Boards Prep: ID Pneumonia's

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Boards Prep: ID Pneumonias - Quiz


Infectious Diseases


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Endemic to Ohio River Valley & Midwest/Southern areas

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    A. Histoplasma capsulatum
    Explanation
    Histoplasma capsulatum is the correct answer because it is endemic to the Ohio River Valley and Midwest/Southern areas. Endemic means that the disease is regularly found in a specific geographic area. The other options listed are not specifically associated with these regions.

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  • 2. 

    Endemic to Southeast Asia

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    D. Burkholderia pseudomallei
    Explanation
    Burkholderia pseudomallei is the correct answer because it is endemic to Southeast Asia. Endemic refers to a disease or organism being constantly present in a specific geographic area. In this case, Burkholderia pseudomallei is commonly found in Southeast Asia, particularly in countries like Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore. It causes melioidosis, a potentially fatal infectious disease, and is typically acquired through contact with contaminated soil or water in these endemic regions.

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  • 3. 

    Endemic to Mississippi River Valley & Midwest/Southern areas

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    A. Histoplasma capsulatum
    Explanation
    Histoplasma capsulatum is the correct answer because it is endemic to the Mississippi River Valley and Midwest/Southern areas. This means that it is commonly found in these regions and is not typically found in other parts of the world. The other options listed are not specifically associated with this geographic region, making Histoplasma capsulatum the most appropriate answer.

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  • 4. 

    Associated with bat or bird droppings

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    A. Histoplasma capsulatum
    Explanation
    Histoplasma capsulatum is associated with bat or bird droppings. It is a dimorphic fungus that can cause histoplasmosis, a respiratory infection. The fungus is commonly found in soil contaminated with bird or bat droppings, and it can be inhaled when the contaminated soil is disturbed. Infection usually occurs through the respiratory route, and symptoms can range from mild flu-like symptoms to severe respiratory illness. Therefore, Histoplasma capsulatum is the correct answer in this case.

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  • 5. 

    Endemic to St. Lawrence River Valley & North East

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    I. Blastomyces dermatiditis
    Explanation
    Blastomyces dermatitidis is the correct answer because it is endemic to the St. Lawrence River Valley and North East region. This means that the fungus is commonly found in this specific geographic area. It causes blastomycosis, a fungal infection that primarily affects the lungs and can cause symptoms such as cough, chest pain, and fever. Other options listed are either not endemic to this region or not associated with respiratory infections.

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  • 6. 

    Almost always associated with HIV; High LDH

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    L. Pneumocystis jiruveci
    Explanation
    Pneumocystis jiroveci is almost always associated with HIV infection. It is a fungal pathogen that commonly causes pneumonia in immunocompromised individuals, particularly those with HIV/AIDS. One of the key features of Pneumocystis jiroveci infection is an elevated level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), which is an enzyme found in many body tissues. This elevated LDH level is often seen in patients with Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia and can be used as a diagnostic marker for the infection.

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  • 7. 

    Endemic to Southwest United States/ Desert areas

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    C. Coccidiodes immitis
    Explanation
    Coccidiodes immitis is the correct answer because it is endemic to Southwest United States and desert areas. This fungus causes coccidioidomycosis, also known as Valley fever, which is commonly found in these regions. It is transmitted through inhalation of fungal spores that are present in the soil. Symptoms of coccidioidomycosis can range from mild flu-like symptoms to severe pneumonia. Therefore, it is important to consider this organism when evaluating a patient with respiratory symptoms in these specific geographic areas.

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  • 8. 

    Common in alcoholics

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    J. Klebsiella pneumoniae
    Explanation
    Klebsiella pneumoniae is commonly found in alcoholics. Alcohol abuse weakens the immune system, making individuals more susceptible to infections. Klebsiella pneumoniae is a gram-negative bacterium that can cause pneumonia, especially in individuals with weakened immune systems. It is often found in the respiratory tract and can cause severe lung infections, particularly in individuals with alcoholism.

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  • 9. 

    Endemic to cruise ships and hotels

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    E. Legionella pneumoniae
    Explanation
    Legionella pneumoniae is the correct answer because it is known to be endemic to cruise ships and hotels. Legionella bacteria can thrive in warm water systems, such as those found in large buildings like hotels and on cruise ships. When people inhale the bacteria-contaminated water droplets, they can develop a severe form of pneumonia known as Legionnaires' disease. Therefore, it is important for these environments to have proper water management systems to prevent the growth and spread of Legionella bacteria.

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  • 10. 

    Hallmark is concurrent CAP + Diarrhea

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    E. Legionella pneumoniae
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Legionella pneumoniae because it is associated with a condition called Legionnaires' disease, which is characterized by pneumonia. Legionella pneumoniae is a gram-negative bacterium that can cause severe respiratory illness in humans. It is commonly found in water sources such as hot tubs, cooling towers, and plumbing systems. Infection occurs through inhalation of contaminated water droplets. Symptoms of Legionnaires' disease include fever, cough, shortness of breath, muscle aches, and headaches. Treatment typically involves antibiotics.

