Mrssage - Bones And Joints Quiz

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Mrssage - Bones And Joints Quiz - Quiz

Over half the bones in the human body are located in our hands and feet. Joints are the place where two bones meet or connect. Just how much do you know about joints and bones? Take up the quiz below and get to jog your memory and help retain what you know so far.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The connective tissue found in joints that is stiff and more flexible than bone is _____.

    • A.

      Ligament

    • B.

      Cartilage

    • C.

      Muscle

    • D.

      Tendon

    Correct Answer
    B. Cartilage
    Explanation
    Cartilage is the correct answer because it is a type of connective tissue found in joints that is stiff and more flexible than bone. It provides support and cushioning to the joints, allowing for smooth movement and reducing friction. Ligaments connect bones to other bones, muscles enable movement, and tendons connect muscles to bones, but they do not possess the same characteristics as cartilage in terms of flexibility and stiffness.

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  • 2. 

    The bony structure that encases the brain is called the cranium.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The cranium is the bony structure that surrounds and protects the brain. It is made up of several bones that fit together to form a strong and sturdy enclosure. The cranium acts as a protective barrier, shielding the delicate brain from injury and trauma. It also provides support and structure for the face and skull. Therefore, it is correct to say that the bony structure that encases the brain is called the cranium.

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  • 3. 

    The tough band of fibrous connective tissue that connects a muscle to a bone is known as a _____.

    • A.

      Ligament

    • B.

      Tendon

    • C.

      Cartilage

    • D.

      Joint

    Correct Answer
    B. Tendon
    Explanation
    A tendon is a tough band of fibrous connective tissue that connects a muscle to a bone. It helps transmit the force generated by the muscle to the bone, allowing movement to occur. Ligaments, on the other hand, connect bone to bone and help stabilize joints. Cartilage is a type of flexible connective tissue found in various parts of the body, including joints. Therefore, the correct answer is tendon.

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  • 4. 

    Which mineral is important for bone growth and formation?

    • A.

      Oxygen

    • B.

      Silica

    • C.

      Calcium

    • D.

      Iron

    Correct Answer
    C. Calcium
    Explanation
    Calcium is important for bone growth and formation because it is a key component of hydroxyapatite, which is the mineral that gives strength and structure to bones. Calcium is needed for the proper development and maintenance of strong and healthy bones. It plays a crucial role in bone mineralization, where calcium is deposited in the bone matrix, making the bones strong and hard. Without sufficient calcium intake, bones can become weak and brittle, leading to conditions like osteoporosis. Therefore, calcium is essential for bone health and growth.

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  • 5. 

    The Minerals stored in the bone are

    • A.

      Phosphorous, and Calcium

    • B.

      Phosphate, Chlorine

    • C.

      Phosphate, Calcium

    • D.

      Potassium, Chlorine

    • E.

      Potassium, Calcium

    Correct Answer
    C. Phosphate, Calcium
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Phosphate, Calcium. Phosphate and calcium are minerals that are stored in the bone. Phosphate is essential for the formation and maintenance of strong bones and teeth, while calcium is the main mineral that gives strength and structure to the bones. These minerals are stored in the bone and released into the bloodstream as needed for various bodily functions, such as muscle contraction, nerve function, and blood clotting.

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  • 6. 

    How many bones does the human body contain?

    • A.

      100

    • B.

      1000

    • C.

      206

    • D.

      55

    Correct Answer
    C. 206
    Explanation
    The human body contains 206 bones. Bones provide support, protect organs, and allow for movement. They also store minerals and produce blood cells. The skeletal system is made up of different types of bones, including long bones, short bones, flat bones, and irregular bones. These bones are connected by joints and held together by ligaments and tendons. The number of bones in the human body can vary slightly from person to person, but on average, it is 206.

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  • 7. 

    What is the function of the skeletal system?

    • A.

      It makes us look good

    • B.

      It provides support and protection

    • C.

      It helps us make decisions

    • D.

      It keeps us warm

    Correct Answer
    B. It provides support and protection
    Explanation
    The skeletal system provides support and protection to the body. It forms the framework that gives shape and structure to the body, allowing us to stand upright and move. It also protects vital organs such as the brain, heart, and lungs. Without the skeletal system, our body would not have the necessary support and protection, making it difficult for us to perform daily activities and leaving our organs vulnerable to injury.

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  • 8. 

    What procedure is used by doctor's to see bones inside the body?

    • A.

      Photos

    • B.

      Radio waves

    • C.

      X-rays

    • D.

