Body Planes & Cavities

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Body Planes & Cavities - Quiz

This is the unit 1 test for anatomy and includes body planes, body cavities, and some introductory information learned in the first days of anatomy.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The science dealing with the functions of the body parts is called __________.

    • A.

      Physiology

    • B.

      Cytology

    • C.

      Anatomy

    • D.

      Biology

    Correct Answer
    A. Physiology
    Explanation
    Physiology is the science that studies the functions and processes of the body parts. It focuses on how different organs and systems work together to maintain homeostasis and carry out various bodily functions. This includes studying processes such as digestion, respiration, circulation, and reproduction. Cytology, on the other hand, is the study of cells, while anatomy is the study of the structure of the body. Biology is a broader field that encompasses the study of all living organisms.

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  • 2. 

    The science dealing with the structure of an organism is called __________.

    • A.

      Physiology

    • B.

      Cytology

    • C.

      Anatomy

    • D.

      Biology

    Correct Answer
    C. Anatomy
    Explanation
    Anatomy is the science that deals with the structure of an organism. It focuses on the study of the physical structures and organization of different parts of the body. This includes the study of organs, tissues, bones, muscles, and other structures that make up the body. By understanding the anatomy of an organism, scientists can gain insights into how it functions and how different parts of the body work together.

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  • 3. 

    The term artery in the latin language means what?

    • A.

      Space Maker

    • B.

      Oxygen Transporter

    • C.

      Blood Tube

    • D.

      Air Holder

    Correct Answer
    D. Air Holder
  • 4. 

    What type of anatomy is studied with the "naked eye?"

    • A.

      Sight anatomy

    • B.

      Gross anatomy

    • C.

      Regional anatomy

    • D.

      Histologic anatomy

    Correct Answer
    B. Gross anatomy
    Explanation
    Gross anatomy is the study of anatomical structures that can be seen with the naked eye, without the need for a microscope. It involves the examination of organs, tissues, and organ systems at a macroscopic level, focusing on their structure and relationships. This type of anatomy is commonly studied in medical and veterinary schools to understand the overall structure and function of the human or animal body.

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  • 5. 

    Describe the anatomical position.

    • A.

      Face forward, palms down.

    • B.

      Face and body turned to the side.

    • C.

      Face forward, palms forward.

    • D.

      Face forward, palms backwards.

    Correct Answer
    C. Face forward, palms forward.
    Explanation
    The anatomical position refers to the standardized position in which the body is described or studied. In this position, the person is standing upright, facing forward, with arms at the sides and palms facing forward. This position allows for consistent and accurate communication when describing the location or direction of body parts.

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  • 6. 

    Body parts close to the midline are said to be __________.

    • A.

      Midsagittal

    • B.

      Medial

    • C.

      Lateral

    • D.

      Superior

    Correct Answer
    B. Medial
    Explanation
    Body parts close to the midline are referred to as medial. This term is used to describe structures that are closer to the imaginary line dividing the body into left and right halves. For example, the nose is medial to the ears because it is closer to the midline of the face.

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  • 7. 

    Dorsal refers to what part of the body?

    • A.

      Front

    • B.

      Side

    • C.

      Bottom

    • D.

      Back

    Correct Answer
    D. Back
    Explanation
    The term "dorsal" refers to the back part of the body. It is the opposite of "ventral," which refers to the front part of the body.

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  • 8. 

    How would the elbow be described in comparison to the wrist?

    • A.

      The elbow is distal compared to the wrist.

    • B.

      The elbow is frontal compared to the wrist.

    • C.

      The elbow is proximal compared to the wrist.

    • D.

      The elbow is inferior compared to the wrist.

    Correct Answer
    C. The elbow is proximal compared to the wrist.
    Explanation
    The explanation for the correct answer is that the term "proximal" refers to a body part that is closer to the point of attachment or origin, while "distal" refers to a body part that is farther away from the point of attachment or origin. In this case, the elbow is closer to the point of attachment or origin (the shoulder), making it proximal to the wrist.

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  • 9. 

    What plane divides the body into a top and bottom half?

    • A.

      Medial

    • B.

      Transverse

    • C.

      Midsagittal

    • D.

