Quiz On The Study Of Behaviorism

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Quiz On The Study Of Behaviorism - Quiz

Get ready for our quiz on The Study of Behaviorism. Scientists analyze and study the behavior of humans as well as various animals that help us to understand their behavior and how they function even better. Through this quiz, we are going to study the same thing. We'll check how well you know behaviorism. Give your best and score as high as you can on this quiz. Best of luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    This scientist used operant conditioning to train rats and pigeons to differentiate between light and dark.

    • A.

      Watson

    • B.

      Pavlov

    • C.

      Skinner

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    C. Skinner
    Explanation
    Skinner is the correct answer because he was a psychologist known for his work on operant conditioning, which involves using rewards and punishments to shape behavior. He conducted experiments with rats and pigeons, training them to differentiate between light and dark through operant conditioning techniques. Watson and Pavlov are not known for their work on operant conditioning, making them incorrect choices.

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  • 2. 

    Classical conditioning methods were demonstrated by this scientist.

    • A.

      Watson

    • B.

      Pavlov

    • C.

      Skinner

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. Pavlov
    Explanation
    Pavlov is the correct answer because he is well-known for his experiments on classical conditioning. He conducted a famous experiment with dogs, where he conditioned them to salivate at the sound of a bell by pairing the bell with the presentation of food. This experiment demonstrated how a neutral stimulus (the bell) could become associated with a reflex response (salivation) through repeated pairings with an unconditioned stimulus (food). Pavlov's work laid the foundation for understanding how organisms learn and respond to stimuli in their environment.

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  • 3. 

    Pairing a previously neutral stimulus with another stimulus to evoke a particular response refers to...

    • A.

      Operant conditioning

    • B.

      Classical conditioning

    • C.

      Both

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    B. Classical conditioning
    Explanation
    Classical conditioning is the process of pairing a previously neutral stimulus with another stimulus to evoke a particular response. This means that through repeated associations, the neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus that can elicit the same response as the original stimulus. Operant conditioning, on the other hand, involves learning through consequences and rewards. Therefore, the correct answer is classical conditioning.

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  • 4. 

    Reinforcement and punishment are most commonly associated with...

    • A.

      Operant conditioning

    • B.

      Classical conditioning

    • C.

      Both

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    A. Operant conditioning
    Explanation
    Reinforcement and punishment are most commonly associated with operant conditioning. In operant conditioning, behaviors are strengthened or weakened through the use of rewards (reinforcement) or punishments. This type of conditioning focuses on the consequences of behavior, where behaviors that are reinforced are more likely to be repeated, while behaviors that are punished are less likely to be repeated. Classical conditioning, on the other hand, focuses on the association between stimuli and responses. Therefore, the correct answer is operant conditioning.

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  • 5. 

    This scientist conducted a controversial experiment involving a baby and a rat.

    • A.

      Watson

    • B.

      Pavlov

    • C.

      Skinner

    • D.

      Both A & C

    Correct Answer
    A. Watson
    Explanation
    Watson is the correct answer because he conducted a controversial experiment involving a baby and a rat. This experiment, known as the "Little Albert" experiment, aimed to demonstrate the principles of classical conditioning by conditioning a fear response in a young child. Watson's work was highly influential in the field of behaviorism and had significant ethical implications.

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  • 6. 

    A second-grade student loses 1 minute of recess every time she breaks a classroom rule. Eventually, the student stops breaking the classroom rules. This is an example of

    • A.

      Positive reinforcement

    • B.

      Negative reinforcement

    • C.

      Positive punishment

    • D.

      Negative punishment

    Correct Answer
    D. Negative punishment
    Explanation
    This scenario is an example of negative punishment because the student loses 1 minute of recess every time she breaks a classroom rule. As a result, the undesired behavior (breaking rules) decreases because a positive stimulus (recess) is taken away. The removal of recess serves as a punishment, which leads to a decrease in rule-breaking behavior.

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  • 7. 

    You are trying to train your dog not to jump on guests when they walk into your home.  You buy a zap collar at the store, which has a remote that will shock the dog when you push a button.  Every time your dog jumps on a person, you push the button, and the dog gets an electric shock.  Which scientist’s experiments are you most closely replicating?

    • A.

      Pavlov

    • B.

      Gagne

    • C.

      Skinner

    • D.

      Walters

    Correct Answer
    C. Skinner
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Skinner. Skinner is known for his experiments in operant conditioning, which involves using rewards and punishments to shape behavior. In this scenario, the dog is being trained through negative reinforcement, where the electric shock serves as a punishment to discourage the behavior of jumping on guests. This closely aligns with Skinner's principles of behavior modification through consequences.

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  • 8. 

    You are potty training your 3-year-old daughter. She lets you know every time she needs to use the bathroom. However, she is having accidents instead of actually using the toilet. Her pediatrician suggests that you should have her clean her underwear every time she has an accident. You start enforcing this rule, and she has fewer accidents. This is an example of…

    • A.

      Positive reinforcement

    • B.

      Negative reinforcement

    • C.

      Positive punishment

    • D.

      Negative punishment

    Correct Answer
    C. Positive punishment
    Explanation
    The enforcement of having the child clean her underwear every time she has an accident is an example of positive punishment. Positive punishment involves the addition of an unpleasant consequence in order to decrease the likelihood of a behavior occurring again. In this case, the child is being given the task of cleaning her underwear, which is an undesirable consequence, in order to discourage her from having accidents and encourage her to use the toilet instead.

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  • 9. 

    Your school has a goal of students being more prepared for class.  For the first time all year, all of your students come to class prepared.  How would you use positive reinforcement to try to increase the chance of this behavior happening again?

    • A.

      Give the entire class a free ice cream pass to use in the cafeteria.

    • B.

      Take away a homework assignment for that night.

    • C.

      Drop each student's lowest quiz grade for that marking period.

    • D.

      Do nothing. Students should be prepared anyway.

    Correct Answer
    A. Give the entire class a free ice cream pass to use in the cafeteria.
    Explanation
    Giving the entire class a free ice cream pass to use in the cafeteria would serve as positive reinforcement for the behavior of coming to class prepared. By rewarding the students with a desirable incentive, such as a free ice cream pass, it increases the likelihood that they will repeat the behavior of being prepared for class in the future. This positive reinforcement helps to reinforce the desired behavior and encourages students to continue being prepared for class.

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  • 10. 

    You are absent from school for an afternoon.  When you return, you read the report left by your substitute.  The report states that half of your class behaved wonderfully and completed their entire assignment.  The other half of the class misbehaved and did not finish their assignment.  For the students who behaved, you give them free time on the computer.  For the students who misbehaved, you give them an extra, more difficult assignment to accomplish.  In this situation, you provided…

    • A.

      Positive reinforcement and positive punishment.

    • B.

      Positive reinforcement and negative punishment.

    • C.

      Negative reinforcement and negative punishment.

    • D.

      Negative reinforcement and positive punishment.

    Correct Answer
    A. Positive reinforcement and positive punishment.
    Explanation
    In this situation, the teacher provided positive reinforcement by giving the well-behaved students free time on the computer. This is a reward that increases the likelihood of the desired behavior occurring again in the future. The teacher also provided positive punishment by giving the misbehaving students an extra, more difficult assignment. This is a consequence that decreases the likelihood of the undesired behavior happening again in the future. Therefore, the teacher used both positive reinforcement and positive punishment in their approach.

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  • Current Version
  • Jun 03, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 05, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Mrslokuta

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