Bentley Ch. 26 Test

15 Questions

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Book Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The use of mandarins who traveled throughout China overseeing the implementation of Ming imperial dictates is most comparable to which of the following non-Chinese imperial institutions?
    • A. 

      Persia's ghazi

    • B. 

      Harun al Rashid's caliphs

    • C. 

      Byzantine Emperor Justinian's themes

    • D. 

      Charlemagne's missi dominici

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      As the world's largest nation, China has always set the mark for technological innovation and progress.

    • B. 

      In the Ming and Qing eras, Chinese technological innovation was limited, but during the Tang and Song dynasties China led the world in technological advances.

    • C. 

      In the Tang and Song eras, Chinese technological innovation was limited, but during the Ming and Qing eras, China led the world in technological advances.

    • D. 

      In the Tang and Song eras, technological innovation was directly tied to silk and porcelain production, but during the Ming and Qing eras, technology was tied to the expanding maritime trade.

  • 3. 
    Which group is most responsible for bringing social change to China during the Qing era and to Japan during the Tokugawa Shogunate?
    • A. 

      Soldiers

    • B. 

      Merchants

    • C. 

      Nobles

    • D. 

      Farmers

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      The Ottoman imperial household resembled the imperial households of most Chinese emperors with its intention to meet the administrative and personal goals of the emperor.

    • B. 

      The Ottoman empire in its early years closely resembled the drive and achievements of most Chinese dynasties.

    • C. 

      The Ottoman use of a strong standing army approximates the armies of post Han dynasties as they expanded into other regions of central Asia.

    • D. 

      The Ottoman emperor ruled solely from a position of military power and prestige while the Ming emperors ruled form a position of divine right.

  • 5. 
    Despite the interdiction against public roles for women in the Islamic empires, the mocking "rule of women" was used to describe what phenomenon?
    • A. 

      Women's roles as artistic and cultural advisers to rulers

    • B. 

      The tendency of rulers to confer with female members of the imperial family

    • C. 

      The dominance of wives over concubines in the harem

    • D. 

      The predominance of women in advisory positions

  • 6. 
    The concept of "alternative attendance" was conceived to
    • A. 

      Restore the powers of the daimyos.

    • B. 

      Restrict the power of the emperor.

    • C. 

      Protect foreign merchants in Japan.

    • D. 

      Restrict the power of the daimyos.

  • 7. 
    In theory, the _?_ controlled Japan during the 12th through mid-19th centuries, but in reality it was the _?_
    • A. 

      Shoguns, emperor

    • B. 

      Emperor, merchants

    • C. 

      Noble class, daimyos

    • D. 

      Emperor, shoguns

  • 8. 
    What changes in popular urban culture developed during the Ming and Qing eras?
    • A. 

      Expansion in the number of urban teahouses

    • B. 

      Growth in the popularity of wine shops

    • C. 

      Development of the trickster character in Chinese literature

    • D. 

      All of these answers are correct

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      Neo-Confucianism was easily compatible with Christianity as explained by the Jesuits.

    • B. 

      Neo-Confucianism emphasized self-discipline, filial piety, and obedience to the ruler which paralleled the Ming and Qing emperors' goal of maintaining a stable empire.

    • C. 

      Neo-Confucianism reduced the powerful eunuchs by stressing the importance of family and family values in guiding the empire.

    • D. 

      Neo-Confucianism promoted the role of merchants and commerce as desirable professions which in turn enriched royal treasuries.

  • 10. 
    Which of the following factions proved most effective in usurping the emperors' rule during the Ming and Qing eras?
    • A. 

      The scholar-gentry

    • B. 

      The eunuchs

    • C. 

      The military commanders

    • D. 

      The farmers

  • 11. 
    Which of the following statements is true regarding the Chinese civil service exams?
    • A. 

      They were an attempt to diffuse the power of the eunuchs and to insure that the other members of the harem would have full access to influential government posts.

    • B. 

      They were open to all males regardless of age or social class and included district, provincial, and metropolitan levels.

    • C. 

      They included a written, oral , and performance element in addition to public testimony as to the candidate's moral and social behaviors.

    • D. 

      They were based on Confucian, Daoist, and Buddhist teachings and demanded candidates be able to discuss all elements of the three philosophies.

  • 12. 
    During the late Ming and Qing dynasties, footbinding was MOST COMMONLY practiced among
    • A. 

      Royal concubines and common prostitutes

    • B. 

      Followers of Confucius

    • C. 

      The upper classes

    • D. 

      The middle classes

  • 13. 
    According to the social hierarchy of Ming and Qing China, which of the following groups had the highest social status?
    • A. 

      Soldiers

    • B. 

      Merchants

    • C. 

      Farmers

    • D. 

      Landlords

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      Both were primarily concerned with maintaining stability in a large agricultural society by adopting traditional Chinese political and cultural policies

    • B. 

      Both identified invasions from northern peoples as the primary threat to China's security and so they invested heavily in re-fortifying the Great Wall

    • C. 

      Both sought to expand China's overseas influence by developing a strong navy, which they could use to develop trade connections and to fight the increasing threat from Japanese pirates

    • D. 

      Both sought to preserve Chinese tradition and culture from outside influences like Christianity and Japanese Buddhism by erecting barriers to cultural interactions with the west and the east

  • 15. 
    Which of the following statements is true regarding the Chinese civil service exams?
    • A. 

      They were open to all males regardless of age or social class and included district, provincial, and metropolitan levels

    • B. 

      They included a written, oral, and performance element in addition to public testimony

    • C. 

      They were based on Confucian, Daoist, and Buddhist teachings and demanded candidates be able to discuss all elements of the three philosophies

    • D. 

      They were restricted to family members of existing civil servants as a means of maintaining social stability