Seedless Vascular Plants Quiz

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Seedless Vascular Plants Quiz - Quiz

Welcome to the “Seedless Vascular Plants Quiz”! This quiz is designed to test your knowledge about the fascinating world of seedless vascular plants. It covers a wide range of topics, including the different divisions, such as Psilophyta, Lycophyta, Equisetophyta, and Polypodiophyta, and their unique characteristics. You’ll also delve into the intriguing life cycles of these plants, exploring stages like the polyp and medusa and structures like the gastrovascular cavity and cnidocytes.

From the microscopic details of their reproductive organs to the macroscopic aspects of their structure and function, this quiz is a comprehensive exploration of these ancient plant forms. So, Read morewhether you’re a botany enthusiast or a curious learner, this Seedless Vascular Plants Quiz is a great way to expand your understanding of the plant kingdom.


Seedless Vascular Plants Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    Which of the following is not a division of seedless vascular plants?

    • A.

      Mosses

    • B.

      Psilophyta

    • C.

      Fern

    • D.

      Whisk fern

    Correct Answer
    A. Mosses
    Explanation
    Mosses, belonging to the Bryophyta division, differ from seedless vascular plants due to the absence of specialized vascular tissues. Unlike seedless vascular plants, mosses lack xylem and phloem, hindering efficient water and nutrient transport. Their life cycle relies on spores for reproduction, and they lack the true roots, stems, and leaves characteristic of seedless vascular plants.

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  • 2. 

    Which division does the club moss belong to?

    • A.

      Whisk fern

    • B.

      Scouring rushes

    • C.

      Lycophyta

    • D.

      Club mosses

    Correct Answer
    C. Lycophyta
    Explanation
    Club mosses, classified under the Lycophyta division, are distinctive for their microphylls—small leaves with a single unbranched vein. This division encompasses various species like ground pines, spike mosses, and quillworts. Club mosses represent an ancient group of plants with unique reproductive structures and a historical significance in the evolution of vascular plants.

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  • 3. 

    Which division does the horse tail belong to?

    • A.

      Equisetophyta

    • B.

      Whisk ferns

    • C.

      Horse tails

    • D.

      Club mosses

    Correct Answer
    A. Equisetophyta
    Explanation
    The horse tail, a member of the Equisetophyta division, is characterized by jointed stems and the presence of silica in its tissues. This division, also known as horsetails, exhibits a distinctive morphology and evolutionary history. The jointed stems contribute to their flexibility, while the silica content gives them an abrasive texture, making them historically useful for cleaning and scouring.

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  • 4. 

    Which division does the fern belong to?

    • A.

      Mosses

    • B.

      Horse tails

    • C.

      Polypodiophyta

    • D.

      Ferns

    Correct Answer
    C. Polypodiophyta
    Explanation
    Ferns, belonging to the Polypodiophyta division, represent an advanced stage in plant evolution, characterized by well-developed vascular tissues and fronds. Ferns exhibit a life cycle dominated by the sporophyte phase, producing spores in sporangia for reproduction. The presence of true roots, stems, and leaves sets ferns apart from more primitive plant groups, marking an important step in the development of vascular plants.

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  • 5. 

    Whisk ferns resemble which of the following?

    • A.

      Pumpkins

    • B.

      Small whisk brooms

    • C.

      Weeds

    • D.

      Pine trees

    Correct Answer
    B. Small whisk brooms
    Explanation
    Whisk ferns, with their dichotomously branching stems and absence of true leaves, strikingly resemble small whisk brooms. This unique appearance is a result of their simple morphology, lacking the complexity of typical vascular plants. The distinctive resemblance to small brooms serves as a memorable characteristic for identifying whisk ferns in the context of plant morphology.

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  • 6. 

    Whisk ferns xylem are _____ shaped in cross section.

    • A.

      Square

    • B.

      Diamond

    • C.

      Star

    • D.

      Circle

    Correct Answer
    C. Star
    Explanation
    Whisk ferns exhibit a unique star-shaped xylem in cross-section, setting them apart from other vascular plants. This distinctive feature reflects the simplicity of whisk ferns, as their vascular tissue lacks the complexity found in the xylem of more advanced plant groups. The star-shaped xylem cross-section serves as a diagnostic feature for the identification and classification of whisk ferns.

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  • 7. 

    Archegonia are the _______ reproductive organs in ferns.

    • A.

      Male

    • B.

      Female 

    • C.

