Bergen Online Quiz - North Zone - Jan'18

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| By Mukesh Sisoudia
M
Mukesh Sisoudia
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 197
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 197

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Bergen Online Quiz - North Zone - Jan18 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    As per Gemcal SIP LBL of Dec’17, _____% of women over _____ years will sustain osteoporotic fracture.

    • A.

      50, 54

    • B.

      50, 45

    • C.

      54, 50

    • D.

      45, 50

    Correct Answer
    C. 54, 50
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 54, 50. According to the Gemcal SIP LBL of Dec'17, 54% of women over 50 years will sustain an osteoporotic fracture. This means that more than half of women in this age group are at risk of experiencing a fracture due to osteoporosis.

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  • 2. 

    Gemcal soft gel increases______________ BMD by _____ %. (as per Gemcal SIP LBL of Dec’17)

    • A.

      Hip, 20

    • B.

      Wrist, 15

    • C.

      Spine, 10

    • D.

      Lumbar spine,10

    Correct Answer
    D. Lumbar spine,10
    Explanation
    Gemcal soft gel increases BMD (bone mineral density) by 10% in the lumbar spine.

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  • 3. 

    Gemcal soft gel increases _________ levels by _____ %. (as per Gemcal SIP LBL of Dec’17)

    • A.

      Matrix GLA, 15

    • B.

      Osteocalcin, 7

    • C.

      Osteocalcin, 17

    • D.

      Calcium, 7

    Correct Answer
    B. Osteocalcin, 7
    Explanation
    Gemcal soft gel increases Osteocalcin levels by 7%.

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  • 4. 

    Collagen type 1 in T-heal makes up_____________ & increase___________ properties.

    • A.

      Tenocyte, chemical

    • B.

      Mucopolysacchride, mechanical

    • C.

      Tendon fibres, mechanical

    • D.

      Vitamin C, elastic

    Correct Answer
    C. Tendon fibres, mechanical
    Explanation
    Collagen type 1 is a major component of tendon fibres, which provide strength and support to tendons. Tendons are responsible for transmitting forces from muscles to bones, allowing movement. Therefore, the presence of collagen type 1 in T-heal would enhance the mechanical properties of tendon fibres, such as their ability to withstand tension and maintain their structural integrity.

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  • 5. 

    T-heal has 5 ________ action for ________ health.

    • A.

      Smart, human

    • B.

      Mechanical, individual

    • C.

      Modal, Tendon

    • D.

      Anti-inflammatory, good

    Correct Answer
    C. Modal, Tendon
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Modal, Tendon" because the word "Modal" refers to a type of action or treatment, and the word "Tendon" refers to a specific area of health. Therefore, "Modal, Tendon" suggests that T-heal has a specific type of action that is beneficial for tendon health.

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  • 6. 

    Choose the correct one

    • A.

      T-heal increases Tenomodulin levels.

    • B.

      T-heal increases Tenocyte maturation.

    • C.

      T-heal stimulates endogenous collagen type 1 synthesis.

    • D.

      T-heal decreases type 3 collagen accumulation.

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above." T-heal is a substance that has multiple effects on the healing process. It increases Tenomodulin levels, which is a protein associated with tendon healing. It also promotes Tenocyte maturation, which is the process by which tendon cells become specialized for their function. Additionally, T-heal stimulates the synthesis of endogenous collagen type 1, which is the main component of tendons. Lastly, it decreases the accumulation of type 3 collagen, which is a less desirable type of collagen for tendon healing. Therefore, all of these statements are true and contribute to the overall effectiveness of T-heal in promoting tendon healing.

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  • 7. 

    T-heal __________ tendon thickness.

    • A.

      Increases

    • B.

      Maintains

    • C.

      Reduces

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Reduces
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Reduces". This means that T-heal reduces tendon thickness.

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  • 8. 

    Unlike other competitors, T-heal treats the root cause of Tendinopathy as it offers Muco-polysaccharides.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    T-heal treats the root cause of Tendinopathy by offering Muco-polysaccharides, which sets it apart from other competitors. This implies that T-heal addresses the underlying issue causing Tendinopathy, rather than just providing temporary relief or symptom management. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 9. 

    The dose of Bacillus Subtilis in children is

    • A.

      1-2 billion CFU/day

    • B.

      2-3 billion CFU/day

    • C.

      2-4 billion CFU/day

    • D.

      3-4 billion CFU/day

    Correct Answer
    C. 2-4 billion CFU/day
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2-4 billion CFU/day. This range is recommended for the dose of Bacillus Subtilis in children. CFU stands for Colony Forming Units, which is a measure of viable bacteria present in a sample. The suggested range ensures an adequate amount of Bacillus Subtilis is consumed daily to promote a healthy balance of gut bacteria in children.

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  • 10. 

    Gutgain decreases CFTR channels expression by

    • A.

      45%

    • B.

      55%

    • C.

      99%

    • D.

      49%

    Correct Answer
    D. 49%
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 49%. This means that Gutgain decreases CFTR channels expression by 49%.