      Microwaves

    Correct Answer
    C. X-rays
    Explanation
    Doctors use x-rays to see bones inside the body. X-rays are a form of electromagnetic radiation that can penetrate through soft tissues but are absorbed by denser materials such as bones. When an x-ray is taken, the radiation passes through the body and creates an image on a film or digital detector. This image allows doctors to visualize the structure of bones, identify fractures, tumors, or other abnormalities. X-rays are a commonly used diagnostic tool in medicine due to their ability to provide detailed images of the skeletal system.

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  • 9. 

    What mineral is needed to keep bones strong?

    • A.

      Calcium

    • B.

      Salt

    • C.

      Gold

    • D.

      Sugar

    Correct Answer
    A. Calcium
    Explanation
    Calcium is needed to keep bones strong because it is an essential mineral that plays a crucial role in bone health. It is a key component of bones and teeth, providing strength and structure. Calcium also helps in the proper functioning of muscles, nerves, and blood clotting. Insufficient calcium intake can lead to weak and brittle bones, increasing the risk of fractures and osteoporosis. Therefore, calcium is necessary for maintaining strong and healthy bones.

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  • 10. 

    What part of the skeleton protects the heart?

    • A.

      Skull

    • B.

      Rib cage

    • C.

      Pelvis

    • D.

      Femur

    Correct Answer
    B. Rib cage
    Explanation
    The rib cage is the correct answer because it forms a protective cage around the heart. The rib bones enclose the chest cavity, providing a sturdy barrier that helps shield vital organs, including the heart, from external trauma or injury. The ribs also play a crucial role in supporting and maintaining the shape of the thoracic cavity, allowing for proper functioning of the heart and lungs.

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  • 11. 

    The place where two bones meet and move is called what?

    • A.

      Intersection

    • B.

      Joint

    • C.

      Bone

    • D.

      Meeting place

    • E.

      Skull

    Correct Answer
    B. Joint
    Explanation
    A joint is the correct answer because it refers to the specific location where two bones come together and allow movement. It is a crucial part of the skeletal system, enabling mobility and flexibility in the body. The other options, such as intersection, bone, meeting place, and skull, do not accurately describe this anatomical structure.

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  • 12. 

    What bone structure includes the two jaw bones and plates that protect the brain, inner ears, and eyes?

    • A.

      Torso

    • B.

      Arms

    • C.

      Legs

    • D.

      Skull

    • E.

      Bones

    Correct Answer
    D. Skull
    Explanation
    The skull is the correct answer because it is the bone structure that includes the two jaw bones and plates that protect the brain, inner ears, and eyes. The skull forms the framework of the head and provides protection for these vital organs.

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  • 13. 

    The patella is located in the:

    • A.

      Thigh

    • B.

      Skull

    • C.

      Knee

    • D.

      Foot

    Correct Answer
    C. Knee
    Explanation
    The patella, also known as the kneecap, is a small bone located in the knee joint. It sits in front of the femur (thigh bone) and helps to protect the knee joint and improve the leverage of the quadriceps muscles. It acts as a fulcrum for the quadriceps tendon, allowing the knee to straighten and bend smoothly. Therefore, the correct answer is knee.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following is an example of an immovable joint?

    • A.

      Skull

    • B.

      Ribs

    • C.

      Knee

    Correct Answer
    A. Skull
    Explanation
    The skull is an example of an immovable joint because the bones of the skull are tightly fused together, forming a solid structure that protects the brain. Unlike other joints in the body, such as the knee, which allow for movement, the joints in the skull are fixed and do not allow for any significant motion. This immovable joint provides stability and protection to the delicate brain and surrounding structures.

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  • 15. 

    Which is an example of a movable joint?

    • A.

      Skull

    • B.

      Ribs

    • C.

      Knee

    Correct Answer
    C. Knee
    Explanation
    The knee is an example of a movable joint. Unlike the skull, which is a fixed joint, and the ribs, which are semi-movable joints, the knee allows for a wide range of movement. It is a hinge joint that allows for flexion and extension, as well as some rotation. This mobility enables us to walk, run, jump, and perform various other movements that require bending and straightening of the leg.

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  • 16. 

    What are bones that make up your fingers called?

    • A.

      Metacarpals

    • B.

      Carpals

    • C.

      Phalanges

    • D.

      Ribs

    Correct Answer
    C. Phalanges
    Explanation
    The bones that make up your fingers are called phalanges. These small, slender bones are connected to each other by joints, allowing for flexibility and movement in the fingers. There are three phalanges in each finger, except for the thumb which only has two. The phalanges play a crucial role in the functioning of the hand, enabling us to grasp and manipulate objects with precision.

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  • 17. 