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  • 11. 

    Associated with birds (often parrots)

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    F. Chlamydia psittaci
    Explanation
    Chlamydia psittaci is associated with birds, often parrots. This bacterium can cause psittacosis, a type of pneumonia, in humans. It is typically transmitted through inhalation of contaminated bird droppings or respiratory secretions. People who work closely with birds, such as bird owners or pet shop employees, are at higher risk of contracting this infection. Therefore, Chlamydia psittaci is the correct answer as it is specifically associated with birds, particularly parrots.

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  • 12. 

    Associated with rabbits

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    G. Francisella tularensis
    Explanation
    Francisella tularensis is associated with rabbits and causes the disease tularemia. It is a highly infectious bacterium that can be transmitted to humans through contact with infected animals or contaminated water or soil. Tularemia can present with various symptoms including fever, headache, muscle aches, and swollen lymph nodes. It can be severe and potentially life-threatening if not treated promptly with antibiotics.

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  • 13. 

    Currant jelly sputum

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    J. Klebsiella pneumoniae
    Explanation
    Klebsiella pneumoniae is the correct answer because it is a common cause of pneumonia and can cause a characteristic sputum known as "currant jelly" sputum. This sputum is thick and dark, resembling currant jelly. Klebsiella pneumoniae is a gram-negative bacterium that is often associated with hospital-acquired infections and can cause severe pneumonia, especially in immunocompromised individuals. Other organisms listed in the options are not typically associated with the production of currant jelly sputum.

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  • 14. 

    Associated with sheep and goats

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    H. Coxiella burnetti
    Explanation
    Coxiella burnetti is associated with sheep and goats. This bacteria causes Q fever, which is a zoonotic disease that can be transmitted to humans through inhalation of contaminated dust particles from infected animals or their products. Sheep and goats are known to be reservoirs for Coxiella burnetti, and they can shed the bacteria in their urine, feces, and milk. Therefore, individuals who work closely with these animals, such as farmers, veterinarians, and slaughterhouse workers, are at a higher risk of contracting Q fever.

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  • 15. 

    "Ground glass appearance" on CXR

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    L. Pneumocystis jiruveci
    Explanation
    Pneumocystis jiroveci is the correct answer because it is a fungal infection that commonly causes a ground glass appearance on chest X-ray (CXR). This appearance is due to the inflammation and fluid accumulation in the lungs caused by the infection. Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia is commonly seen in immunocompromised individuals, such as those with HIV/AIDS, and can be a life-threatening condition if left untreated.

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  • 16. 

    Diagnosed with SILVER STAIN (sputum)

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Francisella tularensis

    • F.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • G.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • H.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • I.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • J.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • K.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • L.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    J. Pneumocystis jiruveci
    Explanation
    Pneumocystis jiroveci is the correct answer because it is a known cause of pneumonia in immunocompromised individuals, such as those with HIV/AIDS. The term "SILVER STAIN" suggests that the staining technique used to identify the organism was the silver stain, which is commonly used to visualize Pneumocystis jiroveci in clinical specimens. This stain highlights the cyst forms of the organism, which are characteristic of Pneumocystis jiroveci infection. Other organisms listed in the options are not typically associated with SILVER STAIN or pneumonia in immunocompromised individuals.

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  • 17. 

    Must always perform a lumbar puncture to determine if meningitis is coexistent with this pneumonia

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    M. Cryptococcus neoformans
    Explanation
    Cryptococcus neoformans is a fungal pathogen that commonly causes meningitis in immunocompromised individuals. This organism is known to cause pneumonia as well. Since meningitis can occur as a complication of Cryptococcus neoformans pneumonia, it is important to perform a lumbar puncture to determine if meningitis is coexistent. This is because meningitis caused by Cryptococcus neoformans requires specific antifungal treatment in addition to treatment for pneumonia.

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  • 18. 

    Pneumonia common in immunocompromised or HIV, often mistaken for PCP

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    M. Cryptococcus neoformans
    Explanation
    Cryptococcus neoformans is a fungal pathogen that commonly causes pneumonia in immunocompromised individuals, including those with HIV. It is often mistaken for Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP), which is also common in immunocompromised individuals. This confusion may arise due to similar clinical presentations and radiographic findings. Therefore, Cryptococcus neoformans is the correct answer because it is a common cause of pneumonia in immunocompromised or HIV patients and is often misdiagnosed as PCP.

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  • 19. 

    Diagnosed by India Ink Stain

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    M. Cryptococcus neoformans
    Explanation
    Cryptococcus neoformans is a fungus that causes cryptococcosis, a fungal infection that primarily affects the lungs and central nervous system. It is commonly seen in immunocompromised individuals, such as those with HIV/AIDS. The diagnosis of Cryptococcus neoformans infection is confirmed by performing an India Ink stain, which is a laboratory test used to visualize the encapsulated yeast cells. This stain allows for the detection of the characteristic halo surrounding the yeast cells, which is caused by the capsule of the organism. Therefore, the correct answer is Cryptococcus neoformans.

