Biology Chapter 3 Test

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 58

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Biology Chapter 3 Test - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following natural events would most likely not result in secondary succession?
    • A. 

      Flooding

    • B. 

      Thunderstorm

    • C. 

      Tsunami

    • D. 

      Drought

  • 2. 
    The mountain pine beetle can attack and destroy huge numbers of pine trees in a forest. Which of the following is a reason this beetle is now causing so much destruction to BC forests?
    • A. 

      The pine beetle has no predators in BC

    • B. 

      Pine trees cannot produce a resin that traps the beetles

    • C. 

      Frequent forest fires make pine trees weak and unable to stop beetle infestations

    • D. 

      The winters are not cold enough to kill beetle larvae, and trees are stressed by overcrowding

  • 3. 
    ____________ occurs in an area where no soil exists, such as on bare rock.  
  • 4. 
    The diagram above represents which of the following:
    • A. 

      Adaptive Radiation

    • B. 

      Climax Community

    • C. 

      Ecological Succession

    • D. 

      Natural Succession

  • 5. 
    _________________ occurs as the result of a disturbance to an area that already has soil and was once the home of living organisms. 
  • 6. 
    Pine trees attempt to stop infestations of the mountain pine beetle by releasing large amounts of sticky resin to trap the beetles. How do the beetles often avoid this sticky resin?
    • A. 

      The beetles eat the parts of the tree that produce the resin

    • B. 

      Blue stain fungus, carried in the beetle’s mouth, destroys the tree’s ability to use the resin

    • C. 

      With warm summers, the resin is not as sticky as it was

    • D. 

      Warm winters do not allow the trees to build up enough resin to protect themselves during summers

  • 7. 
    Introduced species are organisms that can take over the habitat of native species or invade their bodies, thus are weakening their immune systems.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Not all introduced species are invasive species.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Which of the following best describes reclamation?
    • A. 

      The site of a forest fire has many grasses and a few small jack pines growing today

    • B. 

      Farmland is aerated after several years of hosting large herds of cattle. Wheat is then planted in the same farmland

    • C. 

      A former mine site is developed to match the surrounding landforms, and topsoil that was removed before mining began is replaced

    • D. 

      Pandas, which can no longer find enough bamboo to survive, are trapped to be raised in zoos

  • 10. 
    The American bullfrog, brought to British Columbia to supply restaurants with a supply of frog’s legs, were released into the wild when people did not buy the exotic food. What is the primary affect of this invasive species in British Columbia?
    • A. 

      The bullfrogs prey upon many native species of frogs

    • B. 

      The bullfrogs compete with other large amphibians for food

    • C. 

      The bullfrogs have torn apart normal wetland ecosystems as they feed on underwater plants

    • D. 

      The bullfrogs have introduced disease to the native frog population

  • 11. 
    Which of the following human behaviours would most likely be found in a sustainable ecosystem?
    • A. 

      The responsible use of resources, and the preservation of habitats

    • B. 

      An unlimited exploration for, and export of, resources

    • C. 

      The extensive use of natural ecosystems for agricultural purposes

    • D. 

      The construction of large vehicle corridors

  • 12. 
    Lichens are called “pioneer” species.  Species like these are the first to arrive and successfully survive and ___________ in an area
  • 13. 
    Why does soil degradation occur in areas that have undergone deforestation?
    • A. 

      Animal species that lived in the trees disappear, and therefore do not provide waste material necessary for the soil

    • B. 

      Burning trees release large amounts of carbon dioxide, which poisons the soil

    • C. 

      Topsoil is eroded by wind and water without plants and trees to hold the soil in place

    • D. 

      The large machines used to remove the trees create large ruts in the soil

  • 14. 
    The controlled burning of grass and bushes, promote new growth and attracting animals.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Purple loosestrife, brought to North America accidentally on cargo ships, reproduces very quickly and aggressively, often crowding out species like the cattail that have been growing in British Columbia. Which of the following terms applies to the purple loosestrife?
    • A. 

      Introduced species

    • B. 

      Foreign species

    • C. 

      Non-native species

    • D. 

      Invasive species

  • 16. 
    Which of the following characteristics would be found in an introduced species that was not classified as being invasive?
    • A. 

      The introduced species compete with native species for resources

    • B. 

      The introduced species feeds on another introduced species

    • C. 

      The introduced species weakens many native species

    • D. 

      The introduced species preys on native species that do not have adaptations to avoid the introduced species

  • 17. 
    Which of the following would be a sustainable approach to land use to preserve natural habitats in British Columbia?
    • A. 

      Some natural grasslands have been altered for agricultural purposes

    • B. 

      Some mountain areas have been clear-cut, and steep switchback roads constructed to haul out timber

    • C. 

      Some cities are developing industrial areas that include planting native species in parks

    • D. 

      Some cities are building suburbs well outside the established downtown area

  • 18. 
    The Garry Oak ecosystem is an important ecosystem in the province of British Columbia. Which of the following invasive species is not causing problems in the Garry Oak ecosystem?
    • A. 

      The gypsy moth

    • B. 

      Scotch broom

    • C. 

      The grey squirrel

    • D. 

      Wild boars

  • 19. 
    When seasons change, and new plants and animals appear, secondary succession begins again
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Lichens and other pioneer species break down rocks into smaller parts, and add to the organic content of the soil as they themselves die and decompose
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    What is the greatest impact of the introduced and invasive European starlings?
    • A. 

      They out-compete native birds for food and nesting sites

    • B. 

      They destroy the habitat of many species when they feed

    • C. 

      They feed on native amphibians, who don't have defenses to adapt

    • D. 

      They carry a bacteria that infects native species

  • 22. 
    Purple loosestrife, brought to North America accidentally on cargo ships, reproduces very quickly and aggressively, often crowding out species like the cattail that have been growing in British Columbia. Which of the following terms applies to the cattails?
    • A. 

      Non-native species

    • B. 

      Invasive species

    • C. 

      Native species

    • D. 

      Introduced species

  • 23. 
    10 000 years ago, huge glacial ice sheets that covered most of Canada. After melting, the glaciers revealed a barren landscape that did not support life for a long period of time. What process began to occur after the glaciers retreated and temperatures began to rise?
    • A. 

      Primary succession

    • B. 

      Natural selection

    • C. 

      Adaptive radiation

    • D. 

      Secondary succession

  • 24. 
    If people installed tall fences along roads to prevent animals from being struck by passing cars. What is the name of the effect this type of project can have on the original ecosystem?
    • A. 

      Ecosystem contraction

    • B. 

      Ecosystem loss

    • C. 

      Habitat expansion

    • D. 

      Habitat fragmentation

  • 25. 
    What does primary succession look like in other parts of the world?
    • A. 

      Primary succession is different in almost every part of the world

    • B. 

      The type of primary succession that occurs depends on the types of lichen and rocks that are present

    • C. 

      Primary succession is the same in almost every part of the world

    • D. 

      Primary succession in the northern hemisphere is like secondary succession in the southern hemisphere (vice versa)

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