Biology Unit 2 Summary

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 32

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Biology Quizzes & Trivia

This Quiz will test your knowledge of the material on the slideshow "Biology Unit 2 Summary. " Have fun! Don't forget to look at the quiz when you are done. There are a lot of cool hints. :D


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    .What are the three Kindoms of Microbiology?  
    • A. 

      Monera, Protista, Fungi

    • B. 

      cocci, bacili, sprilla

    • C. 

      Flagella, fimbriae, pili

    • D. 

      Red, green, orange

  • 2. 
    Describe the Monera Kingdom. 
    • A. 

      The monera kingdom are single cellular eukaryotes.

    • B. 

      The monera kingdom is the kingdom ruled by Bijou.

    • C. 

      The monera kingdom are all the different types of bacteria. Monererans are prokaryotes.

  • 3. 
    What are prokaryotes? 
    • A. 

      Prokaryotes are cells that DO have membrane bound organelles.

    • B. 

      Prokaryotes are cells that DO NOT have membrane bound organelles.

    • C. 

      Prokaryotes are water balloons that scientists throw at each other after they work in the laberatory all day.

  • 4. 
    What shape is the spirilla bacteria? 
    • A. 

      Spirilla bacteria are spiral shaped bacteria.

    • B. 

      Spirilla are square shaped bacteria.

    • C. 

      Spirilla are rod shaped bacteria.

  • 5. 
    What shape are cocci bacteria?
    • A. 

      Cocci bacteria are rectangular.

    • B. 

      Cocci bacteria are diamond shaped bacteria.

    • C. 

      Cocci bacteria are ball-shaped bacteria.

  • 6. 
    What shape are bacilli bacteria. 
    • A. 

      Bacilli bacteria are shaped like a cat.

    • B. 

      Bacilli bacteria are rod-shaped bacteria.

    • C. 

      Bacilli bacteria are ball-shaped bacteria.

  • 7. 
    How does the flagella help the bacteria move? 
    • A. 

      The flagella is a tail like structure that acts as a propeller in a motor boat.

    • B. 

      The flagella is the word scientists use for "feet." Bacteria actually walk around on tiny feet.

    • C. 

      The flagella lets the bacteria hold onto surfaces.

  • 8. 
     What does the fimbriae on bacteria do?  
    • A. 

      The fimbriae are the clothes on bacteria. You wouldn't want to see a naked bacteria now would you?

    • B. 

      The fimbriae are hair like structures that act as many oars an a canoe.

    • C. 

      The fimbriae is the bacteria's tail.

  • 9. 
    What is a pathogenic bacteria. 
    • A. 

      Pathogenic bacteria are the bacteria that live within you.

    • B. 

      Pathogenic bacteria are the bacteria that is used to make cheese.

    • C. 

      Pathogenic bacteria are disease causing bacteria.

  • 10. 
    Describe the kingdom protista.
    • A. 

      The kingdom protista are single cellular EUKARYOTES.

    • B. 

      The kingdom protista are single cellular PROKARYOTES.

    • C. 

      The kingdom protista are all the people who protest.

  • 11. 
    How do protista move? 
    • A. 

      The Protista use their false feet called pseudopods, their tail called flagellum or hair called cilia.

    • B. 

      Protista use the bus.

    • C. 

      Protista are stationary.

  • 12. 
    Describe the kingdom fungi.
    • A. 

      The kingdom fungi are fuzzy haired people.

    • B. 

      The kingdom fungi are prokaryotic cells.

    • C. 

      The kingdom fungi are eukaryotic cells with a cell wall.

  • 13. 
    How can you remember the difference between Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes?
    • A. 

      Eukaryotes have the sound of the word "you" in it. Your cells are eukaryotes.

    • B. 

      There is no way to tell the difference.

  • 14. 
    What do fungi use hyphae for? 
    • A. 

      Fungi use the thread-like cells of hyphae to huddle together.

    • B. 

      Fungi use the thread-like cells of hyphae to branch out over large areas and reach the nutrients they need.

    • C. 

      Fungi use the thread-like cells of hyphae to climb stairs to the kitchen so they can grab some lunch..

  • 15. 
    Good Job, Penny,  you have reached the half way point in this quiz.  You can do it!  Can viruses live on their own? 
    • A. 

      No. viruses are non-living chemicals that need a host cell to carry out life functions.

    • B. 

      Yes. Viruses don't need a host cell. They can collonize just like fungi can.

    • C. 

      No. Viruses are living things but need a host cell just like we need a house.

  • 16. 
    What are the parts of a virus?
    • A. 

      A virus has a heart, lungs, and digestive tract.

    • B. 

      A virus has both RNA and DNA genetic material that is covered by a protien coat called a capsid.

    • C. 

      The virus has genetic material either of RNA or DNA, but not both. The genetic material is covered by a protein coat called a capsid.

  • 17. 
    How are visues classified?
    • A. 

      BY size. Some viruses are very big compared to other viruses.

    • B. 

      By colour. Viruses either have many colours or are black and white.