    Which bone can be found in both the hand and the foot?

    • A.

      Tarsals

    • B.

      Carpals

    • C.

      Phalanges

    • D.

      Ulna

    Correct Answer
    C. Phalanges
    Explanation
    Phalanges is the correct answer because it refers to the bones that make up the fingers and toes. These bones can be found in both the hand and the foot. The tarsals are the bones in the foot, the carpals are the bones in the hand, and the ulna is a bone in the forearm.

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  • 18. 

    A place where two bones meet.

    • A.

      Hinge joint

    • B.

      Tendons

    • C.

      Muscle

    • D.

      Joint

    Correct Answer
    D. Joint
    Explanation
    A joint is a place where two bones meet. It allows for movement and provides stability to the skeletal system. Joints are essential for mobility and range of motion in the body. They can be classified into different types, such as hinge joints, which allow for back and forth movement like a door hinge. Tendons and muscles are also involved in joint movement, but they are not the specific answer to the question.

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  • 19. 

    What is the function of the skeletal system?

    • A.

      Support the body

    • B.

      Give the body shape

    • C.

      Work with muscles to move the body

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The skeletal system has multiple functions. It provides support to the body, giving it structure and shape. Additionally, it works in conjunction with muscles to facilitate movement. Therefore, all of the given options accurately describe the functions of the skeletal system.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following connect bones to each other in the skeletal system?

    • A.

      Tendons

    • B.

      Ligaments

    • C.

      Joints

    • D.

      Biceps

    Correct Answer
    B. Ligaments
    Explanation
    Ligaments are the correct answer because they are fibrous connective tissues that connect bones to other bones in the skeletal system. They provide stability to joints and help to prevent excessive movement or dislocation. Tendons, on the other hand, connect muscles to bones, joints are the points where two or more bones meet, and biceps are a specific muscle in the body.

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  • 21. 

    The joint in elbow, finger and knee are examples of what?

    • A.

      Gliding joint

    • B.

      Ball and socket

    • C.

      Hinge joint

    • D.

      Saddle joint

    Correct Answer
    C. Hinge joint
    Explanation
    The joint in the elbow, finger, and knee are examples of hinge joints. Hinge joints allow movement in only one direction, similar to the opening and closing of a door. In these joints, the bones are connected by a strong ligament and are able to flex and extend. This type of joint provides stability and strength, allowing for controlled and precise movements.

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  • 22. 

    Soft tissues found inside some bones of the skeletal system.

    • A.

      Gliding joint

    • B.

      Bone marrow

    • C.

      Ligaments

    Correct Answer
    B. Bone marrow
    Explanation
    Bone marrow is the correct answer because it is a soft tissue found inside some bones of the skeletal system. It is responsible for producing red and white blood cells, as well as platelets. Bone marrow is found in the hollow center of long bones, such as the femur and humerus, and also in the flat bones, such as the sternum and pelvis. It plays a crucial role in the immune system and the production of blood cells.

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  • 23. 

    The joint in the wrist and ankle are examples of what?

    • A.

      Gliding joint

    • B.

      Hinge joint

    • C.

      Ball and socket

    • D.

      Saddle joint

    Correct Answer
    A. Gliding joint
    Explanation
    The joint in the wrist and ankle are examples of gliding joints. Gliding joints allow bones to glide past each other in multiple directions, enabling smooth and controlled movements. In the wrist and ankle, these joints allow for flexibility and movement in various planes, such as side-to-side and back-and-forth motions. This type of joint is important for activities that require fine motor skills and precise movements, such as writing, typing, and walking.

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  • 24. 

    What is inside the hollow cavity of the bone shaft?

    • A.

      Periosteum

    • B.

      Spongy bone

    • C.

      Compact bone

    • D.

      Marrow

    Correct Answer
    D. Marrow
    Explanation
    The hollow cavity of the bone shaft contains marrow. Marrow is a soft, spongy tissue found inside bones that produces blood cells (red marrow) and stores fat (yellow marrow). It is essential for the production of new blood cells and plays a crucial role in the immune system.

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  • 25. 

    __________ are produced by the bone marrow.

    • A.

      Blood cells

    • B.

      Cartilage

    • C.

      Ligaments

    Correct Answer
    A. Blood cells
    Explanation
    Blood cells are produced by the bone marrow. The bone marrow is a soft, spongy tissue found inside the bones, and it is responsible for producing various types of blood cells, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. These blood cells play crucial roles in carrying oxygen, fighting infections, and clotting blood. Cartilage and ligaments, on the other hand, are types of connective tissues found in the body but are not produced by the bone marrow.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 02, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    MrsSage
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