      Both

    • D.

      None 

    Correct Answer
    B. Female 
    Explanation
    Archegonia, the female reproductive organs in ferns, play a crucial role in sexual reproduction. These structures produce eggs, initiating the fertilization process when they encounter male gametes. The presence of archegonia in ferns reflects their complexity and evolution, contributing to the diversity of reproductive strategies observed in seedless vascular plants.

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  • 8. 

    Antheridia are the _______ reproductive organs in ferns.

    • A.

      Male

    • B.

      Female

    • C.

      Both

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    A. Male
    Explanation
    Antheridia, the male reproductive organs in ferns, produce sperm cells vital for fertilizing the eggs within archegonia. This dual reproductive structure emphasizes the ferns' reliance on water for fertilization, a characteristic shared with other seedless vascular plants. The differentiation of male and female structures in ferns marks a significant step in the evolution of plant reproductive strategies.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following are types of club mosses?

    • A.

      Ground pines

    • B.

      Spike mosses

    • C.

      Quillworts

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Club mosses encompass diverse forms, including ground pines, spike mosses, and quillworts. Each type within the Lycophyta division exhibits unique characteristics and adaptations, contributing to the ecological diversity of these ancient plants. Understanding the varied forms within this division provides insights into the evolutionary history and ecological roles of club mosses.

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  • 10. 

    Club mosses contain microphylls with a single unbranched vein.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Microphylls in club mosses possess a distinct single, unbranched vein, a feature that distinguishes them from the megaphylls found in other plant groups. This characteristic is essential for the classification and identification of club mosses, offering insights into their evolutionary relationships and adaptations.

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  • 11. 

    What do Phylum lycophyta (club mosses) have?

    • A.

      True roots

    • B.

      Flagellated sperm

    • C.

      Vascular tissue

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Lycophyta, or club mosses, exhibit a combination of features, including true roots, flagellated sperm, and vascular tissue. These characteristics contribute to the success and adaptability of club mosses in various environments. The presence of true roots and vascular tissue reflects an advanced stage in the evolution of vascular plants within the Lycophyta division.

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  • 12. 

    Lycopodium is also known as

    • A.

      Ground pines

    • B.

      Horse tails

    • C.

      Club mosses

    • D.

      Ferns

    Correct Answer
    C. Club mosses
    Explanation
    Lycopodium, a genus within the Lycophyta division, is commonly known as club mosses. This group has a rich evolutionary history and diverse species, making it an important focus in botanical studies. Understanding the nomenclature, such as the association of Lycopodium with club mosses, aids in effective communication within the field of plant taxonomy.

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  • 13. 

    What does Lycopodium (ground pines) resemble?

    • A.

      Tropical trees

    • B.

      Christmas trees

    • C.

      Oak trees

    • D.

      Pine trees

    Correct Answer
    B. Christmas trees
    Explanation
    Lycopodium, specifically ground pines, exhibits a visual resemblance to Christmas trees due to its upright and coniferous-like appearance. This analogy helps convey the external morphology of Lycopodium, providing a relatable image for those unfamiliar with the specific characteristics of these club mosses.

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  • 14. 

    What do ground pines have? 

    • A.

      Flagellated sperm

    • B.

      Seeds

    • C.

      Pollen

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
    Explanation
    Ground pines, as a type of club moss, lack flagellated sperm, seeds, and pollen. Instead, they reproduce via spores, highlighting their reliance on a different mode of reproduction compared to seed-producing plants. Understanding the reproductive strategies of ground pines contributes to the broader knowledge of plant diversity and adaptation.

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  • 15. 

    Selaginella is also known as

    • A.

      Horse tails

    • B.

      Scouring rushes

    • C.

      Spike mosses

    • D.

      Ferns

    Correct Answer
    C. Spike mosses
    Explanation
    Selaginella, a genus within the Lycophyta division, is commonly known as spike mosses. The name reflects the distinctive appearance of these plants, characterized by their spiky foliage and reproductive structures. Recognizing the association between Selaginella and spike mosses aids in the accurate identification and classification of these unique vascular plants.

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  • 16. 

    Spike mosses have flagellated sperm.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    False. Unlike ferns, spike mosses do not have flagellated sperm. Spike mosses utilize non-motile sperm for fertilization, which is a notable difference in their reproductive strategies. Understanding these variations contributes to a comprehensive understanding of the reproductive adaptations within the diverse group of seedless vascular plants.

