A Quiz On Bones: Trivia Facts!

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| By Yashmak
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A Quiz On Bones: Trivia Facts! - Quiz

Do you know anything about bones? Bones are rigid body tissues which are comprised of collagen and calcium phosphate. The hard, outer layer makes up around 80 percent of adult bone mass. Bone tissues make up the individual bones of the skeletons of vertebrates. The cells in bones are fixed in a plentiful hard intercellular material. Try this quiz and you will see how much you know about bones.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Bone is a type of avascular connective tissue.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Bone is not a type of avascular connective tissue. In fact, bone is a highly vascularized connective tissue. It is composed of cells called osteocytes, which are embedded in a matrix of collagen fibers and mineral salts such as calcium and phosphorus. The blood vessels in bone provide oxygen and nutrients to the cells, allowing for bone growth, repair, and remodeling. Therefore, the statement that bone is a type of avascular connective tissue is incorrect.

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  • 2. 

    Bone stores

    • A.

      Calcium, potassium

    • B.

      Calcium, phosphate

    • C.

      Calcium, sodium

    • D.

      Sodium, potassium

    • E.

      Sodium, phosphate

    Correct Answer
    B. Calcium, phosphate
    Explanation
    Bone stores calcium and phosphate. Calcium is an essential mineral for bone health and is stored in the bone tissue. It plays a crucial role in maintaining the strength and structure of bones. Phosphate is also important for bone health as it helps in the formation and repair of bones. Together, calcium and phosphate work to maintain the mineral density of bones and ensure their proper functioning.

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  • 3. 

    Is this the correct sequence of events? Osteogenic --> Osteoblast --> Osteoclast --> Osteocyte

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The correct sequence of events is Osteogenic --> Osteoblast --> Osteocyte --> Osteoclast. Osteogenic cells are undifferentiated cells that can develop into osteoblasts. Osteoblasts are responsible for bone formation and eventually become osteocytes, which are mature bone cells. Osteoclasts, on the other hand, are responsible for bone resorption. Therefore, the correct sequence is False.

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  • 4. 

    The bone is composed of two GAGs. They are:

    • A.

      Chondroitin sulfate, dermatan sulfate

    • B.

      Chondroitin sulfate, heparan sulfate

    • C.

      Chondroitin sulfate, keratan sulfate

    • D.

      Keratan sulfate, dermatan sulfate

    • E.

      Heparan sulfate, dermatan sulfate

    Correct Answer
    C. Chondroitin sulfate, keratan sulfate
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Chondroitin sulfate, keratan sulfate. Chondroitin sulfate and keratan sulfate are two types of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) found in the bone. GAGs are long chains of sugar molecules that are important for the structure and function of connective tissues, including bone. Chondroitin sulfate helps to provide resistance to compression forces, while keratan sulfate helps to maintain the integrity of the bone matrix. Together, these GAGs contribute to the strength and flexibility of bone tissue.

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  • 5. 

    Bone is composed of this type of fiber:

    • A.

      Type I

    • B.

      Type II

    • C.

      Type III

    • D.

      Type IV

    • E.

      Bone is not composed of fiber

    Correct Answer
    A. Type I
    Explanation
    Bone is composed of Type I fibers. Type I fibers, also known as collagen fibers, are the main component of bone tissue. These fibers provide strength and flexibility to the bone, allowing it to withstand mechanical stress and maintain its structure. Type I fibers are highly resistant to tension and are found in various connective tissues throughout the body, including bone. Therefore, it is correct to say that bone is composed of Type I fibers.

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  • 6. 

    Osteocytes have PTH receptors.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Osteocytes do not have PTH receptors. PTH receptors are found on osteoblasts and osteoclasts, which are other types of bone cells. Osteocytes are mature bone cells that are responsible for maintaining the bone tissue and regulating bone remodeling, but they do not have PTH receptors.

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  • 7. 

    PTH stimulation causes

    • A.

      Secretion of osteoclast stimulating factor

    • B.

      Secretion of osteoblast stimulating factor

    • C.

      Protocollagenase

    • D.

      A & C

    • E.

      B & C

    Correct Answer
    D. A & C
    Explanation
    PTH stimulation causes the secretion of osteoclast stimulating factor and protocollagenase. Osteoclast stimulating factor promotes the activity of osteoclasts, which are responsible for bone resorption. Protocollagenase is an enzyme that helps in the breakdown of collagen, a major component of the bone matrix. Therefore, both A and C are correct as PTH stimulation leads to the secretion of both osteoclast stimulating factor and protocollagenase.

