Boh Decision Making

30 Questions

Settings
Please wait...
Decision Making Quizzes & Trivia

BOH4M Decision Making Test


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Personal decision making styles vary on the basis of...
    • A. 

      Level of education and risk averseness

    • B. 

      Value orientation and tolerance for ambiguity

    • C. 

      Ambiguity orientation and level of pay

    • D. 

      Level of education and risk orientation

  • 2. 
    When escalation of commitment occurs, individuals tend to:
    • A. 

      Bias facts so that they support the previous decision

    • B. 

      Take more risks when a decision is stated in negative terms (to recover losses) rather than positive ones (to achieve gains)

    • C. 

      Get too ego-involved with the project

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 3. 
    Businesses can reduce the risk of escalation of commitment by:
    • A. 

      Having different individuals make the initial and subsequent decisions about a project.

    • B. 

      Providing more frequent feedback about project completion and costs

    • C. 

      Making decision makers aware of the costs of persistence

    • D. 

      All of these are methods of reducing the risk of escalation of commitment

  • 4. 
    Creativity is:
    • A. 

      A process of using intelligence, imagination, and skill to develop a new or novel product, object, process, or thought

    • B. 

      Something which is inherent and cannot be taught

    • C. 

      A quality which very few people have

    • D. 

      Not essential to a business

  • 5. 
    Synthesis involves
    • A. 

      Creating something new

    • B. 

      Combining two ideas to get a new one

    • C. 

      Changing an existing idea

    • D. 

      The first book of the New Testament

  • 6. 
    All creative processes have these underlying steps:
    • A. 

      Preparation, and concentration

    • B. 

      Incubation, and illumination

    • C. 

      Verification

    • D. 

      All of these are steps in the creative pocess

  • 7. 
    Concentration in creativity involves:
    • A. 

      Organizing workers

    • B. 

      Focusing on the problem

    • C. 

      Creating a team

    • D. 

      Ordering coffee

  • 8. 
    Illumination in problem solving involves:
    • A. 

      Focusing on the problem

    • B. 

      Starting from a base of knowledge

    • C. 

      Generating remote associations that were developing during incubation

    • D. 

      Going through the process to verify, modify, or try out new ideas

  • 9. 
    Some "good" aspects of group decision making are:
    • A. 

      Greater pool of knowledge

    • B. 

      Different perspectives

    • C. 

      Greater comprehension

    • D. 

      All of these are good aspects of group decision making

  • 10. 
    Some "bad" aspects of group decision making are:
    • A. 

      Conformity stifles creativity

    • B. 

      Political wheeling and dealing frustrate progress

    • C. 

      Different perspectives

    • D. 

      Both a and b

  • 11. 
    Some guidelines for successful group decision making include:
    • A. 

      If additional information would increase the quality of the decision, involve people who can provide the information

    • B. 

      If acceptance is important, involve people whose acceptance & commitment are important

    • C. 

      If people can be developed through their participation, involve those whose development is most important

    • D. 

      All of these can help ensure successful group decision making

  • 12. 
    The Delphi Technique is
    • A. 

      A way to generate ideas from closely located experts each of whom is publically attached to the idea

    • B. 

      A way to anonymously generate ideas from physically dispersed experts

    • C. 

      A way to predict the future

    • D. 

      A way to review past mistakes

  • 13. 
    The rational model of decision making suggests that managers...
    • A. 

      Are inherently irrational

    • B. 

      Make decisions every day

    • C. 

      Use a rational 4 step model of decision making

    • D. 

      Should avoid making decisions

  • 14. 
    The sequence of steps in rational decision making is..
    • A. 

      Evaluating solutions, identifying problems, generating solutions, and selecting solutions

    • B. 

      Identifying problems, generating problems, selecting solution, implementing and evaluating solution

    • C. 

      Avoiding problems, generating solutions, selecting solution, implementing and evaluating solution

    • D. 

      Identifying problems, generating solutions, selecting solution, implementing and evaluating solution

  • 15. 
    The bounded rationality model suggests that decision makers are restricted by certain constraints when making decisions such as..
    • A. 

      Unlimited Information Processiong, Judgmental Heuritsics, and Satisficing

    • B. 

      Limited Information Processing, Judgmental Heuristics, and The Inability to get Satisfaction

    • C. 

