics or Normative Ethics primarily deals with determining what is right and what is wrong. It focuses on understanding the nature of ethical judgments, the meaning of moral terms, and the justification for ethical principles. This branch of ethics explores the foundations and principles that guide ethical behavior and decision-making, rather than focusing on individual choices or decision-making processes.

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  • 27. 

    Who developed the idea of natural law?

    • A.

      St. Thomas Aquinas

    • B.

      St. Augustine

    • C.

      St. Peter

    • D.

      Confucius

    Correct Answer
    A. St. Thomas Aquinas
    Explanation
    St. Thomas Aquinas is credited with developing the idea of natural law. He was a medieval philosopher and theologian who integrated the principles of Aristotle's philosophy with Christian theology. Aquinas believed that there is an inherent moral order in the universe, and that human beings can discover this order through reason. He argued that natural law is universal and unchanging, and serves as a guide for human behavior. Aquinas' work on natural law has had a significant impact on Western philosophy and ethics.

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  • 28. 

    What does to amend mean?

    • A.

      To remain the same

    • B.

      To Change

    • C.

      To create anew

    Correct Answer
    B. To Change
    Explanation
    Amend means to make changes or modifications to something. It involves altering or revising a particular aspect in order to improve or correct it. Therefore, the correct answer is "To Change."

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  • 29. 

    The main difference between a republic and a pure democracy is that a republic...

    • A.

      Allows all people the right to choose one candidate

    • B.

      Votes for people who in turn for their voters' interests

    • C.

      Allows impartiality to exist

    • D.

      Is not tainted by federal officials

    Correct Answer
    B. Votes for people who in turn for their voters' interests
    Explanation
    A republic differs from a pure democracy because it involves voting for representatives who will then act in the best interests of their constituents. In a pure democracy, all people would have the right to directly choose one candidate, whereas in a republic, the people elect representatives who will make decisions on their behalf. This system allows for the voters' interests to be represented by elected officials, ensuring that their voices are heard and considered in the decision-making process.

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  • 30. 

    Complete the missing word in this sentence.... "No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without __________ _______________ of _____________

    Correct Answer
    Due Process Law
    Due Process of Law
    due process of law
    due process
    Due Process
    Explanation
    The missing word in the sentence is "due process." The phrase "due process" refers to the legal requirement that the government must respect all of a person's legal rights before depriving them of life, liberty, or property. It ensures that individuals are treated fairly and have the opportunity to defend themselves in a court of law. The different variations of the answer all convey the same meaning, emphasizing the importance of following proper legal procedures when making decisions that may impact an individual's rights.

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  • 31. 

    Which amendment abolished slavery?

    • A.

      Sixth

    • B.

      Twentieth

    • C.

      Nineteenth

    • D.

      Thirteenth

    Correct Answer
    D. Thirteenth
    Explanation
    The Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery in the United States. It was ratified in 1865, following the end of the American Civil War. This amendment was a crucial step towards ending the institution of slavery and ensuring the freedom of all individuals within the country.

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  • 32. 

    What is the primary motivation for children in Lawrence Kohlberg's pyramid in Level One, Stage One?

    • A.

      Self-Centered Motivation

    • B.

      Reliance on Authority

    • C.

      Understanding of Rules and Expectations

    • D.

      Nervousness and Fear

    Correct Answer
    A. Self-Centered Motivation
    Explanation
    In Lawrence Kohlberg's pyramid, Level One, Stage One, the primary motivation for children is self-centered motivation. This means that their actions and decisions are driven by their own self-interest and desires. They are primarily focused on satisfying their own needs and wants, without considering the needs or perspectives of others. This stage is characterized by egocentrism and a lack of empathy towards others.

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  • 33. 

    What do most people use to justify their moral reasoning and decisions in the world today?

    • A.

      Self-Motivation

    • B.

      Factual Evidence of a person's judgment

    • C.

      Self-Inflicted Interests

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Factual Evidence of a person's judgment
    Explanation
    Most people use factual evidence of a person's judgment to justify their moral reasoning and decisions in the world today. This means that they rely on objective information, facts, and logical reasoning to support their moral beliefs and choices. By using factual evidence, individuals can make more informed and rational decisions, ensuring that their moral reasoning is based on reliable information rather than personal biases or subjective opinions.

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  • 34. 

    What are the three differen levels of business ethics?

    • A.

      Systemic, Corporate, and Individual

    • B.

      Individual, Teamwork, Mind

    • C.

      Mind, Corporate, Ethics

    • D.

      Ethics, Morals, Religion

    Correct Answer
    A. Systemic, Corporate, and Individual
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Systemic, Corporate, and Individual. Business ethics can be categorized into three levels. Systemic ethics refers to the ethical standards and guidelines that are set by the society or industry as a whole. Corporate ethics refers to the ethical standards and practices that are established and followed by a specific organization. Individual ethics refers to the personal ethical values and principles that guide the behavior of individual employees within the organization. These three levels together contribute to the overall ethical framework of a business.

