Bentley Ch. 22 Global Connections

13 Questions | Total Attempts: 689

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Bentley Ch. 22 Global Connections

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Why is Vasco Da Gama's voyage in 1499 significant in a global context?
    • A. 

      It supported Columbus' claim that the world was round

    • B. 

      It demonstrated that there was a faster passage to Asia than the traditional overland routes

    • C. 

      It showed the south and east Asian empires that Europe was a mighty trading power and foreshadowed Europe's coming dominance

    • D. 

      It opened the doors to direct maritime trading and helped to establish permanent links between Europe and Asia

  • 2. 
    Which of the following technologies was a western European maritime innovation c. 1400-1800?
    • A. 

      Astrolabe

    • B. 

      Sternpost rudder

    • C. 

      Compass

    • D. 

      Cross staff and back staff

  • 3. 
    The greatest flaw in Columbus' plan to reach Asia by sailing west that 
    • A. 

      He greatly underestimated the circumference of the earth and did not know about the existence of the continents of North and South America

    • B. 

      He did not possess the necessary technology to successfully make such a long voyage and return home safely

    • C. 

      He could get the better-equipped and better-trained Portuguese mariners to sign on to his plan and help him achieve a successful voyage

    • D. 

      Genoa was too far from Portugal and the differences in language and customs was too great for the two peoples to work together

  • 4. 
    Which of the following individuals reported his experiences in this manner? "So that your highnesses might resolve to...Because without a doubt, there is in this land a very great quantity of gold; for not without cause do these Indians that I bring with me say that there are in these islands places where they dig and wear gold and wear it on their chests, on their ears and on their arms...And also, here there is probably a great quantity of cotton and I think it would sell very well here without taking it to Spain but the cities belonging to the Grand Mongol Khan."
    • A. 

      Magellan

    • B. 

      Balboa

    • C. 

      Columbus

    • D. 

      Prince Henry of Portugal

  • 5. 
    What was a key difference between the Portuguese approach to trading-post empires and the approach taken by the Dutch and the English?
    • A. 

      The Portuguese were interested in land and sea territories more than controlling trade routes and custom duties, as were the Dutch and the English

    • B. 

      The Portuguese were interested in controlling trade routes and collecting customs duties, while the Dutch and English were interested in controlling shipping on the high seas

    • C. 

      The Portuguese were interested in militarily controlling trade routes and collecting customs duties while the Dutch and the English were interested in establishing trading posts to sell supplies and collect customs duties

    • D. 

      The Portuguese were more interested in fighting their Spanish rivals than stopping the English or Dutch merchant companies

  • 6. 
    What common goal(s) did the Dutch and the Spanish have in southeast Asia?
    • A. 

      Both wanted to spread Christianity as the dominant faith throughout the world

    • B. 

      Both wanted to dominate trade int he region, but not necessarily to populate the region with European settlers

    • C. 

      Both wanted to spread Christianity and trade throughout their realms by establishing settler colonies

    • D. 

      Both wanted to destroy the power of the Chinese merchants who had dominated the region for centuries

  • 7. 
    Why is the Seven Years' War significant in this era, 1500-1800?
    • A. 

      It demonstrated the power of the Prussian army to withstand assault from teh west

    • B. 

      It demonstrated the importance of the gunpowder empires in Asia

    • C. 

      It showed that the eastern hemisphere could not dominate the western hemisphere in terms of economic and military power

    • D. 

      It placed Britain in a position to dominate world trade for the next 150 years

  • 8. 
    Why did disease decimate the indigenous populations of the western hemisphere?
    • A. 

      The western hemisphere had developed in relative isolation from Europe, Asia, and Africa for thousands of years, so the people had no natural immunities to diseases from the eastern hemisphere.

    • B. 

      The peoples of the western hemisphere did not have access to the more sophisticated medical tradition and practices of the Asians and the Europeans so they had no way to combat the diseases.

    • C. 

      The peoples of the western hemisphere were weakened from fighting the European invaders, so they were not biologically strong enough to fight the diseases

    • D. 

      The peoples of the western hemisphere lacked the sanitation and technology needed to prevent the spread of infectious disease acquired from contact with the Europeans, so diseases spread too rapidly to combat

  • 9. 
    Which New World crops added the most calories to European diets and therefore positively impacted sustainable population numbers?
    • A. 

      Wheat and potatoes

    • B. 

      Potatoes and maize

    • C. 

      Maize and beans

    • D. 

      Tomatoes and peppers

  • 10. 
    What commodity because the most desirous medium of exchange for the Manila galleons of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries?
    • A. 

      Gold

    • B. 

      Sugar

    • C. 

      Cowry shells

    • D. 

      Silver

  • 11. 
    The desire to spread Christianity, settle European farmers in new lands, control the trade of specific cash crops, and exploit natural resources is most characteristic of which of the following groups?
    • A. 

      The Portuguese in Brazil

    • B. 

      The Dutch in Indonesia

    • C. 

      The Spanish in the Philippines

    • D. 

      The French in Canada

  • 12. 
    Columbus was able to convince Ferdinand and Isabella to support his voyages because
    • A. 

      Based on his mathematical calculations of the earth's circumference, he believed that sailing west from Europe to Asia would be profitable and they recognized the wealth such a route would bring to their kingdom

    • B. 

      He promised them an alliance between the wealthy Italian port city of Genoa and the rising newly unified Spanish kingdom of Aragon and Castile

    • C. 

      He had already made a successful voyage to the islands he called the Indies and he had the gold and natives as specimens to prove it

    • D. 

      He had had the earlier backing of Prince Henry who died before he could back another voyage

  • 13. 
    Major motivations for European exploration of the world's oceans included all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      The search for raw materials and mineral resources

    • B. 

      The search for new lands to settle and cultivate

    • C. 

      Population pressures in Europe.

    • D. 

      The desire to trade directly with Asian markets

    • E. 

      The urge to extend Christianity beyond Europe.

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