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  • 20. 

    Associated with living in close quarters (college dorms, military barracks, summer camp)

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    N. Mycoplasma pneumonia
    Explanation
    Living in close quarters, such as college dorms, military barracks, and summer camps, increases the risk of respiratory infections. Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a common cause of community-acquired pneumonia, especially in crowded settings. It is a bacteria that can spread through respiratory droplets and is known to cause outbreaks in close-knit communities. Therefore, the presence of Mycoplasma pneumoniae in the list of pathogens associated with living in close quarters makes it a likely correct answer.

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  • 21. 

    Associated with erythema multiform

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    N. Mycoplasma pneumonia
    Explanation
    Mycoplasma pneumonia is associated with erythema multiforme. Erythema multiforme is a skin condition characterized by the presence of target-like lesions on the skin. It is often triggered by infections, and Mycoplasma pneumonia is one of the infectious agents that can cause this condition. Mycoplasma pneumonia is a common cause of atypical pneumonia and can also cause extrapulmonary manifestations such as skin rashes. Therefore, it is the most likely organism associated with erythema multiforme among the options given.

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  • 22. 

    Associated with cold agglutinins and hemolysis

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    N. Mycoplasma pneumonia
    Explanation
    Mycoplasma pneumonia is associated with cold agglutinins and hemolysis. Mycoplasma pneumonia is a bacterial infection that can cause atypical pneumonia. It is known to cause cold agglutinin disease, which is characterized by the production of cold agglutinins, antibodies that can cause red blood cells to clump together at low temperatures. This can lead to hemolysis, the destruction of red blood cells, resulting in anemia. Therefore, the association of Mycoplasma pneumonia with cold agglutinins and hemolysis explains why it is the correct answer.

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  • 23. 

    Commonly associated with hemoptysis

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    J. Klebsiella pneumoniae
    Explanation
    Klebsiella pneumoniae is commonly associated with hemoptysis, which is the coughing up of blood or blood-streaked sputum. This bacterium is a common cause of pneumonia, particularly in individuals with underlying health conditions or weakened immune systems. Klebsiella pneumoniae can cause severe lung infections that lead to inflammation and damage to the respiratory system, resulting in the presence of blood in the sputum. Other organisms listed in the options may cause pneumonia, but Klebsiella pneumoniae is specifically known for its association with hemoptysis.

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  • 24. 

    Commonly associated with contaminated water droplets from cooling & ventilation

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    E. Legionella pneumoniae
    Explanation
    Legionella pneumoniae is commonly associated with contaminated water droplets from cooling and ventilation systems. This bacterium can cause a severe form of pneumonia known as Legionnaires' disease. It is often found in water sources such as hot tubs, air conditioning systems, and plumbing systems. When contaminated water droplets are inhaled, the bacteria can enter the lungs and cause infection. Legionnaires' disease can be serious, especially in individuals with weakened immune systems or underlying health conditions. Therefore, it is important to identify and control the source of Legionella contamination to prevent outbreaks.

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  • 25. 

    Commonly associated with rust colored sputum

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    K. Streptococcus pneumoniae
    Explanation
    Streptococcus pneumoniae is commonly associated with rust colored sputum. This bacterium is a major cause of pneumonia and can cause the production of sputum that is tinged with blood, giving it a rust-like color. Other symptoms of Streptococcus pneumoniae infection may include fever, cough, chest pain, and difficulty breathing. It is important to identify this bacterium as the cause of pneumonia because it can be effectively treated with antibiotics.

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  • 26. 

    Commonly associated with post-splenectomy patients

    • A.

      Histoplasma capsulatum

    • B.

      Hantavirus

    • C.

      Coccidiodes immitis

    • D.

      Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • E.

      Legionella pneumoniae

    • F.

      Chlamydia psittaci

    • G.

      Francisella tularensis

    • H.

      Coxiella burnetti

    • I.

      Blastomyces dermatiditis

    • J.

      Klebsiella pneumoniae

    • K.

      Streptococcus pneumoniae

    • L.

      Pneumocystis jiruveci

    • M.

      Cryptococcus neoformans

    • N.

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    K. Streptococcus pneumoniae
    Explanation
    Streptococcus pneumoniae is commonly associated with post-splenectomy patients. This is because the spleen plays a crucial role in the immune system, particularly in filtering out bacteria from the bloodstream. Without a functioning spleen, patients are more susceptible to infections, including those caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae. This bacterium is a common cause of pneumonia, especially in individuals with weakened immune systems. Therefore, it is important to be aware of this association and take appropriate measures to prevent and treat infections caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae in post-splenectomy patients.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Feb 20, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 16, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Bikisoucy
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