      Frontal

    Correct Answer
    B. Transverse
    Explanation
    The plane that divides the body into a top and bottom half is called the transverse plane. This plane runs horizontally across the body, dividing it into superior (top) and inferior (bottom) portions. It is also known as the horizontal plane or cross-sectional plane.

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  • 10. 

    The origin of a body part is the end that moves.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. The origin of a body part refers to the attachment point of the muscle that is relatively fixed and does not move during muscle contraction. In contrast, the insertion is the attachment point that moves towards the origin when the muscle contracts. Therefore, the origin of a body part is not the end that moves.

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  • 11. 

    The ear is __________ to the mouth.

    • A.

      Superior

    • B.

      Inferior

    • C.

      Medial

    • D.

      Lateral

    Correct Answer
    A. Superior
    Explanation
    The ear is located above or higher than the mouth.

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  • 12. 

    The thumb is __________ to the pelvis.

    • A.

      Superior

    • B.

      Inferior

    • C.

      Lateral

    • D.

      Distal

    Correct Answer
    C. Lateral
    Explanation
    The thumb is positioned to the side of the pelvis, making it lateral.

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  • 13. 

    The posterior cavity is divided into which sections?

    • A.

      Spinal cavity & pelvic cavity

    • B.

      Thoracic cavity & pelvic cavity

    • C.

      Spinal cavity & cranial cavity

    • D.

      Thoracic cavity & cranial cavity

    Correct Answer
    C. Spinal cavity & cranial cavity
    Explanation
    The posterior cavity is divided into two sections: the spinal cavity and the cranial cavity. The spinal cavity is located within the vertebral column and contains the spinal cord, while the cranial cavity is located within the skull and houses the brain.

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  • 14. 

    A muscle that seperates the thoracic and the abdominal cavity.

    • A.

      Peritoneum

    • B.

      Diaphragm

    • C.

      Cranial

    • D.

      Thoracic

    Correct Answer
    B. Diaphragm
    Explanation
    The diaphragm is a muscle that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities. It is a dome-shaped muscle that plays a crucial role in the process of breathing. When we inhale, the diaphragm contracts and moves downward, allowing the lungs to expand and fill with air. When we exhale, the diaphragm relaxes and moves upward, pushing the air out of the lungs. Thus, the diaphragm acts as a barrier between the thoracic and abdominal cavities, helping to maintain the pressure differences necessary for proper breathing.

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  • 15. 

    Contains stomach,liver,galbladder,pancreas,small &large intestine,spleen,ovaries, and appendix.

    • A.

      Ventral

    • B.

      Cranial

    • C.

      Abdominal

    • D.

      Thoracic

    Correct Answer
    C. Abdominal
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "Abdominal." The abdominal region contains various organs such as the stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, small and large intestine, spleen, ovaries, and appendix. It is located in the lower part of the torso, between the thoracic and pelvic regions.

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  • 16. 

    Toward the front of your body is called __________.

    • A.

      Abdominal

    • B.

      Ventral

    • C.

      Cavity

    • D.

      Dorsal

    Correct Answer
    B. Ventral
    Explanation
    The term "ventral" refers to the front or anterior side of the body. It is the opposite of "dorsal," which refers to the back or posterior side of the body. "Abdominal" refers specifically to the region of the body below the chest and above the pelvis. "Cavity" refers to a hollow space or opening within the body. Therefore, the correct answer is "ventral" because it accurately describes the front of the body.

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  • 17. 

    What cavity is inferior to the thoracic cavity?

    • A.

      Abdominal

    • B.

      Ventral

    • C.

      Vertebral

    • D.

      Spinal

    Correct Answer
    A. Abdominal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Abdominal" because the abdominal cavity is located below the thoracic cavity. The thoracic cavity is the space within the chest that contains the heart, lungs, and other organs, while the abdominal cavity is the space below the diaphragm that contains the digestive organs such as the stomach, liver, and intestines.

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  • 18. 

    Which of these is found in the dorsal body cavity?

    • A.

      Liver

    • B.

      Brain

    • C.

      Lungs

    • D.