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  • 35. 

    Who determines case law?

    • A.

      Judges

    • B.

      Trial Attorneys

    • C.

      Civil Claims

    • D.

      Defendants

    Correct Answer
    A. Judges
    Explanation
    Judges determine case law. They are responsible for interpreting and applying the law to specific cases brought before them. Through their decisions, judges establish legal precedents, which become part of the body of case law. This case law then serves as a guide for future similar cases and helps shape the legal system. Trial attorneys present arguments and evidence in court, civil claims are brought by individuals or organizations seeking compensation, and defendants are the individuals or entities accused of wrongdoing in a legal case. However, none of them have the authority to determine case law.

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  • 36. 

    How do we tell the difference between moral choices and ethical choices?

    • A.

      By defining the rights and wrongs of a situation

    • B.

      By applying ethical principals in moral decisions

    • C.

      By understanding morals have a foundation in religion and ethics do not

    Correct Answer
    C. By understanding morals have a foundation in religion and ethics do not
    Explanation
    The answer suggests that the difference between moral choices and ethical choices lies in the fact that morals are based on religious beliefs, while ethics are not. This implies that moral choices are influenced by religious teachings and doctrines, whereas ethical choices are guided by principles and values that are not necessarily tied to religion.

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  • 37. 

    Which of the following is an example of a legal system in Amreica as it pertains to the American tax code?

    • A.

      Constitution

    • B.

      Statute

    • C.

      Administrative Regulations

    • D.

      Case Law

    Correct Answer
    B. Statute
    Explanation
    A statute is an example of a legal system in America as it pertains to the American tax code. Statutes are laws passed by the legislative branch of government, such as Congress, and they specifically outline rules and regulations related to taxes. These statutes provide the legal framework for the American tax code, including guidelines for tax collection, exemptions, deductions, and other tax-related matters.

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  • 38. 

    What type of law defines the rights and duties of individuals?

    • A.

      Substantive Law

    • B.

      Case Law

    • C.

      Administrative Regulatory Law

    • D.

      Procedural Law

    Correct Answer
    A. Substantive Law
    Explanation
    Substantive Law is the correct answer as it refers to the branch of law that establishes the rights and obligations of individuals in society. It defines the legal principles and rules that govern various aspects of people's lives, such as property rights, contracts, torts, and criminal offenses. Substantive Law sets out the rights and duties that individuals have towards each other and the state, providing a framework for resolving disputes and ensuring fairness and justice in society. Case Law, Administrative Regulatory Law, and Procedural Law are different types of laws that focus on specific aspects of the legal system and do not directly define the rights and duties of individuals.

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  • 39. 

    Which amendment gave women the right to vote?

    Correct Answer
    19
    nineteenth
    Nineteenth
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the 19th amendment. The 19th amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified in 1920 and granted women the right to vote. This amendment was a significant milestone in the women's suffrage movement and played a crucial role in advancing gender equality and democratic principles in the United States.

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  • 40. 

    A legal system is defined as...

    • A.

      A set of laws adopted by a society a set of laws adopted by a society A set of laws adopted by a society

    • B.

      A set of guidelines to follow in case of an uprising occurs

    • C.

      A particular set of ideas that have philosophical foundations

    • D.

      A rigid set of religious laws that are not to be violated

    Correct Answer
    A. A set of laws adopted by a society a set of laws adopted by a society A set of laws adopted by a society
    Explanation
    A legal system is defined as a set of laws adopted by a society. It is a framework that governs the behavior of individuals and provides guidelines for resolving disputes and maintaining order in a society. It encompasses various aspects of law, such as criminal law, civil law, and constitutional law, and is essential for maintaining justice and ensuring the rights and responsibilities of individuals are protected.

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  • 41. 

    What does the acronym CSR stand for in terms of Business Ethics?

    • A.

      Corporate Snobbery Rests

    • B.

      Corporate Social Responsibility

    • C.

      Companies Should Ready

    • D.

      Corporate Single Reliabilities

    Correct Answer
    B. Corporate Social Responsibility
    Explanation
    CSR stands for Corporate Social Responsibility. This term refers to the concept that businesses have a responsibility to contribute positively to society and the environment. It involves taking actions that go beyond maximizing profits and instead focus on ethical practices, sustainability, and social and environmental impact. This can include initiatives such as philanthropy, employee volunteering, reducing carbon emissions, and promoting fair labor practices. By embracing CSR, businesses aim to balance their economic goals with their social and environmental responsibilities.

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  • 42. 

