Block 6 Anat Abdomen Brs W Expl Prt 3

20 Questions

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Block 6 Anat Abdomen Brs W Expl Prt 3

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    An oncologist is reviewing a computed tomography (CT) scan of a 74-year-old man with newly diagnosed hepatocellular carcinoma. He locates the affected quadrate lobe of the liver that:
    • A. 

      Lies between the inferior vena cava and ligamentum venosum

    • B. 

      Receives blood from the right hepatic artery

    • C. 

      Drains bile into the left hepatic duct

    • D. 

      Is a medial superior segment

    • E. 

      Is functionally a part of the right lobe

  • 2. 
    A 21-year-old young man was lifting heavy boxes while moving into his new house. During the repair of his resulting hernia, the urologist recalls that the genitofemoral nerve:
    • A. 

      Runs in front of the quadratus lumborum

    • B. 

      Is a branch of the femoral nerve

    • C. 

      Supplies the testis

    • D. 

      Passes through the deep inguinal ring

    • E. 

      Gives rise to an anterior scrotal branch

  • 3. 
    A 6-year-old boy comes to his pediatrician with a lump in the groin near the thigh and pain in the groin. On examination, the physician makes a diagnosis of a direct inguinal hernia because the herniated tissue:
    • A. 

      Enters the deep inguinal ring

    • B. 

      Lies lateral to the inferior epigastric artery

    • C. 

      Is covered by spermatic fasciae

    • D. 

      Descends into the scrotum

    • E. 

      Develops after birth

  • 4. 
    Mrs. Jones is undergoing a routine colonoscopy for colon cancer prevention. The gastroenterologist finds a Meckel's diverticulum. Which of the following statements is true about the diverticulum?
    • A. 

      It is found 2 feet distal to the ileocecal junction

    • B. 

      It is located on the mesenteric side of the ileum

    • C. 

      It occurs in about 20% of the population

    • D. 

      It is a persistent remnant of the embryonic yolk sac

    • E. 

      It may contain renal and suprarenal Tissues

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      Main pancreatic duct

    • B. 

      Splenic artery

    • C. 

      Portal vein

    • D. 

      Superior mesenteric artery

    • E. 

      Superior pancreaticoduodenal artery

  • 6. 
    Examination of a 54-year-old man reveals an isolated tumor located at the porta hepatis. This tumor most likely compresses which of the following structures?
    • A. 

      Cystic duct

    • B. 

      Hepatic veins

    • C. 

      Common hepatic artery

    • D. 

      Left gastric artery

    • E. 

      Branches of the portal vein

  • 7. 
    A patient is rushed to the operating room for an emergent cholecystectomy (resection of a gallbladder) because of cholecystitis. While locating landmarks before surgical resection of an infected gallbladder, the surgeon recalls that one pair of veins forms a portal-caval anastomosis. Which of the following pairs of veins form a portal-caval anastomosis?
    • A. 

      Hepatic veins and inferior vena cava

    • B. 

      Superior and middle rectal vein

    • C. 

      Left and right gastric veins

    • D. 

      Inferior and superficial epigastric veins

    • E. 

      Suprarenal and renal veins

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Anterior layer of the rectus sheath below the arcuate line

    • B. 

      Anterior layer of the rectus sheath above the umbilicus

    • C. 

      Posterior layer of the rectus sheath below the arcuate line

    • D. 

      Deep inguinal ring

    • E. 

      Lacunar ligament

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      Greater splanchnic nerve

    • B. 

      Ventral roots of the spinal nerve

    • C. 

      Lower intercostal nerve

    • D. 

      Vagus nerve

    • E. 

      Gray ramus communicans

  • 10. 
    Because of an inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease) and a small bowel obstruction leading to bowel ischemia, an elderly woman requires bypass of her ileum and jejunum and is scheduled for a gastrocolostomy. The surgeon will ligate all arteries that send branches to the stomach. Which of the following arteries may be spared?
    • A. 

      Splenic artery

    • B. 

      Gastroduodenal artery

    • C. 

      Inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery

    • D. 

      Left gastroepiploic artery

    • E. 

      Proper hepatic artery

  • 11. 
    A 19-year-old man with ruptured appendix is sent to the emergency department for surgery. To cut off the blood supply to the appendix (if collateral circulation is discounted), a surgeon should ligate which of the following arteries?
    • A. 

      Middle colic artery

    • B. 

      Right colic artery

    • C. 

      Ileocolic colic artery

    • D. 

      Inferior mesenteric artery

    • E. 

      Common iliac artery

  • 12. 
    Which structure runs along the superior border of the pancreas and enters the lienorenal ligament?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      E

  • 13. 
    Which structure is divided into the proper hepatic and gastroduodenal arteries?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      E

  • 14. 
    Which structure provides an attachment of the suspensory muscle of the duodenum (ligament of Treitz)?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      E

  • 15. 
    Which structure is retroperitoneal in position and receives blood from the splenic artery?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      E

  • 16. 
    Which structure is a direct branch of the aorta and supplies blood to the ascending and transverse colons?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      E

  • 17. 
    Which structure receives bile, concentrates it by absorbing water and salt, and stores it?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      E

  • 18. 
    Which structure runs behind the inferior vena cava?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      E

  • 19. 
    Which structure receives blood from the left gonad and suprarenal gland?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      E

  • 20. 
    Which structure receives blood from the liver and kidney and enters the thorax by piercing the central tendon of the diaphragm?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      E