Building Technology Quiz Questions And Answers

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Building Technology Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz

Are you an architect? How aware are you of the term building technology? Take this quiz and check your knowledge regarding the same concept. Building technology, also called architectural technology, is a field that aims to innovate the design of buildings. When it comes to creating a building, be it a flat or a mansion, there is much that is expected from an architect and engineer when it comes to building technology. The quiz below tests what you know about this technology. So, give it a shot.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

     A door made up of small horizontal interlocking metal slats which are guided in a track; the configuration coils about an overhead drum which is housed at the head of the opening, either manual or motor-driven.

    • A.

      Panel Door

    • B.

      Roll-up Door

    • C.

      Overhead Swing-up Door

    • D.

      Flush Door

    Correct Answer
    B. Roll-up Door
    Explanation
    A roll-up door is made up of small horizontal interlocking metal slats that are guided in a track. These slats coil around an overhead drum, which is housed at the head of the opening. This type of door can be operated manually or with a motor.

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  • 2. 

      Which of the following is not a Sheet Glass?

    • A.

      Insulating Glass

    • B.

      Window Glass

    • C.

      Heavy Sheet Glass

    • D.

      Picture Glass

    Correct Answer
    A. Insulating Glass
    Explanation
    Insulating Glass is not a type of Sheet Glass. Sheet Glass refers to a single, flat piece of glass that is made by pouring molten glass onto a flat surface and then allowing it to cool and solidify. Insulating Glass, on the other hand, is made by sandwiching two or more panes of glass with a sealed air or gas-filled space in between, which provides better insulation and energy efficiency. Therefore, Insulating Glass does not fall under the category of Sheet Glass.

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  • 3. 

    An admixture is used to speed up the initial set of concrete. Such a material may be added to the mix to increase the rate of early strength development for several reasons.

    • A.

      Water Reducing Admixtures

    • B.

      Retarders

    • C.

      Damproofers

    • D.

      Accelerators

    Correct Answer
    D. Accelerators
    Explanation
    Accelerators are admixtures that are added to concrete to speed up the initial setting time. They increase the rate of early strength development, allowing the concrete to gain strength quickly. This can be beneficial in situations where fast construction is required or when the concrete needs to be used in cold weather conditions where the setting time may be prolonged. Accelerators work by increasing the rate of hydration, which is the chemical reaction that causes the concrete to harden. By speeding up this process, accelerators help to achieve the desired strength in a shorter period of time.

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  • 4. 

     A class of rock composed silica grains. Colors include gray, buff, light brown and red

    • A.

      Sandstone

    • B.

      Granite

    • C.

      Marble

    • D.

      Limestone

    Correct Answer
    A. Sandstone
    Explanation
    Sandstone is the correct answer because it is a type of rock composed of silica grains. It is known for its various colors, including gray, buff, light brown, and red. Granite is not the correct answer because it is composed of different minerals, not silica grains. Marble is also not the correct answer as it is mainly composed of calcite or dolomite minerals. Limestone is also not the correct answer as it is primarily composed of calcium carbonate.

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  • 5. 

    What is a steel element such as wire, cable, bar, rod or strand, or a bundle of such elements, used to impart prestressto concrete?

    • A.

      Prestress Cables

    • B.

      Tendon Cables

    • C.

      Tendon

    • D.

      Reinforcement

    Correct Answer
    C. Tendon
    Explanation
    A steel element such as wire, cable, bar, rod or strand, or a bundle of such elements, used to impart prestress to concrete is called a tendon. Tendons are used to apply a compressive force to the concrete, which helps to counteract the tensile stresses that may be induced when the concrete is subjected to loads. This technique, known as prestressing, enhances the strength and durability of the concrete structure.

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  • 6. 

    What is the act of excavating or filling of earth or any sound material or combination thereof, in preparation for a finishing surface such as paving?

    • A.

      Grading

    • B.

      Cut and Fill

    • C.

      Site Preparation

    • D.

      Benching

    Correct Answer
    A. Grading
    Explanation
    Grading is the act of excavating or filling of earth or any sound material or combination thereof, in preparation for a finishing surface such as paving. This process involves leveling the ground, removing any excess soil or debris, and adding or compacting soil as needed to create a smooth and even surface for construction or landscaping purposes. It is an essential step in site preparation to ensure proper drainage, stability, and aesthetics of the finished project.

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  • 7. 

    Vernacular term for rough plastering

    • A.