    Ethics are about what is right and wrong while law is about what is lawful or unlawful.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Ethics and law are distinct concepts that govern human behavior. Ethics refer to a set of moral principles and values that guide individuals in determining what is right or wrong based on their own beliefs and values. On the other hand, law is a system of rules and regulations established by the government to maintain order and protect the rights and well-being of individuals in a society. While ethics and law can overlap in certain areas, they are not synonymous. Ethics provide a broader framework for making moral judgments, whereas law focuses on the legal obligations and consequences of actions. Therefore, the statement that ethics are about what is right and wrong, while law is about what is lawful or unlawful, is true.

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  • 43. 

    When referring to case law, what do courts do?

    • A.

      Interpret the meaning of legislative language

    • B.

      Create new legislative language

    • C.

      Disregard legislative language

    Correct Answer
    A. Interpret the meaning of legislative language
    Explanation
    Courts, when referring to case law, interpret the meaning of legislative language. This means that they analyze and decipher the intended meaning behind the laws created by the legislative branch. Through their interpretation, courts provide clarity and guidance on how the legislative language should be understood and applied in specific cases. This helps ensure that laws are correctly understood and implemented, promoting fairness and consistency in the legal system.

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  • 44. 

    The United States of America is a common-law country that was adopted from England.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The United States of America is indeed a common-law country that was adopted from England. Common law is a legal system based on custom and precedent rather than written laws. The American legal system is heavily influenced by English common law, as the early American colonists brought with them the legal principles and practices of England. The U.S. Constitution and the federal and state laws are rooted in common law principles, making the statement true.

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  • 45. 

    The first book to deal with economics and ethics was written by Adam Smith and was titled...

    • A.

      The Bible

    • B.

      The Torah

    • C.

      The Wealth of Nations

    • D.

      The Economics of the World

    Correct Answer
    C. The Wealth of Nations
    Explanation
    Adam Smith's book, "The Wealth of Nations," is considered the first comprehensive work that dealt with both economics and ethics. Published in 1776, it laid the foundation for modern economics and explored the principles of free markets, division of labor, and the role of self-interest in economic decision-making. While Smith did not explicitly address ethics in the same way as religious texts like the Bible or the Torah, his work examined the moral implications of economic systems and advocated for policies that would promote the greatest welfare for society as a whole.

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  • 46. 

    With regards to business ethics, corporate issues asks what types of questions?

    • A.

      The morality of policies, activities of a company

    • B.

      The individual development of a company

    • C.

      The consistent growth rate of a company

    • D.

      The religious undertakings of a company

    Correct Answer
    A. The morality of policies, activities of a company
    Explanation
    Corporate ethics is concerned with the moral principles and values that guide the policies and activities of a company. It involves questioning whether the actions and decisions of a company are morally right or wrong, and whether they align with ethical standards. This includes evaluating the company's policies, practices, and behavior towards stakeholders, such as employees, customers, and the environment. By considering the ethical implications of corporate actions, companies can strive to maintain integrity, transparency, and social responsibility in their operations.

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  • 47. 

    Which of the following is a reason globalization exists?

    • A.

      High Cost Goods from Europe

    • B.

      Demand for more diamonds

    • C.

      Lowering of trade barriers

    Correct Answer
    C. Lowering of trade barriers
    Explanation
    The reason globalization exists is due to the lowering of trade barriers. When countries reduce or eliminate restrictions on imports and exports, it promotes international trade and economic integration. This allows for the free flow of goods, services, and capital across borders, leading to increased global interconnectedness and interdependence. Lowering trade barriers encourages competition, innovation, and efficiency, leading to economic growth and development. It also allows countries to specialize in the production of goods and services in which they have a comparative advantage, leading to higher productivity and overall welfare.

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  • 48. 

    What is the age of reason in the state of Colorado?

    • A.

      14

    • B.

      18

    • C.

      21

    • D.

      25

    Correct Answer
    A. 14
    Explanation
    The age of reason in the state of Colorado is 14. This means that individuals in Colorado are considered capable of understanding and making rational decisions at the age of 14. At this age, they may have certain legal rights and responsibilities, such as being able to consent to certain activities or make decisions about their own healthcare.

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  • 49. 

    Which amendment deals with government's ability to search and seize an individual's property?

    Correct Answer
    Fourth
    fourth
    4
    4th
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Fourth Amendment. This amendment protects individuals from unreasonable searches and seizures by the government. It requires that search warrants be supported by probable cause and describes the conditions under which searches and seizures can be conducted. The Fourth Amendment is an important protection of individual privacy and property rights.

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  • 50. 

    Immanuel Kant believed that ethics and morals were both based in religion.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Immanuel Kant did not believe that ethics and morals were based in religion. In fact, he developed a moral philosophy known as deontological ethics, which is based on the concept of duty and the idea that moral principles are derived from reason alone, independent of religious beliefs. Kant believed that moral actions should be guided by rationality and universal principles, rather than religious doctrines. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
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    Quiz Created by
    Macbuff9
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