The Brain Anatomy Quiz: Trivia Facts!

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The Brain Anatomy Quiz: Trivia Facts! - Quiz

The brain anatomy quiz: trivia facts! The brain is divided into the cerebrum, cerebellum and brainstem. The cerebrum is tasked with many functions including touch, vision and hearing, as well as speech, emotions, learning and fine control of movement. What are the other functions of the other parts of the brain and how do they attain their functions. This quiz is a good way to test your understanding. Do give it a shot!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the Cerebellum's function?

    • A.

      Fine motor control

    • B.

      Higher functions

    • C.

      Integration of sensory and motor pathways

    Correct Answer
    A. Fine motor control
    Explanation
    The cerebellum is responsible for fine motor control, which involves the coordination and refinement of movements. It helps to regulate and adjust muscle tone, balance, and posture, allowing for precise and smooth movements. The cerebellum receives information from various sensory systems and integrates it with motor signals, enabling accurate and coordinated movements. This function is crucial for activities that require precise control, such as playing a musical instrument or typing on a keyboard.

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  • 2. 

    What is the function of the cerebrum?

    • A.

      Fine motor control

    • B.

      Higher functions

    • C.

      Integration of sensory and motor pathways

    Correct Answer
    B. Higher functions
    Explanation
    The cerebrum is responsible for higher functions in the brain. It is involved in processes such as thinking, reasoning, problem-solving, memory, and language. It plays a crucial role in cognitive functions and is responsible for our ability to perceive, interpret, and respond to information from our environment. The cerebrum is the largest part of the brain and is divided into two hemispheres, each controlling functions on the opposite side of the body.

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  • 3. 

    Where are the hemispheres of the cerebrum divided?

    • A.

      Down the lateral sulcus

    • B.

      Down the longitudinal fissure

    • C.

      Down the central sulcus

    Correct Answer
    B. Down the longitudinal fissure
    Explanation
    The hemispheres of the cerebrum are divided down the longitudinal fissure. The longitudinal fissure is a deep groove that separates the left and right hemispheres of the brain. This division allows for specialization and coordination of functions between the two hemispheres.

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  • 4. 

    What is the function of the frontal lobe?

    • A.

      Sensory function

    • B.

      Motor function and higher function

    • C.

      Emotional reasoning

    Correct Answer
    B. Motor function and higher function
    Explanation
    The frontal lobe is responsible for motor function and higher cognitive functions such as problem-solving, decision-making, planning, and reasoning. It controls voluntary movements and plays a crucial role in personality, behavior, and emotional regulation. This area of the brain is involved in complex thinking processes and executive functions, allowing us to carry out tasks that require attention, memory, and self-control.

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  • 5. 

    Gyrus is a low point in the folds of the brain and a sulcus is a high point in the folds of the brain.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is incorrect. In reality, a gyrus is a high point or ridge in the folds of the brain, while a sulcus is a low point or groove in the folds of the brain.

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  • 6. 

    What does the hindbrain attach to?

    • A.

      Brain and spinal chord

    • B.

      Sensory and motor pathways

    • C.

      Cerebrum and cerebellum

    Correct Answer
    A. Brain and spinal chord
    Explanation
    The hindbrain attaches to the brain and spinal cord. This is because the hindbrain is the posterior part of the brain that connects to the spinal cord, forming the brainstem. It consists of structures such as the medulla oblongata, pons, and cerebellum, which play vital roles in controlling basic bodily functions, relaying sensory and motor information, and coordinating movement.

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  • 7. 

    What occurs in the midbrain?

    • A.

      Fine motor control

    • B.

      Higher functions

    • C.

      Integration of sensory and motor pathways

    Correct Answer
    C. Integration of sensory and motor pathways
    Explanation
    The midbrain is responsible for the integration of sensory and motor pathways. It acts as a relay station, transmitting signals between different parts of the brain and spinal cord. This integration allows for the coordination of sensory information and motor responses, enabling smooth and coordinated movements. Additionally, the midbrain plays a role in regulating arousal, attention, and certain reflexes. Overall, the midbrain is crucial for the integration and processing of sensory and motor information in the brain.

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  • 8. 

    What is the function of the medulla oblongata?

    • A.

      Controls respiratory rate

    • B.

      It has cardiovascular control

    • C.

      Connects the midbrain to the cerebrum

    • D.

      Controls visual and auditory reflexes

    Correct Answer
    B. It has cardiovascular control
    Explanation
    The medulla oblongata is responsible for regulating and controlling various vital functions of the body, including cardiovascular control. It helps in regulating heart rate, blood pressure, and blood vessel diameter. The medulla oblongata contains specialized nerve cells that receive and transmit signals related to cardiovascular function. Through these signals, it can adjust heart rate and blood pressure to maintain homeostasis. Therefore, it is responsible for cardiovascular control.

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  • 9. 

    The Medulla oblongata houses cranial nerves V-VII

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    It houses VII-XII

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  • 10. 

    The pons houses cranail nerves V-VII.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The pons is a part of the brainstem that connects the medulla oblongata and the midbrain. It is responsible for relaying signals between different parts of the brain and the spinal cord. Cranial nerves V-VII, also known as the trigeminal, abducens, and facial nerves, respectively, are located in the pons. Therefore, the statement that the pons houses cranial nerves V-VII is true.

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  • 11. 

    What are the folds of the cerebellum called?

    • A.

      Sulci

    • B.

      Gyri

    • C.