      Kidneys

    Correct Answer
    D. Kidneys
    Explanation
    The kidneys are found in the dorsal body cavity. The dorsal body cavity is located on the posterior (back) side of the body and contains organs such as the brain and spinal cord. The kidneys are retroperitoneal organs, meaning they are located behind the peritoneum (the lining of the abdominal cavity) and are situated in the dorsal body cavity.

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  • 19. 

    What number in the diagram represents the cranial cavity?  

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    A. 1
    Explanation
    In the given diagram, the number 1 represents the cranial cavity. The cranial cavity is the space within the skull that houses and protects the brain. It is surrounded by the bones of the skull and provides a secure environment for the brain to function properly.

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  • 20. 

    What number in the diagram represents the thoracic cavity?

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      4

    • D.

      5

    Correct Answer
    B. 3
    Explanation
    In the given diagram, the number 3 represents the thoracic cavity. The thoracic cavity is the chamber within the human torso that is surrounded by the ribcage, vertebral column, and sternum. It is also known as the chest cavity. This cavity is separated from the abdominal cavity by the diaphragm, a large muscle that plays a crucial role in breathing.

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  • 21. 

    What number in the diagram represents the pelvic region?

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      4

    • D.

      5

    Correct Answer
    D. 5
    Explanation
    Number 5 represents the pelvic region. The pelvic region is the area between the abdomen and the thighs, and it includes the pelvis, hip bones, and the lower part of the spine. In the given diagram, number 5 is the only option that is located in the lower part of the body, indicating the pelvic region.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following organs are contained within the cranial cavity?

    • A.

      Heart

    • B.

      Lungs

    • C.

      Brain

    • D.

      Spinal Cord

    Correct Answer
    C. Brain
    Explanation
    The cranial cavity is a part of the skull that houses the brain. The brain is a vital organ responsible for controlling various bodily functions and is protected by the skull. The heart and lungs are located in the thoracic cavity, while the spinal cord is housed within the spinal canal. Therefore, the correct answer is the brain.

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  • 23. 

    Which of the following organs are contained within the thoracic cavity?

    • A.

      Heart

    • B.

      Brain

    • C.

      Intestines

    • D.

      Pancreas

    Correct Answer
    A. Heart
    Explanation
    The correct answer is heart because the thoracic cavity is the chest cavity, which houses the heart along with other organs such as the lungs, esophagus, and major blood vessels. The brain is located within the cranial cavity, while the intestines and pancreas are found in the abdominal cavity.

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  • 24. 

    What regions are found to the left and right of the epigastric region?

    • A.

      Hypochondriac

    • B.

      Umbilical

    • C.

      Iliac

    • D.

      Lumbar

    Correct Answer
    A. Hypochondriac
    Explanation
    The hypochondriac region is found to the left and right of the epigastric region. This region is located below the ribcage and is part of the upper abdomen. It is named after the hypochondrium, which is the anatomical area where the lower ribs meet the abdominal wall. The hypochondriac region contains organs such as the liver, gallbladder, and parts of the stomach and intestines.

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  • 25. 

    What region of the abdomen is situated between the left and right iliac regions?

    • A.

      Lumbar

    • B.

      Epigastric

    • C.

      Umbilical

    • D.

      Hypogastric

    Correct Answer
    D. Hypogastric
    Explanation
    The hypogastric region is situated between the left and right iliac regions in the abdomen. It is located below the umbilical region and is also known as the pubic region. This region is important as it contains various organs such as the bladder, uterus (in females), and parts of the intestines.

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  • 26. 

    The plane that cuts the body into front and back sections is called the __________.

    • A.

      Frontal plane

    • B.

      Midsagittal plane

    • C.

      Sagittal plane

    • D.

      Transverse plane

    Correct Answer
    A. Frontal plane
    Explanation
    The plane that cuts the body into front and back sections is called the frontal plane. This plane divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) sections, allowing for a clear distinction between the two. It is also known as the coronal plane.

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  • 27. 

    How many regions make up our abdomen?

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      4

    • D.

      6

    • E.

      9

    Correct Answer
    E. 9
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 9 because the abdomen is divided into nine regions by two horizontal and two vertical imaginary lines. These regions are used in medical and anatomical terminology to describe the location of organs and structures within the abdomen.

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