Bio 290: Anatomical Terms Of Relative Position

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Bio 290: Anatomical Terms Of Relative Position - Quiz

When it comes to observing the body it is important for a student to know which side is which and the different terms sides for the different locations in the body. The Bio 290 qui below on anatomic terms of relative positions is designed to help you do just that. Give it a shot!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The relative position of Cranial or Superior is defined as:

    • A.

      Closer to the surface of the body

    • B.

      Toward the head

    • C.

      Toward the front

    Correct Answer
    B. Toward the head
    Explanation
    The relative position of Cranial or Superior is defined as "Toward the head". This means that when comparing two structures, if one is located closer to the head than the other, it is considered cranial or superior. It is a directional term used to describe the position of a structure in relation to another structure in the body.

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  • 2. 

    The term Medial is defined as:

    • A.

      Toward the midline

    • B.

      Toward the side, away from the midline

    • C.

      Closer to the trunk of the body (Limbs)

    Correct Answer
    A. Toward the midline
    Explanation
    The term "medial" refers to a direction that is towards the midline of the body. It indicates movement or position closer to the center or middle of the body, as opposed to being away from the midline. This term is commonly used in anatomy to describe the relative position of body parts or structures.

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  • 3. 

    Closer to the surface of the body

    • A.

      Superficial

    • B.

      Ventral or Anterior

    • C.

      Deep

    Correct Answer
    A. Superficial
    Explanation
    The term "superficial" refers to something that is closer to the surface of the body. In this context, it is used to describe a location or position. The other options, "ventral" and "anterior," refer to different anatomical terms and do not relate to the concept of being closer to the surface. The term "deep" is the opposite of "superficial," indicating something that is further away from the surface. Therefore, the correct answer is "superficial."

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  • 4. 

    Ventral or Anterior is defined as:

    • A.

      Toward the tail or feet

    • B.

      Toward the back

    • C.

      Toward the front

    Correct Answer
    C. Toward the front
    Explanation
    Ventral or anterior refers to the direction towards the front of an organism. This means that when an organism is moving or facing forward, its ventral side or anterior side is the one that is visible or facing towards the front.

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  • 5. 

    Toward the tail or feet defines:

    • A.

      Medial

    • B.

      Deep

    • C.

      Caudal or inferior

    Correct Answer
    C. Caudal or inferior
    Explanation
    The term "caudal or inferior" refers to a position or direction toward the tail or feet. It is used to describe a location that is closer to the lower part of the body or further away from the head. In anatomical terms, "caudal" is often used to describe structures in relation to their position along the body's axis, with the tail or feet being considered the lower end. Therefore, "caudal or inferior" is the correct answer to the question.

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  • 6. 

    Distal is defined as:

    • A.

      Further away from the trunk of the body (Limbs)

    • B.

      Toward the midline

    • C.

      Closer to the trunk of the body (Limbs)

    Correct Answer
    A. Further away from the trunk of the body (Limbs)
    Explanation
    Distal is a term used in anatomy to describe a location that is further away from the trunk of the body, specifically in reference to the limbs. It is the opposite of proximal, which refers to a location closer to the trunk. Therefore, the correct answer is "Further away from the trunk of the body (Limbs)".

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  • 7. 

    Closer to the center of the body:

    • A.

      Medial

    • B.

      Deep

    • C.

      Superficial

    Correct Answer
    B. Deep
    Explanation
    The term "deep" refers to being situated further inside or away from the surface of the body. In this context, it means that the object or body part being referred to is closer to the center of the body rather than being superficial or closer to the surface.

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  • 8. 

    Proximal is defined as:

    • A.

      Toward the head

    • B.

      Toward the back

    • C.

      Closer to the trunk of the body (Limbs)

    Correct Answer
    C. Closer to the trunk of the body (Limbs)
    Explanation
    The term "proximal" refers to a position or location that is closer to the trunk of the body, specifically in relation to the limbs. It is used to describe the relative distance between two body parts, with the proximal part being closer to the main body or point of attachment. In this context, "proximal" indicates that the body part being referred to is closer to the trunk or main body, rather than being farther away towards the limbs.

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  • 9. 

    Toward the back:

    • A.

      Dorsal or Posterior

    • B.

      Ventral or Anterior

    • C.

      Caudal or Inferior

    Correct Answer
    A. Dorsal or Posterior
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Dorsal or Posterior" because the term "toward the back" refers to the direction away from the front or anterior side of the body. In anatomical terms, the back side of the body is referred to as the dorsal side, while the front side is referred to as the ventral side. Additionally, "posterior" is another term used to describe the back side of the body. Therefore, both "dorsal" and "posterior" accurately describe the direction indicated in the question.

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  • 10. 

    Toward the side, away from the midline

    • A.

      Medial

    • B.

      Proximal

    • C.

      Lateral

    Correct Answer
    C. Lateral
    Explanation
    The term "lateral" refers to a position or direction that is away from the midline of the body. In other words, it means moving or located toward the side. In this context, "lateral" is the correct answer because it describes a position that is opposite to the midline. "Medial" refers to a position that is closer to the midline, while "proximal" refers to a position that is closer to the point of reference.

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  • 11. 

    Frontal (Coronal) divides the body into right and left pairs.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    False. Frontal (Coronal divides the body into ventral and dorsal parts.

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  • 12. 

    Midsagittal divides the body into equal right and left halves.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The midsagittal plane is a vertical plane that passes through the midline of the body, dividing it into equal right and left halves. This plane is important in anatomical and medical studies as it helps in visualizing and understanding the symmetry and organization of the body. Therefore, the statement that the midsagittal plane divides the body into equal right and left halves is true.

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  • 13. 

    Sagittal divides the body into right and left halves.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the sagittal plane is a vertical plane that divides the body into right and left halves. It runs parallel to the midline of the body, separating it into two symmetrical halves. This plane is commonly used in anatomy and medical imaging to analyze structures and organs in relation to their position on the right or left side of the body.

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  • 14. 

    Parasagittal divides the body into unequal cranial and caudal parts.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    False. Parasagittal divides the body into unequal left and right halves.

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  • 15. 

    Transverse divides the body into cranial and caudal parts.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the term "transverse" refers to a plane that cuts across the body horizontally, dividing it into upper (cranial) and lower (caudal) parts. This type of division is commonly used in anatomical and medical terminology to describe the orientation and location of different body structures.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 13, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    CahCah
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