      Baldosa

    • B.

      Rebokada

    • C.

      Asintada

    • D.

      Kostura

    Correct Answer
    B. Rebokada
    Explanation
    Rebokada is the correct answer because it is a vernacular term for rough plastering. It is a process where a rough layer of plaster is applied to a wall or surface to create texture and provide a base for further finishing. This term is commonly used in certain regions or communities to refer to this specific type of plastering technique.

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  • 8. 

    A type of shutter proof opaque glass used to construct a door with glass to allow natural light only

    • A.

      Figured Wired Glass

    • B.

      Etched Glass

    • C.

      Bevel Glass

    • D.

      Smoked Glass

    Correct Answer
    A. Figured Wired Glass
    Explanation
    Figured Wired Glass is a type of opaque glass that is commonly used in doors to allow natural light while maintaining privacy. It has a pattern or texture on its surface, which can be in the form of wires or other designs. The wires within the glass add strength and durability, making it resistant to breakage or shattering. Therefore, Figured Wired Glass is the correct answer for a type of shutter-proof opaque glass used to construct a door with glass to allow natural light only.

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  • 9. 

    A paint defect which indicates imperfect adhesion of paint to the surface, with the film getting stripped off in a relatively large pieces due to application on damp or greasy surface

    • A.

      Bleeding

    • B.

      Alligatoring

    • C.

      Peeling

    • D.

      Cracking

    Correct Answer
    C. Peeling
    Explanation
    Peeling is the correct answer because it accurately describes the paint defect mentioned in the question. Peeling occurs when the paint does not adhere properly to the surface, resulting in the film getting stripped off in large pieces. This can happen when the paint is applied on a damp or greasy surface, causing imperfect adhesion.

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  • 10. 

    A type of “hands of door” where the hinge is at the left and the door leaf swings inside the room to the left

    • A.

      Right Hand

    • B.

      Right Hand Reverse

    • C.

      Left Hand

    • D.

      Left Hand Reverse

    Correct Answer
    C. Left Hand
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Left Hand." In this type of "hands of door," the hinge is located on the left side and the door opens by swinging into the room to the left.

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  • 11. 

    A type of wood end joint where both wood are cut at equal angles diagonally

    • A.

      Splice

    • B.

      Lap

    • C.

      Scarf

    • D.

      Finger

    Correct Answer
    C. Scarf
    Explanation
    A scarf joint is a type of wood end joint where both pieces of wood are cut at equal angles diagonally. This type of joint is commonly used to join two pieces of wood end-to-end, creating a longer piece. The angled cuts provide a larger surface area for gluing, resulting in a stronger and more secure joint. The term "scarf" refers to the angled cut made on each piece of wood, which allows them to fit together seamlessly.

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  • 12. 

    A common and cheap masonry finish wherein dry consistency mortar mix is sprayed by mechanical or pneumatic means. The sprayed cement is left to dry and give a rustic finish. Optional paint coat maybe required

    • A.

      Stucco Finish

    • B.

      Anay Finish

    • C.

      Spraytex

    • D.

      Sandblast

    Correct Answer
    D. Sandblast
    Explanation
    Sandblast is the correct answer because it involves the process of spraying dry consistency mortar mix onto a surface using mechanical or pneumatic means. This sprayed cement is then left to dry, resulting in a rustic finish. Optional paint may be required to complete the finish. The other options mentioned, such as Stucco Finish, Anay Finish, and Spraytex, do not accurately describe this specific process of using dry consistency mortar mix and mechanical or pneumatic spraying.

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  • 13. 

    A special coating system with a high gloss shine while maintaining the natural wood qualities, maintenance free, used to finish and topcoat wood flooring

    • A.

      Tile Floor Coating

    • B.

      Polyurethane Floor Coating

    • C.

      Polyethylene Floor Coating

    • D.

      Epoxy Floor Coating

    Correct Answer
    B. Polyurethane Floor Coating
    Explanation
    Polyurethane floor coating is the correct answer because it is a special coating system that provides a high gloss shine while preserving the natural qualities of wood flooring. It is also known for being maintenance-free, making it an ideal choice for finishing and topcoating wood floors. Tile floor coating, polyethylene floor coating, and epoxy floor coating are not specifically mentioned as suitable for wood flooring or offering a high gloss shine while maintaining natural wood qualities.

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  • 14. 

