Female Reproductive System And Menstruation Cycle! Trivia Quiz

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 137

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Human Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which substance or hormone influences the endometrium during the proliferative phase?
    • A. 

      LH (Luteinizing hormone)

    • B. 

      FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone)

    • C. 

      Progesterone

    • D. 

      Activin

    • E. 

      Estrogen

  • 2. 
    Which of the following statements during the time of menstruation is CORRECT?
    • A. 

      FSH causes the release of the secondary oocyte

    • B. 

      Estrogen causes the corpus luteum to secrete progesterone

    • C. 

      LH causes the final maturation of the Graafian follicle and release of the secondary oocyte

    • D. 

      Progesterone inhibits release of the secondary oocyte

    • E. 

      At the time of ovulation, the secondary oocyte is arrested in prophase II

  • 3. 
    If the secondary oocyte is ferti1ized
    • A. 

      The corpus luteum degenerates by 10 14 days

    • B. 

      Human chorionic gonadotropin produced by the syncytiotrophoblast cells maintains the viability of the corpus luteum

    • C. 

      The corpus luteum becomes the corpus luteum of menstruation

    • D. 

      LH from the pituitary gland continues to stimulate the corpus luteum throughout the pregnancy period

    • E. 

      The corpus luteum becomes the corpus albicans

  • 4. 
    Which cell type produces the oocyte maturation inhibitory substance?
    • A. 

      Primary oocyte

    • B. 

      Leydig cells

    • C. 

      Follicular cells of the primordial follicle

    • D. 

      Oogonial cell

    • E. 

      Spermatogenic cells

  • 5. 
    At the time of birth in the XX individual, the gonad will contain
    • A. 

      Primordial follicles with oogonia

    • B. 

      Mature graafian follicles

    • C. 

      Oogonia

    • D. 

      Primordial follicles with primary oocytes of prophase I

    • E. 

      Secondary oocytes at metaphase II

  • 6. 
    Which of the following statements is NOT considered to be significant to meiosis?
    • A. 

      Crossing over of genetic information during prophase I of meiosis I

    • B. 

      Pairing of homologous chromosomes during prophase I of meiosis I

    • C. 

      Independent assortment of maternal and paternal chromosomes

    • D. 

      Unequal cell size

    • E. 

      Non disjunction

  • 7. 
    The posterior fontanelle is usually closed by
    • A. 

      Birth

    • B. 

      Age 6 months

    • C. 

      Age 18 months

    • D. 

      Age 2 years

    • E. 

      Age 5 years

  • 8. 
    During meiosis, the secondary spermatocytes have
    • A. 

      4 N DNA

    • B. 

      23 chromosomes

    • C. 

      46 chromosomes

    • D. 

      1 N DNA

    • E. 

      46 chromosomes (2N DNA)

  • 9. 
    At the time of ovulation
    • A. 

      The released egg is a secondary oocyte arrested at metaphase II of meiosis II

    • B. 

      The released egg is a primary oocyte arrested at prophase I of meiosis I

    • C. 

      The oocyte released is a primary oocyte

    • D. 

      FSH is responsible for stimulating ovulation

    • E. 

      Corpus luteal cells are derived from the primary oocyte

  • 10. 
    During the female reproductive cycle
    • A. 

      LH stimulates the formation of the corpus luteum

    • B. 

      LH causes oogonia to become primary oocytes

    • C. 

      LH continues to influence the uterus in the absence of a fertilized egg

    • D. 

      LH causes the primordial follicles to develop

    • E. 

      LH is secreted by the hypothalamus

  • 11. 
    Which of the following statements regarding Mature Graafian follicles is NOT CORRECT?
    • A. 

      LH stimulates theca externa cell to produce and secrete estrogens

    • B. 

      FSH stimulates SER of granulosa cells to transform androstenedione into estrogens

    • C. 

      The corona radiata cells sends out cytoplasmic extensions thru the zona pellucida to the plasma membrane of the oocyte

    • D. 

      LH stimulates theca interna cell to produce and secrete androstenedione

    • E. 

      The LH surge causes ovulation of the oocytes

  • 12. 
    Which of the following statements concerning growing primary follicle is CORRECT?
    • A. 