    • C. 

      By geometrical shape. A cubic shape has many sides. A helical shape is like a spiral rod.

  • 18. 
    How  do viruses infect host cells?
    • A. 

      They ask bijou where the door is into the host cell.

    • B. 

      Some viruses have a special tail that lets them grab onto the host cell. Other viruses have binding proteins to attach to the host cell.

    • C. 

      Viruses are so small they can diffuse into the cell from lower concentration to higher concentration.

  • 19. 
    Can the same type of virus infect bacteria plants and animals?
    • A. 

      No. A virus will infect only bacteria, only plants, or only animals but the same type of virus cannot infect all three.

    • B. 

      Yes. The same virus will infect bacteria, plants and animals.

  • 20. 
    How do viruses reproduce?
    • A. 

      Viruses reproduce sexually.

    • B. 

      Viruses reproduce asexually.

    • C. 

      Viruses reproduce by using the host cell to make virus parts, put the virus parts together and release the new viruses.

  • 21. 
    What are the four stages of reproduction in viruses. 
    • A. 

      1. Attachment 2. Replication 3. Assembly 4. Release.

    • B. 

      1. Infection. 2. Sickness 3. Medication 4. Feeling better

    • C. 

      1. Pregnancy 2. Birth 3.Childhood. 4. Adulthood.

  • 22. 
    What is the lytic cyle of virus multicplication?
    • A. 

      Multiplication of viruses is controlled. The host cell will end up rupturing and dying. The virus is called a virulent phage.

    • B. 

      The multiplication of viruses is uncontrolled. Many are made. The host cell will end up rupturing and dying. The virus is called a virulent phage

    • C. 

      Multiplicaton is uncontrolled. The host cell will not end up rupturing and dying. The virus is called a virulent phage.

  • 23. 
    What is the lysogenic cycle of virus replication?
    • A. 

      The virus reproduces but DOES NOT kill the host cell. The virus inserts its DNA or RNA into the host cell’s genetic material. When the host cell reproduces the virus’s DNA or RNA is also reproduced. A virus in the lysogenic cycle is called a temperate phage.

    • B. 

      The virus reproduces but DOES kill the host cell. The virus inserts its DNA or RNA into the host cell’s genetic material. When the host cell reproduces the virus’s DNA or RNA is also reproduced. A virus in the lysogenic cycle is called a temperate phage

  • 24. 
    What is the non-lytic cycle fo virus replication?
    • A. 

      The virus stays in the host cell for a long time and slowly kills the cell every time it replicates.

    • B. 

      The virus stays in the cell for an indefinite period but does no harm to the host cell. The virus is reproduced in a continuous controlled cycle.

    • C. 

      The virus stays in the host cell for only a short period of time. It does no harm to the cell.

  • 25. 
    What are the three ways fungi reproduce? 
    • A. 

      Fungi reproduce asexually by 1. releasing spores that are carried by the wind, or by 2. budding. Fungi also reproduce sexually by combining two sexual spores to make a zygote which will develop into a hyphae.

    • B. 

      Fungi can only be grown in the petri dishes of the laberatory.

    • C. 

      Fungi need a host cell to reproduce, just like viruses.

  • 26. 
    Why can fungicides be dangerous?
    • A. 

      Fungicides are poisenous to humans. If we eat fungicides that are left on vegetables we can get sick.

    • B. 

      Some fungi can become resistant to the chemical fungicies that farmers use to kill fungus that damage crops.

    • C. 

      Fungicides are not dangerous at all.

  • 27. 
    *phew* This is hard work.  Keep going Penny.  Just a few more questions.  How do bacteria reproduce?
    • A. 

      Bacteria reproduce sexually by creating a cytoplasmic tube between two bacteria.

    • B. 

      Bacteria reproduce only in caves.

    • C. 

      Bacteria reproduce asexually through binary fission. The genetic material doubles then a wall called a septum divides the two sets of genetic material. The bacteria then pinches in half becoming two new bacteria.

  • 28. 
    How do bacteria share genetic material?
    • A. 

      Bacteria share genetic material when they reproduce.

    • B. 

      Bacteria share genetic material though conjugation by growing a cytoplasmic tube betweeen two bacteria, transduction when a virus spreads bacterial DNA and transformation when a bacteria absorbs environmental DNA.

    • C. 

      Bacteria dont share genetic material.

  • 29. 
    What are the requirements for bacterial growth?
    • A. 

      Most bacteria like temperatures we do, but some bacteria can grow at any temperature. Bacteria need moisture and they need food just like us. Most bacteria prefer to live in the dark.

    • B. 

      Bacteria need friends, a TV and lots of snacks.

    • C. 

      Bacteria like playing Wii

  • 30. 
    What are the four stages of bacteria growth? 
    • A. 

      Moving in, getting settled, eating all the food, moving again becasue there is no more food left.

    • B. 

      Moving in, reproducing, getting overcrouded, and moving out.

    • C. 

      Lag, log, stationary and decine phase.