    A pretreatment of poured concrete such as walls beams and columns where a thin layer of lean cement grout mixed with flexible base additives is splattered by tampicobrush or masonry spoon to the surface to give a “tooth” for excellent plaster adhesion

    • A.

      Splash Coat

    • B.

      Cement Roughing

    • C.

      Concrete Roughing By Chiseling

    • D.

      Scratch Coat

    Correct Answer
    D. Scratch Coat
    Explanation
    A scratch coat is a pretreatment of poured concrete where a thin layer of lean cement grout mixed with flexible base additives is splattered onto the surface using a tampicobrush or masonry spoon. This process creates a rough texture or "tooth" on the surface, which enhances the adhesion of plaster. The scratch coat provides a base for the subsequent layers of plaster to adhere to, ensuring a strong and durable finish.

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  • 15. 

    Vernacular term for Concrete Hollow Block (CHB) laying

    • A.

      Mitsa

    • B.

      Asintada

    • C.

      Palitada

    • D.

      Rebokada

    Correct Answer
    B. Asintada
    Explanation
    Asintada is the correct answer because it is a vernacular term used in the Philippines for the process of laying Concrete Hollow Blocks (CHB). It refers to the act of aligning the blocks in a straight and level manner, ensuring that they are properly positioned and tightly packed together.

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  • 16. 

    An installation method where the cabinet covers is recessed and flushed with the cabinet sidings

    • A.

      Concealed

    • B.

      Inset or Interior

    • C.

      Full Lap or Over Lap

    • D.

      Party Wall or Half Lap

    Correct Answer
    B. Inset or Interior
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Inset or Interior". Inset or interior installation method refers to a technique where the cabinet covers are recessed and flushed with the cabinet sidings. This creates a seamless and streamlined appearance, as the covers are hidden within the cabinet structure.

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  • 17. 

    A concrete flooring and finish which transforms ordinary plain concrete into an elegant and decorative textured surface. This is done by adding dust-on-color pigments to the concrete to give a fast color and imprinted with a patented pattern and texture while the concrete is still plastic to create the look and finish of stone, slate or brick

    • A.

      Concrete Block Cushion

    • B.

      Textfloor-crete

    • C.

      Impressio-crete

    • D.

      Stucco Floor Finish

    Correct Answer
    D. Stucco Floor Finish
    Explanation
    The given answer, "Stucco Floor Finish," is the correct answer because it accurately describes the process of transforming plain concrete into an elegant and decorative textured surface by adding dust-on-color pigments and imprinting a patented pattern and texture while the concrete is still in a plastic state. The term "stucco" refers to a type of finish that is commonly used on walls and ceilings, but in this context, it is used to describe the textured finish achieved on the concrete floor.

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  • 18. 

    What is a round steel bolt embedded in concrete or masonry use to hold down machinery, steel columns or beams, casting, shoes, beams plates and engine heads?

    • A.

      Retaining Bolts

    • B.

      Anchor Bolts

    • C.

      Foundation Bolts

    • D.

      Friction Bolts

    Correct Answer
    C. Foundation Bolts
    Explanation
    Foundation bolts are round steel bolts that are embedded in concrete or masonry to hold down machinery, steel columns or beams, casting shoes, beam plates, and engine heads. They provide stability and support to the structures by anchoring them securely to the foundation. These bolts are specifically designed to withstand heavy loads and prevent any movement or displacement of the equipment or structures they are holding down.

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  • 19. 

    What is a concrete beam placed directly on the ground to provide foundation for the superstructure?

    • A.

      Strap Beam

    • B.

      Grade Beam

    • C.

      Tie Beam

    • D.

      Gerber Beam

    Correct Answer
    B. Grade Beam
    Explanation
    A grade beam is a type of concrete beam that is placed directly on the ground to provide a foundation for the superstructure. It is commonly used in construction to distribute the weight of the building evenly and to support the load from the walls and columns. Grade beams are typically reinforced with steel bars to increase their strength and durability. They are designed to transfer the load from the superstructure to the ground, helping to stabilize the building and prevent settlement or movement.

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  • 20. 

    What are piles at an inclination to resist forces that are not critical?

    • A.

      Batter Piles

    • B.

      Slope Piles

    • C.

      Guide Piles

    • D.

      Fender Piles

    Correct Answer
    A. Batter Piles
    Explanation
    Batter piles are inclined piles that are used to resist forces that are not critical. By angling the piles, they can provide additional stability and resistance to lateral forces such as wind or soil pressure. This inclination helps to distribute the forces more efficiently and prevent any potential failure. Therefore, batter piles are a suitable choice for situations where the forces are not critical and additional stability is required.

