What Do You Know About The Branches Of U.S Government? Trivia Quiz

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What Do You Know About The Branches Of U.S Government? Trivia Quiz - Quiz

The United States government is based on the concept of federalism and republicanism, in which power is distributed between the federal and state government. The federal government is constituted of three distinct branches called as legislative, executive, and judicial. This quiz has been developed to test your knowledge about the branches and powers of the government. Read the questions carefully and learn more. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which branch of government is the President part of?

    • A.

      Judicial

    • B.

      Executive

    • C.

      Legislative

    Correct Answer
    B. Executive
    Explanation
    The President is part of the Executive branch of government. The Executive branch is responsible for enforcing laws and managing the day-to-day operations of the government. The President is the head of the Executive branch and is responsible for making important decisions, leading the country, and overseeing the various departments and agencies that make up the Executive branch.

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  • 2. 

    The Supreme Court is part of which branch of government?

    • A.

      Executive

    • B.

      Legislative

    • C.

      Congress

    • D.

      Judicial

    Correct Answer
    D. Judicial
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Judicial. The Supreme Court is part of the judicial branch of government. The judicial branch is responsible for interpreting and applying the law. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the United States and has the final authority in legal matters. It is responsible for making important decisions that impact the interpretation of the Constitution and the laws of the country.

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  • 3. 

    This branch interprets the law.

    • A.

      Judicial

    • B.

      Legislative

    • C.

      Executive

    Correct Answer
    A. Judicial
    Explanation
    The branch that interprets the law is the judicial branch. This branch is responsible for applying and interpreting the laws in order to resolve disputes and administer justice. The judicial branch includes courts and judges who have the authority to make legal decisions and judgments. They ensure that the laws are upheld and that justice is served in accordance with the Constitution and established legal principles.

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  • 4. 

    Who is the current United States President?

    • A.

      George H. Bush

    • B.

      George Washington

    • C.

      George W. Bush

    • D.

      Barack Obama

    • E.

      John McCain

    Correct Answer
    C. George W. Bush
    Explanation
    The given answer, George W. Bush, is incorrect. As of September 2021, the current United States President is Joe Biden.

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  • 5. 

    Which is a power that the Executive Branch has?

    • A.

      Appoint justices to the Supreme Court

    • B.

      Check that the law agrees with the constitution

    • C.

      Create and maintain the monetary system

    • D.

      Regulate foreign Commerce

    Correct Answer
    A. Appoint justices to the Supreme Court
    Explanation
    The power to appoint justices to the Supreme Court is a power that falls under the jurisdiction of the Executive Branch. This power allows the President, who is the head of the Executive Branch, to nominate individuals to serve as justices on the highest court in the country. The President's nominations are then subject to confirmation by the Senate. This power is an important aspect of the system of checks and balances in the United States government, as it allows the Executive Branch to have influence over the judicial branch.

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  • 6. 

    Which is a power that the legislative branch has?

    • A.

      Serve as Commander-in-Chief of the Army

    • B.

      Oversee agencies and departments

    • C.

      Make new laws and change existing ones

    • D.

      Appoint justices to the Supreme Court

    Correct Answer
    C. Make new laws and change existing ones
    Explanation
    The legislative branch has the power to make new laws and change existing ones. This power allows them to create and modify the laws that govern the country. It is one of the fundamental responsibilities of the legislative branch to enact legislation that reflects the will of the people and addresses the needs and concerns of society. By having the authority to make and change laws, the legislative branch plays a crucial role in shaping the legal framework of the nation.

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  • 7. 

    Which is a power that the Judicial branch has?

    • A.

      Set up Courts lower than the Supreme Court

    • B.

      Maintain armed forces and declare war

    • C.

      Settle disputes between people, groups, and states

    • D.

      Affirm or reject potential laws

    Correct Answer
    C. Settle disputes between people, groups, and states
    Explanation
    The Judicial branch has the power to settle disputes between people, groups, and states. This power allows the courts to hear cases and make decisions based on the interpretation of the law. By resolving conflicts, the Judicial branch ensures justice and maintains social order. This power is essential for maintaining a fair and functioning legal system.

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  • 8. 

    Which branch of the U.S. government has the power to ratify international treaties negotiated by the President?

    • A.

      Executive Branch

    • B.

      Legislative Branch

    • C.

      Judicial Branch

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Legislative Branch
    Explanation
    In the United States, the power to ratify international treaties negotiated by the President rests with the Legislative Branch, specifically the U.S. Senate. The President negotiates international treaties on behalf of the United States, but for a treaty to become binding and effective, it must be approved by a two-thirds majority vote in the Senate. This process allows for checks and balances, ensuring that international agreements have the support of a significant portion of the elected representatives in Congress before they are ratified. The Executive Branch negotiates treaties, the Legislative Branch ratifies them, and the Judicial Branch does not have a direct role in this process. 

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  • 9. 

    The judicial branch of the U.S. Federal Government is made up of how many primary components?

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      5

    Correct Answer
    C. 3
    Explanation
    The judicial branch of the U.S. Federal Government is made up of three primary components. These components are the Supreme Court, the lower federal courts, and the specialized courts. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the land and has the final authority on interpreting the Constitution. The lower federal courts consist of district courts and appellate courts, which handle a wide range of cases. The specialized courts, such as the Court of Federal Claims and the Court of International Trade, have jurisdiction over specific types of cases. Together, these three components make up the judicial branch of the U.S. Federal Government.

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  • 10. 

    How many justices serve on the U.S. Supreme Court?

    • A.

      7

    • B.

      9

    • C.

      11

    • D.

      10

    Correct Answer
    B. 9
    Explanation
    There are currently nine justices who serve on the U.S. Supreme Court. This number has remained constant since 1869, when the Judiciary Act of 1869 was passed by Congress. The nine justices are responsible for interpreting the Constitution and making important legal decisions that impact the entire country. Each justice is appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate, and they serve for life unless they choose to retire or are impeached. The nine justices work together to hear and decide on cases that are brought before the Supreme Court, ensuring a fair and balanced judicial process.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Sep 12, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 02, 2008
    Quiz Created by
    Abajana
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