Bentley Ch. 13 Islam

13 Questions | Total Attempts: 1279

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Bentley Ch. 13 Islam

Multiple choice test based on Bentley Ch. 13 The Expansive Realm of Islam


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What in Muhammad's background may have influenced his acceptance of monotheism?
    • A. 

      Muhammad's family had always been monotheistic

    • B. 

      The Arab peninsula had equal numbers of monotheists and polytheists

    • C. 

      Muhammad's wife had been raised as a monotheist

    • D. 

      Muhammad was engaged in long-distance trade where he came into contact with monotheists

  • 2. 
    According to Islamic tradition, the Quran was compiiled from
    • A. 

      Many different sources, including polytheistic writings

    • B. 

      Revelations from Allah to Muhammad

    • C. 

      Writings by followers who recorded Muhammad's sayings

    • D. 

      The Jewish Old Testament

  • 3. 
    In what way did the expansion of the Islamic faith progress through the rest of the Arab peninsula?
    • A. 

      By rapid and peaceful means due to its message of peace

    • B. 

      In violent warfare as Islam challenged both polytheists and the ruling elite

    • C. 

      As a steady growth passed from merchant to merchant

    • D. 

      Fairly swiftly as converts were attracted to the actions of the sufi mystics

  • 4. 
    Adherence to the Five Pillars of Islam are the foundation of Muslim faith. Which one was the first and most impportant one upon which all others are based?
    • A. 

      Dedication to daily prayers facing Mecca

    • B. 

      Acknowledgment of Allah as the only deity and Muhammad as his prophet

    • C. 

      The Ramadan fast, with exceptions made for the young and infirm

    • D. 

      Almsgiving to the poor by all who have the means to afford it

  • 5. 
    The origin of the split between the Shia and Sunnis was indicative of
    • A. 

      Succession problems

    • B. 

      Religious issues

    • C. 

      Economic differences

    • D. 

      Disagreements over the role of women

  • 6. 
    With the assistance of the ulema and qadis, how was the Abbasid empire administered?
    • A. 

      It was decentralized into local governments

    • B. 

      It was remarkably separate from the Islamic religion

    • C. 

      It was split between two administrators, a secular leader and a religious leader

    • D. 

      It was developed under the guidelines of the Quran and sharia

  • 7. 
    Within dar al-Islam, economics proved very successful. What was responsible for this success?
    • A. 

      It was a zone of commerce and communication

    • B. 

      It rejected agriculture for the promotion of industry

    • C. 

      It decreed a uniform governmental policy across regions

    • D. 

      European and Indian traders increased the number of valuable imports to the region

  • 8. 
    Women's roles in Islamic societies were eventually defined by
    • A. 

      Their male relatives

    • B. 

      The interaction between religion and region

    • C. 

      Muhammad's sayings in the hadith

    • D. 

      The Quran alone

  • 9. 
    Islam quickly expanded through military means but why were Sufi missionaries so successful later on?
    • A. 

      They combined fervent worship with strict adherence to local customs

    • B. 

      Without goods to carry, they traveled farther than merchants

    • C. 

      They combined deep personal devotion to Islam with a tolerance for regional culture

    • D. 

      They converted many monarchs who convinced their people to follow the new religion

  • 10. 
    As the Arabs moved into India, they adopted Indian methods of mathematics, science, and medicine. What is their best known and most widely spread borrowed idea?
    • A. 

      The concept of zero

    • B. 

      Hindi numerals

    • C. 

      Techniques of bookkeeping

    • D. 

      Heliocentrism

  • 11. 
    Both Islam and Buddhism are missionary religions. OUTSIDE of the message, what aspect of the sufis and monks would have the most appeal to new converts?
    • A. 

      The possibility of leading an ascetic lifestyle

    • B. 

      The opportunity to travel widely while following the missionaries

    • C. 

      The possibility of escaping from one's social class

    • D. 

      The profoundly pious example set by the missionaries

  • 12. 
    Both the caliphate and the Mauryan empire in India had successful administrations in their early years. When one compares the administrations, what basic difference exists?
    • A. 

      The Mauryans had a secular government while the caliphate was a theocracy

    • B. 

      The caliphate had no standing army while the Mauryans did

    • C. 

      The Mauryans had one capital city while the caliphate operated from two

    • D. 

      While the caliphs were tolerant of other religions, the Mauryans were not.

  • 13. 
    Like Buddhism and Christianity, Islam can be described as a derivative religion. Each grew out of another religious tradition through the efforts of one individual. In what way was Islam different from the others?
    • A. 

      Neither of the others had practical rules for living daily lives

    • B. 

      The spread of Islam was vastly more successful in a shorter period of time

    • C. 

      Only Islam was spread through military conquest and missionary efforts

    • D. 

      Only Islam had schools as centers of religious learning

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