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  • 21. 

    How is a 90 degree bend standard hook for concrete reinforcement constructed

    • A.

      90 degree bend plus 12 db extension, at free end of bar

    • B.

      90 degree bend plus 10 db extension, at free end of bar

    • C.

      90 degree bend plus 4 db extension, at free end of bar

    • D.

      90 degree bend plus 6 db extension, at free end of bar

    Correct Answer
    A. 90 degree bend plus 12 db extension, at free end of bar
    Explanation
    A 90 degree bend standard hook for concrete reinforcement is constructed by adding a 12 db extension at the free end of the bar. This means that the bar is bent at a 90 degree angle, and then an extension equal to 12 times the diameter of the bar is added. This type of hook provides a secure and strong connection between the reinforcement bar and the concrete, ensuring proper structural integrity and preventing the bar from slipping or pulling out.

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  • 22. 

    Kalomein door is

    • A.

      A Fireproof Door With Metal Covering

    • B.

      An Indoor Decorative Door

    • C.

      A Door Product of Kuala Lumpur

    • D.

      None of These

    Correct Answer
    A. A Fireproof Door With Metal Covering
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A Fireproof Door With Metal Covering". This suggests that the Kalomein door is designed to be fireproof and has a metal covering, which adds an extra layer of protection. The metal covering helps to prevent the door from catching fire or being damaged by heat. This makes the door suitable for areas where fire safety is a concern, such as commercial buildings or industrial settings.

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  • 23. 

    The term to describe the putting up of the skeleton of the building

    • A.

      Roughing-In

    • B.

      Stake and Butterboards

    • C.

      Shell Work

    • D.

      Formworks

    Correct Answer
    D. Formworks
    Explanation
    Formworks refers to the process of constructing temporary structures, usually made of wood or metal, to support and shape concrete or other materials during the construction of a building. These formworks are used to create the desired shape and structure of walls, columns, beams, and other structural elements. The term "putting up the skeleton of the building" implies the initial construction phase where the formworks are installed to create the framework or skeleton of the building before the actual construction work begins.

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  • 24. 

    A vertical space in a building intended for ducts, pipes, wire and cables

    • A.

      Chase

    • B.

      Crevice

    • C.

      Niche

    • D.

      Trench

    Correct Answer
    A. Chase
    Explanation
    A chase is a vertical space in a building that is specifically designed to accommodate ducts, pipes, wires, and cables. It is usually enclosed and provides a dedicated pathway for these utilities, allowing for easy access and maintenance. The other options, such as crevice, niche, and trench, do not specifically refer to a vertical space intended for utilities but rather have different meanings.

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  • 25. 

    The material used for the process of making watertight the roof intersection and other exposed areas on the exterior of a building

    • A.

      Flashing

    • B.

      Fascia

    • C.

      Caping

    • D.

      Gutter

    Correct Answer
    A. Flashing
    Explanation
    Flashing is used to seal the roof intersection and other exposed areas on the exterior of a building. It is typically made of metal, such as aluminum or copper, and is installed to prevent water from entering the building. Flashing is an essential component of a watertight building envelope as it directs water away from vulnerable areas, such as roof valleys, chimneys, and skylights, ensuring that the building remains protected from water damage.

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  • 26. 

    The hardware on a door to accommodate the knob and lockset keyhole

    • A.

      Embellisher

    • B.

      Push Plate

    • C.

      Escutcheon

    • D.

      Push Plate

    Correct Answer
    C. Escutcheon
    Explanation
    An escutcheon is a decorative plate that is used to cover the hardware on a door, such as the knob and lockset keyhole. It adds a decorative element to the door while also providing a functional purpose of covering the hardware and protecting it from damage. The other options, embellisher and push plate, do not specifically refer to the hardware on a door or its function of accommodating the knob and lockset keyhole.

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  • 27. 

    To allow concrete to dry by keeping it moist to attain maximum strength

    • A.

      Cure

    • B.

      Permantate

    • C.

      Stabilize

    • D.

      Tempering

    Correct Answer
    A. Cure
    Explanation
    The correct term is Cure. Curing concrete involves maintaining the proper moisture and temperature conditions to allow the concrete to achieve its maximum strength. Proper curing is essential for the development of the concrete's properties, ensuring durability and strength over time.