      The granulosa layer of cells secrete androgens

    • B. 

      Fluid filled spaces appear between the granulosa layer of cells

    • C. 

      The zona pellucida is absent

    • D. 

      The theca externa layer of the cells rest on a basal lamina

    • E. 

      The granulosa layer of cells rest on a basal lamina

  • 13. 
    Which of the following statement is CORRECT regarding the growing follicles before ovulation of the egg cell?
    • A. 

      FSH stimulates the theca externa cells

    • B. 

      LH causes the theca interna to secrete progesterone

    • C. 

      FSH stimulates the granulosa layer of cells to secrete estrogen

    • D. 

      The basal lamina prevents the androstenedione from entering the granulosa layer of cells

    • E. 

      LH stimulates the grAnulosa layer of cells to produce FSH

  • 14. 
    During the secretory phase of the menstrual cycle
    • A. 

      The ovulated egg is a fully developed ovum

    • B. 

      Progesterone from the corpus luteum inhibits LH hormone secretion from the pituitary gland

    • C. 

      Estrogen from the corpus luteum stimulates LH hormone secretion from the pituitary gland

    • D. 

      The ovulated egg becomes a corpus luteum

    • E. 

      In the absence of fertilization of the egg, the corpus luteum becomes the corpus luteum of pregnancy

  • 15. 
    Which of the following statements BEST suit the unilaminar primary follicle?
    • A. 

      An oogonium surrounded by a single layer of cuboidal follicular cells

    • B. 

      A primary oocyte surrounded by a multi layer of follicular (granulosa) cells

    • C. 

      An oogonium surrounded by a multi layer of follicular (granulosa) cells

    • D. 

      A primary oocyte surrounded by a single layer of cuboidal or columnar follicular cells

    • E. 

      A secondary oocyte surrounded by a single layer of corona radiata cells

  • 16. 
    The granulosa layer of cells from Graafian follicles are influenced by hormones. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
    • A. 

      LH stimulates the granulosa layer to produce progesterone

    • B. 

      FSH stimulates the SER of the granulosa layer to produce estrogen

    • C. 

      FSH stimulates the SER of the granulosa layer to produce androstenedione

    • D. 

      The theca interna cells are influenced by FSH to produce estrogen

    • E. 

      The cells secrete insulin as a result of growth hormone

  • 17. 
    During the menstrual cycle:
    • A. 

      FSH stimulates the repair of the endometrium during the progestational phase

    • B. 

      Estrogen stimulates the repair of the endometrium during the proliferative phase

    • C. 

      LH stimulates the repair of the endometrium during the proliferative phase

    • D. 

      Estrogen is secreted by the pituitary gland

    • E. 

      LH stimulates the growing follicles to develop

  • 18. 
    During the proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle:
    • A. 

      Inhibin secreted by the mature graafian follicle inhibits development of the growing follicles thus resulting in atresia

    • B. 

      High estrogen levels during this period stimulates FSH secretion

    • C. 

      High estrogen levels inhibit the LH surge

    • D. 

      Progesterone stimulates the LH surge

    • E. 

      Ovulation of the secondary oocyte is as a result of FSH only

  • 19. 
    Which of the following statements concerning meiosis is CORRECT?
    • A. 

      Duplication of DNA occurs in prophase 1 of meiosis 1

    • B. 

      The genetic material produced in each of the cells during meiosis are identical

    • C. 

      Pairing of homologous chromosomes occurs in prophase 1 of meiosis 1

    • D. 

      Non disjunction does not occur in meiosis II

    • E. 

      Separation of chromatids occurs during anaphase 1 of meiosis 1

  • 20. 
    Which of the following statements concerning gametogenesis is CORRECT?
    • A. 

      Primary oocytes are all arrested in the diplotene stage of prophase 1 before birth

    • B. 

      All primary oocytes are formed after puberty

    • C. 

      All primary spermatocytes are formed at the time of puberty

    • D. 

      All primary spermatocytes are formed before birth

    • E. 

      The transformation from spermatogonia to spermatozoa takes about 16 days