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  • 11. 

    Gutgain increases IgA levels by

    • A.

      45%

    • B.

      55%

    • C.

      99%

    • D.

      49%

    Correct Answer
    A. 45%
  • 12. 

    S. Boulardii in Gutgain repairs __________ damage by releasing ___________.

    • A.

      Intestine, 1kDa protease

    • B.

      Diarrhoea, Water

    • C.

      Enterocytes, polyamines

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Enterocytes, polyamines
    Explanation
    S. Boulardii in Gutgain repairs damage to enterocytes by releasing polyamines. Enterocytes are the cells that line the intestines, and they can get damaged due to various factors. Polyamines are a type of molecule that have been shown to have a protective and repairing effect on these cells. Therefore, when S. Boulardii releases polyamines, it helps in repairing the damage to enterocytes in the gut. This can be beneficial for maintaining a healthy gut function.

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  • 13. 

    B.Subtilis exerts ___________ effect by releasing _____ antibiotics.

    • A.

      Antidiarrheal, good

    • B.

      Good, cephalosporin

    • C.

      Antimicrobial, 66

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Antimicrobial, 66
    Explanation
    Bacillus subtilis (B.Subtilis) is known for its antimicrobial effect, meaning it has the ability to inhibit or kill microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi. This effect is achieved by releasing certain antibiotics that have the ability to target and disrupt the growth or survival of these microorganisms. The number "66" mentioned in the answer is not clear, but it could refer to a specific antibiotic produced by B.Subtilis or it could be a typo or error in the question.

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  • 14. 

    Doxylamine is inferior to Ondansetron because Doxylamine is

    • A.

      Fast in action and blocks serotonin receptor

    • B.

      Slow in action and blocks only histamine receptor

    • C.

      Slow in action and blocks serotonin receptor

    • D.

      Fast in action and blocks only histamine receptor.

    Correct Answer
    B. Slow in action and blocks only histamine receptor
    Explanation
    Doxylamine is inferior to Ondansetron because it is slow in action and blocks only histamine receptors. This means that it takes longer for Doxylamine to produce its effects compared to Ondansetron, which may be a disadvantage in certain situations where immediate relief is required. Additionally, by only blocking histamine receptors, Doxylamine may not be as effective in managing symptoms related to serotonin, which Ondansetron can target. Therefore, Ondansetron is considered superior to Doxylamine in terms of its mechanism of action and speed of action.

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  • 15. 

    Ondem reduces vomiting & facilitates oral rehydration as per

    • A.

      Nelson’s Textbook of Paediatrics

    • B.

      American Academy of Paediatrics

    • C.

      NEJM

    • D.

      A & B

    Correct Answer
    C. NEJM
    Explanation
    The answer NEJM refers to the New England Journal of Medicine. This journal is highly respected in the medical field and is known for publishing authoritative and reliable research articles. Therefore, if Ondem is mentioned as reducing vomiting and facilitating oral rehydration in the NEJM, it can be considered a credible and evidence-based claim.

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  • 16. 

    Ondansetron is selective Serotonin (5HT3) receptor antagonist

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    • C.

      Not sure

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Ondansetron is a medication that is commonly used to prevent nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. It works by blocking the action of serotonin at the 5HT3 receptors in the brain and gastrointestinal tract. This selective blockade of serotonin receptors helps to reduce the symptoms of nausea and vomiting. Therefore, the statement that Ondansetron is a selective Serotonin (5HT3) receptor antagonist is true.

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  • 17. 

    USP ‘s of Ondem MD

    • A.

      Orange flavoured

    • B.

      Disintegrates within 10 seconds

    • C.

      Instant control anytime anywhere

    • D.

      No EPS

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". This means that all the mentioned features, such as being orange flavored, disintegrating within 10 seconds, providing instant control anytime anywhere, and not containing EPS (Extended Polystyrene), are the unique selling points of Ondem MD. These features make Ondem MD stand out and differentiate it from other similar products in the market.

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  • 18. 

    Ideal Physiological Range of serum Vit D of 40 -60 ng/ml is endorsed by

    • A.

      International Osteoporosis Foundation

    • B.

      Endocrine Society

    • C.

      Both A & B

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Both A & B
    Explanation
    The ideal physiological range of serum Vitamin D of 40-60 ng/ml is endorsed by both the International Osteoporosis Foundation and the Endocrine Society. This means that both organizations support and recommend maintaining Vitamin D levels within this range for optimal health.

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  • 19. 

    Daily 400 IU Uprise D3 Syrup is recommended by

    • A.

      American Academy of Pediatrics

    • B.

      National Neonatology forum of India

    • C.

      Nelson’s Textbook of Pediatrics

    • D.

      None of the Above

    • E.

      All of the Above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the Above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the Above." This means that the Daily 400 IU Uprise D3 Syrup is recommended by all of the mentioned sources: the American Academy of Pediatrics, the National Neonatology forum of India, and Nelson's Textbook of Pediatrics.

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