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  • 28. 

    A wall that serves two (2) dwelling units, known also as party wall

    • A.

      Common Wall

    • B.

      Property Wall

    • C.

      Exterior Wall

    • D.

      Perimeter Wall

    Correct Answer
    A. Common Wall
    Explanation
    A common wall refers to a wall that is shared by two dwelling units. It acts as a separation between the two units and is commonly known as a party wall. This wall is not an exterior wall or a perimeter wall, as those terms refer to walls that enclose or surround a property. Therefore, the correct answer is Common Wall.

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  • 29. 

    A wall that holds back on earth embankment

    • A.

      Shoring Wall

    • B.

      Buttress Wall

    • C.

      Retaining Wall

    • D.

      Foundation Wall

    Correct Answer
    C. Retaining Wall
    Explanation
    A retaining wall is a structure that is designed to hold back or retain soil or other materials. It is typically used to prevent erosion or to create a level surface for construction. In the given context, a wall that holds back an earth embankment would be referred to as a retaining wall. This type of wall is specifically designed to resist the lateral pressure exerted by the soil or other materials being retained. Therefore, the correct answer is retaining wall.

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  • 30. 

    Strips of hardwood, usually 2x2” laid over a concrete slab floor

    • A.

      Sleepers

    • B.

      Wood Saddle

    • C.

      Leveling Blocks

    • D.

      Wood Anchor Blocks

    Correct Answer
    B. Wood Saddle
    Explanation
    Wood saddle is the correct answer because it refers to strips of hardwood that are laid over a concrete slab floor. The term "saddle" is commonly used to describe these strips of wood that are placed on top of the concrete slab to provide a level and stable surface for flooring installation. The use of wood saddle helps to prevent direct contact between the flooring material and the concrete, reducing the risk of moisture damage and providing a more comfortable and aesthetically pleasing flooring solution.

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  • 31. 

    The term used to indicate top and lower principal member of a roof or bridge truss

    • A.

      Chord

    • B.

      Rafter

    • C.

      Tie

    • D.

      Beam

    Correct Answer
    A. Chord
    Explanation
    The term "chord" is used to indicate the top and lower principal members of a roof or bridge truss. In a truss structure, the chords are the horizontal members that provide stability and support to the structure. They are usually made of steel or timber and are placed at the top and bottom of the truss. The chords distribute the load evenly across the truss and help to resist bending and twisting forces.

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  • 32. 

    Lumber specification S4S means

    • A.

      Square on Four Sides

    • B.

      Smooth on Four Sides

    • C.

      Smooth for Surfacing Jobs

    • D.

      First Class Lumber

    Correct Answer
    B. Smooth on Four Sides
    Explanation
    The term "S4S" stands for "Smooth on Four Sides." This means that the lumber has been planed or sanded so that all four sides are smooth and free from roughness or imperfections. This makes the lumber ready to use for various applications without the need for further surfacing or finishing.

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  • 33. 

    Stakes and batter board in a construction layoutingprocedure refers to

    • A.

      Initial Formworks done in construction

    • B.

      Vertical and Horizontal wood sticks and lumber used to determine the elevation and ditances of the reference points of the proposed building

    • C.

      A Cliché for layouting work

    • D.

      Building Components where permanent horizontal and vertical measurement are indicated

    Correct Answer
    B. Vertical and Horizontal wood sticks and lumber used to determine the elevation and ditances of the reference points of the proposed building
    Explanation
    The stakes and batter board in a construction layouting procedure refer to vertical and horizontal wood sticks and lumber used to determine the elevation and distances of the reference points of the proposed building. These tools are essential for accurately marking and measuring the layout of the building, ensuring that it is constructed according to the intended design and specifications.

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  • 34. 

    Underwater watertight chamber to allow construction work to be done

    • A.

      Submersible Air Chamber

    • B.

      Caisson

    • C.

      Bent Chamber

    • D.

      None of These

    Correct Answer
    B. Caisson
    Explanation
    A caisson is a watertight chamber that is used in underwater construction projects. It allows workers to carry out construction work underwater by creating a dry environment within the chamber. The caisson is submerged into the water and then pumped out, creating a space where workers can operate without being affected by the water pressure. This method is commonly used in the construction of bridges, piers, and other structures that require underwater work. Therefore, the correct answer is caisson.

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  • 35. 

    In designing a stair, to find the number of riser divide the height of the stair by the height of each

    • A.