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  • 17. 

    On horse tails, fragments cannot grow into a new sporophyte.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    True. Unlike some other plants capable of asexual reproduction through fragmentation, horse tails cannot generate new sporophytes from fragments. This limitation in their reproductive capability underscores the uniqueness of their life cycle and reproductive strategies compared to other plant species.

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  • 18. 

    Horse tail stems are _____ at maturity.

    • A.

      Brown

    • B.

      Hollow

    • C.

      Green

    • D.

      Sticky

    Correct Answer
    B. Hollow
    Explanation
    Horse tail stems become hollow at maturity, a structural adaptation that enhances their flexibility and reduces overall weight. This unique feature contributes to the resilience and adaptability of horse tails in various environments. The hollow stems also serve as a distinctive characteristic for identification and differentiation from other plant species.

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  • 19. 

    Fronds are called all of the following except:

    • A.

      Crozier

    • B.

      Rachis

    • C.

      Fiddle heads

    • D.

      Leaflets

    Correct Answer
    B. Rachis
    Explanation
    Fronds, in the context of ferns, encompass the large, divided leaves that are essential for photosynthesis. The term "sticky" does not accurately describe the physical characteristics of fronds. Understanding the precise botanical terminology ensures accurate communication and interpretation of plant structures.

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  • 20. 

    In ferns, ____ is the dominant phase.

    • A.

      Sporophyte

    • B.

      Gametophyte

    • C.

      Both are equally dominant.

    • D.

      Both are not dominant. 

    Correct Answer
    A. Sporophyte
    Explanation
    In the fern life cycle, the sporophyte phase is dominant, representing the structurally complex and conspicuous stage of the plant. The sporophyte produces spores through sporangia, initiating the reproductive cycle. This dominance of the sporophyte phase is a defining feature of ferns, distinguishing them from bryophytes where the gametophyte phase is dominant.

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  • 21. 

    Sporangia are found on top of the fronds.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    False. Sporangia in ferns are typically located on the undersides or margins of fronds. This positioning facilitates the dispersal of spores, allowing them to be released more effectively into the environment. Understanding the precise location of sporangia contributes to a comprehensive knowledge of fern reproductive structures.

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  • 22. 

    What do Mosquito ferns (azolla) fix?

    • A.

      Carbon

    • B.

      Nitrogen

    • C.

      Oxygen

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Nitrogen
    Explanation
    Mosquito ferns, or Azolla, are known for their ability to fix nitrogen. This symbiotic relationship with nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria enables Azolla to thrive in nitrogen-poor environments. The capacity to fix nitrogen contributes to their ecological importance in nutrient cycling, making them valuable components of aquatic ecosystems.

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  • 23. 

    What is the primary role of rhizoids in ferns?

    • A.

      Absorption of water

    • B.

      Photosynthesis

    • C.

      Reproduction

    • D.

      Providing structural support

    Correct Answer
    A. Absorption of water
    Explanation
    Rhizoids in ferns primarily function in the absorption of water from the surrounding environment. These filamentous structures anchor the plant and enhance its ability to absorb essential nutrients and water, especially in species where true roots are either absent or underdeveloped. The adaptive role of rhizoids underscores their importance in fern physiology and ecology.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following is a characteristic of horsetails (Equisetophyta)?

    • A.

      Presence of flowers

    • B.

      Presence of seeds

    • C.

      Presence of silica in tissues

    • D.

      Presence of large leaves

    Correct Answer
    C. Presence of silica in tissues
    Explanation
    The Equisetophyta division, represented by horsetails, is characterized by the presence of silica in their tissues. Silica provides structural support and contributes to the abrasive texture of horsetails, making them historically useful for cleaning and scouring. This distinctive characteristic plays a crucial role in the identification and classification of horsetails within the plant kingdom.

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  • 25. 

    What is the significance of sporangia in the life cycle of ferns?

    • A.

      They produce seeds.

    • B.

      They produce spores.

    • C.

      They are involved in photosynthesis.

    • D.

      They absorb water and nutrients.

    Correct Answer
    B. They produce spores.
    Explanation
    Sporangia play a pivotal role in the life cycle of ferns by producing spores, the reproductive cells responsible for initiating the development of new gametophytes. The production and dispersal of spores represent a key phase in fern reproduction, allowing for the colonization of new habitats and contributing to the overall genetic diversity of the fern population.

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  • Current Version
  • Jan 15, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 12, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Swarren
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