Bloodborne Pathogens Trivia Test Quiz

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Questions: 17 | Attempts: 84

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Bloodborne Pathogens Trivia Test Quiz - Quiz

Annual OSHA quiz for SFFC employees. Employees should reference handouts on bloodborne pathogens as needed.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    As a healthcare worker, you are at risk for several bloodborne diseases. Which of the following diseases are BLOODBORNE pathogens?

    • A.

      Hepatitis A

    • B.

      Hepatitis B

    • C.

      Hepatitis C

    • D.

      HIV

    • E.

      Syphilis

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Hepatitis B
    C. Hepatitis C
    D. HIV
    Explanation
    Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and HIV are bloodborne pathogens because they can be transmitted through contact with infected blood or other bodily fluids. These diseases can be contracted by healthcare workers through needlestick injuries, contaminated sharps, or exposure to infected blood or bodily fluids. Hepatitis A and syphilis are not typically considered bloodborne pathogens as they are primarily transmitted through other routes such as contaminated food or sexual contact.

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  • 2. 

    Most exposures to bloodborne pathogens result in an infection.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Exposure to bloodborne pathogens does not necessarily result in an infection. While there is a risk of infection, it depends on various factors such as the type of pathogen, the amount of blood involved, the duration of exposure, and the effectiveness of preventive measures. Proper precautions, such as using personal protective equipment and following proper hygiene practices, can significantly reduce the risk of infection. Therefore, it is incorrect to say that most exposures to bloodborne pathogens result in an infection.

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  • 3. 

    If you are exposed to a bloodborne pathogen, wait and see if you have any symptoms before you tell anyone of the possible exposure.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    It is important to immediately inform someone about a possible exposure to bloodborne pathogens, regardless of whether symptoms are present or not. Prompt reporting allows for timely medical evaluation and appropriate preventive measures to be taken. Delaying notification can increase the risk of transmission to others and hinder the effectiveness of any necessary medical interventions.

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  • 4. 

    How can you decrease your exposure risk?

  • 5. 

    What's the first thing you should do if you get stuck by a contaminated needle?

    • A.

      Call the PEP line.

    • B.

      Wash the affected area with soap and water.

    • C.

      Order Hep B and HIV from the patient's blood.

    • D.

      Call the medical director.

    Correct Answer
    B. Wash the affected area with soap and water.
    Explanation
    If you get stuck by a contaminated needle, the first thing you should do is wash the affected area with soap and water. This is important to reduce the risk of infection and remove any potential contaminants from the skin. Calling the PEP line, ordering Hep B and HIV tests, or contacting the medical director may be necessary steps to take afterward, but immediate cleaning of the affected area is the initial and most crucial action to take.

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  • 6. 

    What's the first thing you should do if you get splashed by blood or fluid in your nose?

  • 7. 

    What's the first thing you should do if you get splashed by blood or fluid in your eyes?

  • 8. 

    Who do you need to report the exposure to, and when?

  • 9. 

    Why is it important to report exposures immediately?

  • 10. 

    Which is the most "contagious" occupational exposure?

    • A.

      Blood with hepatitis B

    • B.

      Blood with hepatitis C

    • C.

      Blood with HIV

    Correct Answer
    A. Blood with hepatitis B
    Explanation
    Hep B (if not immunized): risk of infection with needlestick is 6-30% (depending on the source patient's HBeAg status). Hep C is next infectious (1.8% risk). HIV is last (0.3% if cut or needlestick; 0.1% if splash)

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  • 11. 

    All of these diseases can be transmitted via exposure to INTACT skin.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false. Not all of these diseases can be transmitted via exposure to intact skin. Some diseases, such as HIV and hepatitis B, require direct contact with blood or other bodily fluids to be transmitted. While other diseases, such as the common cold or flu, can be transmitted through respiratory droplets in the air. Therefore, it is important to take precautions such as wearing gloves or using barriers to prevent the transmission of these diseases.

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  • 12. 

    Which fluids are potentially infectious for HIV?

    • A.

      Saliva

    • B.

      Pus

    • C.

      Sweat

    • D.

      Urine

    • E.

      Blood

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Pus
    E. Blood
    Explanation
    urine is not infectious unless grossly bloody

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  • 13. 

    What is non-intact skin?

  • 14. 

    Which disease has no postexposure prophylaxis?

    • A.

      Hepatitis B

    • B.

      Hepatitis C

    • C.

      HIV

    Correct Answer
    B. Hepatitis C
    Explanation
    Hepatitis C is the correct answer because currently there is no effective postexposure prophylaxis available for this disease. Unlike Hepatitis B and HIV, there is no vaccine or specific medication that can be given after exposure to prevent the development of Hepatitis C. Therefore, individuals who have been exposed to Hepatitis C must rely on early detection and treatment to prevent chronic infection and complications.

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  • 15. 

    If you have immunity against Hep B, we will NOT recommend post-exposure prophylaxis against Hep B.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    If a person has immunity against Hepatitis B, it means that their body has developed antibodies to fight against the virus. This indicates that they are already protected against Hepatitis B and do not require post-exposure prophylaxis. Therefore, it is true that if someone has immunity against Hep B, post-exposure prophylaxis is not recommended.

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  • 16. 

    How soon do you need to start medications for post-exposure prophylaxis?

  • 17. 

    What's the most effective way to protect against Hepatitis B?

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