      Newel Post

    • B.

      Riser

    • C.

      Balusters

    • D.

      Nosing

    Correct Answer
    B. Riser
    Explanation
    To find the number of risers in a stair, the height of the stair is divided by the height of each riser. This calculation helps determine the total number of steps needed for the stair design. By dividing the height of the stair by the height of each riser, one can ensure that the steps are evenly spaced and meet safety standards.

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  • 36. 

    A large heavy nail is referred to as

    • A.

      Spike

    • B.

      Dowel Rod

    • C.

      Anchorage Hardware

    • D.

      None of These

    Correct Answer
    A. Spike
    Explanation
    A large heavy nail is referred to as a spike because spikes are typically longer and thicker than regular nails. They are commonly used in construction and carpentry when a stronger and more durable fastening is required. Spikes are often used for heavy-duty applications such as securing railroad tracks, timber framing, or attaching heavy objects to walls or floors. The term "spike" is specific to this type of nail and distinguishes it from smaller and lighter nails used for general purposes.

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  • 37. 

    A vertical board attached on the ends of the rafters. It is a part of the cornice

    • A.

      Decorative Board

    • B.

      Facia

    • C.

      Construction Board

    • D.

      Face Over

    Correct Answer
    B. Facia
    Explanation
    A facia is a vertical board that is attached to the ends of the rafters. It is a part of the cornice, which is the decorative molding that runs along the top edge of a building. The facia board not only adds aesthetic appeal to the structure but also serves as a functional component by providing support and protection to the rafters. Therefore, the correct answer is Facia.

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  • 38. 

    The internal angle formed by the two roof slopes of a roof is called

    • A.

      Ridge Cap

    • B.

      Canal

    • C.

      Valley

    • D.

      Gutter

    Correct Answer
    C. Valley
    Explanation
    The internal angle formed by the two roof slopes of a roof is called a valley. A valley is a V-shaped channel that is formed when two roof slopes meet at an angle. It is typically created to direct rainwater or snowmelt down the roof and into the gutter system. Valleys are an important component of a roof's drainage system, as they help prevent water from pooling and causing damage to the roof.

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  • 39. 

    A joint produced by lapping two pieces of materials

    • A.

      Dado Joint

    • B.

      Butt Joint

    • C.

      Lap Joint

    • D.

      Sandwiched Joint

    Correct Answer
    C. Lap Joint
    Explanation
    A lap joint is a type of joint where two pieces of material are overlapped and joined together. This joint is commonly used in woodworking and metalworking. It provides a strong connection between the two pieces, as the overlapping sections increase the surface area for bonding and create a larger contact area. The lap joint is relatively easy to construct and does not require complex tools or techniques. It is commonly used in applications where strength and stability are required, such as in furniture construction or in the joining of structural beams.

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  • 40. 

    Another word for handmillon a stair construction

    • A.

      Banister

    • B.

      Hand Guard

    • C.

      Balustrade

    • D.

      Stringer

    Correct Answer
    A. Banister
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Banister" because a banister is a handrail that is used for support on a staircase. It is typically made of wood or metal and runs along the edge of the staircase, providing a safe grip for people going up or down the stairs. The other options, hand guard, balustrade, and stringer, are not synonyms for handmillon and do not accurately describe a handrail on a staircase.

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  • 41. 

    A rejected building material because of its below standard grade is called

    • A.

      Run-of-the-Mill

    • B.

      Cult

    • C.

      Out-Limber

    • D.

      None of These

    Correct Answer
    B. Cult
  • 42. 

    The placing of glass in windows or doors

    • A.

      Puttying

    • B.

      Glazing

    • C.

      Glassing

    • D.

      None of These

    Correct Answer
    B. Glazing
    Explanation
    Glazing is the correct answer because it refers to the process of installing glass in windows or doors. It involves securing the glass with putty or another adhesive material to create a watertight and airtight seal. This is a common practice in construction and carpentry to provide transparency, insulation, and protection from the elements. The term "glassing" is not commonly used in this context, and "none of these" does not accurately describe the process of placing glass in windows or doors.

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  • 43. 

    A horizontal piece of wood, stone, steel or concrete across the top of door or window opening to bear the weight of the walls above the opening

    • A.

      Transverse Rafter

    • B.

      Transome Beam

    • C.

      Lintel

    • D.

