Bentley Ch. 15 Test India And The Indian Ocean Basin

13 Questions | Total Attempts: 1465

SettingsSettingsSettings
Bentley Ch. 15 Test India And The Indian Ocean Basin - Quiz

Multiple choice test based on Bentley Traditions and Encounters fifth edition


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Harsha dominated northern India in the 16th century as a conqueror and later an administrator. To what extent did Harsha centralize northern India?
    • A. 

      He founded a small kingdom that occupied northwest India

    • B. 

      He was successful in unification of the norther third and administered it with help from local rulers

    • C. 

      He was unsuccessful at administering his empire beyond central India

    • D. 

      He unified southern India under one government

  • 2. 
    While later Islamic conversions occurred regularly in northern India, Islam was not successfully introduced by Mahmud of Ghazni and his forces because
    • A. 

      The invaders were not very devout followers of their faith

    • B. 

      The invaders were not interested in proselytizing

    • C. 

      The inhabitants were willing to be martyrs to the faith

    • D. 

      The harshness of the invasions deterred people from following the religion of the invaders

  • 3. 
    Historians generally treat southern India separately from northern India. At this time, southern India differed from northern India primarily in their
    • A. 

      Steady adherence to Hinduism

    • B. 

      Acceptance of one strictly centralized government

    • C. 

      Lack of good trade routes

    • D. 

      Mass conversions to Islam

  • 4. 
    India and the Indian Ocean trade routes were dependent upon the climatic variations of the monsoon seasons. What areas did the monsoon system affect the most?
    • A. 

      Governance and social caste

    • B. 

      Trade and agriculture

    • C. 

      Manufacturing and agriculture

    • D. 

      Trade and governance

  • 5. 
    Since the Indian Ocean trade was generally divided into two separate spheres, what was the primary ethnic identity of the sailors in the western half of the ocean?
    • A. 

      Chinese and Malay

    • B. 

      Austronesian

    • C. 

      Persian and Arab

    • D. 

      African

  • 6. 
    As HIndus of northern India converted to Islam, how did the caste system adapt to the arrival of Muslim merchants?
    • A. 

      The merchants remained outside the caste system

    • B. 

      They became a distinct caste within the system

    • C. 

      The Indian merchants absorbed them into their own caste

    • D. 

      They never stayed long enough to be part of the caste system

  • 7. 
    Through India's early  history, Hinduism evolved constantly with challenges from other religions and changes in politics. At this time, Hinduism in southern India evolved out of a worship of all the gods into
    • A. 

      Devotional cults to specific gods

    • B. 

      The worship of two gods exclusively

    • C. 

      A near acceptance of monotheism

    • D. 

      A syncretism of Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam

  • 8. 
    Eventually, many Hindus in northern India coverted to Islam. To what extent did they follow Islam?
    • A. 

      They were devout Muslims and followed all Five Pillars

    • B. 

      They only worshipped when their rulers decreed it

    • C. 

      There was a suppression of the caste system

    • D. 

      While they followed Islam, their secular lives exhibited little change

  • 9. 
    Indian religions traveled to southeast Asia via merchants and missionaries. Why did southeast Asian monarchs convert readily to Hinduism and Buddhism?
    • A. 

      The lower classes had already done so and the kings were just following their lead

    • B. 

      The religions reinforced the idea of kingship

    • C. 

      The Muslim merchants had influence in ruling circles

    • D. 

      The monarchs were open to all avenues of salvation

  • 10. 
    As in most other places, Islam's conversion rate in southeast Asia was enhanced by the work of 
    • A. 

      Devout Muslim ministers

    • B. 

      Rulers' adoption of it

    • C. 

      The arrival of sufi missionaries

    • D. 

      The conquest of islands by Arab sailors

  • 11. 
    Why was the establishment of Buddhism in China markedly different than its establishment in southeast Asia?
    • A. 

      Buddhism monks went to China but only Buddhism merchants went to southeast Asia

    • B. 

      While rulers in southeast Asia encouraged the adoption of Buddhism, the Chinese emperors rejected it

    • C. 

      Buddhists in China were the only foreign religion while in southeast Asia there was Hinduism as well

    • D. 

      Chinese Buddhism incorporated Daoist ideas while southeast Asian Buddhists built on a base of Hinduism

  • 12. 
    To meet the challenges of new ideas and foreign influences, religious and social institutions of India remained essentially the same but grew increasingly complex. Which of the following are examples of this trend?
    • A. 

      Harsha's promotion of Hinduism and the increase in castes after the invasion of Mahmud of Ghazni

    • B. 

      Buddhists accepting nuns as well as monks while finding a place in the caste system

    • C. 

      The addition of subcastes from an increase in commerce and the appearance of devotional cults

    • D. 

      The synthesis of Buddhism and Hinduism with the incorporation of Muslim castes

  • 13. 
    The political pattern of northern China is somewhat different from that of southern India. Both devolved into small competetive Hindu kingdoms but two southern kingdoms of this period endured longer than Harsha's empire. Which of the following differences could possibly explain why the southern kingdoms had more stability?
    • A. 

      Southern India did not have the same constant threat of invasion to fracture its defenses

    • B. 

      Due to better workmanship, south India's crafts were more in demand in the world market

    • C. 

      The monsoons and easy access to world markets helped produce more prosperity

    • D. 

      The Chola and Vijayanagar kingdoms had tightly administered centralized governments

Related Topics
Back to Top Back to top