      Folia

    Correct Answer
    C. Folia
    Explanation
    The folds of the cerebellum are called folia. Folia are thin, leaf-like structures that increase the surface area of the cerebellum, allowing for more neurons and connections. These folds play a crucial role in the cerebellum's function of coordinating movement, balance, and motor control.

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  • 12. 

    What are basal body functions?

    • A.

      Control respiratory rate

    • B.

      They have cardiovascular control

    • C.

      Connects the midbrain to the cerebrum

    • D.

      Control visual and auditory reflexes

    Correct Answer
    A. Control respiratory rate
    Explanation
    Basal body functions refer to the essential physiological processes that occur in the body to maintain basic life functions. One of these functions is the control of respiratory rate, which is responsible for regulating the rate at which we breathe. This is crucial for ensuring that our body receives enough oxygen and removes carbon dioxide efficiently. By controlling respiratory rate, the basal body functions help maintain the balance of gases in the body and support overall health and well-being.

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  • 13. 

    What are colliquli functions?

    • A.

      Control respiratory rate

    • B.

      They have cardiovascular control

    • C.

      Connects the midbrain to the cerebrum

    • D.

      Control visual and auditory reflexes

    Correct Answer
    D. Control visual and auditory reflexes
    Explanation
    Colliculi functions refer to the control of visual and auditory reflexes. The colliculi are small structures located in the midbrain that play a crucial role in processing sensory information and coordinating appropriate responses. They receive input from the eyes and ears and help in the generation of reflexive movements in response to visual and auditory stimuli. This includes movements of the eyes, head, and body that are necessary for tracking moving objects or localizing sounds in the environment. Therefore, the correct answer is that colliculi functions control visual and auditory reflexes.

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  • 14. 

    Decusation is the crossing over of axons.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Decussation refers to the crossing over of axons from one side of the body to the other side in the nervous system. This process allows for the integration and coordination of information between the two sides of the body. Therefore, the statement "Decussation is the crossing over of axons" is true.

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  • 15. 

    What network do commissural axons use to communicate?

    • A.

      Diencephalon

    • B.

      Motor Neurons

    • C.

      Corpus Callosum

    Correct Answer
    C. Corpus Callosum
    Explanation
    Commissural axons are a type of nerve fibers that connect the two hemispheres of the brain. They use the network called the corpus callosum to communicate between the left and right sides of the brain. The corpus callosum is a large bundle of nerve fibers that allows for the transmission of information and coordination of activities between the two hemispheres. It plays a crucial role in integrating and processing information across the brain, enabling communication and coordination of functions between the two sides.

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  • 16. 

    Projection axons

    • A.

      Connect hemispheres of the brain

    • B.

      Connect lobes within one hemisphere

    • C.

      Connect the brain to the spinal chord

    Correct Answer
    C. Connect the brain to the spinal chord
    Explanation
    Projection axons are a type of nerve fibers that connect different regions of the brain to each other or to other parts of the nervous system. In this case, the correct answer suggests that projection axons connect the brain to the spinal cord. This connection is essential for transmitting signals between the brain and the rest of the body, allowing for the control of movement, sensory perception, and various bodily functions.

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  • 17. 

    Associated Axons

    • A.

      Connect hemispheres of the brain

    • B.

      Connect lobes within one hemisphere

    • C.

      Connect the brain to the spinal chord

    Correct Answer
    B. Connect lobes within one hemisphere
    Explanation
    The answer "Connect lobes within one hemisphere" is correct because associated axons are responsible for connecting different regions or lobes within one hemisphere of the brain. These connections allow for communication and coordination between different areas of the same hemisphere, enabling various brain functions such as perception, memory, and motor control.

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  • 18. 

    What is the function of all lobes excepting the frontal lobe?

    • A.

      Sensory function

    • B.

      Motor function and higher function

    • C.

      Emotional reasoning

    Correct Answer
    A. Sensory function
    Explanation
    The function of all lobes except the frontal lobe is sensory function. The frontal lobe is responsible for motor function and higher functions such as reasoning and problem-solving. The other lobes, including the parietal, temporal, and occipital lobes, are primarily involved in processing sensory information from different senses such as touch, taste, hearing, and vision. They play a crucial role in perception, interpretation, and understanding of sensory stimuli.

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  • 19. 

    Which describes gray and white matter in the central nervous system?

    • A.

      Gray is outer, white is inner in the brain.

    • B.

      Gray is inner, white is inside in the spinal cord.

    • C.

      Gray is darker, outer in the brain; white is lighter, inner.

    • D.

      Gray is outside, white is inner in the spinal cord.

    Correct Answer
    C. Gray is darker, outer in the brain; white is lighter, inner.
    Explanation
    In the central nervous system, the distinction between gray and white matter varies in the brain and spinal cord. In the brain, gray matter constitutes the darker, outer region, while white matter forms the lighter, inner section. Conversely, in the spinal cord, this arrangement is reversed, with white matter on the outside and gray matter situated within. This contrast in color and positioning reflects the diverse compositions and functions of these neural tissues, highlighting their crucial roles in processing and transmitting information throughout the nervous system.

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  • 20. 

    The cerebellum fires ipsilaterally, it does no undergo decussation.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The cerebellum is responsible for coordinating voluntary movements, balance, and posture. It primarily receives information from the same side of the body it is located on and sends output to the same side as well. This means that the cerebellum fires ipsilaterally, or on the same side, and does not undergo decussation, which is the crossing of nerve fibers from one side of the body to the other. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • Current Version
  • Jan 16, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 31, 2013
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