Mitosis Quiz For High School Students

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| By Kelskels14
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 290
Questions: 7 | Attempts: 290

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Mitosis Quizzes & Trivia

This is a quiz on mitosis. It is made for level one honors high school students.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    During which phases of mitosis are chromosomes visible?

    • A.

      Metaphase

    • B.

      Prophase and metaphase

    • C.

      Anaphase and prophase

    • D.

      Anaphase and interphase

    Correct Answer
    B. Prophase and metaphase
    Explanation
    During prophase and metaphase of mitosis, chromosomes become visible. In prophase, the nuclear membrane dissolves, and the chromatin condenses into distinct chromosomes. In metaphase, the chromosomes align along the equatorial plane of the cell. This alignment allows for accurate separation of chromosomes during subsequent stages of mitosis. Therefore, chromosomes are visible during both prophase and metaphase.

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  • 2. 

    Mitosis takes place in _________. There are four stages. The first is ________. In this stage, chromatin condenses into _________. _________ then separate and spindles begin to form. The nuclear membrane also breaks down. _________ is the next stage. The chromosomes line up across the center, call the metaphase _______, and connect to the _________ at their ___________. Then, in _______, the sister chromatids __________. Finally, in _______, chromosomes gather at opposite ends and two ________________ form. __________ is the process that follows mitosis. It involves the division of the cytoplasm. Mitosis and cytokinesis make up the __________ of the cell cycle.

    Correct Answer
    somatic cells prophase centrioles chromosomes spindle centromere metaphase separate anaphase telophase nuclear membranes cytokinesis M phase plate
    Explanation
    Mitosis takes place in somatic cells. There are four stages. The first is prophase. In this stage, chromatin condenses into chromosomes. Centrioles then separate and spindles begin to form. The nuclear membrane also breaks down. Metaphase is the next stage. The chromosomes line up across the center, called the metaphase plate, and connect to the spindle at their centromere. Then, in anaphase, the sister chromatids separate. Finally, in telophase, chromosomes gather at opposite ends and two nuclear membranes form. Cytokinesis is the process that follows mitosis. It involves the division of the cytoplasm. Mitosis and cytokinesis make up the M phase of the cell cycle.

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  • 3. 

    What is the role of the spindle during mitosis?

    • A.

      It breaks down the nuclear membrane

    • B.

      It duplicates DNA

    • C.

      It helps separate chromosomes

    • D.

      It divides the cell in half

    Correct Answer
    C. It helps separate chromosomes
    Explanation
    During mitosis, the spindle plays a crucial role in separating the chromosomes. The spindle is a network of microtubules that form between the two centrosomes and extends towards the chromosomes. It attaches to the centromere region of each chromosome and exerts force to pull them apart towards opposite ends of the cell. This process ensures that each daughter cell receives the correct number of chromosomes. Therefore, the correct answer is that the spindle helps separate chromosomes during mitosis.

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  • 4. 

    The two main stages of cell division are...

    • A.

      Mitosis and Interphase

    • B.

      Cytokinesis and Mitosis

    • C.

      M phase and S phase

    • D.

      Synthesis and Cytokinesis

    Correct Answer
    B. Cytokinesis and Mitosis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Cytokinesis and Mitosis. Cytokinesis is the process in which the cytoplasm of a cell divides, resulting in two daughter cells. Mitosis, on the other hand, is the process of nuclear division in which the duplicated DNA is evenly distributed into two daughter nuclei. These two processes work together to ensure the proper division and distribution of genetic material to daughter cells during cell division.

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  • 5. 

    During normal mitotic division, a parent cell with 4 chromosomes will produce 2 daughter cells each containing...

    • A.

      Two chromosomes

    • B.

      Four chromosomes

    • C.

      Eight chromosomes

    • D.

      Sixteen chromosomes

    Correct Answer
    B. Four chromosomes
    Explanation
    During normal mitotic division, a parent cell with 4 chromosomes will undergo a process called cell division, resulting in the formation of two daughter cells. Each daughter cell will contain an identical set of chromosomes as the parent cell, which in this case is 4 chromosomes. Therefore, the correct answer is four chromosomes.

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  • 6. 

    The microtubules of the spindle attach to the chromosomes at...

    • A.

      Centromere

    • B.

      Spindle

    • C.

      Kinetochore

    Correct Answer
    C. Kinetochore
    Explanation
    The kinetochore is a protein structure located at the centromere of a chromosome. It serves as the attachment site for microtubules of the spindle during cell division. The microtubules from the spindle attach to the kinetochore, allowing them to exert force and move the chromosomes during the process of chromosome segregation. Therefore, the correct answer is kinetochore.

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  • 7. 

    Mitosis ensures that eac hnew cell inherits

    • A.

      A full set of chromosomes

    • B.

      Half the chromosomes

    • C.

      Regulatory molecules

    • D.

      More then one gene

    Correct Answer
    A. A full set of chromosomes
    Explanation
    Mitosis is the process of cell division in which a single cell divides into two identical daughter cells. One of the main purposes of mitosis is to ensure that each new cell inherits a full set of chromosomes. This is important for maintaining the genetic integrity and stability of the organism. During mitosis, the chromosomes are replicated and then divided equally between the two daughter cells, ensuring that each cell receives a complete set of chromosomes. This allows for the proper functioning and development of the new cells.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 17, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Kelskels14
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