Benign Vocal Cord Lesions

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Benign Vocal Cord Lesions - Quiz

Bailey's Chapter 60 answer appropriately


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Reinke’s edema usually will change voice pitch in which direction?

    • A.

      Higher

    • B.

      Lower

    Correct Answer
    B. Lower
    Explanation
    Reinke's edema is a condition where the vocal cords become swollen and filled with fluid. This swelling causes the vocal cords to vibrate differently, resulting in a lower voice pitch. Therefore, the correct answer is "Lower."

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  • 2. 

    A 45 y/o pt presents to your office with a 30pk/yr Hx of smoking, complaining of raspy voice.  On endoscopic exam you see this presentation: What is the next step in management?  

    • A.

      Surgical excision

    • B.

      Laryngectomy

    • C.

      Speech pathology

    • D.

      Smoking cessation

    Correct Answer
    D. Smoking cessation
    Explanation
    The next step in management for a patient with a 30 pack-year history of smoking and a complaint of a raspy voice would be smoking cessation. Smoking is a known cause of voice changes and can lead to various vocal cord pathologies. By quitting smoking, the patient can reduce further damage to their vocal cords and improve their voice quality. Surgical excision or laryngectomy would not be appropriate in this case as the primary concern is addressing the underlying cause of the raspy voice. Speech pathology may be considered as part of the management plan to help improve vocal cord function, but smoking cessation would be the initial step.

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  • 3. 

    A 23 y/o pt presents with hoarseness after cheering his favorite team to victory last week.  The endoscope eval is shown below: What is the next step in management?

    • A.

      Observe(voice rest)

    • B.

      Steroids

    • C.

      Biopsy

    • D.

      Surgery

    Correct Answer
    D. Surgery
    Explanation
    The endoscope evaluation shows an abnormality that is likely causing the hoarseness in the patient. Surgery would be the next step in management to address and correct the underlying issue causing the hoarseness. Observing or voice rest may not be sufficient if there is a structural problem that needs to be addressed. Steroids may be considered if there is inflammation present, but in this case, surgery would be the most appropriate option.

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  • 4. 

    A 23 y/o pt presents with hoarseness after cheering his favorite team to victory last week.  The endoscope eval is shown below: What is the next step in management?  

    • A.

      Observe (voice rest)

    • B.

      Steroids

    • C.

      Biopsy

    • D.

      Surgery

    Correct Answer
    A. Observe (voice rest)
    Explanation
    Based on the given information, the patient is a 23-year-old who developed hoarseness after cheering. This suggests that the hoarseness is likely due to vocal strain or vocal cord edema rather than a more serious underlying condition. Therefore, the next step in management would be to observe the patient and advise voice rest. This allows the vocal cords to rest and heal naturally without the need for more invasive interventions such as steroids, biopsy, or surgery.

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  • 5. 

    A 25 y/o male teacher presents with complaints of hoarseness.  The endoscopic exam is shown below: What is the next step in management?  

    • A.

      Speech Threapy

    • B.

      Steroids

    • C.

      Biopsy

    • D.

      Surgery

    Correct Answer
    A. Speech Threapy
    Explanation
    The next step in management for a 25-year-old male teacher presenting with hoarseness would be speech therapy. Hoarseness is often caused by vocal cord dysfunction, which can be improved with speech therapy techniques such as vocal exercises and proper vocal hygiene. Steroids may be considered if there is suspicion of vocal cord inflammation or edema, but they are not the first-line treatment. Biopsy and surgery would be indicated if there is suspicion of a structural abnormality or malignancy, but these interventions are not necessary based on the information provided.

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  • 6. 

    A 65y/o female with hoarseness presents to your office.  Endoscopic exam is below: What in her history might help lead you to diagnosis?

    • A.

      Smoking

    • B.

      Previous VC surgery

    • C.

      Rheumatologic disease Hx

    • D.

      Trumpet player

    Correct Answer
    B. Previous VC surgery
    Explanation
    A history of previous vocal cord (VC) surgery can help lead to a diagnosis in a 65-year-old female with hoarseness. Hoarseness can be a common symptom after VC surgery, as it can cause scarring or damage to the vocal cords. Therefore, knowing about the patient's previous VC surgery can provide important information in determining the cause of her hoarseness.

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  • 7. 

    55 y/o female presents with a complaint of hoarseness since recently being admitted to the hospital for respiratory problems.  Endoscopic exam is shown below: What is the next step in management?  

    • A.

      Observe(Voice rest)

    • B.

      Steroids

    • C.

      Biopsy

    • D.

      Surgery

    Correct Answer
    A. Observe(Voice rest)
    Explanation
    Based on the given information, the next step in management for a 55-year-old female with hoarseness is to observe and recommend voice rest. Since the patient recently had respiratory problems and was admitted to the hospital, it is possible that the hoarseness is due to vocal cord strain or irritation from intubation or other respiratory interventions. In such cases, allowing the vocal cords to rest and recover can often resolve the hoarseness. Therefore, observation and voice rest would be the appropriate initial management approach.

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  • 8. 

    40 y/o male presents to your office with voice changes.  He smokes and drinks 4 cups of coffee a day.  Endoscopic exam shown below:   What is the next step in management?  

    • A.

      Observe(Voice rest)

    • B.

      Protonix

    • C.

      Biopsy

    • D.

      Surgery

    Correct Answer
    B. Protonix
    Explanation
    Given the information provided, the 40-year-old male presenting with voice changes, smoking, and drinking 4 cups of coffee a day, the next step in management would be to prescribe Protonix. Protonix is a medication used to reduce stomach acid production and can help alleviate symptoms of acid reflux, which may be causing the voice changes. This step would be appropriate before considering more invasive options such as biopsy or surgery.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 14, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 03, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Pascolini
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