      Limited Information Processing, Judgmental Heuritsics, and Satisficing

    • D. 

      Limited Information Processing, Non-judgmental Heuristics, and Satisficing

  • 16. 
    Value Orientation is the degree to which people focus either on (blank) concerns or (blank)   concerns.
    • A. 

      Management, risk

    • B. 

      People, business

    • C. 

      Task, people

    • D. 

      Business, risk

  • 17. 
    Tolerance for Ambigiuity is the degree to which people have a high need for...
    • A. 

      Ambiguity or futility index

    • B. 

      Profit making or loss making

    • C. 

      Power

    • D. 

      structure or control

  • 18. 
    Managers with a low tolerance for ambiguity and who are oriented towards task concerns may be said to demonstrate this style of decision making:
    • A. 

      Analytical

    • B. 

      Directive

    • C. 

      Conceptual

    • D. 

      Behavioural

  • 19. 
    Managers with a high tolerance for ambiguity and who are oriented towards task concerns may be said to demonstrate this style of decision making:
    • A. 

      Analytical

    • B. 

      Directive

    • C. 

      Conceptual

    • D. 

      Behavioural

  • 20. 
    Managers with a high tolerance for ambiguity, who are oriented towards people and social concerns may be said to demonstrate this style of decision making:
    • A. 

      Directive

    • B. 

      Analytical

    • C. 

      Conceptual

    • D. 

      Behavioural

  • 21. 
    Managers with a low tolerance for ambiguity, who are oriented towards people and social concerns may be said to demonstrate this style of decision making:
    • A. 

      Directive

    • B. 

      Analytical

    • C. 

      Conceptual

    • D. 

      Behavioural

  • 22. 
    Escalation of Commitment refers to...
    • A. 

      Being determined to improve performance

    • B. 

      Striving for excellence at all times

    • C. 

      Sticking to an ineffective course of action for too long

    • D. 

      Being committed to riding escalators

  • 23. 
    There are three broad types of creativity:
    • A. 

      Creation, genesis, and exegesis

    • B. 

      East, west, and north-south

    • C. 

      Creation, synthesis and modification

    • D. 

      Film, books, and games

  • 24. 
    Methods that managers can use to improve employee creativity include:
    • A. 

      Encourage employees to be more open to new ideas and experiences

    • B. 

      Allow employees to have fun and play around

    • C. 

      Avoid a negative mindset when employee brings a new idea

    • D. 

      All of these are methods that managers can use to improve creativity

  • 25. 
    Some classic symptoms of groupthink include:
    • A. 

      Illusion of empowerment, self-censorship, and peer pressure

    • B. 

      Illusion of invulnerability, delusional thinking, and mindguards

    • C. 

      Illusion of invulnerability, self-censorship, and peer pressure

    • D. 

      Rationalization, belief in inherent mortality, and persistent delusions

  • 26. 
    Participative management (PM) is a method of
    • A. 

      Excluding employees in decision making

    • B. 

      Including employees in decision making

    • C. 

      Tricking employees into making decisions

    • D. 

      Postponing significant decision making

  • 27. 
    In Participative Management, employees play a direct role in:
    • A. 

      Setting goals

    • B. 

      Making decisions

    • C. 

      Solving problems, and Making changes in the organization

    • D. 

      All these are part of PM

  • 28. 
    Participative Management has been found to have:
    • A. 

      A major effect on job performance, and a moderate relationship with job satisfaction

    • B. 

      A small but significant effect on job performance, and a major relationship with job satisfaction

    • C. 

      A small but significant effect on job performance, and a moderate relationship with job satisfaction

    • D. 

      A major effect on job performance, and a very strong relationship with job satisfaction

  • 29. 
    A consensus is reached when:
    • A. 

      A majority of the team agrees to the outcome

    • B. 

      No one member of the team is in opposition to the outcome

    • C. 

      Few support the outcome, but none will openly say so

    • D. 

      All members either agree with the decision or have expressed their opinion and were unable to convince others of their viewpoint, and have agreed to support the outcome

  • 30. 
    A popular technique which is used to generate multiple ideas and alternatives for solving problems, without evaluating ideas or selecting solutions, is known as:
    • A. 

      The mind tornado

    • B. 

      Cerebral solipsism

    • C. 

      Brainstorming

    • D. 

      Barnstorming