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  • 8. 

    Osteoblasts form osseous tissue, which becomes encapsulated in canaliculi, but maintains contact with the vascular system via lacunae.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Osteoblasts do not form osseous tissue, but rather they are responsible for the production and secretion of the extracellular matrix that eventually becomes mineralized to form bone. Osteoblasts do not become encapsulated in canaliculi, but rather they are found on the surface of bone tissue. The canaliculi are tiny channels that connect the lacunae, which are small spaces within the bone matrix that house the osteocytes. The lacunae are in contact with the vascular system through the network of blood vessels within the bone. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 9. 

    Regarding osteocytes, cytoplasmic processes communicate through

    • A.

      Gap junctions

    • B.

      Tight junctions

    • C.

      Adherens

    • D.

      Desmosome

    • E.

      Neurons

    Correct Answer
    A. Gap junctions
    Explanation
    Osteocytes are bone cells that are embedded within the bone matrix. They communicate with each other and with other cells through cytoplasmic processes. Gap junctions are specialized channels that allow direct communication between adjacent cells by allowing the passage of small molecules and ions. Therefore, gap junctions are the correct answer as they facilitate communication between the cytoplasmic processes of osteocytes. Tight junctions, adherens, desmosomes, and neurons are not directly involved in the communication between osteocytes.

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  • 10. 

    Blood vessels and nerves run through Haversian canals, and Volkmann's canal in

    • A.

      Osteoblasts

    • B.

      Osteocytes

    • C.

      Osteoclasts

    • D.

      Osteogenes

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Osteocytes
    Explanation
    Osteocytes are the correct answer because they are the mature bone cells that are located within the bone matrix. They are responsible for maintaining and regulating the bone tissue. Osteocytes receive nutrients and oxygen through the blood vessels and nerves that run through the Haversian canals and Volkmann's canals. These canals provide a pathway for the blood vessels and nerves to reach the osteocytes, allowing them to function properly and support bone health.

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  • 11. 

    This forms the bone matrix.

    • A.

      Osteogenic cells

    • B.

      Osteoblast

    • C.

      Osteocyte

    • D.

      Osteoclast

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Osteoblast
    Explanation
    Osteoblasts are responsible for forming the bone matrix. They are specialized cells that synthesize and secrete the proteins and other components needed to build new bone tissue. Osteoblasts play a crucial role in bone formation and are involved in the early stages of bone development and repair. They are derived from osteogenic cells and eventually become osteocytes, which are mature bone cells embedded within the bone matrix. Osteoclasts, on the other hand, are responsible for bone resorption and breaking down old bone tissue. Therefore, the correct answer is Osteoblast.

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  • 12. 

    Growth in length of long bones undergoing endochrondal ossification occurs along the

    • A.

      Epiphysis

    • B.

      Epiphyseal plate

    • C.

      Diaphysis

    • D.

      Periphery of diaphysis

    • E.

      Ossification centers

    Correct Answer
    B. Epiphyseal plate
    Explanation
    During endochondral ossification, long bones grow in length at the epiphyseal plate. The epiphyseal plate is a layer of cartilage located at the ends of long bones, between the epiphysis and diaphysis. As new cartilage cells are formed on the epiphyseal side of the plate, older cartilage cells are replaced by bone on the diaphyseal side. This process allows for the lengthening of the bone. Therefore, the correct answer is the epiphyseal plate.

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  • 13. 

    Name the process: Mesenchyme that condenses in sheets of highly vascularized connective tissue, then forms a primary ossification center.

    • A.

      Endochrondal ossification

    • B.

      Intramembranous ossification

    • C.

      Bone ossification

    • D.

      Membranous ossification

    • E.

      Endothelial ossification

    Correct Answer
    B. Intramembranous ossification
    Explanation
    Intramembranous ossification is the correct answer because it involves the direct formation of bone within a connective tissue membrane, without the prior formation of a cartilage model. In this process, mesenchyme condenses and differentiates into osteoblasts, which then lay down bone matrix. The highly vascularized connective tissue provides the necessary blood supply for the formation of bone. This process is responsible for the formation of flat bones, such as those in the skull and clavicle.

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  • 14. 

    Growth hormone...

    • A.

      Stimulates the secretion of osteoclast-stimulating factor

    • B.

      Inhibits bone resorption

    • C.

      Stimulates bone resorption

    • D.

      Influences bone remodeling

    • E.

