Bentley Ch. 31 Societies At Crossroads: Modernization

15 Questions | Total Attempts: 632

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Bentley Ch. 31 Societies At Crossroads: Modernization

The Ottoman state began as one of many small Turkish states that emerged in Asia. During our coverage of Bentley Ch. 31 Societies at Crossroads: Modernization we got to understand how the Ottoman Empire, China, Russia and Japan moved from their traditional to modern societies. Take the quiz and refresh your memory!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following statements is NOT true about capitulations?
    • A. 

      They were imposed on the Europeans by the Ottomans

    • B. 

      They allowed for the establishment of tax-exempt banks and commercial enterprises

    • C. 

      They were imposed on the Ottomans by the Europeans

    • D. 

      They permitted foreign governments to levy duties on goods

  • 2. 
    After the assassination of Alexander II, his successor Nicholas II
    • A. 

      Actively carried on Alexander's reforms

    • B. 

      Was an even greater proponent of change and pushed for true democratic reform

    • C. 

      Issued an edict that categorically declared the peasants to be serfs

    • D. 

      Championed oppression and police control

  • 3. 
    The 1905 Bloody Sunday massacre eventually
    • A. 

      Led to the collapse of the Qing dynasty in China

    • B. 

      Resulted in the abdication of Ottoman Sultan Abd al-Hamid and the rise of the Young Turks

    • C. 

      Led to the establishment of the Duma in Russia

    • D. 

      Led to communist regimes in both Russia and China

  • 4. 
    Which of the following reasons account for the large number of languages that have become extinct during the period from 1500 to 2000?   
    • A. 

      Some languages are not easily translatable into the world's most-spoken languages

    • B. 

      Increased contact among formerly isolated groups

    • C. 

      Increased human migrations into already populated areas of the earth

    • D. 

      Both increased contact among formerly isolated groups and increased human migrations into already populated areas of the earth are correct

  • 5. 
    The decisive point in the Opium War was
    • A. 

      The British threat to the Grand Canal

    • B. 

      The arrival of an American fleet to aid the British

    • C. 

      A surprise British attack on the Chinese fleet at Port Arthur

    • D. 

      A sudden reversal by China's erstwhile ally, the Japanese

  • 6. 
    Which of the following was NOT one of the principles of the Taiping Rebellion? 
    • A. 

      Abolishing the old feudal order

    • B. 

      Turning Jpaan into a constitutional republic

    • C. 

      Improving the Japanese educational system

    • D. 

      Reorganizing the Japanese army and navy

  • 7. 
    Which of the following was NOT one of the foundations of the Meiji Restoration?
    • A. 

      Abolishing the old feudal order

    • B. 

      Turning Japan into a constitutional republic

    • C. 

      Reorganizing the Japanese army and navy

    • D. 

      Revamping the tax system

  • 8. 
    The Meiji reformers actively copied the western Europeans and Americans because 
    • A. 

      The Chinese refused to share their technology with the Japanese

    • B. 

      They understood the danger of those two groups and wanted to find a way to avoid commercial and/or imperial domination by either one

    • C. 

      Those lands had always treated the Japanese with equality and respect

    • D. 

      Japan had already been divided up into spheres of influence and they wanted to find a way to push the Europeans and Americans out

  • 9. 
    Which of the following accounts for the beginning of the social reform movement in Russia in the nineteenth century?
    • A. 

      Massive peasant rebellions

    • B. 

      Military defeats

    • C. 

      A resurgence of the principles of the eighteenth century Enlightenment

    • D. 

      Diplomatic pressure on the part of the United States

  • 10. 
    The working conditions of the growing Russian industrial class in St. Petersburg and Moscow
    • A. 

      Were the best in Europe at the time

    • B. 

      Improved dramatically after the passage in 1897 of a law establishing an eight hour work day

    • C. 

      Were terrible and left the workers receptive to revolutionary propaganda

    • D. 

      Were much better than their earlier English and French counterparts had been

  • 11. 
    The key to social reform in Russia was
    • A. 

      The establishment of universal suffrage

    • B. 

      The emancipation of the serfs

    • C. 

      The final attainment of equality for women

    • D. 

      The abolition of slavery

  • 12. 
    Which of the of the following was NOT one of the leading principles of the Young Turks?
    • A. 

      Universal suffrage

    • B. 

      Emancipation of women

    • C. 

      Free public education

    • D. 

      Islam as the guiding principle in public life

  • 13. 
    The social Darwinists believed that 
    • A. 

      A sharp distinction had to be made between the biological and social worlds

    • B. 

      Only a socialist political and social structure would keep humans from destroying themselves

    • C. 

      More powerful nations had to protect weaker nations

    • D. 

      Powerful nations were meant to dominate weaker societies

  • 14. 
    In regard to imperialism, the Japanese and Americans
    • A. 

      Were much more tolerant and respectful of their colonies than the Europeans were

    • B. 

      Expanded for very different reasons than the Europeans did

    • C. 

      Never saw the need to expand

    • D. 

      Proved to be just as racist as the Europeans

  • 15. 
    By the end of the nineteenth century, the only thing keeping China from being completely divided up into spheres of influence by foreigners was   
    • A. 

      Distrust among the foreign powers

    • B. 

      The European respect for Chinese intellectual and cultural superiority

    • C. 

      A Franco-British manifesto to support China as a block to further Russian expansion

    • D. 

      Japanese support based on centuries of admiration for Chinese culture

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