Astronomy Unit Post-assessment (earth Science Regents)

12 Questions

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Astronomy Unit Post-assessment (earth Science Regents)

If you are a big fan of the stars, comets and other celestial objects, then astronomy should be your go-to subject in school. Are you preparing for the Earth science regents? If so take up this astronomy unit post-assessment quiz to be sure if you are ready for the exams or needs to set aside some more study time.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The apparent rising and setting of the sun, as viewed from Earth, is caused by (Standard 1.1d):
    • A. 

      The Sun’s rotation

    • B. 

      The Sun’s revolution

    • C. 

      Earth’s rotation

    • D. 

      Earth’s revolution

    • E. 

      The moon’s revolution and rotation

  • 2. 
    Base your answer to this question on the diagram below, which shows the tilt of the Earth on its axis in relation to the sun on one particular day.  Points A through E are locations on Earth’s surface.  Point D is located in New York State.  The dashed line represents Earth’s axis. Why is New York experiencing winter on this day (Standard 1.1f)?
    • A. 

      The Earth is at the farthest point from the sun in its orbit.

    • B. 

      The Earth is at the closest point to the sun in its orbit.

    • C. 

      The Northern Hemisphere is tilted towards the sun.

    • D. 

      The Southern Hemisphere is tilted towards the sun.

    • E. 

      New York is not experiencing winter.

  • 3. 
    In our solar system, the orbits of the planets are best described as (Standard 1.1a):
    • A. 

      A slightly eccentric ellipse with the planet at one of the foci

    • B. 

      A very eccentric ellipse with the planet at one end of the foci

    • C. 

      A slightly eccentric ellipse with the sun at one end of the foci

    • D. 

      A very eccentric ellipse with the sun at one end of the foci circular with the sun at the center

  • 4. 
    A cycle of Moon phases can be seen from Earth because the(Standard 1.1b)?
    • A. 

      Moon’s distance from the Earth changes at a predictable rate

    • B. 

      Moon’s axis is tilted

    • C. 

      Moon spins on its axis

    • D. 

      Moon revolves around the Earth

    • E. 

      Moon rotates in a clockwise direction

  • 5. 
    When is the force of gravity between two objects in the solar system the greatest (Standard 1.1a)?
    • A. 

      Masses are large and objects are close together.

    • B. 

      Masses are large and objects are far apart.

    • C. 

      Masses are small and objects are close together.

    • D. 

      Masses are small and objects are far apart.

    • E. 

      Size and distance do not affect gravity.

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      The Earth’s axis is tilted 23.5°.

    • B. 

      Winds at different latitudes are curved different amounts by the Coriolis effect.

    • C. 

      The Sun follows an apparent arc across the sky during the day.

    • D. 

      The stars appear to circle the Earth during the night.

    • E. 

      Different star constellations are visible from Earth at different seasons of the year.

  • 7. 
    The diagram below illustrates three stages of a current theory of the formation of the universe.  A major piece of scientific evidence supporting this theory is the fact that wavelengths of light from galaxies moving away from Earth are observed to be (Standard 1.2a):
    • A. 

      Normal by exhibiting no shift at all

    • B. 

      Longer than normal by exhibiting a red-shift

    • C. 

      Longer than normal by exhibiting a blue-shift

    • D. 

      Shorter than normal by exhibiting a red-shift

    • E. 

      Shorter than normal by exhibiting a blue-shift

  • 8. 
    What characteristic(s) are used to classify stars (Standard 1.1a)?
    • A. 

      Temperature

    • B. 

      Luminosity

    • C. 

      Size

    • D. 

      Temperature and size

    • E. 

      Temperature, size and luminosity

  • 9. 
    Which statement best describes the structure and location of the Sun (Standard 1.1b)?
    • A. 

      The Sun converts mass into energy by nuclear fusion and is located in the Milky Way galaxy.

    • B. 

      The Sun converts mass into energy by heat transfer and is located in the Milky Way galaxy.

    • C. 

      The Sun converts mass into energy by radioactive decay and is located in the Milky Way galaxy.

    • D. 

      The Sun converts mass into energy by nuclear fusion and is located in the Andromeda galaxy.

    • E. 

      The Sun converts mass into energy by radioactive decay and is located in the Andromeda galaxy.

  • 10. 
     Which statement best explains when and how the solar system formed (Standard 1.2c)?
    • A. 

      The solar system formed about 13 billion years ago from a giant cloud of gas and debris.

    • B. 

      The solar system formed about five billion years ago from a giant cloud of gas and debris.

    • C. 

      The solar system formed about 13 billion years ago from cosmic radiation.

    • D. 

      The solar system formed about five billion years ago from cosmic radiation.

    • E. 

      The solar system formed about 13 billion years ago from gravity.

  • 11. 
    Rate, on a scale of 1 – 4, 1 being the lowest and 4 being the highest, how much you now know about astronomy science.
  • 12. 
    Rate, on a scale of 1 – 4, 1 being the lowest and 4 being the highest, how interested are you now in astronomy.