Bentley Ch. 10 Test

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 997

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Bentley Ch. 10 Test

Multiple choice test based on Ch. 10 Mediterranean Society: The Greek Phase


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Since their written language is yet to be deciphered, archaeologists examine vivd frescoes, often showing beautiful young people at play or wealthy couples at home or even ships laden with luxurious cargo, to reveal life in
    • A. 

      The Athenian society

    • B. 

      The Spartan society

    • C. 

      The Minoan society

    • D. 

      The Trojan society

  • 2. 
    Tyrants came ot power in many Greek poleis as a result of
    • A. 

      Popular support

    • B. 

      Inheritance

    • C. 

      Direct elections

    • D. 

      Appointment by king

  • 3. 
    A key difference between helots in Sparta and chattel slavery is that
    • A. 

      Helots could not be bought and sold as property

    • B. 

      Helots could serve in the Spartan army

    • C. 

      Helots had some rights as citizens of Sparta

    • D. 

      Helots could earn their citizenship after a number of years of service

  • 4. 
    Athens reached its democratic zenith under the leadership of 
    • A. 

      Alexander

    • B. 

      Pericles

    • C. 

      Solon

    • D. 

      Aristotle

  • 5. 
    What was the main motivation for Greek colonization throughout the Mediterranean basin?
    • A. 

      The strained resources of the mountainous Balkan Peninsula

    • B. 

      The desire to spread Greek polytheistic religion

    • C. 

      The belief in democracy as the most desirable form of government

    • D. 

      The need to escape the plagues of the fifth century

  • 6. 
    The most significant long-term result of the Persian Wars was
    • A. 

      The Greek victory at Marathon which laid the foundations for the modern Olympics

    • B. 

      The splintering of Greek unity after the Persian defeat which set the stage for the rise of Macedon

    • C. 

      The spread of Alexander's empire across Persia, India, and into China

    • D. 

      The Greek Victory at Salamis which demonstrated the superiority of Greek naval technology

  • 7. 
    Which of the following public professions was open to women in classical Greece?
    • A. 

      Priestess

    • B. 

      Physician

    • C. 

      Teacher

    • D. 

      Physician

  • 8. 
    Which of the following civilizations had the greatest impact on the Greek written language?
    • A. 

      Egyptian

    • B. 

      Babylonian

    • C. 

      Phoenician

    • D. 

      Hebrew

  • 9. 
    Greek theater has its strongest connection to
    • A. 

      The Eleusinian mysteries

    • B. 

      The rites of Demeter

    • C. 

      The philosophy of Aristotle

    • D. 

      The cult of Dionysus

  • 10. 
    What did salvation cults of the Hellenistic era promise believers which was NOT availiable through Greek philosophy or traditional religion?
    • A. 

      An ethical system for living

    • B. 

      The promise of a rewarding afterlife

    • C. 

      A community of believers

    • D. 

      An explanation of natural phenomena

  • 11. 
    A key difference between the Greek city-states and the city-states of Mesopotamia, or the city-states of Mesoamerica, was that
    • A. 

      Most of the Greek city-states developed direct democracies

    • B. 

      Many of the Greek city-states were under the collective rule of local nobles

    • C. 

      Many of the Greek city-states allowed some freedoms for women

    • D. 

      Most of the Greek city-states were ruled by cruel leaders called tyrants

  • 12. 
    Unlike many slaves in _?_ which were used for human sacrifice, slaves in _?_ provided the agricultural labor necessary to feed the polis.
    • A. 

      China, Athens

    • B. 

      Harappan society, Sparta

    • C. 

      Maya culture, Sparta

    • D. 

      Maya culture, Mycenaean culture

  • 13. 
    Despite their many differences, the Hellenistic philosophers would have most agreed with the _?_ regarding duty because of the Greek's focus on fulfilling one's duties to reason and logic in order to achieve a sense of inner peace and tranquillity.
    • A. 

      HIndu thinking in the UPANISHADS

    • B. 

      Taoist thinking in the TAO TE CHING

    • C. 

      Confucian thinking in the BOOK OF SONGS

    • D. 

      Sumerian thinking in the EPIC OF GILGAMESH

  • 14. 
    In Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, the ancient Greeks were portrayed as
    • A. 

      Expert and fearless seafarers

    • B. 

      Professional pirates

    • C. 

      Rational philosophers

    • D. 

      Warriors with human heads and horse bodies

  • 15. 
    How democractic was the Athenian democracy? (Choose the BEST answer)
    • A. 

      Citizenship was open to all residents

    • B. 

      All citizens were qualified to join the city councils

    • C. 

      Men and women could hold political office

    • D. 

      Slavery was abolished through Solon's reform

  • 16. 
    Between the mid-eighth and the late sixth centuries B.C.E., the Greeks founded more than four hundred colonies along the shores of the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. The driving force behind such a movement was primarily
    • A. 

      Population pressure

    • B. 

      An abundance of agricultural land in Greece

    • C. 

      Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions on the Greek peninsula

    • D. 

      A sense of pride associated with military conquests of other peoples

  • 17. 
    Which of the following was NOT a consequence of Greek colonization?
    • A. 

      It quickened the social development of the peoples living in the western Mediterranean and Black Sea regions

    • B. 

      It led to direct conflict between the Greeks and the Persians

    • C. 

      It disrupted trade and commerce

    • D. 

      It led to the gradual decline in the economy of the Peloponnese

  • 18. 
    The Delian League was created to
    • A. 

      Conduct democratic reforms in Athens

    • B. 

      Discourage further Persian invasions

    • C. 

      Maintain peace within the Greek world

    • D. 

      Bring greater wealth to Sparta and its allies

  • 19. 
    What was the origin of drama?
    • A. 

      Women dancing to honor Dionysus

    • B. 

      The religious pageantry of the Greeks

    • C. 

      The recreations of history by Herodotus

    • D. 

      The works of Homer

  • 20. 
    What was NOT common in Homer's works?
    • A. 

      Weak and easily influenced human beings

    • B. 

      Outspoken wives

    • C. 

      Heroic warriors

    • D. 

      Constant conflict between characters

  • 21. 
    Which of the following is NOT correct with regard to Alexander's realm?
    • A. 

      The Seleucid empire was populated only by its indigenous peoples

    • B. 

      The Antigonid empire included Greece and Macedon

    • C. 

      The rulers of the Ptolemaic empire did not interfere in Egyptian society

    • D. 

      Bactria withdrew from the Seleucid empire and established an independent Greek kingdom

  • 22. 
    Which of the following was true of the religions of salvation in Hellenistic society?
    • A. 

      They promised the possibility of eternal bliss and faith in them spread along the trade routes

    • B. 

      Many included the belief in a savior who dies and is resurrected

    • C. 

      The cult of Osiris became one of the most popular

    • D. 

      All of these answers are correct

  • 23. 
    The most respected and influential of the Hellenistic philosophers were
    • A. 

      The Epicureans

    • B. 

      The Aristotelians

    • C. 

      The Stoics

    • D. 

      The Skeptics

  • 24. 
    By 327 B.C.E. Alexander's troops refused to go any further from home after they reached
    • A. 

      Egypt

    • B. 

      Bactria

    • C. 

      China

    • D. 

      None of these answers are correct

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is NOT true with regard to Alexandria of Egypt?
    • A. 

      It had one of the largest libraries in the ancient world

    • B. 

      It was the commercial center of the Mediterranean

    • C. 

      It was the cultural capital of the Hellenistic world

    • D. 

      It was originally a colony of Athens

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