# Audiology Quiz :Unit 1

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Brooke.mogensen
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 1,194
Questions: 11 | Attempts: 1,195

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• 1.

### Sound can travel through any elastic medium that has what?

• A.

A medium

• B.

Inertia

• C.

A Filter

• D.

Mass

• E.

Pressure

B. Inertia
Explanation
Sound can travel through any elastic medium that has inertia. Inertia is the property of matter that resists changes in motion. When sound waves pass through a medium, the particles of the medium vibrate back and forth due to the pressure changes caused by the sound waves. The inertia of the particles allows them to continue vibrating and pass on the sound energy to neighboring particles, enabling the transmission of sound through the medium.

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• 2.

### The rapid and random movement of air particles is what?

• A.

Sound

• B.

Intensity

• C.

Brownian Motion

• D.

Rarefaction

• E.

Condensation

C. Brownian Motion
Explanation
Brownian motion refers to the rapid and random movement of air particles. It is a phenomenon that occurs due to the collision between particles in a gas or liquid. This movement is caused by the thermal energy present in the system, which makes the particles move in a chaotic and unpredictable manner. Brownian motion is responsible for various natural phenomena, such as the dispersion of pollutants in the air and the movement of pollen grains in water.

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• 3.

### Wavelength with a high frequency has what type of wavelength?

• A.

Longer wavelength

• B.

Shorter wavelength

B. Shorter wavelength
Explanation
Wavelength and frequency are inversely related. As frequency increases, the wavelength decreases. Therefore, a high-frequency wave will have a shorter wavelength.

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• 4.

### What is a shock wave?

Source moving with velocity that equals velocity of sound.
Explanation
A shock wave is created when an object moves through a medium at a speed equal to or greater than the speed of sound in that medium. As the object moves, it compresses the surrounding air molecules, causing a rapid increase in pressure. This sudden increase in pressure propagates outward in a cone-shaped wave known as a shock wave. The velocity of the source, in this case, needs to match the velocity of sound for a shock wave to occur.

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• 5.

### This is used when the magnitude of sound is expressed in decibel of intensity, power or energy.

• A.

Sound pressure level

• B.

Hearing Level

• C.

Intensity Level

• D.

Sensation Level

C. Intensity Level
Explanation
The term "Intensity Level" is used when the magnitude of sound is expressed in decibel of intensity, power, or energy. It represents the level of sound intensity and is often used to describe the strength or power of a sound wave. It is a measurement that quantifies the physical properties of sound and provides a standardized way of comparing the loudness or strength of different sound sources.

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• 6.

### Sound can be...?

Periodic
Aperiodic
Explanation
Sound can be categorized into two types: periodic and aperiodic. Periodic sound refers to sound waves that repeat in a regular pattern over time, such as a musical note or a ringing phone. These sounds have a clear and identifiable pitch. On the other hand, aperiodic sound does not have a regular pattern and lacks a distinct pitch. Examples of aperiodic sound include noise from a crowd or the sound of a crashing wave. Therefore, sound can be both periodic and aperiodic depending on the presence or absence of a regular pattern in its waveform.

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• 7.

### What is the complex sounds that can be decomposed into component sine waves?

• A.

Spectra

• B.

Complex waveform

• C.

The Fourier Theorem

• D.

Complex Sound Waves

C. The Fourier Theorem
Explanation
The Fourier Theorem states that complex sounds can be decomposed into component sine waves. This means that any complex sound can be represented as a combination of different sine waves with varying frequencies, amplitudes, and phases. The Fourier Theorem is a fundamental concept in signal processing and allows us to analyze and understand the different components of a complex sound.

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• 8.

### Complex Waveforms contain what? (There are 4)

Fundamental frequency Harmonic overtone octave
Explanation
Complex waveforms contain the fundamental frequency, which is the lowest frequency component of the waveform. They also contain harmonics, which are integer multiples of the fundamental frequency. Overtone refers to any frequency component above the fundamental frequency, including harmonics. An octave is a doubling of the frequency, so complex waveforms can also contain frequencies that are an octave above the fundamental frequency.

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• 9.

### Spectra is made up of what?

• A.

Sine Waves

• B.

Frequencies

• C.

Filters

• D.

Formats

• E.

Noise

D. Formats
Explanation
Spectra is made up of formats. Spectra refers to the distribution of frequencies present in a signal or wave. Formats, in this context, refer to the different ways in which data or information is organized and stored. Therefore, the correct answer is formats, as spectra can be represented and analyzed in various formats depending on the application or context.

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• 10.

### Sound can be Physical Perspective and what else?

• A.

Vibration perspective

• B.

Perceptual perspective

• C.

Harmonic Perspective

B. Perceptual perspective
Explanation
The given options suggest different perspectives on sound. While "vibration perspective" may refer to the physical aspect of sound waves and how they travel through a medium, "harmonic perspective" could relate to the study of sound frequencies and their relationships. However, "perceptual perspective" focuses on how sound is perceived and interpreted by the human auditory system. It involves the psychological and cognitive aspects of sound perception, such as pitch, volume, and timbre. This perspective considers how individuals interpret and make sense of the sound they hear.

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• 11.

### What are 3 characteristics of a Sinusoid?

Frequency Amplitude Phase
Explanation
A sinusoid is a mathematical function that represents a smooth repetitive oscillation. Frequency refers to the number of cycles or oscillations that occur in a given unit of time, such as seconds. Amplitude represents the maximum displacement or height of the oscillation from the equilibrium position. Phase refers to the position of the sinusoid at a specific point in time, relative to a reference point. These three characteristics are fundamental in describing and analyzing sinusoidal waves.

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• Current Version
• Mar 21, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Apr 14, 2010
Quiz Created by
Brooke.mogensen