      Closes epiphyseal plates

    Correct Answer
    D. Influences bone remodeling
    Explanation
    Growth hormone influences bone remodeling. This means that it plays a role in the process of breaking down and building up bone tissue. Bone remodeling is a continuous process in which old bone is resorbed by osteoclasts and new bone is formed by osteoblasts. Growth hormone helps regulate this process, ensuring that bone growth and maintenance are balanced. It does not directly stimulate or inhibit bone resorption, nor does it close epiphyseal plates, which are responsible for longitudinal bone growth.

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  • 15. 

    Calcitonin...

    • A.

      Stimulates bone resorption

    • B.

      Inhibits bone resorption

    • C.

      Acts directly on osteoclasts

    • D.

      A & C

    • E.

      B & C

    Correct Answer
    E. B & C
    Explanation
    Calcitonin inhibits bone resorption and acts directly on osteoclasts. This hormone is released by the thyroid gland and helps regulate calcium levels in the body. By inhibiting bone resorption, calcitonin reduces the breakdown of bone tissue and helps maintain bone density. Additionally, it acts directly on osteoclasts, which are cells responsible for breaking down bone. Therefore, options B & C are correct as they accurately describe the actions of calcitonin.

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  • 16. 

    Bone has a high capacity for regeneration.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Bone has a high capacity for regeneration because it is a living tissue that constantly undergoes a process called remodeling. This process involves the removal of old or damaged bone tissue and the formation of new bone tissue. When a bone is fractured or injured, specialized cells called osteoblasts and osteoclasts work together to repair and regenerate the damaged area. Osteoblasts lay down new bone tissue, while osteoclasts break down and remove old or damaged bone tissue. This continuous remodeling process allows bone to heal and regenerate, making it highly capable of repairing itself.

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  • 17. 

    Osteoporosis...

    • A.

      Decreases mass of bone

    • B.

      Low calcium contents

    • C.

      Low vitamin D

    • D.

      Low vitamin C

    • E.

      Premature close of epiphyseal plates

    Correct Answer
    A. Decreases mass of bone
    Explanation
    Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by a decrease in bone mass, leading to weakened and brittle bones. This condition causes the bones to become porous and increases the risk of fractures. It is not directly related to low calcium, low vitamin D, low vitamin C, or premature closure of epiphyseal plates, although these factors can contribute to bone health. The main feature of osteoporosis is the decrease in bone mass, which is why it is the correct answer.

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  • 18. 

    Osteoma...

    • A.

      Low calcium contents

    • B.

      Deformed extremities

    • C.

      Poor bone growth

    • D.

      Low vitamin C

    • E.

      Localized swelling in bones

    Correct Answer
    E. Localized swelling in bones
    Explanation
    Osteoma is a benign bone tumor that typically causes localized swelling in the affected bone. It is characterized by the abnormal growth of bone tissue, leading to the formation of a bony mass or bump. The other options mentioned in the question, such as low calcium contents, deformed extremities, poor bone growth, and low vitamin C, are not associated with osteoma.

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  • 19. 

    Osteosarcoma is a benign tumor.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Osteosarcoma is not a benign tumor, but rather a malignant tumor. It is a type of bone cancer that originates in the cells that form bones. Malignant tumors are cancerous and can spread to other parts of the body, while benign tumors are non-cancerous and do not spread. Therefore, the statement that osteosarcoma is a benign tumor is incorrect.

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  • 20. 

    Sutures in skull are an example of

    • A.

      Synarthroses

    • B.

      Amphiarthroses

    • C.

      Diarthroses

    • D.

      Gap junctions

    • E.

      Tight junctions

    Correct Answer
    A. Synarthroses
    Explanation
    Sutures in the skull are an example of synarthroses because they are immovable joints that provide stability and protection to the brain. Synarthroses joints are characterized by the presence of fibrous connective tissue that holds the bones together, and sutures in the skull are formed by dense fibrous connective tissue. These joints allow for minimal movement or no movement at all, ensuring that the bones of the skull remain tightly connected and provide protection to the brain.

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  • 21. 

    Joints function as lubricators.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Joints in the body are responsible for connecting bones and allowing movement. One of their important functions is to act as lubricators. This means that joints produce synovial fluid, a lubricating substance that helps reduce friction between the bones during movement. This lubrication is crucial for smooth and pain-free movement, preventing wear and tear on the joints. Therefore, the statement "Joints function as lubricators" is true.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 24, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Yashmak
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