      None of These

    Correct Answer
    C. Lintel
    Explanation
    A lintel is a horizontal piece of wood, stone, steel, or concrete that is placed across the top of a door or window opening. Its purpose is to bear the weight of the walls above the opening, providing support and stability. Lintels are commonly used in construction to distribute the load evenly and prevent the walls from collapsing or sagging. They are essential for maintaining the structural integrity of the building and ensuring the safety of the occupants.

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  • 44. 

    A threaded steel bent inserted of masonry construction for securing wood or metal plates to concrete construction

    • A.

      U-Bolt

    • B.

      Gusset Plate

    • C.

      Anchor Bolt

    • D.

      Strut

    Correct Answer
    C. Anchor Bolt
    Explanation
    An anchor bolt is a threaded steel bent inserted into masonry construction to secure wood or metal plates to concrete construction. It provides stability and prevents the plates from shifting or moving. This type of bolt is commonly used in construction projects to ensure the structural integrity of the building and to provide a strong connection between different materials.

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  • 45. 

    A structural member spanning from truss-to-truss or supporting rafters

    • A.

      Girts

    • B.

      Purlin

    • C.

      Girder

    • D.

      Floor Joist

    Correct Answer
    B. Purlin
    Explanation
    A purlin is a structural member that spans from truss-to-truss or supports rafters. It is commonly used in construction to provide additional support and stability to the roof or walls of a building. Purlins are typically made of wood or steel and are placed horizontally across the length of the structure. They help distribute the weight of the roof or walls evenly and prevent sagging or collapsing.

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  • 46. 

    The process of removing concrete forms from the cured concrete

    • A.

      Clearing

    • B.

      Stripping

    • C.

      Dismantling

    • D.

      Deforming Works

    Correct Answer
    B. Stripping
    Explanation
    Stripping refers to the process of removing concrete forms from the cured concrete. Once the concrete has hardened and gained enough strength, the forms that were used to shape and support the concrete during the curing process are taken off. This is done to reveal the finished concrete surface and allow for further construction or finishing work to take place. Stripping is an essential step in the construction process as it allows for the reuse of the forms and ensures that the concrete is ready for the next stage of the project.

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  • 47. 

    Stone placed on a slope to prevent erosion

    • A.

      Embankment

    • B.

      Flag Stone

    • C.

      Rip-Rap

    • D.

      Border Stone

    Correct Answer
    C. Rip-Rap
    Explanation
    Rip-rap refers to stones or rocks that are placed on a slope or shoreline to prevent erosion. These stones act as a protective barrier, absorbing the impact of water and preventing it from washing away the soil or sediment. Rip-rap is commonly used in areas with high water flow or wave action, such as riverbanks, coastlines, or slopes prone to erosion. By providing stability and reducing the force of water, rip-rap helps to maintain the integrity of the slope and prevent further erosion.

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  • 48. 

    A kind of roof that has four sloping sides

    • A.

      Hip Roof

    • B.

      Gable Roof

    • C.

      Lean to

    • D.

      Mansard Roof

    Correct Answer
    A. Hip Roof
    Explanation
    A hip roof is a type of roof that has four sloping sides. Unlike a gable roof, which has two sloping sides, a hip roof has all four sides sloping downwards towards the walls. This design provides better stability and wind resistance compared to a gable roof. The sloping sides of a hip roof also allow for better drainage and can be more aesthetically pleasing. Therefore, a hip roof is the correct answer in this case.

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  • 49. 

    In designing a stair, to find the height of the riser, divide the height of the stair by the number of

    • A.

      Balustrade

    • B.

      Risers

    • C.

      Balusters

    • D.

      Newel Post

    Correct Answer
    B. Risers
    Explanation
    When designing a stair, the height of the riser is determined by dividing the overall height of the stair by the number of risers. This calculation ensures that each individual riser is of equal height, resulting in a safe and comfortable staircase to climb. By dividing the height evenly, it helps to maintain consistency and prevent any potential tripping hazards. Therefore, the correct answer is "Risers".

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  • 50. 

    The scientific name for wood is

    • A.

      APTG

    • B.

      CITEM

    • C.

      XYLEM

    • D.

      TANG

    Correct Answer
    C. XYLEM
    Explanation
    The correct answer is XYLEM because Xylem is the scientific name for the tissue that makes up wood in plants. Xylem is responsible for transporting water and nutrients from the roots to the rest of the plant. It is composed of specialized cells that are arranged in a way that allows for efficient water movement.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Apr 09, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 24, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Archpa3ck
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